Chiapas: Demand for implementation of arrest-order against former PRI deputy accused of femicide

May 3, 2015
(@Radio Pozol)

@Radio Pozol

In a 21 April communiqué, the Fray Bartolomé de las Casas (CDHFBC) urged the Chiapas State Attorney General (PGJE) to execute the arrest-order against the former PRI deputy Elmar Darinel Díaz Solórzano, accused of the murder of Tatiana Trujillo Rodríguez five years ago.  To date, the case has evaded justice.

The CDHFBC expressed its “indignation amidst the lack of capacity and commitment on the part of the authorities charged with implementing justice in Chiapas state.”  It recalled that the judge Mariano Domínguez Hernández, then working in the Ocosingo jurisdiction, ordered the release of Díaz Solórzano on 1 April 2014 “in a sentence rife with grave irregularities.”  It questioned as well that the minimum sentence be just 25 years’ imprisonment, something that would “perpetuate impunity in the case, being undue, given the previous context of extreme violence that occurred during the murder of Tatiana Trujillo.”  With regard to compensation for incurred damages, the judges accepted two direct legal motions that dictate a minimum amount of 54.49 pesos, in accordance with the minimum wage.  In response, the CDHFBC expressed that this amount “does not take into account the economic solvency of the accused, who at the time of the crime was a local deputy of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), and had previously been a federal deputy as well.  Beyond this, the aforementioned resolution de-emphasizes the concept of comprehensive compensation, in accordance with the General Law on Victims, which in article 26 stipulates that victims ‘have the right to be compensated in an opportune, broad, transformational, comprehensive, and effective manner for the damages they have incurred as a consequence of the crime…  including measures of restitution, rehabilitation, compensation, satisfaction, and promises of non-repetition.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Boletín Elmar Darinel Díaz, profugo de la justicia (CDHFBC, 21 de abril de 2015)

Exige el Frayba reaprehensión de exdiputado feminicida (Proceso, 21 de abril de 2015)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Chiapas: Impunity in the case of Tatiana Trujillo (16 September 2014)

Chiapas: State complicity in femicide is denounced (2 May 2014)

Chiapas: Commemoration of the murder of Itzel Janet Méndez-Pérez and other victims of femicide (26 April 2014)

Chiapas: Amidst increase in femicide and impunity, civil organization proclaims permanent Gender Alert (30 March 2014)

National: Multiple activities for International Women’s Day (16 March 2014)

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National: Commemoration of two years of the MPJD

April 8, 2013

Cartel-2do-año-del-MPJD-baja-600x889

On 28 March, two years after the murder of the son of the poet Javier Sicilia, which gave rise to the Movement for Peace with Justice and Dignity (MPJD), there was held a series of actions to commemorate this date in Cuernavaca (Morelos), Mexico City, Chiapas, and even Tokyo, Japan.At the Mexico City event, Javier Sicilia declared that two years after the MPJD’s beginnings, there persists “a suffering that does not see any sort of justice or peace,” although he also indicated that “all commemorative dates are also times during which we stop to think, would it not be worth it to simply leave our pain inside […]?”  He indicated in this sense that there have been advances in three respects: the visibilization of victims, the State’s taking acceptance of responsibility, and the creation of the General Law on Victims.Regarding the future of the MPJD, Sicilia identified three aspects.  With regard to the Law on Victims, he said that the MPJD would maintain “an absolute vigilance for the real application of the General Law of Victims throughout the country […].  The only reasons that we see as serving as obstacles for this are bad faith, disparagement, ignorance, and solidarity with organized crime.”

Sicilia also demanded that the Estela de Luz, where the event was held, be transformed “not only into a center of documentation of the memory of all victims in the country, but rather a cultural center for peace.”  It should be mentioned that until 8 May, there will be carried out a campaign to collect signatures at www.change.org/esteladepaz toward this end.

