Guerrero: Body of tortured and executed Ayotzinapa student, Julio César Mondragón, is exhumed

November 21, 2015

mondragon

Photo: @courtesy family album

On 4 November, the body of Julio César Mondragón, a student from the Ayotzinapa Teachers’ College who was tortured and executed on 26-27 September in Iguala, Guerrero, was exhumed to perform a new autopsy. The exhumation of the body was carried out by the Argentine Team for Forensic Anthropology (EAAF), being independent investigators contracted by the student’s family, as by personnel from the Federal Attorney General’s Office (PGR). Members of the Interdisciplinary Group of Independent Experts (GIEI) were present as observers, given that “in them we confide to carry out this task,” the family noted. Relatives and the collective recalled that the body of Julio César was found by soldiers on 27 September 2014 after making report to the Public Ministry in Iguala, and they were present during the recovery of the body. “The autopsy carried in Iguala was carried out without professionalism or any sense of rigor, concluding that Julio’s face was removed by local fauna. The authorities of Guerrero state ignored the clear indications of torture that his body presented,” the family has noted, having denounced that all investigations carried out by the State Attorney General’s Office of Guerrero have been full of mistakes, omissions, and failures.

The family expressed gratitude to all the organizations, collectives, journalists, activists, and civil society members throughout the world who have expressed their support, announcing the same day that the exhumation would be performed, the youth’s biography would also be published. “We want society to know the person who Julio was. We want to cleanse his name of all the lies that have been launched against him of late. We say it again: Julio is not the faceless youth. He is the student-teacher, the tireless worker, the loving husband, the committed father, the joyful son, the strong nephew, the rebellious friend, the brilliant grandson, and the helpful brother.”

For more information (in Spanish):

La exhumación de Julio Cesar Mondragón Fontes no fue iniciativa de ninguna instancia oficial: familiares (SIDIDH, 6 de noviembre de 2015)
Exhuman restos del normalista Julio César Mondragón (El Proceso, 4 de noviembre de 2015)
Exhuman el cuerpo del normalista Julio César Mondragón; lo revisarán forenses argentinos (Animal Político, 4 de noviembre de 2015)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

National: Mobilizations within and outside the country for the first anniversary of the forcible disappearance of the 43 students from Ayotzinapa (10 October 2015)

Chiapas: Actions for the one-year anniversary of the Ayotzinapa disappearances (8 October 2015)

Guerrero/National: “Fruitless” meeting between relatives of the disappeared from Ayotzinapa and EPN (8 October 2015)

Guerrero: Group of Experts on Ayotzinapa case presents its report 6 months on (13 September 2015)

 

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Chiapas: Ejidatarios from Chicoasén initiate hunger-strike against Chicoasén II dam-project

November 19, 2015

Huelga de hambre contra construcción de la CFE (@Educa)

Hunger-strike against the construction of the CFE (@Educa)

On 3 November, elder males and females who have been affected by the construction of the Chicoasén II dam in the Chicoasén municipality undertook a hunger-strike to demand the release of their lawyer Arturo Ortega Luna, who was arrested on 21 October. In an urgent communique, the campesinos reported that “those who will be on hunger strike are at risk of having charges fabricated against them by the government, as it did the last time with the State Attorney General’s Office, given that municipal and state police and the Mexican Army are patrolling through our streets.” They indicated that the detained lawyer, who was assisting them in their defense against the construction of the dam-project, “was arrested unjustly, accused of a mutiny by the Federal Electricity Commission (CFE).” The ejidatarios demanded that the more than 10 arrest-orders against other members of the ejidal committee and associated lawyers be suspended.

With their hunger-strike, the ejidatarios denounced the judicial persecution and threat against their agrarian rights, in light of the looting of land implied by the project. They have demanded just reparations for the loss of their lands as well as respect for the legal motion affirmed by a federal judge in May 2015 mandating the suspension of the dam-project. Avisaín Solís López, an ejidatario who has been affected by the dam’s construction, added that the state governor, Manuel Velasco Coello, “said that he would not allow the construction of any more dams that would violate the rights of peasants in Chiapas, but now we defend our rights, having received only lies.” Those affected seek to maintain their hunger-strike until the government attends to them, releases their lawyer, and respects their rights as indigenous people.

