Chiapas: Displaced Tojolabal families from Primero de Agosto community denounce threats of a new displacement

October 10, 2015

Mujeres, hombres, niñas y niños desplazados en campamento de desplazamiento @RadioPozolTojolabal men, women, and children displaced from the Primero de Agosto community @RadioPozol

On 1 October, in a public denunciation, the displaced Tojolabales who comprise the Primero de Agosto community denounced that “due to the omission of the official authorities, the violations of our rights, death-threats, threats of kidnapping, threats of a new displacement, and harassment continue.” On 29 September “authorities and ejidatarios from the Miguel Hidalgo ejido came to threaten us from 30 meters’ distance from where we are living displaced to tell us that they had plans to jointly kidnap six of our comrades and perform a new armed displacement with the backing of their leaders, the CIOAC-Historical, and the three levels of government.” Furthermore, on 30 September, “Armando Méndez López fired into the air with a gun, telling us that any one of these days we would be displaced and our comrades taken.” On 2 October, the Fray Bartolomé de Las Casas Center for Human Rights released an Urgent Action indicating that “the present situation is similar to that which immediately preceded the first forcible displacement. This puts at risk the lives, security, and physical integrity of the displaced families.”

These families, which have now spent seven months displaced in the 23 September community, observed that “the Chiapas state government committed itself on 25 February 2015 to make justice and distribute the lands equally […] but it has not observed its promise; on the contrary, it has allowed the situation to worsen. The Mexican State has been absent or complicit in the criminal actions taken against our people.”

It bears mentioning that on 23 February 2015, ejidatarios from the Miguel Hidalgo ejido who pertain to the Independent Historical Center of Agricultural Workers and Campesinos (CIOAC-H) violently displaced 57 people from the Primero de Agosto community, which since 1 August 2013 had “suffered death-threats, murder-attempts, and attempted kidnappings, robbery, looting, and destruction at the hands of the ejidatarios from the Miguel Hidalgo ejido, members of CIOAC-H.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Familias de Primero de Agosto temen nuevo desplazamiento forzado (Chispas Denuncia Pública, 2 de octubre de 2015)

Riesgo de nuevo desplazamiento forzado a tojolabales del poblado Primero de Agosto (Frayba, Acción Urgente, 2 de octubre de 2015)

Tojolabales de Primero de Agosto cumplen siete meses en desplazamiento forzado (Chiapas Denuncia Pública, 2 de octubre de 2015

Familias de Primero de Agosto temen nuevo desplazamiento forzado (Radio Zapatista, 2 de octubre de 2015)

Chiapas, AU: Riesgo de nuevo desplazamiento contra tojolabales del poblado Primero de Agosto (Centro de Medios Libres México, 2 de octubre de 2015)

Chiapas: Indígenas tojolabales temen nuevo desplazamiento forzado. Con armas de fuego son hostigados por la Cioac-H (Radio Pozol, 2 de octubre de 2015)

FRAYBA: Riesgo de nuevo desplazamiento forzado a tojolabales del poblado Primero de Agosto (Red Contra la Represión y por la Solidaridad, 4 de octubre de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Chiapas: At nearly half a year of forcible displacement, the Poblado Primero de Agosto denounces new threats (7 September 2015)

Chiapas: Peace Network denounces absence of Chiapas state government in the Primero de Agosto case (22 July 2015)

Chiapas: The Primero de Agosto community completes 4 months of forcible displacement and continues demanding its forthright return (2 July 2015)

Chiapas: The Network for Peace asks for the displaced people of Primero de Agosto to be attended to (27 May 2015)

Chiapas: Communique from forcibly displaced families from Primero de Agosto denounce threats (24 April 2015)

Chiapas: Families of the Primero de Agosto community “in precarious conditions” (21 March 2015)

Chiapas: 57 Tojolabal indigenous people forcibly displaced from their community, Primero de Agosto (8 March 2015)

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Chiapas: The Network for Peace asks for the displaced people of Primero de Agosto to be attended to

May 27, 2015

Desplazados de Poblado Primero de Agosto, @SIPAZ

Displaced residents of the Primero de Agosto community, @SIPAZ

On May 20, the official report of the Civil Mission of Observation of the Primero de Agosto community, municipality of Las Margaritas, was presented in a press conference. 12 organizations participated together on May 11 and 12 in said mission that was carried out to observe and document the situation of the displaced people.

We are very sad about this forced displacement, where there has been much insecurity.  We are very uneasy.  We can’t sleep because of the fear that they are going to hurt us again, the authorities of Miguel Hidalgo.  Our children are becoming ill with cough, fever, head aches, stomache aches, and they always ask us when we are going to return to our home,” shared one of the displaced women.

