Oaxaca: “Any consultation to be realized now is illegal”; more than 15 wind farms have already been imposed

June 13, 2014
San Dionisio del Mar (@SIPAZ)

San Dionisio del Mar (@SIPAZ)

“For us, any consultation to be realized now is illegal, because it should have taken place 10 years ago. Now we want respect for our common land, 68,154 hectares that we were recognized by presidential resolution in 1964”, complained Mariano Gómez López, spokesperson for the Popular Assembly of the Juchiteco People (APPJ). Currently, there are more than 15 wind farms in the communal lands of Juchitan, La Venta and other municipalities of the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, Oaxaca, all of them imposed without prior and informed consent, as the Convention 169 of the International Labour Organization (that was ratified by Mexico) requires. López Gómez reported that villagers from Juchitán filed a constitution protection demand, asking the companies to justify why they did not conduct prior, free and informed consultation.

For this reason, representatives of the Ministry of Energy, the Energy Regulatory Commission, the Federal Electricity Commission (CFE) and the General Secretariat of the Government of Oaxaca will meet in Juchitán de Zaragoza. The APPJ spokesman expressed that “probably they want to design a strategy on free, prior and informed consultation for the energy reform laws. But for us it does not apply, as the 15 wind farms already installed; or the one that Mareña Renewable (expelled from San Dionisio del Mar), now called “Southeast Wind Power and South Wind-farms” wants to build in Juchitán; or the Bii Hioxio wind farm which Fenosa Natural Gas builds on communal lands in Juchitán and that has continued to be built illegally, when its construction should have stopped. “

Furthermore, a workshop around the theme “What and How is a Consultation?” was held in the city of Juchitan, took place on June 7, because “today we are surrounded by huge fans using wind to generate energy. But do you know where these projects come from and how they affect or benefit us? This huge project of energy production was installed without asking the communities that live in the region and without giving information. People from the Isthmus and from the country have the right to be consulted when a project of this type is to be installed in our territory. “

For more information (in Spanish)

Ahora cualquier consulta sobre parques eólicos en Oaxaca es ilegal: juchitecos (La Jornada, 6 de junio de 2014)

Taller informativo: El Derecho de los Pueblos Indígenas a la Consulta Previa, Libre e Informada (Blog Tierra y Territorio, 4 de junio de 2014)

Escucha en Vivo el Taller informativo El Derecho de los Pueblos Indígenas a la Consulta Previa, Libre e Informada (Blog Tierra y Territorio, 7 de junio de 2014)

For more Information from SIPAZ (in English)

Oaxaca: threats and attempted kidnapping against communal defender of the Isthmus (April 26, 2014)

Oaxaca: Opponents to wind-energy parks threatened with death in the Isthmus (2 March 2014)

Oaxaca: Denunciation of harassment and death-threats against human-rights defenders in the Tehuantepec Isthmus (9 December 2013)


Oaxaca: Closing off of communal paths and police operation over construction of wind-energy park

December 9, 2013

Entrada del parque eólico cercado con maya ciclónica. Foto @Tierra y Territorio

Entrance of the wind-energy park. Photo @Tierra y Territorio

Members of the Popular Assembly of the Juchiteco People (APPJ) have confirmed that the communal pathway used on 30 November during the annual pilgrimage carried out by the Guela Be’ñe’ chapel has been closed by the Constructoral firm, which is carrying out the construction of the Bii Hioxho wind-energy park on the orders of the energy multinational Fenosa Natural Gas.  During the pilgrimage taken on that day–always on communal lands–pilgrims were harassed by state police and the firm’s private security forces, according to a denunciation made by the Gobixha Committee for the Comprehensive Defense of Human Rights (Código DH).

“During the pilgrimage that crosses communal pathways from which could be seen the seashore, giant wind-energy towers belonging to the Bii Hioxho project are being built in a polygon of 2000 hectares of communal lands […].  This year, the Constructoral firm which is building Bii Hioxho for Fenosa Natural Gas did not allow the vehicles making up a pilgrimage to pass, […] and the pilgrims were surveilled by the private and state police,” notes the APPJ in the communique released for that occasion.