Finally, Sicilia announced that the MPJD would continue to collaborate with U.S. organizations that participated in the Caravan for Peace (August-September 2012), given that “there will be no peace as long as on the other side of the border, there is no regulation of the consumption of drugs or of control of the weapons of extermination.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Presenta oficialmente Movimiento por la Paz exigencia de resignificar Estela de Luz (La Jornada, 2 de abril de 2013)

La situación de las víctimas, peor (Proceso, 1ero de abril de 2013)

‘‘El Estado, aún omiso ante miles de crímenes’’(La Jornada, 29 de marzo de 2013)

“Sobre el misterio del dolor que trae esperanza y la vida que nace de la muerte”: Reflexiones en el II Aniversario del Movimiento por la Paz con Justicia y Dignidad (Iglesias por la Paz, 29 de marzo de 2013)

Palabras de Javier Sicilia en la conmemoración de los dos años del MPJD (MPJD, 28 de marzo de 2013)

La Voz del Amate y Solidarios de la Voz del Amate saludan al MPJD (28 de marzo de 2013)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Mexico: EPN dismisses Calderón’s motion against the General Law on Victims (7 December 2012)

National: MPJD criticizes presidential “veto” of Law on Victims (10 July 2012)

National: Approval of Law for the Protection of Human-Rights Defenders and Journalists (16 May 2012)

 


National: ProDH and CNDH present reports

February 12, 2013

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On 7 February, the Miguel Agustín Pro Juárez Center for Human Rights (Prodh Center) published a new report entitled “Betrayed Transition: Human Rights in Mexico, 2006-2012.”  Appraising these questions during the administration of Felipe Calderón, the report notes that “the last few years have been generous in terms of progress regarding human rights on the part of the Legislative and Judicial powers.  But these very progressions paper over what has not occurred, and the gravity of the omissions.”  The report concludes that “human rights were systematically violated” during a “six-year term marked by violence and statistics of death.”

The report stressed the advances during this time, particularly the Law for the Protection of Human-Rights Defenders and Journalists, the General Law on Victims, and the reforms of the military-justice code that now allow cases of accused soldiers to be judged in civilian courts.  However, the report emphasized that there has been an increase in the number of forced disappearances, extrajudicial executions, torture, and other crimes against humanity, particularly as committed against vulnerable groups, such as women, youth, migrants, indigenous persons, journalists, and human-rights defenders.

On the same day was also presented the 2012 Report on Activities made by the National Commission on Human Rights (CNDH) at the presidential palace in Los Pinos, an event that was presided over by President Enrique Peña Nieto.  This report stresses that “it is true that in our country there has been seen progress in the past few years, above all in terms of human rights.  Regardless, we should equally recognize that grave rights-violations have reappeared, ones that we thought had been buried.  It is urgent to correct these crimes, such as forced disappearances, inhuman and degrading treatment, illegal searches, arbitrary arrests, and torture: the majority of these acts have been related to the actions taken by authorities to combat organized crime.”  During 2012, the CNDH received 41,662 complaints and released 93 recommendations to different authorities from the 3 levels of government.  The document focused on the repeated refusals of the Secretary for Public Security to accept and observe these recommendations.

For more information (in Spanish):

Un informe destaca “graves omisiones” de derechos humanos en México (CNN México, 7 de febrero de 2013)

Denuncian violación sistemática de las garantías en el sexenio de Calderón (La Jornada, 8 de febrero de 2013)

Informe completo del Centro Prodh

Discurso completo del Dr. Rául Plascencia Villanueva en la presentación del Informe de actividades de la CNDH 2012

Presenta CNDH su informe 2012 (Noticieros Televisa, 7 de febrero de 2012)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Mexico: Centro ProDH presents report “Violence and Impunity, the Twin Faces of Mexico” (10 March 2010)


Mexico: Entering into law of General Law for Attention to Victims

January 15, 2013

(@presidencia.gob.mx)

(@presidencia.gob.mx)

On 9 December, in an official act, President Enrique Peña Nieto welcomed the entrance into law of the General Law for Attention to Victims, which will officially become law in the next 30 days following its publication.  The new law seeks economic support and protection for victims of violence and their families, including promises of up to 900,000 pesos.