56 people, amongst them 18 who are underage, were forcefully displaced February 23, 2015. On this day, they left their houses, belongings, and the land they occupied since August 1, 2013.  According to the agreement signed by representatives of the state government on January 8, 2015, the ownership of the property is currently considered “undefined.” The forced displacement was provoked by 50 peopple, authorities of Miguel Hidalgo, who are also memebers of the Historic Independent Central of Agricultural Workers and Campesinos (CIOAC-H).  15 of the attackers carried high-caliber firearms.

The Civil Mission of Observation reported that the critical humanitarian situation, in which the displaced people find themselves in, has not been adequately attended to. The displaced live in precarious homes made of sticks, plastics, and nylon; there is an insufficient amount of drinkable water; the children are not attending school; there is a small amount of food (they only eat once or twice a day); and the health of the displaced community is of concern, especially in the children and the women who are pregnant: “The health and integrity of the displaced people, not only due to the presence of infectious or contagious diseases caused by the situation that is being lived, are being threatened by the presence of agents of the environment, such as climate and fauna of the area, and by the constant threats of the people who displaced them.  Evidently the rights to food, housing, access to water, a healthy environment, and emotional and social health of the population are being violated.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Más amenazas y hostigamiento a indígenas tojolabales (26 de mayo de 2015)

El gobierno de Chiapas cierra los ojos ante la situación de desplazados en Las Margaritas (22 de mayo de 2015)

Misión Civil de Observación de Derechos Humanos a campamento de personas desplazadas forzadamente del Poblado Primero de Agosto, municipio de Las Margaritas”, 20 de mayo de 2015

Desplazados y condiciones precarias denuncian nuevas amenazas y hostigamiento, Chiapas paralelo, 21 de mayo de 2015

Chiapas: demandan atender a desplazados, La Jornada, 21 de mayo de 2015

Desplazados de Margaritas urgen atención, noticiasnet.mx, 21 de mayo de 2015

For more Information from SIPAZ (in English):

Chiapas: Communique from forcibly displaced families from Primero de Agosto denounce threats

(April 24, 2015)

Chiapas: New threats against residents of Primero de Agosto (23 April 2015)

Chiapas: Families of the Primero de Agosto community “in precarious conditions” (21 March 2015)

Chiapas: 57 Tojolabal indigenous people forcibly displaced from their community, Primero de Agosto (8 March 2015)


Chiapas: Communique from forcibly displaced families from Primero de Agosto denounce threats

April 24, 2015

Campamento de desplazados de Primero de Agosto (@ChiapasParalelo)

Campsite of the forcibly displaced people from the (Community) Poblado Primero de Agosto (@ChiapasParalelo)

In a communique published on April 17, 2015,  the forcibly displaced people of the community Primero de Agosto, released the lastest harassments they´ve suffered on lands they currently occupy, next to the diversion of the road to Las Margaritas – New Momón towards Monte Cristo Viejo.

In the public denouncement, they shared that from April 9-15, members of the ejido Miguel Hidalgo have fired three shots at 500 yards from where they are currently forcibly displaced, received verbal (shouts) threats, and entered and burgled the house of one of the displaced persons.

It should be recalled that that those who are accused of the recent harassments belong to the Historic Independent Central of Agricultural Workers and Campesinos (CIOAC-H) and are also responsible for, both, the forced displacement of 57 people of the territory “El Roble” on February 23, 2015 and of the previous acts of threats, assaults, and agresions.

In voice of the displaced women, the statement includes a description of the physical and psychological health of the displaced persons: “… we are becoming ill due to the new threats of attacks and agresions. Where are we now there is much insecuirty, we are restless, uneasy and we can not sleep due to the fear that the authorities of Miguel Hidalgo might harm us again and because they´ve told us they will kidnap our compañeros. Our children are ill with cough, fever, stomach aches, headaches, typhoid, and they always ask us when we will return to our homes.” They also demand that the government fulfills the agreements made on February 25 – in which it was agreed to distribute the 74 hectares of the Poblado Primero de Agosto equally between the two groups – the administration of justice, the return to Primero de Agosto, the punishment to the perpetrators and masterminds of the attacks, and comprehensive compensation for the damages incurred. Lastly, they hold the three levels of government responsible for whatever could happen to the forcibly displaced Tojolabal families, in case the conflict is not resolved.