For more information (in Spanish):

Campesinos de Chicoasén inician ayuno por liberación de abogado (La Jornada, 4 de noviembre de 2015)

Inician ancianos zoques huelga de hambre contra hidroeléctrica Chicoasén II (Educa, 4 de noviembre de 2015)

Ejidatarios de Chicoasen inician huelga de hambre (Chiapas Denuncia Publica, 3 de noviembre de 2015)

Adultos mayores inician ayuno contra hidroeléctrica de CFE en Chiapas (Proceso, 3 de noviembre de 2015)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Chiapas: International socio-environmental seminar, the Open Veins of Contemporary Chiapas (12 November 2013)

Oaxaca: COPUDEVER and EDUCA present report on “Paso de la Reina” (19 July 2013)

Chiapas: the International Day against Dams is celebrated (24 March 2012)


Guerrero: NGO releases Urgent Action to protect Evelia Bahena García, Diana Coralina Brito, and Félix Rodríguez Navarrete

September 10, 2015

P1010904Landscape of the Mountain region of Guerrero. Photo @SIPAZ archive

On 2 August, the José María Morelos y Pavón Human Rights Center (Morelos Center) released an Urgent Action (UA) to protect the life of the Iguala activists Evelia Bahena García, Diana Carolina Brito Bahena, and Félix Rodríguez Navarrete, who have been threatened with death after having led a struggle against the Media Luna mining corporation in defense of the territory on which the Tlachinollan community finds itself located.  The communique incorporating the UA establishes that in 2007, Bahena García undertook together with her father a struggle against the Media Luna company in the communities of Real de Limón and La Fundación, Cocula municipality, for which she received death-threats, with three of her comrades being imprisoned.  On 30 July, close to 7:30pm, she received a threatening phonecall during which a man warned her that she, her comrade Diana Carolin, and the lawyer for the Morelos Center, Félix Rodríguez Navarrete, needed to “leave this place” or, if not, “I will split you in two.”  After she hung up on the call, she received a text message telling her that they know of her husband and family, insisting that she should abandon the place.

The Morelos Center considers it to be evident that Evelia Bahena García, Diana Carolina Brito Bahena, and Félix Rodríguez Navarrete are at risk of losing their lives or being attacked.  For this reason, its UA demands the respect of the lives and physical integrity of Evelia Bahena García, Diana Carolina Brito Bahena, Félix Rodríguez Navarrete, calls on the Mexican State to respect, observe, and implement all the mechanisms and actions related to the precautionary measures to protect the physical and psychological integrity of Evelia Bahena García, Diana Carolina Brito Bahena, and Félix Rodríguez Navarrete, and demands that the Guerrero State Attorney General’s Office (PGJE) launch a timely and exhaustive investigation to arrest and punish those responsible for these threats.

For more information (in Spanish):

AU_Centro_Morelos (2 de agosto de 2015)

Pide ONG al gobierno proteger a activistas de Iguala amenazados de muerte (La Jornada, 5 de agosto de 2015)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero: Indigenous from Mountain region request legal motion against British mining corporation (7 December 2013)

Guerrero: PGR’s investigation into Iguala case continues to be lacking: CNDH (10 September 2015)


Chiapas: Ejidatarios from Tila denounce confrontation between PVEM and PRI, with 4 injured

July 21, 2015

80 aniversario del Ejido Tila, octubre 2014 @ SIPAZ

80th anniversary of the Tila ejido, October 2014 @ SIPAZ

The ejidatarios from Tila, adherents to the Sixth Declaration of the Lacandon Jungle, denounced that on 20 June, groups pertaining to the Green Ecologist Party (PVEM) and the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) had a confrontation, given that members of the PVEM “blockaded the crossroads of Jolpokitioc and Yajalón, using all the trucks from the City Hall” on the orders of the PVEM candidate, Edgar Leopoldo Gómez Gutiérrez, with the participation of masked youth who created “social intimidation because they have been seen on the paths near the ejido,” as the public denunciation noted.

Furthermore, on 6 July, the ejidatarios reported that the PRI candidate, Eliseo Trinidad Trujillo, was attacked with a firearms, provoking the arrival of eight cars “full of masked men carrying sticks, rocks, and firearms, as guided by the municipal police director, Jorge Antonio Decelis Guillén, the son of the cacique Gustavo Decelis.” “All of this was taking place within our ejido due to the action of the political parties and their elections, which always end in mutual death, because it is a choice between criminals […]. We want to say that in our Ch’ol indigenous people settled on ejidal land, we have spent 72 years confronting attacks on our land and territory, and it is not a legal space for political parties to come to fight, because the ejido is protected by a presidential resolution from 30 July 1934, published in the Official Diary of the Federation on 16 October of the same year,” they added in their denunciation.