The publication of this law in the Official Daily of the Federation takes place 8 months after its unanimous approval in the Congress of the Union, and nearly six months after former president Felipe Calderón rejected it, instead presenting a constitutional controversy to demand changes to the bill.  He had demanded in particular that the responsibility of the states and municipalities for attending to victims of violence be upgraded to the constitutional level.

The Office of the United Nations High Commissioner in Mexico celebrated the promulgation of the law, affirming that “this is a necessary step, one that is significant and plainly legitimate for the path toward the enjoyment on the part of Mexicans of State policy and effective mechanisms to guarantee their rights.”

Javier Sicilia, a key figure from the Movement for Peace with Justice and Dignity (MPJD), noted regardless that the Law will require instruments so as to be “realized.”  “The General Law on Victims, that you today have promulgated, necessitates, as the Law says, a National System for Attention to Victims, an honest system, equipped with the necessary resources and sufficient personnel to attend to the enormous dimensions of the humanitarian crisis faced by the nation.  This is a system furthermore that requires the unity of all.  Without this, the General Law on Victims will be nothing more than a dead letter, a nice intention amidst infernal conditions, or a dream devoured by the nightmare that we have not still been spared.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Requiere Ley de Víctimas de instrumentos para ‘encarnarse’: Sicilia (Proceso, 8 de enero de 2013)

Después de seis meses de controversia, se publica la Ley de Víctimas (CNN México, 9 de enero de 2013)

Palabras del MPJD al Ejecutivo por la publicación de la Ley General de Víctimas (MPJD, 9 de enero de 2013)

 Sicilia: ley no es suficiente (El Universal, 10 de enero de 2013)

Cronología de la Ley de Victimas (MPJD)

DECRETO por el que se expide la Ley General de Víctimas.

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Mexico: EPN dismisses Calderón’s motion against the General Law on Victims (7 December 2012)

National: MPJD criticizes presidential “veto” of Law on Victims (10 July 2012)

National: Approval of Law for the Protection of Human-Rights Defenders and Journalists (16 May 2012)

 


Mexico: EPN dismisses Calderón’s motion against the General Law on Victims

December 7, 2012

(@Vivir México)

Among his first acts as president, Enrique Peña Nieto decided to suspend the motion that Felipe Calderón had interposed before the Supreme Court for Justice in the Nation (SCJN) against the General Law on Victims on 19 July 2012, a move that would have frozen its possible entrance into law.

The Movement for Peace with Justice and Dignity (MPJD), which was the principal platform from which the struggle for its implementation was coordinated, noted in a communique published on 4 December that “This new administration is obligated to respond to the pain and the demands of right and truth, justice, and the guarantees of non-repetition that are needed and demanded by the more than 80,000 dead, more than 20,000 disappeared, and more than 250,000 displaced during the war unleashed by Felipe Calderón in 2006.”  The MPJD recalled that the General Law on Victims is necessary, just as a radical change in security strategy is so: “we have insisted since spring 2011, when we took the streets, that there be a radical change in the national-security strategy, that there begin a national and regional debate regarding the prohibitionist anti-drug policy, and that a security model be adopted that is more humane and friendly to the citizenry, so as to advance in the construction of a peaceful society with justice and dignity.  Without a change in the security security, there will be more victims, and with this, there will not be conditions for peace.”

