Oaxaca: Residents of Juchitan win motion to suspend construction of wind-energy park

October 25, 2015

Conferencia de prensa @ Cencos

Press-conference @ Cencos

On 12 October, representatives from the indigenous Binni’zaa (Zapotec) community from Juchitán de Zaragoza reported that, due to the legal motion they had submitted against the construction and the operation of the megaproject advanced by the Southern Wind-Energy Corporation on their lands, a judicial order has been made to suspend all the authorizations, permits, approvals, licenses, and land-use changes awarded by local and federal officials. The demand for the motion had been presented by 1,166 Binni’zaa indigenous people, and the suspension was approved on 30 September 2015.

“We demand that all the authorities and firms involved in the Southern Wind-Energy project observe with the demand made by the judge to suspend this work, meanwhile we wish to denounce that as a consequence of this judicial resolution, harassment has increased against the people who had advanced the legal motion,” they indicated in a press-conference. Beyond this, they added that “there was no public consultation, given that last January the project had been approved by the Regulatory Commission on Energy and the Environmental and Natural Resources Ministry, but it was not until June of this year that the consultation was carried out. In any case, it was mere simulation.” Beyond this, it was recalled that the Southern Wind-Energy Firm belongs to the same groups of capitalists that in 2012 comprised the Mareña Renewables firm, against which the indigenous had won a different legal motion two years ago. But it has returned now with another name.

For more information (in Spanish):

Pueblo indígena detiene megaproyecto eólico en Istmo de Tehuantepec (Cencos, 13 de octubre de 2015)

Ordena juez frenar obras de megaproyecto eólico en Oaxaca (Proceso, 12 de octubre de 2015)

Logran amparo para evitar construcción de parque eólico en Juchitán (El Imparcial Oaxaca, 13 de octubre de 2015)

Análisis de la Manifestación de Impacto Ambiental y del Resolutivo del Proyecto “Eólica del Sur” (Unión de Científicos Comprometidos con la Sociedad, agosto de 2015)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: Indigenous Zapotecos mobilize themselves over grave violations to right to consultation (11 September 2015)

Oaxaca: Beginning of consultation regarding wind-energy park in Juchitán (12 November 2014)

Oaxaca: Various denunciations in the Tehuantepec Isthmus from community assemblies organized against wind-farms in their territories (6 September 2014)

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Oaxaca: Conflicts over extraordinary elections in San Dionisio del Mar

December 30, 2014


images

On 5 December, two persons were injured after a confrontation in San Dionisio del Mar, Tehuantepec Isthmus, including members of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) and of the Peoples’ Assembly (ADPSM) of this community.  The ADPSM group had established a blockade to inhibit entry of personnel of the National Electoral Institute (INE) who had sought to organize extraordinary elections programmed for 14 December.  Six persons were injured by gunfire and stones, including a man and a pregnant woman.

On 6 December, the Peoples’ Assembly marched through the principal streets of the community to denounce the head of the Oaxacan State Electoral Institute, Gustavo Meixueiro Nájera, for being responsible for these violent acts, “given that it was anticipated that the conditions do not exist to carry out municipal elections due to the sequelae left by our recent struggle against the wind-energy firm Mareña Renewables, and in light of the post-electoral conflict which consequently degraded the social fabric.  The federal and state governments seek to install functionaries in the municipality so as to open the door to these firms.”

On 12 December, 500 elements of the state police and the State Agency of Investigations (AEI) were deployed to San Dionisio to re-establish public order.  Somewhat earlier, members of the General Assembly of the Ikojts People of San Dionisio protested before the National Electoral Institute in Juchitán and burned a municipal police patrol-car in one of the principal access-points to the community, where they had maintained checkpoints.  The State Electoral Institute for Citizens’ Participation in Oaxaca has suspended the mayoral election, without setting a new date.

For more information (in Spanish):

Después de agresión, la ADPSM denuncia a ex-candidato priista de ser responsable (Voces de Oaxaca, 6 de diciembre de 2014)

Boletín de la Samablea de Pueblos de San Dionisio del Marc sobre la marcha el 6 de diciembre (ADPSM, 6 de diciembre de 2014)

ASAMBLEA GENERAL DE SAN DIONISIO DEL MAR RECHAZA ELECCIÓN EXTRAORDINARIA MUNICIPAL : Policía estatal irrumpe en San Dionisio del Mar (ADPSM, 14 de diciembre de 2014)

Cancelan elección de hoy en San Dionisio del Mar (La Jornada, 14 de diciembre de 2014)

ACCIÓN URGENTE: SAN DIONISIO DEL MAR REFUERZA SU DECISIÓN DE LUCHAR HACÍA LA AUTONOMÍA..

