Mobilization “A light for Ayotzinapa” in San Cristóbal de Las Casas. Photo@SIPAZ
On 22 October, the protest-day “A light for Ayotzinapa” was held in dozens of cities in Mexico and abroad. In Mexico City itself, 50,000 participated in the march, according to city authorities. In Iguala, protestors marched the same route taken by the normalist students before they were attacked by police. In Chiapas, the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN) carried out a prayer and protest. Furthermore, thousands of citizens, including students and teachers, participated in the mobilizations in several cities of the state. Students from different educational centers throughout the world joined the action, manifesting themselves in their countries for the disappearances of the 43 students.
On 23 October, Navy units arrested José Luis Abarca, former mayor of Iguala, and his wife Maria de Los Ángeles Pineda Villa, who have been indicated by the Federal Attorney General’s Office (PGR) as those who ordered the disappearance of the 43 students on 26 September. Following their arrest, they were required to declare themselves before the Specialized Subprosecutorial Office for Investigations into Organized Crime (SEIDO). The arrest was executed by the Navy with support from the PGR in a hotel in the capital of Veracruz state.
Also on 23 October, following weeks of calls to this end from all standpoints, Ángel Aguirre Rivero, governor of Guerrero, publicly announced his resignation before the state congress over the Iguala case. He began the announcement by summarizing the advances his administration had made in the Iguala case, though he did not provide any information regarding the actual whereabouts of the disappeared. In fact, the administration of Ángel Aguirre Rivero began with the murder of two other normalist students from Ayotzinapa: Gabriel Echeverría de Jesús and Jorge Alexis Herrera Pino were shot dead by federal and ministerial police on the Sol Highway on 12 December as they were clearing a blockade. This case continues in impunity.
The same day, nine new mass-gravesites were located in the La Parota zone near Iguala by communards who are members of the Union of Peoples and Organizations from Guerrero State (UPOEG). They referred their findings to the federal police for investigation.
In other news, the European Parliament on 23 October approved a resolution condemning the events in Iguala that calls for the European Union (EU) to restrengthen its cooperation with Mexico in terms of human rights. The resolution demands the continuation of investigations “until the students [are found to be] safe,” lamenting the “apparent infiltration of organized crime in local police and administrative organizations.” The resolution presented the government of Enrique Peña Nieto as a victim of organized crime, and not as a principally responsible party in the acts. In this sense, the European Green Party and the Unified European Left/Nordic Greens decided to distance themselves from this declaration and instead released their own proposal for resolution. Both groups support the intervention in Mexico of the International Criminal Court (ICC) located in the Hague, as well as the suspension of the bilateral Global Mexico-EU accord, security agreements, and the arms trade with Mexico. This alternative resolution interprets the events of Ayotzinapa as a spiral of violence that originates in years of impunity and broken promises by Mexican authorities.
For more information (in Spanish):
Parlamento Europeo condena desaparición de normalistas (El Universal, 23 de octubre de 2014)
Rechaza Parlamento Europeo condenar a México (El Universal, 22 de octubre de 2014)
Se divide Parlamento Europeo por desapariciones en Ayotzinapa(Proceso, 22 de octubre de 2014)
Tomó por sorpresa a diputados decisión de Aguirre de renunciar: Campos Aburto (La Jornada de Guerrero, 24 de octubre de 2014)
Hallazgo de 9 fosas más en Iguala; “había mochilas y lapiceros”: UPOEG(Aristegui Noticias, 24 de octubre de 2014)
Cobertura de marcha por Ayotzinapa: padres dan plazo de 2 días a autoridades (La Jornada, 22 de octubre de 2014)
“Nuestra luz es una forma de abrazar a quienes hoy hacen falta”: EZLN (Chiapas Paralelo, 23 de octubre de 2014)
For more information from SIPAZ (in English):
Chiapas: New actions by the EZLN to support Ayotzinapa (26 October 2014)
Guerrero: Impunity continues in the Ayotzinapa case (17 May 2013)