State media mentioned that the PRI candidate had submitted a complaint before the State Attorney General’s Office (PGJE). Trinidad Trujillo was injured, but a youth who was accompanying him on tour was injured in the head. Official sources also reported that they had received reports that three youth were injured by gunfire in the Nueva Esperanza neighborhood, being three PVEM militants who were presumably attacked by PRI members.

For more information (in Spanish):

Ejido Tila denuncia sobre la violencia armada partidista (La Otra Ejido Tila, 8 de julio de 2015)

Un candidato a alcalde de Tila, Chiapas, es baleado tras acto de campaña (CNN México, 7 de julio de 2015)

Disputa entre militantes del PRI y PVEM en Chiapas deja cuatro heridos(La Jornada, 7 de julio de 2015)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Chiapas: Ejidatarios from Tila denounce attempt at usurpation (21 January 2015)

Chiapas: Ejidatarios from Tila receive threats following march to commemorate 80th anniversary of the ejido (26 October 2014)

Chiapas: Ejidatarios from Tila denounce new attempt to loot land (22 January 2014)


Oaxaca: Radio-show host murdered in Miahuatlán

July 21, 2015

@e_oaxaca

Photo @ E_oaxaca

Filadelfo Sánchez Sarmiento, a radio-show host for La Favorita, was killed on 2 July in Miahuatlán de Porfirio Díaz, located in the southern sierra of Oaxaca state. According to the State Attorney General’s Office (PGJE), Filadelfo was intercepted by two individuals who were awaiting him at the exit of the radio-station where he worked, and they shot him to death. He has the brother of the journalist Misael Sánchez Sarmiento.

According to several media sources, the governor has ordered that the PGJE carry out an investigation to arrest the radio-show host’s murderers. A search operation was then launched.

It should be mentioned that, according to the organization Journalists without Borders, Mexico is the couintry with the sixth-highest number of murders of journalists. In the past 15 years, 103 journalists have been killed, with 25 others disappeared, according to the statistical report of the Special Prosecutorial Office for Attention to Crimes Committed against Freedom of Expression, affiliated with the Federal Attorney General’s Office (PGR).

For more information (in Spanish):

Asesinan a tiros a locutor en Oaxaca (Proceso, 2 de julio de 2015)

Asesinan a un locutor de radio y a un reportero (La Jornada, 3 de julio de 2015)

Asesinan a locutor en Oaxaca; hermano de periodista (Página3, 2 de julio de 2015)

En 15 años, 103 periodistas asesinados y otros 25 desaparecidos: informe de la PGR (La Jornada, 24 de febrero de 2015)

México, sexto país con más periodistas asesinados y quinto en secuestros (México CNN, 16 de diciembre de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

National/International: PBI and WOLA publish report on Mechanism of Protection for Human-Rights Defenders and Journalists in Mexico (10 February 2015)

National: A delicate moment for the Mechanism for the Protection of Rights Defenders and Journalists (30 March 2014)

National: launching of Consultative Council of Mechanism for Protection of Journalists and Rights-Defenders (26 October 2012)

National: Approval of Law for the Protection of Human-Rights Defenders and Journalists (16 May 2012)


Chiapas: CNDH releases recommendation to Chiapas state government for unjust treatment

June 30, 2015

On 22 June, the National Commission on Human Rights (CNDH) released a recommendation to the governor of Chiapas, Manuel Velasco Coello, and to the Arriaga City Hall, regarding human-rights violations committed against two activists in August 2013. It observed that, in this case, municipal public servants and members of the State Attorney General’s Office (PGJE) violated the personal liberty, the right to self-defense, the right to juridical security, legality, and dignified treatment. For this reason, the CNDH had requested compensation for the damages incurred, in addition to recommending the organization of training courses to protect human-rights defenders, and requesting collaboration with the CNDH itself to present and follow-up with the denunciations of these acts committed by public servants with the proper authorities.

On 2 August 2013, the victims were on their way to the Arriaga City Hall in Chiapas, accompanying a group of residents of the Los Laureles neighborhood to carry out a dialogue with the authorities regarding the problems that affected this community. They denounced having been subjected to kidnapping, being held incomunicado, and being subjected to unjust treatment on the part of municipal and state authorities, after they led this protest-action.