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: Mareña Renewables to cancel wind-energy project in San Dionisio del Mar (15 January 2014)

Oaxaca: Meeting of Peoples in Resistance for the Defense of Territory in the Tehuantepec Isthmus (17 May 2013)

Oaxaca: Confrontation over supposed “approval” of wind-energy park in San Dionisio del Mar (8 January 2013)

Oaxaca: judge concedes motion against wind-energy project in San Dionisio del Mar (21 December 2012)


Oaxaca: Threats against APPJ members in terms of consultation regarding wind-energy project in Juchitán

November 13, 2014

(@cipamericas.org)

On 5 November, three members of the Popular Assembly of the Juchiteco People (APPJ) received threats by phone from a local number telling them “what have you been doing at the forum?  You have no reason to be there” and to “be careful of the consequences; we will meet.”  A fourth person from the same group did not take the call upon identifying the same number.  On 4 November, they also noticed surveillance in the place where the APPJ was holding a meeting with people linked to the Bii Hioxo wind-energy plant owned by Fenosa Natural Gas.  The APPJ members identified these surveillers as being the material authors of the harassment and threats made against the APPJ.

These threats come within the context of the first phase of agreements for a consultation that is being carried out in Juchitán, Tehuantepec Isthmus, regarding a new wind-energy project impelled by Wind-Energy of the South (formerly Mareña Renewables) that would install 132 towers in the region.

In an Urgent Action regarding these threats, the organization Código DH denounced that “[t]he violation of the rights of those participating in the consultative process imperils the security of persons.  It is a way of attempting to silence the critical voices and to reduce the participation of the citizenry within a process that should be open and broad.  It is unacceptable that this is a question of guaranteeing rights by violating those of others, either by action or omission.  The existence of these new threats against members of the [APPJ] who find themselves participating in this exercise shows this to be true.  It not only violates the right to participation by a specific group that has denounced the installation of the Bii Hioxo wind-energy park on communal lands and been critical of the process, denouncing death-threats and harassment on multiple occasions, but also taints the first phase of this consultative process, which should guarantee the participation of all those who are interested in participating.”

The APPJ together with other collectives and social organizations has questioned the consultation that has been initiated in Juchitán as a “joke” and a “circus,” given that it only began once 13 wind-energy parks and more than 800 wind-towers had been installed in the region.

For more information (in Spanish):

Nuevas amenazas a integrantes de la APPJ en el marco de la consulta que se realiza en Juchitán (Acción Urgente de CODIGO DH, 6 de noviembre de 2014)

Hostigamiento y amenazas obstaculizan el debido desarrollo de consulta sobre proyecto eólico en Juchitán, Oaxaca (CODIGO DH, PODER, PRODESC, 6 de noviembre de 2014)

Es viciada e ilegítima consulta sobre instalación de parque eólico en Juchitán (La Jornada, 5 de noviembre de 2014)

Es una burla consultar después de invadirnos de aerogeneradores: juchitecos (Página3.mx, 5 de noviembre de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: Beginning of consultation regarding wind-energy park in Juchitán (12 November 2014)

Oaxaca: Various denunciations in the Tehuantepec Isthmus from community assemblies organized against wind-farms in their territories (6 September 2014)

Oaxaca: Confrontations in Álvaro Obregón community, Juchitán, leave several injured (15 March 2014)

Oaxaca: Opponents to wind-energy parks threatened with death in the Isthmus (2 March 2014)

Oaxaca: Denunciation of harassment and death-threats against human-rights defenders in the Tehuantepec Isthmus (9 December 2013)


Oaxaca: Beginning of consultation regarding wind-energy park in Juchitán

November 12, 2014

Consulta en Juchitán (@Gobierno del estado de Oaxaca)

Consultation in Juchitán (@state-government of Oaxaca Oaxaca)

On 3 November, a consultative process was launched in Juchitán de Zaragoza in comformity with the stipulations of Convention 169 of the International Labor Organization (ILO).  This process will involve five phases to allow for the population to accept or reject a proposed project for 132 wind-energy plants that would be installed on a territory of 5,332 hectares in their jurisdiction.  This project would be owned by the Wind-Energy Firm of the South (formerly Mareña Renovables).  This is the same project that was rejected by the Ikojts people in San Dionisio del Mar and the Binnizá from Álvaro Obregón, near Juchitán.

For the present, the form of the consultative process is being defined.  The question has unleashed a number of reactions regarding the validity of said mechanism between those who believe it be a genuine and historical process, being the first consultation that is carried out, while others feel it is mere pretense.

