Oaxaca: Segob decrees Gender Violence Alert in Oaxaca for unfullfillment of governor Murat

September 18, 2018

Photo @ Proceso

Due to the lack of action of the state government facing the request of the Ombudsman for Human Rights of the People of Oaxaca (DDHPO) to obtain a Gender-based Violence Alert (AVG) in the state (it was presented in July 2017), the Ministry of the Interior (Segob) decided to issue this mechanism. According to Regeneration, it requires “the government of Alejandro Murat Hinojosa to deliver a work program to prevent, address, punish and eradicate violence against women taking into account the intercultural nature of its 570 municipalities “.

It is worth noting that the figures for femicides have exceeded two hundred victims during Murat Hinojosa’s term. Although a comprehensive program should be prepared by the state government for the entire Oaxacan territory, the AVG was only issued in 40 municipalities of the state, where local authorities must implement emergency actions. In total it deals with “6 municipalities of the Mixteca region, 3 of the Cañada; 5 on the Isthmus; 10 of the Coast; 8 of Central Valleys; 4 of the Papaloapan Basin; 2 in the Sierra Sur and the same number in the Sierra Norte”, according to a report by NVInoticias.

Regeneración adds that the working group that promoted the issue of the AVG in Oaxaca emphasized that in the past “the local government did not take into account the criteria related to intersectionality, intercultural approach, transparency and accountability in the implementation of actions. It also excluded civil organizations specialized in violence against women to follow up on the alert. “

At the moment, the AVG has been implemented in 14 states: Oaxaca, State of Mexico, Morelos, Michoacán, Chiapas, Nuevo Leon, Sinaloa, Colima, San Luis Potosi, Guerrero, Quintana Roo, Nayarit, Zacatecas and Veracruz.

For more information (in Spanish):

Por incumplimiento de Murat, decretan Alerta de Género en Oaxaca (Regeneración, 4 de septiembre de 2018)

Alerta de Género para 40 municipios de Oaxaca (NVI Noticias, 2 de septiembre de 2018)

Gobierno de Oaxaca acepta declaratoria de alerta de género (El Universal, 2 de septiembre de 2018)

For more information from SIPAZ :

National/International: “Final Observations on the Ninth Periodic Report from Mexico, the Convention for the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women” Published August 6, 2018

Oaxaca: Feminist Strike on International Women’s Day March 27, 2018

Oaxaca: Special Comission to Investigate Femicidal Violence Set Up after Delays January 24, 2018

Oaxaca: Virtual Platform “Femicidal Violence” Launched December 28, 2017

Chiapas: March against violence against women in San Cristóbal de Las Casas

July 11, 2018

Photo @ Colectivo Tragameluz

On May 31, some 300 women, accompanied by several men, marched in San Cristobal de Las Casas, Chiapas to demand the cessation of femicides and gender violence.

“More than a year after having declared the Gender Violence Alert in San Cristóbal, women continue in minimum security conditions that guarantee our lives and integrity,” said the statement read by the co-conveners.

They denounced that in the last month there have been two feminicides in the City that remain unpunished. The first occurred on April 24 at the borders of the La Isla neighborhood and the neighborhood of Mexicanos: “a woman’s body was found, victim of feminicide, with signs of physical violence and sexual abuse, but the authorities have not applied a feminicide research protocol with a gender perspective and have not activated measures to identify her.

A second feminicide occurred on May 9 in the neighborhood of La Nueva Maravilla: “María de los Ángeles, a 14-year-old teenager, lived in the San José Buena Vista neighborhood, north of the city, and was a high school student at General Miguel Utrilla College, located in the neighborhood of Prudencio Moscos”.

They denounced that “in both cases, the victims were criminalized in social networks, in journalistic notes and testimonies of inhabitants of the neighborhoods” and that “there is a process of normalization, naturalization and invisibility of violence against women. Only from January to date, 14 feminicides have been registered, although a large number are considered by the authorities as violent deaths. “

 “The constant criminalization of the victims only perpetuates the violence that women live and it omits to point out the aggressors as violent and macho men. San Cristóbal, ‘magical town’, is not the exception “, concluded those who called for the demonstration.