For more information (in Spanish):

Desplazados de Primero de Agosto denuncian amenazas en su campamento‏ (Chiapas Paralelo, 22 de abril de 2015)

Familias desplazadas del poblado Primero de Agosto en condiciones precarias (Red TdT, 9 de marzo de 2015)

#VIDEO #Desplazados de Primero de Agosto dan su palabra frente a la agresión de la #CIOAC-H #Paramilitar en #CHIAPAS (Koman Ilel, 10 de marzo de 2015)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Chiapas: New threats against residents of Primero de Agosto (23 April 2015)

Chiapas: Families of the Primero de Agosto community “in precarious conditions” (21 March 2015)

Chiapas: 57 Tojolabal indigenous people forcibly displaced from their community, Primero de Agosto (8 March 2015)


Chiapas: 57 Tojolabal indigenous people forcibly displaced from their community, Primero de Agosto

March 8, 2015

images

On 23 February 2015, the Fray Bartolomé de las Casas Center for Human Rights (CDHFBC) released an urgent action regarding the forcible displacement of a group of Tojolabal indigenous people from the Primero de Agosto community, Las Margaritas municipality, Chiapas.

The CDHFBC “has received trustworthy documentary evidence regarding the displacement of the 57 Tojolabal indigenous persons, including 12 minors and one neonate, 20 women, and 25 men from the Primero de Agosto community, with this being an action perpetrated by members of the Independent Historic Campesino Agricultural Worker Center (CIOAC-H), who have been protected in this region by the municipal government of Las Margaritas.”

The bulletin adds that “according to the received information, today at 8am, 50 members of the CIOAC-H, including Reynaldo López Pérez, the ejidal commissioner, Antonio Méndez Pérez, the auxiliary agent, as well as other authorities from Miguel Hidalgo ejido, Las Margaritas municipality, entered the Primero de Agosto community, carrying high-powered firearms and surrounding the homes of the residents, leading to the displacement of the residents who fled to the closest highway, where they now reside in grave conditions: women and children lacking shelter, food, and security guarantees amidst the possibility of attacks from the group affiliated to the Miguel Hidalgo ejido.”

For this reason, in its Urgent Action the CDHFBC urgently calls on the Mexican governments to take the necessary measures to guarantee the human rights of the displaced, that those responsible for the forcible displacement and other harms of the group from Primero de Agosto be investigated and sanctioned, and that comprehensive attention be provided in accordance with the appropriate laws regarding internal displacement.

For more information (in Spanish):

Acción Urgente: Desplazamiento forzado de familias tojolabales del poblado Primero de Agosto, CDHFBLC, 23 de febrero de 2013

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Chiapas: amenazas contra familias simpatizantes del EZLN (29 December 2014)

Chiapas: EZLN announces dates for the exchanges between Zapatistas and indigenous peoples of the CNI (12 June 2014)

Chiapas: EZLN announces upcoming activities (10 June 2014)

Chiapas: EZLN pays tribute to murdered Support-base and announces organizational changes (10 June 2014)

Chiapas: EZLN communique “Pain and Rage” (18 May 2014)

Chiapas: Attacks on EZLN support bases leave one dead and 15 injured among Zapatistas (16 May 2014)


Chiapas: Denunciation of attacks on Primero de Agosto community

July 19, 2014


Foto @ Blog Centzuntli

Photo @ Blog Centzuntli

On 27 June, the Primero de Agosto community (Las Margaritas municipality) denounced provocations, attacks, death-threats, and attempted murders on the part of members of the Independent Center of Agricultural Workers and Campesinos (CIOAC-H) and the Alliance of Social Organizations and Left Unions (ASSI) from the Miguel Hidalgo ejido.

The Tojolabal indigenous in question are children of the ejidatarios of Miguel Hidalgo who in 2011 requested land from the assembly given that, according to their denunciation, “there is a tract of land amounting to approximately 73 hectares that was recovered by the EZLN which no one is working.”  In 2011, the Miguel Hidalgo ejido entered the official Fund of Support for Non-Regularized Agrarian Nuclei (FANAR), but this institutional arrangement “excluded said hectares of land on which we are living now with our families.”  From December 2011 to March 2013, a dialogue process had been maintained which culminated on 9 May “with a machete attack to the neck of our comrade within our own community” and with the threat “that they are planning to kill four of our comrades,” following different attacks documented in the denunciation.

For more information (in Spanish):

Pobladores de Primero de Agosto denuncian agresiones, amenazas e intentos de muerte por integrantes de la CIOAC Histórica del Ejido Miguel Hidalgo (Chiapas Denuncia Pública, 30 de junio de 2014)

NF: Amenazas e intento de muerte a campesinos en las Margaritas Chiapas (Chiapas Denuncia Pública, 3 de julio de 2014)

Audio:

NF: Amenazas e intento de muerte a campesinos en las Margaritas Chiapas (Frayba Derechos Humanos, 3 de julio de 2014)