For more information (in Spanish):

Se inicia en Juchitán consulta pública sobre parque eólico (La Jornada, 4 de noviembre de 2014)

Inicia en Juchitán proceso de consulta previa sobre proyecto eólico (Radio Formula, 3 de noviembre de 2014)

Modifican procedimiento del Protocolo de consulta eólica (Romonoticias, 4 de noviembre de 2014)

Protocolo para la Consulta en Juchitán

El parque eólico juchiteco: participación y preguntas(Quadratin Oaxaca, 30 de octubre de 2014)

Bodas de plata del Convenio 169 de la OIT: lo bueno, lo malo y lo feo (El periódico, 26 de octubre de 2014)

La consulta previa y los malabares del gobierno (Animal Político, 16 de octubre de 2014)


Oaxaca: “Any consultation to be realized now is illegal”; more than 15 wind farms have already been imposed

June 13, 2014
San Dionisio del Mar (@SIPAZ)

San Dionisio del Mar (@SIPAZ)

“For us, any consultation to be realized now is illegal, because it should have taken place 10 years ago. Now we want respect for our common land, 68,154 hectares that we were recognized by presidential resolution in 1964”, complained Mariano Gómez López, spokesperson for the Popular Assembly of the Juchiteco People (APPJ). Currently, there are more than 15 wind farms in the communal lands of Juchitan, La Venta and other municipalities of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, Oaxaca, all of them imposed without prior and informed consent, as the Convention 169 of the International Labour Organization (that was ratified by Mexico) requires. López Gómez reported that villagers from Juchitán filed a constitution protection demand, asking the companies to justify why they did not conduct prior, free and informed consultation.

For this reason, representatives of the Ministry of Energy, the Energy Regulatory Commission, the Federal Electricity Commission (CFE) and the General Secretariat of the Government of Oaxaca will meet in Juchitán de Zaragoza. The APPJ spokesman expressed that “probably they want to design a strategy on free, prior and informed consultation for the energy reform laws. But for us it does not apply, as the 15 wind farms already installed; or the one that Mareña Renewable (expelled from San Dionisio del Mar), now called “Southeast Wind Power and South Wind-farms” wants to build in Juchitán; or the Bii Hioxio wind farm which Fenosa Natural Gas builds on communal lands in Juchitán and that has continued to be built illegally, when its construction should have stopped. “

Furthermore, a workshop around the theme “What and How is a Consultation?” was held in the city of Juchitan, took place on June 7, because “today we are surrounded by huge fans using wind to generate energy. But do you know where these projects come from and how they affect or benefit us? This huge project of energy production was installed without asking the communities that live in the region and without giving information. People from the Isthmus and from the country have the right to be consulted when a project of this type is to be installed in our territory. “

For more information (in Spanish)

Ahora cualquier consulta sobre parques eólicos en Oaxaca es ilegal: juchitecos (La Jornada, 6 de junio de 2014)

Taller informativo: El Derecho de los Pueblos Indígenas a la Consulta Previa, Libre e Informada (Blog Tierra y Territorio, 4 de junio de 2014)

Escucha en Vivo el Taller informativo El Derecho de los Pueblos Indígenas a la Consulta Previa, Libre e Informada (Blog Tierra y Territorio, 7 de junio de 2014)

For more Information from SIPAZ (in English)

Oaxaca: threats and attempted kidnapping against communal defender of the Isthmus (April 26, 2014)

Oaxaca: Opponents to wind-energy parks threatened with death in the Isthmus (2 March 2014)

Oaxaca: Denunciation of harassment and death-threats against human-rights defenders in the Tehuantepec Isthmus (9 December 2013)


Oaxaca: A year of resistance is celebrated in the Álvaro Obregón community

February 13, 2014

Mujeres de Gui’xhi’ ro’ @ Asamblea de los Pueblos Indígenas del Istmo de Tehuantepec en Defensa de la Tierra y el Territorio

Women of Gui’xhi’ ro’ @ Assembly of the Indigenous Peoples of the Tehuantepec Isthmus in Defense of Land and Territory

On 2 February in the Álvaro Obregón community, Juchitán de Zaragoza municipality (Tehuantepec Isthmus), there was celebrated one year of resistance against the wind-energy park in San Dionisio del Mar, given the strategic location of the community, which connect to the Barra de Santa Teresa, pertaining to San Dionisio.  As a result of the resistance movement, the proposed project has been cancelled, and moreover the residents of the community have decided to revoke official governmental representatives in favor of a Council of the Elderly and a Communal Police.

