National: According to the pre-audience for the People’s Permanent Tribunal (TPP), simulation and impunity prevent the eradication of violence against women

August 30, 2014
TPP Pre-audience (@Cencos)

TPP Pre-audience (@Cencos)

 Between August 4 to 6, there was held in Mexico City the pre-audience “Gender Violence and Femicide” of the the Peoples’ Permanent Tribunal (TPP), Chapter Mexico. This time 18 cases were analyzed and the different types of violence against women that happen in the country, such as femicide, discrimination, criminalization, labor violence, attacks on journalists and presenters, obstetric violence and human trafficking, were demonstrated. The jury accused the Mexican government of not fulfilling its obligation to eradicate violence and discrimination against women. According to the jury, laws, institutions and state actions do not generate concrete results in combating violence, and especially do not guarantee neither protection nor effective access to justice. It declared: “Legal changes are achieved, yes […] but in the end, the State justifies itself and doesn’t assume the contents of those law […] and that is serious, because it undermines the right of women to live without violence”. Besides the Jury stressed that in all cases reported to the TPP, there have been no follow-up, penalty or damage repair and in some cases, victims have been criminalized. The Mexican government, it said, through “simulation and impunity,” violates international treaties it has signed and ratified, affecting the right of women to a life free of violence, and therefore all their rights.

Finally, it recalled that the final hearing of the axis “Femicide, family and sexual violence, disappearance and human trafficking, women in war, defenders and structural violence” of the TPP will be held in September. In November, after three years of work, the TPP Mexican Chapter will conclude with a final hearing, in which the Mexican government will be judged by a national and international commission.

For more information (in Spanish):

Termina Preaudiencia Violencia de Género y Feminicidio DF del TPP (Noticias MVS, 6 de agosto de 2014)

Simulación e impunidad impiden erradicar violencia contra mujeres: TPP (Sididh, 13 de agosto de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Chiapas: TPP pre-audience judges Mexican State for crimes against humanity (July 27, 2014)

National: Activists denounce increase in violence against women (July 19, 2014)

National: the Mexican government does not comply with the recommendations of the Committee for the Elimination of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) (23 June 2014)


Mexico/Latin America: The TPP prosecutes Canadian mining companies

June 12, 2014

tpp-canadaFrom May 29 to June 1, the first meeting of the Peoples’ Permanent Tribunal (TPP) on the Canadian mining industry was held in Montreal (Canada). The TPP is a mechanism that was created in Italy in 1979. In the light of international laws on human rights violations, it examines cases that have exhausted traditional and national mechanisms.

In Latin America, more than 200 social conflicts can be attributed to mining industry. 75% of the mining companies in the world are Canadians. At the hearing, these companies were “accused of violating the fundamental rights of peoples in Latin America.” The Canadian government was criticized for “contributing (…) to the violation of indigenous peoples’ human rights in Latin America, by supporting the mining industry and favoring those companies in a context of impunity.” The TPP stressed that the Canadian government “tolerates or covers up violations of human rights perpetrated by these companies. “

In particular, five companies operating in Latin America, including Blackfire Exploration and Excellon Resources, have been prosecuted for their activities in Mexico.

The Tribunal found that the expansion of Canadian mining in Latin America has been favored both by Canada (using diplomatic pressure on the countries whose resources are exploited), as well as by the governments of those same countries (that facilitate investment and allow corruption and violations of human and environmental rights). Local authorities are accused of being accomplices “when they grant concessions and operating licenses without taking into account the impact that these activities may have on human rights,” and “when they increase the flexibility of their labor, environmental and tax regulations to promote the interests of mining companies,” responding to the “undue influence on the reform of the mining and environmental legislation” by the Canadian state.

The Tribunal noted that among the rights violated almost systematically by Canadian mining companies are found the following: the right to water, health, a healthy environment, the right to security and physical integrity, the right to self-determination, the right to participation, consultation and prior consent, the right to expression and protest, the right to fair and just working conditions, and freedom of association.

The TPP’s preliminary verdict stressed the responsibility of mining companies “for human rights violations (…), as well as the responsibility of the Canadian State and of countries where the natural resources are exploited by these companies because they haven’t prevented or have facilitated, tolerated and covered up such violations.  In practice, too, they have prevented victims’ access to justice for such violations. “

For more information (in Spanish):

Veredicto preliminar del TPP (1er de junio de 2014)

Piden justicia en Canadá por asesinato de Mariano Abarca (Chiapas Paralelo, 4 de junio de 2014)

Del total de conflictos mineros en América Latina, 90% son con empresas canadienses (La Jornada, 24 de mayo de 2014)

Empresas mineras al banquillo de los acusados por generar 200 conflictos sociales (Chiapas Paralelo, 23 de mayo de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English)