For more information (in Spanish):

ONG lo consideran un triunfo (El Universal, 6 de diciembre de 2012)

Peña Nieto retira recurso contra la ley de víctimas (Milenio, 6 de diciembre de 2012)

Retira EPN controversia contra la Ley General de Víctimas (Proceso, 5 de diciembre de 2012)
Ley de Víctimas tan necesaria como el cambio de la estrategia de seguridad (Pronunciamiento del MPJD, 4 de diciembre de 2012)

Activistas celebran las medidas para la atención a víctimas de Peña Nieto (CNN México, 3 de diciembre de 2012)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

National: MPJD criticizes presidential “veto” of Law on Victims (10 July 2012)

National: Approval of Law for the Protection of Human-Rights Defenders and Journalists (16 May 2012)


National: MPJD denounces “treason of government” and demands advances in the cases of victims of violence

October 15, 2012

MPJD, press-conference on 9 October 2012 (@MPJD)

In a press conference on 9 October, the Movement for Peace with Justice and Dignity (MPJD) assured that it has been betrayed by the federal government, given that the State has not observed the accords signed in Chapultepec in October 2011, and that above all the cases that were presented at that time have not been resolved.  It detailed that “Of the accords mentioned, Felipe Calderón has not created the memorial; he has not observed the General Law on Victims, instead creating a Special Prosecutorial Office for Attention to Victims that is governed by a limited supportive scheme, having no resources to establish a system of attention for victims.  This has meant fatal consequences for Don Nepomuceno Moreno, Eva Alarcón and Marcial Bautista, Pedro Leyva, and Don Trino, who formed part of the Dialogue Tables with the Executive and who, like Don Nepo who had presented his case to the president, were murdered or find themselves disappeared.”  They indicate moreover that “as family members of victims we clearly know that our murdered and/or disappeared sons and daughters are not the family-members of former governors, as in the case of the ex-governor who lost his son to murder, or the case of the brother of the former State Attorney General of the state of Chihuahua who was kidnapped and murdered.  If our families had these last names, then we would have the attention of Felipe Calderón or Alejandro Poire.”

On 10 October, as was announced in the press-conference, MPJD members met outside the office of the Secretary of Governance to denounce “the omission and lack of political will to resolve cases of disappearances, which like the thousands killed demand an immediate response.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Comunicado completo MPJD exige se cumplan acuerdos del gobierno federal y avances en los casos de víctimas de la violencia (MPJD, 9 de octubre de 2012)

Reprocha Movimiento por la paz al gobierno justicia para unos cuantos (La Jornada, 10 de octubre de 2012)

Acusa Movimiento por la Paz traición del gobierno (Milenio, 9 de octubre de 2012)

For more information from SIPAZ (in Spanish):

Binational: Presentation of the “Caravan for Peace of the MPJD in the United States” (20 June 2012)

National: Approval of Law for the Protection of Human-Rights Defenders and Journalists (16 May 2012)


National: Supreme Court admits case on General Law of Victims

August 16, 2012

On 24 July, the Supreme Court for Justice in the Nation (SCJN) admitted the demand regarding the constitutional controversy interposed by the Executive of the federal government against the Congress for legislating the General Law of Victims (LGV).  President Felipe Calderón had intervened with this legal resource following the Senate’s decreeing of this law, without its having taken into account the observations made by the president.  Legislators from the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) and the Democratic Revolution Party (PRD) criticized that this demand from Calderón originates “outside of time,” as they claimed that the present legislature will likely already have concluded when the SCJN resolves the controversy.  Regardless that the controversy does not refer to the content of the LGV but rather to different interpretations of the time that by law corresponds to the Executive, in accordance with legislators, several members of non-governmental organizations indicated that with the demand, the president will leave victims of his strategy of war against organize crime without defense.

For more information (in Spanish):

La Jornada: La Corte admite controversia del Ejecutivo contra la ley de víctimas (25/07/2012)

La Jornada: Insta Gobernación a buscar un acuerdo político sobre la legislación (26/07/2012)

La Jornada: La controversia de Calderón, fuera de tiempo, acusan legisladores de PRI y PRD (26/07/2012)

La Jornada: Tardía, notificación al Legislativo de que se aceptó la controversia contra la ley de víctimas (27/07/2012)

La Jornada: El mandatario, un obstáculo para los derechos ciudadanos, denuncia ONG (27/07/2012)