Due to the ultimatum sent by Jonathan Davis, president of the Administrative Council of Mareña Renewables, the state government of Oaxaca and the State, Ministerial, and Banking Police “were sent to violate the rights of indigenous and fishing communities of the Isthmus on 2 February 2013.  By invading this territory, they violated the judicial order to suspend the works in the Barra de Santa Teresa, as dictated by the seventh federal judge of Salina Cruz on 7 December 2012, according to the public communique written by the Assembly of the Indigenous Peoples of the Tehuantepec Isthmus in Defense of Land and Territory.  Meanwhile, Samuel Gurrión Matías, the federal PRI deputy and member of the Commission on Energy and Renewables, rejected the idea that the Mareña Renewables firm had indefinitely retired its investments in Oaxaca and noted that they are seeking other communities in the region in which to install themselves.  In this way, he declared that “what the State and Federal governments should do is to punish those who led the charge against these investments and indeed throw them in jail.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Celebración del Primer año de Resistencia de la Colonia Álvaro Obregón(Blog de la Asamblea de los Pueblos Indígenas del Istmo de Tehuantepec en Defensa de la Tierra y el Territorio, 1 de febrero de 2014)

Mareña Renovable no ha dicho que se va de Oaxaca: Gurrión (Página 3, 3 de febrero de 2014)

Álvaro Obregón y el gran dilema (Romo Noticias, enero de 2014)

1 año de resistencia, 1 año en Álvaro Obregón (Oaxaca Tres Punto Cero, 4 de febrero de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: Closing off of communal paths and police operation over construction of wind-energy park (9 December 2013)

Oaxaca: The Popular Assembly of the Juchiteco People denounces attack on wind-energy camp (26 October 2013)

Oaxaca: New threats of displacement from Playa Vicente (25 October 2013)

Oaxaca: Death by gunfire of opponent to wind-energy projected promoted by multinational Fenosa Natural Gas (20 August 2013)

Oaxaca: “The Isthmus at the Crossroads” Seminar (20 August 2013)

Oaxaca: Attacks on those opposed to the wind-energy park in the Tehuantepec Isthmus (4 August 2013)

Oaxaca: judge concedes motion against wind-energy project in San Dionisio del Mar (21 December 2012)


Oaxaca: Mareña Renewables to cancel wind-energy project in San Dionisio del Mar

January 15, 2014

San Dionisio del Mar (@sipaz)

San Dionisio del Mar (@sipaz)

On 7 January, Maurice Wilbrink, spokesperson for the Dutch pension fund PGGM, confirmed to the Dutch daily newspaper De Telegraaf that the transnational corporation Mareña Renewables plans to cancel its wind-energy megaproject of 396 MW it had intended to build in Santa Teresa, San Dionisio del Mar municipality, in the Tehuantepec Isthmus of Oaxaca.  This decision was made because the firm believed it no longer enjoyed the conditions to install such a plant in the region.

Regardless, according to the same source, the project will be transferred to another two sites in the zone: in El Espinal where Wilbrink said that consultations with local residents have more or less been finalized, as well in the city of Juchitán, where work will begin shortly.

Adelfo Reigno Montes, Secretary for Indigenous Affairs in Oaxaca, called for the creation of better conditions so that these types of project “be taken in the mark of juridical certainty and social peace.”  He expressed his faith that the federal government could intervene together with state institutions for a dialogue among the involved parties to find adequate solutions, including a process of consultation with the communities that could be affected by such projects.

For more information (in Spanish):

Muerto, proyecto eólico en San Dionisio, Oaxaca: De Telegraaf (La Jornada, 9 de enero de 2014)

Retira su inversión Mareña Renovables; pierde Oaxaca (Oaxaca hoy, 7 de enero de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: Closing off of communal paths and police operation over construction of wind-energy park (9 December 2013)

Oaxaca: The Popular Assembly of the Juchiteco People denounces attack on wind-energy camp (26 October 2013)

Oaxaca: New threats of displacement from Playa Vicente (25 October 2013)

Oaxaca: Death by gunfire of opponent to wind-energy projected promoted by multinational Fenosa Natural Gas (20 August 2013)

Oaxaca: Denunciation of wave of attacks against journalists and activists (21 July 2013)

Oaxaca: Meeting of Peoples in Resistance for the Defense of Territory in the Tehuantepec Isthmus (17 May 2013)

Oaxaca: Confrontation over supposed “approval” of wind-energy park in San Dionisio del Mar (8 January 2013)

Oaxaca: judge concedes motion against wind-energy project in San Dionisio del Mar (21 December 2012)

Oaxaca: Protests continue in the Tehuantepec Isthmus (9 November 2012)