Guerrero/Mexico/Latin America: Grave challenges to Goldcorp and other Canadian mining firms (May 3, 2014)

Guerrero: Ejidatarios from Carrizalillo to sue mining company before the Agrarian Tribunal (29 April 2014)


National: Preaudience “Dams, rights of the people, and impunity” of the People’s Permanent Tribunal in Temacapulín, Jalisco

November 16, 2012

TPP in Temacapulín (MAPDER)

On 5 and 6 November, a preaudience of the People’s Permanent Tribunal (TPP) entitled “Dams, rights of the people, and impunity” was held in Temacapulín, Cañadas de Obregón municipality, Jalisco. After receiving testimony and evidence from communities affected by the construction of 12 dams in seven states (for example, Paso de la Reina in Oaxaca; La Parota, in Guerrero; Las Cruces, in Nayarit; El Naranjal, in Veracruz; and Arcediano, in Jalisco), the 7 judges of the TPP, all of them national and international specialists in this area, released a sentence.  In this they affirm that the forced displacement of thousands of Mexicans by the dam-projects attacks the spirit of democracy and shows that the government has for years failed to observe international human-rights law and its own Constitution.  The judges called on the Mexican government to cancel the construction of the El Zapotillo dam in Jalisco, Paso de la Reina in Oaxaca, La Parota in Guerrero, Las Cruces in Nayarit, and El Naranjal in Veracruz; further, they demanded compensation for the communities that have lost their lands due to dam-projects that have already been completed.

For more information (in Spanish):

Presentación del dictamen preliminar del jurado de la preaudiencia “presas, derechos de los pueblos e impunidad”(Boletín de prensa, TPP, 12 de noviembre de 2012)

Proyectos hidráulicos violan la Constitución: TPP (La Jornada, 9 de noviembre de 2012)

Alertan violaciones por obras de presas (El Universal, 9 de noviembre de 2012)

Más de 185 mil desplazados por la construcción de presas en México (La Jornada, 8 de noviembre de 2012)

Recomiendan cancelar presas e indemnizar a desplazados (Proceso, 8 de noviembre de 2012)

Denuncian ante TPP: presas desplazan a 185 mil personas (El Universal, 6 de noviembre de 2012)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Chiapas: the International Day against Dams is celebrated (24 March 2012)

Oaxaca: Testimony of COPUDEVER shared in Costa Rica (7 October 2011)

VI Mesoamerican Forum of the Latin America Network against dams in Pacuaré, Costa Rica, 27 September 2011

Oaxaca: COPUDEVER mobilizes in defense of the Río Verde (20 March 2011)

Chiapas: National Meeting of the Mexican Movement of those Affected by Dams in Defense of Rivers (20 March 2011)


Chiapas: Preaudience of the People’s Permanent Tribunal in Acteal

April 21, 2012

Preaudiencia del TPP en Acteal @ SIPAZ

Preaudience of the TPP in Acteal @ SIPAZ

On 16 April, the Las Abejas Civil Society held a preaudience of the People’s Permanent Tribunal (TPP) in Acteal, Chenalhó, Chiapas.  The TPP has indicated the 1997 Acteal massacre to be one of the emblematic cases of processes involving state violence, in addition to structural and systemic violence, from within their treatment of the subjects of migration, refugeeism, forced displacement, and dirty war, impunity, and state violence.

Acteal Foto @ J. Marquardt

Acteal photo @ J. Marquardt

This audience was presided over by a honorary jury that included Fray Raúl Vera López, bishop of Saltillo, representing the Council for Guarantees of the Mexican chapter of the TPP, as well as Fray Tomás González from the Usumacinta Committee for Human Rights and director of the Refuge-Home for Migrant Persons “72” in Tenosique, Tabasco.  Also present were representatives of the Regional Office in Mexico of the Rosa Luxemburg Foundation of Germany.  The event formed part of the 15-year commemoration of this massacre that shocked Mexico and the world on 22 December, with a total of 49 killed (4 of them unborn), 33 of them being women (19) and girls (14), all of them displaced indigenous persons pertaining to the Las Abejas Civil Society.
The TPP was founded in Rome, Italy in 1979.  It is the longest-standing ethical and conscious tribunal that is recognized globally.
For more information (in Spanish):

Preaudiencia Tribunal Permanente de los Pueblos en Acteal (Audios de la Preaudiencia TPP, Koman Ilel, 18 de abril 2012)

EL TRIBUNAL PERMANENTE DE LOS PUEBLOS (TPP) INICIA JUICIO DE CASO DE LA MASACRE DE ACTEAL CON LA PARTICIPACIÓN DE DON RAÚL VERA

16 Abril en Acteal: Preaudiencia Tribunal Permanente de los Pueblos(Sitio Web de la Sociedad Civil Las Abejas de Acteal)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Chiapas: Pre-audience of the People’s Permanent Tribunal (22 March 2012)