According to Código DH, the people and communities have a right to their identity, and to “manifest, development, and show their traditions, customs, and spiritual and religious ceremonies, and to protect their religious and cultural spaces,” as is stipulated in article 12 of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, and it demands “the cessation of harassment, criminalization, and legal accusations against communal defenders and the denial of governments to recognize indigenous lands and territories.  The residents of the Seventh Section of Juchitán have the right to maintain their customs, to say NO to the wind-energy park, and to travel freely through their communal lands.”

In the middle of December, there will be held a new annual pilgrimage to the chapel of Guuze Benda, another sacred place for the residents of Juchitán that is located on the communal lands which the APPJ denounces as having been usurped for the construction of the Bii Hioxho wind-energy park.

For more information (in Spanish):

Peregrinación de la Santa Cruz Guela Be’ñe’ (Estero Lagarto) un recorrido por nuestras tierras comunales Binnizá (Tierra y Territorio, 2 de diciembre de 2013)

APPJ en defensa de su identidad y costumbres (Código DH, 3 de diciembre de 2013)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: The Popular Assembly of the Juchiteco People denounces attack on wind-energy camp (26 October 2013)

Oaxaca: New threats of displacement from Playa Vicente (25 October 2013)

Oaxaca: Death by gunfire of opponent to wind-energy projected promoted by multinational Fenosa Natural Gas (20 August 2013)

Oaxaca: “The Isthmus at the Crossroads” Seminar (20 August 2013)

Oaxaca: Attacks on those opposed to the wind-energy park in the Tehuantepec Isthmus (4 August 2013)

Oaxaca: judge concedes motion against wind-energy project in San Dionisio del Mar (21 December 2012)


Oaxaca: The Popular Assembly of the Juchiteco People denounces attack on anti-wind energy camp

October 26, 2013

Daños en el campamento. Foto @APPJ

Damages at camp. Photo @APPJ

The Popular Assembly of the Juchiteco People (APPJ) has made public a communique denouncing the attack it suffered at the resistance camp which the organization had maintained since 25 February in Juchitán against the construction of the Bii Hioxho wind-energy park.

According to the communique, during the night of 15 October, some infrastructure and materials of the camp were burned.  Eye witnesses affirm that at this time a truck was circulating through the zone, being linked to other acts of harassment and violence perpetrated against opponents to the megaprojects being developed in the Tehauntepec Isthmus region.

Furthermore, the APPJ denounced the attacks and death-threats to which two sympathizers of the organization have been subjected by the multinational firm Fenosa Natural Gas, which is responsible for the development of the Bii Hioxho project.

For more information (in Spanish):

Comunicado urgente APPJ: Gas Natural Fenosa y Constructoral incendian campamento de resistencia de la APPJ y en días pasados intimidan a integrantes de la Asamblea en Juchitán (Proyecto Ambulante, 16 de octubre de 2013)

Atacan campamento de la Asamblea Popular del Pueblo Juchiteco(Revolución tres punto cero, 16 de octubre de 2013)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: New threats of displacement from Playa Vicente (25 October 2013)

Oaxaca: Death by gunfire of opponent to wind-energy projected promoted by multinational Fenosa Natural Gas (20 August 2013)

Oaxaca: “The Isthmus at the Crossroads” Seminar (20 August 2013)

Oaxaca: Attacks on those opposed to the wind-energy park in the Tehuantepec Isthmus (4 August 2013)


Oaxaca: New threats of displacement from Playa Vicente

October 25, 2013

Foto @ Red Betances

Photo @ Red Betances

The Popular Assembly of the Juchiteco People (APPJ) denounced on 23 September that the Spanish firm Fenosa Natural Gas and the Constructoral S.A. de C.V. have threatened to displace the peaceful camp which had been installed in the highway to the municipal agency Playa Vicente, in opposition to the construction of the wind-energy park on communal lands.

An APPJ spokesperson said that a representative from the Spanish corporation and one from the construction firm attended the protest to attempt to convince participants to suspend the blockade, but when they received no response, they threatened to displace them by force the following Monday, 30 September.

In a communique, the APPJ demanded that the construction at the Bii Yoxho wind-energy park be suspended until the legality of the work be established.  Similarly, it reported that the homes of residents of Playa Vicente still find themselves flooded by the rains which took place 15 days previously; no governmental authority has come to attend to the victims.

It should also mentioned that Fenosa Natural Gas has been accused of intimidation, harassment, death-threats, and murder of communal leaders in Guatemala.