For more information (in Spanish):

Protestan contra feminicidios en San Cristóbal de las Casas, La Jornada,  31 de mayo de 2018

San Cristóbal de Las Casas no es un lugar seguro para las mujeres, pronunciamiento, 31 de mayo de 2018

For more information from SIPAZ:

Chiapas: First International Gathering for Politics, Art, Sport and Culture for Women in Struggle March 27, 2018

Chiapas: Another Femicide at the Start of the Year February 4, 2018

Chiapas: Femicides on the rise: six victims in fewer than 10 days

October 25, 2015

Mural en Tuxtla Gutiérrez conmemorativo de las víctimas de feminicidio en Chiapas. Foto: @Chiapas Paralelo

Commemorative mural for the victims of femicide in Tuxtla Gutiérrez. Photo: @Chiapas Paralelo

The increase in the number of cases of femicide has been called “one of the gravest problems in Chiapas,” according to the sociologist María del Rosario Alarcón. In fewer than 10 days, six women were killed: three of them were sexually assaulted, one was a minor, another was pregnant, and some of the corpses that were found showed serious signs of violence. These femicides were perpetrated in Chiapa de Corzo, Pujiltic (Venustiano Carranza municipality), and in the state capital, Tuxtla Gutiérrez.

On repeated occasions, the negligence of the State has been denounced in terms of applying justice in the cases of femicide. According to Contralínea, clear examples are seen in the covering-up of the cases of femicides, toward the end of maintaining a good political image; the impunity resulting from lack of investigation in the cases such as femicides, though nearly all the states include this crime in their penal codes; or the discriminatory prejudice and lack of efforts made by the Federal Attorney General’s Office (PGR) and the judiciary toward the end of applying the highest international standards in terms of human rights, where the majority of the statistics that are published originate from data provided by the monitoring of press carried out by the Group of Women from San Cristóbal. According to this group, “femicidal violence has increased in the past three years. During this period there have been registered 249 cases.” According to the same source, in Chiapas femicide is principally perpetrated by those close to the victims, in the majority of cases relatives with whom the women had had affective relations.

As a response, the Popular Campaign against Violence against Women and Femicide in Chiapas, presented on 25 November 2013—in observance of the International Day against Violence against Women—a request for the declaration of a Gender Violence Alert (AVG). This would be a mechanism that provides the National System to Prevent, Attend to, Sanction, and Eradicate Violence against Women, to “guarantee the security of women, the cessation of violence against them, and the elimination of inequalities produced by the legislation that worsens their human rights.” The AVG has been denied by the Chiapas state government, which has not even investigated the possibility, using the argument that in this entity, “femicide does not affect the social peace.”

The AVG mechanism has been a polemical issue. Following 13 requests denied in 10 states, the Alert was declared for the first time this year in July in 11 municipalities of Mexico state. Criticism from those like Alicia Elena Pérez Duarte, former federal special prosecutor for attending to violence against women, notes that the AVG “does nothing,” since it has failed to break with the “patriarchal agreement” whereby violence continues against women. According to the specialist, there are vastly different perceptions regarding the advances from the points of view of feminists and the legal system, for State officials “do not understand what femicide is.” Beyond this, she added that the mechanism is not functioning, but rather that it is only wasting money, the energy of organizations, and time, so that “nothing at the end changes.”

For more information (in Spanish):

En Chiapas feminicidios a la alza, en 10 días seis asesinadas; una menor de edad y otra con embarazo de 2 meses (Revolución Tres Punto Cero, 19 de octubre de 2015)

Dos feminicidios en Pujiltic en menos de una semana (Chiapas Paralelo, 15 de octubre de 2015)

Impune, feminicidio en México (Contralínea, 10 de febrero de 2015)

El feminicidio es un crimen de Estado porque no se garantiza seguridad y se obstaculiza la justicia: académica (Revolución Tres Punto Cero, 23 de octubre de 2015)

AVG ha sido incapaz de acabar el “pacto patriarcal” de violencia (Cimac Noticias, 23 de octubre de 2015)

Por 1a vez, Segob declara alerta de género: lo hace para 11 municipios del Edomex (Animal Político, 29 de julio de 2015)

Para Chong y Velasco el aumento de 400% en feminicidios “no altera la paz social de Chiapas” (Revolución Tres Punto Cero, 17 de enero de 2015)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: march to demand investigation of new femicide (29 September 2014)

Chiapas: Impunity in the case of Tatiana Trujillo (16 September 2014)

Chiapas: State complicity in femicide is denounced (2 May 2014)

Chiapas: Commemoration of the murder of Itzel Janet Méndez-Pérez and other victims of femicide (26 April 2014)

Chiapas: Amidst increase in femicide and impunity, civil organization proclaims permanent Gender Alert (30 March 2014)

Chiapas, Oaxaca, Guerrero: Activities to observe International Day of Non-Violence toward Women