For more information (in Spanish):

CNDH emite recomendación al gobierno de Chiapas por agresión a activistas(Proceso, 22 de junio de 2015)

Emite CNDH recomendación al gobierno de Chiapas por violación a derechos humanos (Radio Fórmula, 22 de junio de 2015)

La CNDH emite una recomendación al gobierno de Chiapas por agravio de activistas (Emeequis, 22 de junio de 2015)


Guerrero: On hunger strike, Nestora Salgado continues to hope for transfer as her health declines

June 9, 2015

Nestora Salgado (@socialism.com)

Nestora Salgado (@socialism.com)

Zaira Rodríguez, daughter of Nestora Salgado García, the coordinator of the Communal Police in Olinalá who has been on hunger-strike in the maximum-security prison of Tepic, Nayarit, since 5 May, denounced that her mother is taken to the dining room with the rest of the prisoners at mealtimes as a form of psychological torture. She denounced that the director of the prison falsified a medical report claiming that her mother had been seen by a doctor.

Since 18 May, members of the federal and state governments of Guerrero, as well of Mexico City, agreed to transfer the political prisoner from the federal prison in Nayarit to a facility ruled by common law. This change is due to the precautionary measures awarded to Nestora Salgado by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR), as well as to a formal petition from the National Commission Human Rights (CNDH). Regardless, this transfer had been expected in any case.

In parallel terms, on 20 May, Eladio Ávila Pérez, the in-law of Salgado, was murdered in the Tomatlán municipality of Jalisco. Differnet media sources attributed the murder to death-threats that the victim had received due to his activism in favor of Nestora’s release. José Luis Ávila Báez, her husband, noted regardless that “to date my family has seen no evidence that the homicide has to do with the activism in search of the release of my wife Nestora Salgado, or that the Jalisco cartel or any other criminal group are affiliated or responsible for the crime. The causes of my father’s murder are to be determined by the Jalisco State Attorney General, who must investigate and punish the person(s) who perpetrated the act. For this reason, I request that an expeditious and effective investigation be carried out, so that my father’s murder not remain in impunity.”

On 25 May, 20 days after beginning her hunger strike, Nestora Salgado decided to suspend her consumption of liquids to demand that the State Prosecutor Miguel Ángel Godínez Muñoz agree to meet with her lawyer to review the case. News of a possible transfer are presently hoped for.

For more information (in Spanish):

Lleva Nestora 20 días en ayuno; se espera su traslado al DF, que se acordó hace una semana (El Sur 25 de mayo de 2015)

Deja Nestora de tomar líquidos en demanda de su libertad; cumple 19 días en huelga de hambre (El Sur 24 de mayo de 2015)

Asesinan en Jalisco al suegro de Nestora; la familia no tiene evidencias de que sea por el activismo, declaran (El Sur, 22 de mayo de 2015)

Comunicado completo de José Luis Ávila Baéz (Los AngelesPress, 21 de mayo de 2015)

Trasladarán a Nestora Salgado a un centro de reclusión del fuero común (La Jornada, 19 de mayo de 2015)

Cumple Nestora 15 días en ayuno; Segob retrasa su traslado a Tepepan (Proceso, 19 de mayo de 2015)

Por protestar, empeora la situación de Nestora Salgado en la cárcel (La Jornada, 18 de mayo de 2015)

Torturan a Nestora, que cumple 13 días en huelga de hambre; la llevan a donde comen otras presas (El Sur, 18 de mayo de 2015)

Op-eds (in Spanish):

Nestora Salgado, por Elena Poniatowska (La Jornada, 17 de mayo de 2015)

La comandanta Nestora, por Luis Hernández Navarro (La Jornada, 19 de mayo de 2015)

Nestora: rehén del Estado mexicano, por Magdalena Gómez (La Jornada, 19 de mayo de 2015)

Nestora, mujer de linaloe, por el CDH Tlachinollan (El Sur, 19 de mayo de 2015)

Firma la Acción Urgente: La vida e integridad de Nestora Salgado García Coordinadora de la Policía Comunitaria del Municipio de Olinalá está en grave riesgo (RedTdt)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero: political prisoner Nestora Salgado, coordinator of the Communal Police of Olinalá, begins hunger strike (16 May 2015)

Guerrero: IACHR calls on Mexican government to guarantee medical attention to Nestora Salgado (8 February 2015)

Guerrero: Delay in release for Nestora Salgado; her daughter claims to have been threatened by phone (5 February 2015)

Guerrero: Death-threat directed against Nestora Salgado’s daughter and Communal Police commander from Olinalá (25 October 2014)

Guerrero: A year after Nestora Salgado’s arrest, organizations demand her immediate release (2 September 2014)