For more information (in Spanish):

Eólicas amenazan con desalojar a opositores (Noticias Net, 29 de septiembre de 2013)

Comunicado de los habitantes de Playa Vicente ante las recientes amenazas de la empresa Gas Natural Fenosa (Chacatorex, 27 de septiembre de 2013)

Comunicado de prensa del centro de Justicia y Derechos Humanos Robert F. Kennedy que envia una carta al Presidente Enrique Peña Nieto por la ola de violencia a los Defensores y Defensoras de los DDHH en el estado de Oaxaca (Blog Tierra y Territorio, 1 de octubre de 2013)

El Grupo Gas Natural-Unión Fenosa atropella y asesina a dirigentes comunitarios en Guatemala (Red Betances, 3 de octubre de 2013)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: Death by gunfire of opponent to wind-energy projected promoted by multinational Fenosa Natural Gas (20 August 2013)

Oaxaca: “The Isthmus at the Crossroads” Seminar (20 August 2013)

Oaxaca: Attacks on those opposed to the wind-energy park in the Tehuantepec Isthmus (4 August 2013)

Oaxaca: Denunciation of wave of attacks against journalists and activists(21 July 2013)

Oaxaca: Meeting of Peoples in Resistance for the Defense of Territory in the Tehuantepec Isthmus (17 May 2013)


Oaxaca: Activists opposed to wind-energy denounce new attack from Fenosa Gas Natural

September 13, 2013

Parque eólico en el Istmo de Tehuantepec @ La Jornada

Wind-energy park in the Tehuantepec Isthmus @ La Jornada

On Sunday 25 August, members and sympathizers of the Popular Assembly of the Juchiteco People (APPJ) who were carrying out a survey of communal lands in Juchitán de Zaragoza to assess the damages caused by the construction of the Bii Hioxho wind-energy park in the area were attacked by firearms by a group of men identified as hitmen hired by the Fenosa Natural Gas corporation to protect the construction works.  During the incident, beyond opening fire, the armed group threatened the group members with death and took their photographs.  Sara López, one of the members of the assaulted group and a member of the APPJ, succeeded in repelling an attempted stabbing thanks to the rapid intervention of those who were accompanying her.

According to denunciations made by APPJ members, patrols of the State Police and the Auxiliary, Banking, Industrial, and Commercial Police (PABIC) joined the group of hitmen to pursue and attempt to capture those they had attacked.  After a period of high tensions, the observers luckily managed to retire from the region with no injuries or arrests.

Mariano López Gómez, member of the APPJ, accused the Spanish firm Fenosa Natural Gas of the violence that is gripping the region, and she requested that the construction works of the wind-energy park be suspended until it is clarified whether the lands on which the works are being performed are in fact communal.

In a communique regarding the acts, the APPJ demands an investigation of the acts and punishment for the aggressors.  Moreover, it holds the municipal, state, and federal governments and the corporation responsible for whatever could take place during the subsequent days to the members and sympathizers of the organization.

For more information (in Spanish):

Activistas de Oaxaca denuncian agresiones de empresa eólica (La Jornada, 25 de agosto de 2013)

Ante asedio anti eólicos se enfrentan con “sicarios” de Gas Natural Fenosa en el paraje “Chigueeze” (Realidades, 26 de agosto de 2013)

Comunicado urgente de la APPJ: Sicarios de la empresa Gas Natural Fenosa agreden a balazos a integrantes de la APPJ que realizaban un recorrido por tierras comunales (Tierra y Territorio, 26 de agosto de 2013)

Exigimos seguridad para integrantes de la APPJ ante nuevas agresiones (Código DH, 26 de agosto de 2013)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: Death by gunfire of opponent to wind-energy park promoted by multinational Fenosa Natural Gas (20 August 2013)

Oaxaca: “The Isthmus at the Crossroads” Seminar (20 August 2013)

Oaxaca: Attacks on those opposed to the wind-energy park in the Tehuantepec Isthmus (4 August 2013)

Oaxaca: Denunciation of wave of attacks against journalists and activists (21 July 2013)

Oaxaca: Meeting of Peoples in Resistance for the Defense of Territory in the Tehuantepec Isthmus (17 May 2013)

Oaxaca: Confrontation over supposed “approval” of wind-energy park in San Dionisio del Mar (8 January 2013)

Oaxaca: judge concedes motion against wind-energy project in San Dionisio del Mar (21 December 2012)