Permanent Tribunal of the Peoples – Mexico Chapter (14 November 2011)


Chiapas: Pre-audience of the People’s Permanent Tribunal

March 22, 2012

Taken during the TPP’s day @ SIPAZ

The Chiapas chapter of the People’s Permanent Tribunal (TPP) held in San Cristóbal de Las Casas its first audience regarding the questions of gender violence and feminicide on 7 and 8 March.  It ended with a march from the Hermanos Domínguez theater in the city toward the Plaza de la Paz in front of the cathedral, where there was held a closing ceremony during which participants left candles on top of the word “justice,” constructed from flowers.

During the two days of the audience were exposed emblematic cases such as the multiple feminicide in the Acteal massacre or that of three Tzeltal women from the Altamirano municipality who were raped by soldiers in 1994.  The cases presented are supported by organizations such as the Center for Women’s Rights Chiapas (CDMCH), the Ixim Antsetic House of Support, and the Group of Women of San Cristóbal de Las Casas COLEM, among other organizations and collectives.  The evidence was presented by some of its victims before a jury comprised of nine women of different nationalities who released their verdict on 8 March.

A women giving her testimony @ SIPAZ

Some of the testimony was narrated by those who experienced it from behind a curtain, given that many are women who still fear for their lives, given the aggressions they have suffered.  Martha Figueroa Mier from the Feminist Women Mercedes Olivera Collectives (COFEMO) explained that this was the first time in 17 years that the women victimized by soldiers in 1994 publicly expressed their experiences.  In accordance with the testimony of one of the Tseltal women, the aggression occurred “17 years ago, when I was raped by soldiers together with my two sisters; still, to date the government has not made justice for these damages.”  Figueroa Mier commented that one of the principal objectives of the work of the People’s Permanent Tribunal is to give a voice to victims.

For more information (in Spanish):

Tribunal de los Pueblos en Chiapas inicia primera audiencia (El Universal, 7 March 2012)

Juzgan ciudadanos abusos contra mujeres (La Jornada, 8 March 2012)

Audiencia del TPP por violencia de género y feminicidio (Cuarto Poder, 8 March 2012)

Se expondrán casos de violaciones a los derechos humanos en mujeres (Cuarto Poder, 1 March 2012)

Realizarán en Chiapas primera preaudiencia de feminicidio y violencia de género del TPP (El Imparcial de Chiapas, 6 de marzo de 2012)

Frayba celebra las acciones por la digna y justa lucha en el día internacional de la mujer/Tribunal de los Pueblos en Chiapas inicia primera audiencia (Zapateando, 8 de marzo de 2012)

Preaudiencia de Feminicidio y violencia de género en Chiapas (Mundo Ciesas, 7 de marzo de 2012)

Audio:

Transmisión de la preaudiencia “Feminicidio y violencia de género en Chiapas”. TPP (TPPChiapas, 6 March 2012)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Permanent Tribunal of the Peoples – Mexico Chapter (14 November 2011)


Permanent Tribunal of the Peoples – Mexico Chapter

November 14, 2011

On 21 October was inaugurated the Mexican chapter of the Permanent Tribunal of the Peoples (TPP).  This international institution is the heir of the “Russell Tribunal,” which was established to judge the crimes against humanity committed int he Vietnam war and afterward Lain American dictatorships.  In the inauguration participated representatives of dozens of popular, communal, and social movements from Mexico.  the Mexico Chapter of TPP will develop its work over the next two years with the title “Free-trade agreements, dirty war, impunity, and rights of peoples.”

In its letter, the TPP defines itself in the following terms: “given its characteristics, origins, and composition, it is an expression of the ethical conscience of humanity which founds its legitimacy in its moral force.  It has as its specific mission the permanent transformation of conditions that would guaurantee a space of visibility, regard, and judgment of massive human-rights violations, both individual and collective, and of the rights of peoples that find no institutional representation at either the national or international levels.”

At its site in the Mexican capital they expand: “The call for the TPP to open a chapter in our country has as its end the visibilization of the structural violence that holds sway in Mexico due to the numerous free-trade agreements as well as to unmask the mechanisms of obfuscation and deviation of power that are systematically exercised by the Mexican State to maintain this economic policy.”  The title of the Mexico Chapter of the TPP will be that of “Free Trade, Dirty War, Impunity, and Rights of Peoples.”  The themes to be addressed will be the following: Dirty War; Migration and forced displacement; Feminicide and gender violence; Violence against workerss; Violence against maize, food sovereignty, and autonomy; Environmental devastation and rights of peoples; Dis-information, censorship, and violence against communicators; and possibly there will be added Violence against indigenous peoples.

