Guerrero/National: 41 years after the forcible disappearance of Rosendo Radilla, demand for justice continues

September 11, 2015

Tita Radilla (@SIPAZ)

41 years after the forcible disappearance of Rosendo Radilla Pacheco, his family continues steadfastly to seek out his whereabouts. The last time Rosendo was seen alive was in the military barracks of Atoyac de Álvarez, Guerrero, within the context of the “Dirty War.” The fate of Radilla, who was a social activist, composer, and mayor of Atoyac, continue to be unknown, all this years later.

On 26 August an event was held in front of the Federal Attorney General’s Office (PGR) in Mexico City to emphasize the demand for justice in the case. At this event were present relatives of the 43 students who were forcibly disappeared 11 months ago in Iguala, a member of the UN Commission against Forcible Disappearances, as well as members of social organizations and collectives that struggle for the appearance with life of the disappeared. There were songs regarding the disappearances and at the end, white balloons were launched with the names of the disappeared.

“Since the arbitrary arrest of Mr. Radilla, his whereabouts have been unknown. The arrest and subsequent disappearance of Mr. Radilla was denounced by his family before the government. Due to the lack of response and due diligence on the part of the Mexican State, the Inter-American Court on Human Rights (IACHR) released in 2009 its first sentence against the Mexican State due to grave human-rights violations, ordering a series of measures of compensation,” as the communique released by members of the Mexican Commission for the Defense and Promotion of Human Rights asserts.

It bears stressing that the Radilla case has been a paradigmatic one, as it is the first sentence in which the IACHR has condemned the Mexican State. Furthermore, it has provoked structural changes such as the reform of the code of military justice. At the present time, the petitioners continue to await the observance of this sentence.

For more information (in Spanish):

Verdad, justicia, y reparación para Rosendo Radilla y todas las víctimas de desaparición forzada en México (Comisión Mexicana de Defensa y Promoción de los Derechos Humanos, 26 de agosto de 2015)

La desaparición es aún una práctica de Estado, lamentan a 41 años del caso Rosendo Radilla (El Sur, 26 de agosto de 2015)

Caso Rosendo Radilla Pacheco (Comisión Mexicana de Defensa y Promoción de los Derechos Humanos)

A 41 años de la desaparición forzada de Rosendo Radilla Pacheco: Ni verdad ni justicia (Síntesis de Guerrero, 20 de agosto de 2015)

Ven retroceso en desapariciones (La Razón, 26 de agosto de 2015)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero: 40 years since the forcible disappearance of Rosendo Radilla Pacheco (2 September 2014)

Guerrero: Mexican State is denounced for failing to observe its obligations in the Rosendo Radilla Pacheco case (2 June 2014)

Guerrero: Homage to Rosendo Radilla Pacheco, disappeared by the Army (15 March 2014)

Guerrero: Soldiers harass Tita Radilla in Atoyac (7 December 2013)

Guerrero/National: SCJN affirms observance of IACHR sentences in Radilla and Cantú cases (28 September 2012)


Guerrero: 40 years since the forced disappearance of Rosendo Radilla Pacheco

September 2, 2014

imagesOn 25 August 1974, Rosendo Radilla Pacheco was illegally arrested at a military checkpoint. He was last seen alive in the Military Barracks of Atoyac de Álvarez, Guerrero. Rosendo Radilla was a celebrated social activist from the Atoyac municipality who worked for the health and education of his people and acted as mayor.

For the executive secretary of the Association of Relatives of the Detained, Disappeared, and Victims of Human-Rights Violations in Mexico (AFADEM), Julio Mata Montiel, the lack of political will from the federal government, “be from whichever [party] it may be,” is the principal cause for the continued impunity in the case. He assured that “on 25 August will have passed 40 years since the forced disappearance of Rosendo Radilla, one of 470 disappearances in Atoyac which took place during this time, despite the recommendations from the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) and a sentence that was handed down five years ago by the Inter-American Court on Human Rights (IACHR) against the Mexican State. However, the State still refuses to reveal the whereabouts of Rosendo Radilla, such that the Mexican government is not concerned by international condemnation.”

It should be mentioned in these terms that on 22 August ended the excavations which the Guerrero Truth Commission (Comverdad) carried out for three days in Atoyac in an attempt to seek out possible clandestine burial sites associated with the 49th Infantry Batallion. Nicomedes Fuentes García, Comverdad member, reported that they had found bones which will be analyzed to determine their origins. Tita Radilla Martínez, daughter to Rosendo Radilla, has insisted that it is necessary that this labor be carried out by specialized experts. She announced that no public act would be taken to commemorate the anniversary of her father’s disappearance.

For more information (in Spanish):

Más elementos sobre el caso Rosendo Radilla Pacheco (CMDPDH)

Al reanudar excavaciones, la Comverdad encuentra osamenta en Atoyac (La Jornada de Guerrero, 21 de agosto de 2014)

Sugieren familiares a la Comverdad parar las excavaciones hasta que lleguen especialistas (La Jornada de Guerrero, 23 de agosto de 2014)

Concluye la Comverdad las excavaciones en Atoyac; esperan que se reanuden con peritos (El Sur de Acapulco, 24 de agosto de 2014)

No le importa al gobierno aclarar crímenes: Afadem (La Jornada de Guerrero, 24 de agosto de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero: Mexican State is denounced for failing to observe its obligations in the Rosendo Radilla Pacheco case (2 June 2014)

Guerrero: Homage to Rosendo Radilla Pacheco, disappeared by the Army (15 March 2014)

Guerrero: Soldiers harass Tita Radilla in Atoyac (7 December 2013)

Guerrero/National: SCJN affirms observance of IACHR sentences in Radilla and Cantú cases (28 September 2012)


Guerrero: Mexican State is denounced for failing to observe its obligations in the Rosendo Radilla Pacheco case

June 2, 2014

rosendo radilla

Nearly 40 years since the forced disappearance of Rosendo Radilla Pacheco and 5 years since the Inter-American Court on Human Rights (IACHR) handed down its sentence in the case, the Mexican Commission for the Defense and Promotion of Human Rights (CMDPDH) and the Association of Relatives of the Detained, