National: In the presidential elections, a controversial electoral process and results

July 10, 2012

Elections in San Cristóbal, 1 July 2012 (@SIPAZ)

The presidential elections of 1 July have exhibited a divided Mexican society.  On the one hand, the Federal Electoral Institute (IFE) that was to administer these elections declared on election night that the candidate for the electoral alliance “Commitment to Mexico” between the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) and the Green Ecological of Mexico (PVEM), Enrique Peña Nieto, defeated Andrés Manuel López Obrador, candidate of the “Progressive Movement” coalition comprised of the Party for Democratic Revolution (PRD), the Labor Party, and the Citizens’ Movement.  In third place came Josefina Vázquez Mota of the National Action Party (PAN), leaving Gabriel Quadri de la Torre in last place (PANAL).  These results were based on the Program of Preliminary Electoral Results (PREP), which indicates the tendencies without necessarily declaring these to be final.  Following the IFE’s announcement by means of its president, Leonardo Valdés, President Felipe Calderón openly supported the IFE’s position, which had granted victory to Peña Nieto.  The PRI candidate then declared himself winner of the elections, while López Obrador expressed on the night of 1 July that he would determine his position once official data on the electoral count had been released.

Beyond this, following the elections there have been presented demonstrations of incomformity with the process, as with the results of the election.  Part of this has to do with the mobilizations taken up by the movement #IAm132 on 2 July due to the irregularities that had been reported from several voting locations in the country, as well as due to the victory awarded to Peña Nieto by the IFE without its having official results.  For his part, López Obrador declared on Tuesday 3 July that he would challenge the results, and that a recount should be had in more than 100,000 voting spaces, given the evidence of irregularities there.  He denounced that the PRI electoral campaign exceeded the spending limits that had been established by law, and that votes had been bought as well as coerced by the PRI apparatus.  The IFE has reported that in the official computation of the vote that began on 4 July, 54.5% of the votes (78,012 booths) would be reviewed.

As of 4 July, according to 98.95% of the PREP’s findings, the following were the results for the presidential election: Enrique Peña Nieto 38.15%; Andrés Manuel López Obrador 31.64%; Josefina Vázquez Mota 25.40 %; Gabriel Quadri de la Torre 2.30%.

For more information (in Spanish):

Resultados del PREP 2012

Hubo irregularidades que afectan 30% de la votación: Alianza Cívica(La Jornada, 5 de julio de 2012)

Coacción y compra de votos benefició al PRI: Alianza Cívica (Animal Político, 4 de julio de 2012)

Canalizó el PRI 160 MDP vía monederos electrónicos para compra de votos, denuncia Monreal (Proceso, 4 de julio de 2012)

 Se contará 54.5% de votos de comicio presidencial: IFE (La Jornada, 4 de julio de 2012)

Marcha #YoSoy132 en repudio a imposición del candidato priísta (La Jornada, 3 de julio de 2012)

Coacción, agresiones, falta de boletas y robo de urnas empañan elecciones en ocho estados (La Jornada, 2 de julio de 2012)

Misión de OEA destaca orden en elecciones (El Universal, 2 de julio de 2012)

La ONU encabeza ejercicio de observación en México, recibe 1,300 denuncias (CNN México, 2 de julio de 2012)

National: NGOs demand that presidential candidates make explicit their commitment to human rights

June 17, 2012


On 7 July 2012, in press-conference, members of the National Network of Civil Human Rights Organizations “All Rights for All” (TdT Network) made public a  pronunciation in which they demanded that the presidential candidates make explicit their commitment to human rights and the tasks of the Mexican State as regards the ratification and observation of international treaties.

They report that on 4 May they sent a letter to each of the presidential candidates so that they would make an explicit commitment regarding the respect for human rights, and that to date they had received responses only from Enrique Peña Nieto (PRI-PVEM) and Gabriel Quadri (PANAL).  They stressed that Andrés Manuel López Obrador (PRD, PT, MC) and Josefina Vázquez Mota (PAN) had not yet responded. Independently ofthe responses to the first letter, Agniezca Raczynska, executive secretary of the TdT Network, stressed that “Less than a month before the presidential elections, what we have heard are merely general ideas regarding the questionof human rights, but the candidates have not told us how they will reach these objectives.”

The communiqué notes that “we stress that beyond taking the question of human rights to be a political banneror a mechanism to increase sympathy, the candidates take on clear postures and commitments that are accessible and permanent with regard to the following critical affairs that for us constitute a minimum agenda to assure that human rights be respected in Mexico: 1. civil rights: justice and public security; 2. economic, social, cultural, and environmental rights; 3. labor rights; 4. rights of women; 5. the collective rights of indigenous peoples; 6. rights of human-rights defenders and journalists; 7. political rights and citizens’ participatory rights; 8. rights of migrant persons and those seeking asylum and refuge.”  Beyond briefly diagnosing the state of each of these points, the TdT Network suggested a series of measures to adopt and implement.

For more information (in Spanish):

Pronunciamiento completo de la RedTdT (7 de junio de 2012)

Desdeñan candidatos los derechos humanos: ONG (La Jornada, 8 de junio de 2012)

Piden a presidenciables incorporar derechos humanos en campañas(Proceso, 7 de junio de 2012)