For more infornation (in Spanish):

Tribunal Permanente de los Pueblos México (website of the Mexico TPP)

Mensaje de Raúl Vera en la Sesión Inaugural del Capítulo México del Tribunal Permanente de los Pueblos, D.F. 21 October

Un tribunal para los pueblos del maíz (La Jornada, 22 October 2011)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Seventh National Assembly of the Environmentally Affected; Mexico will be judged before the Permanent Tribunal of the People (18 August 2011)


Seventh National Assembly of the Environmentally Affected; Mexico will be judged before the Permanent Tribunal of the People

August 18, 2011

In its final declaration, the social and environmental organizations from across Mexico that participated in the Seventh National Assembly of the Environmentally Affected (ANAA) demanded the cancellation of the La Parota dam in Guerrero and that of similar works that the CFE is pushing in Paso de la Reina in Oaxaca and Zapotillo in Jalisco, as well as 112 mini-dams that are planned in Veracruz, beyond the cancellation of 880 mining projects that benefit Canadian firms, due to their all having been organized ont he basis of human-rights violations and disinformation provided to local residents.  The meeting as held on 30 and 31 July in the community of Salsipuedes, in the rural zone of Acapulco, with the intervention of members of CECOP and the Tlachinollan Mountain Center for Human Rights.

The president of the Council of United Peoples in Defense of the Río Verde (COPUDEVER) from Oaxaca claimed as positive the interchanging of experiences of struggle and defense as well as the information-sharing regarding that which occurs internally in communities, where the government has committed an infinity of rights-violations.  He also noted that in 2007 residents of more than 60 Oaxacan communities initiated the formal defense of their lands, following the CFE’s public announcement that it would build a dam that would directly affect 15,000 people and indirectly affect 97,000 others.

He declared that “it is not possible that people from outside come to take from us that which is ours.  For many years corporations have entered without consulting anyone.”  He stressed that conflict begins when the indigenous peoples are disregarded, when there are attempts to impose projects without their consent.  “Authorities take the resources of the people, when they should instead be invested in the communities.  Now the people continue to be poor […]. In Guerrero and Oaxaca we are at the same level of poverty, and that is not right.”

He also indicated that the strategy of defense selected to protect one’s patrimony is the cleanest and most favorable, given that “we have had much provocation from government, from the police, but we have resisted with much patience.  Our resistance has always been pacifist.”

Furthermore, the activists called for the ecological movement to unite, and they announced a large national march planned for 12 October, toward the end of making visible the environmental conflicts in the country.

In other news during the Assembly it was also made known that the case of the miners and the La Parota dam in Guerrero as well as the massacres of Aguas Blancas and El Charco will be held before the Permanent Tribunal of the People (TPP).  The TPP will open in Mexico beginning in October 2011 and close at the beginning of 2014; it will have seven sessions.  The TPP has no juridical standing; it rather has ethical and conscious standing.  “The eyes of the world” await the failures that result in a global scandal.  Furthermore, its verdict could serve as a tool to carry the cases to tribunals with actual jurisdictions, such as the IACHR.

Assembly goers emphasized that the seven sessions will investigate seven principal points.  The first point is Violence, impunity, and access to justice; the second, Feminicide and violence against women; the third, Violence against workers; the fourth, Violence against migrants; the fifth, environmental destruction; the sixth, maize and food sovereignty; the seventh, media.

For more information (in Spanish):

Justa y pacífica, la lucha por la tierra, dice Copudever en celebración del Cecop (La Jornada Guerrero, 30 July 2011)

Acuerdan activistas oponerse a proyectos de CFE y mineras (La Jornada, 1 August 2011)

Séptima Asamblea Nacional de Afectados Ambientales
Afectados ambientales levantan la voz
  (Greenpeace México, 3 August 2011)

Organizarnos ante la barbarie: VII Asamblea Nacional de Afectados Ambientales  (3 August 2011)

Analizarán masacres, mineras y presas en el Tribunal Permanente de los Pueblos (La Jornada de Guerrero, 31 July 2011)

Llevarán a gobierno mexicano a juicio al Tribunal Permanente de los Pueblos  (La Política, 3 August 2011)

Para más información de SIPAZ:

Oaxaca: Possible conflict regarding wind-energy projects in the Isthmus of Tehuantepec (18 January 2011)

Guerrero: Briefs- Members of OPIM and the Tlachinollan Mountain CDH suffer death-threats; invitation to the Tlachinollan anniversary; case of ecologists of the Sierra de Petatlán (4 July 2011)

Oaxaca: UN publication on right to consultation and megaprojects is presented (5 July 2011)

Guerrero – briefs: Tlachinollan requests support inthe case of Radio Ñomndaa; Invitation to a workshop against mining in the Montaña and Costa Chica regions (18 March)