December 8, 2013

Marcha en Oaxaca. Fotos @SIPAZ

March in Oaxaca. Photo @SIPAZ

In observance of the International Day of Non-Violence toward Women on 25 November, different collectives and organizations carried out acts of denunciation in the capital of Oaxaca.  A caravan-march carrying dozens of paper coffins representing the 240 femicides that have taken place during the administration of Gabino Cué took to the streets of the city to Santa María Ixcotel, where participants demanded the punishment of the murderers and clarification of the cases.  The organization Consorcio for Parliamentary Dialogue and Gender Equity denounced the inefficacy of the Oaxacan justice system which via omission has allowed for an increase in disappearances and murders against women, stressing that 99% of the cases find themselves unresolved, with the perpetrators unpunished.  In this sense, Consorcio accuses judges of partiality and demands that sentences incorporate gender perspectives.  Beyond this, members of the National Network of Young Pro-Choice Catholics carried out a march through downtown Oaxaca City which ended at the Palace of Governance, where flowers and crosses were left behind to represent the murdered women, and protestors demanded that the government put an end to the impunity amidst the increase in femicides and sexual violence.

This same day, non-governmental organizations in Chiapas demanded that the state government declare a Gender Violence Alert.  These groups denounced “the incessant violence against women in Chiapas and the different forms of violence against women and their extreme conclusion: femicide.”  They recalled that, so far this year (January-October 2013), the number of deaths of women has reached 84, 71 of whom were killed violently.  On 24 November, the Indigenous Center for Comprehensive Development and Training (CIDECI) received more than 200 persons who participated in a “Meeting against violence against women and femicide in Chiapas.”  Participants engaged in dialogue regarding three fundamental problems: structural violence, femicide, and women’s health.  The next day, there was a march of women through the streets of  San Cristóbal de Las Casas which raised the slogans “No more violence against women” and “Patriarchy kills.”  In parallel terms, a juridical commission submitted a petition for a Gender Violence Alert to the Secretary of State Governance, based in Tuxtla Gutiérrez.  Also in observance of the International Day against Violence against Women, Mayan peoples and theists from the northern region of the state released a press-release denouncing these types of forms of violence.  The document, among other things, mentions that “domestic violence is ever-worsening in our communities, as worsened by the consumption and sale of alcohol.  The trade in alcohol principally affects WOMEN and CHILDREN.”

Also on 25 November, in Guerrero, President Enrique Peña Nieto announced the construction of a Center of Justice to provide legal, psychological, and economic support for women who are victims of violence in the state.  The center was inaugurated in Tlapa, in the Mountain region, and it represents the first phase of a communal project called Women’s City, which seeks to build offices to provide comprehensive attention to women who suffer violence or have been abandoned or trafficked.

For more information (in Spanish):

En Oaxaca, suman 64 mujeres asesinadas en 2013 (Grupo Fórmula, 24 de noviembre de 2013)

Son 240 casos de feminicidios en Oaxaca, marchan en la capital(Realidad Oaxaca, 25 de noviembre de 2013)

Celebran “viacrucis” por las mujeres (El Imparcial, 25 de noviembre de 2013)

Video: Colectivo exige cese a la violencia contra las mujeres (Noticias Voz e Imagen de Oaxaca, 25 de noviembre de 2013)

Realizan encuentro contra feminicidio en Chiapas (Contra Feminicidio Ch, 26 de noviembre de 2013)

Exigen se decrete en Chiapas alerta por violencia de género (Chiapas Paralelo, 26 de noviembre de 2013)

Pueblos mayas y creyentes en el día internacional de la no violencia contra las mujeres (Pueblos Mayas y Creyentes Unidos Por El Cuidado De La Vida Y Defensa De Nuestro Territorio, 25 de noviembre de 2013)

Segob “despolitiza” Alerta de Género… 3 años después; es insuficiente para defender a las mujeres, dicen ONGs (Sin Embargo, 26 de noviembre de 2013)

“Ya basta” de violencia a las mujeres: Peña (El Universal, 26 de noviembre de 2013)

Mujeres víctimas de violencia tendrán un Centro de Justicia en Guerrero (CNN México, 26 de noviembre de 2013)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Chiapas/Oaxaca: Conmemoration of femicides during Day of the Dead (13 November 2013)

Chiapas: Careful, patriarchy kills! Presentation of the “Campaign against violence against women and femicide in Chiapas” (3 October 2013)

Chiapas: Women declare alert over gender violence (20 July 2013)

Chiapas: Increase in feminicide and State Accord for Gender Equality (22 April 2013)

Oaxaca: March of releatives of victims of feminicide and members of human rights organizations for women (22 April 2013)

Oaxaca: More feminicides under Gabino Cué than in the final years of Ulises Ruiz (24 January 2013)

Chiapas: Colem Group of Women take action against feminicide (19 October 2012)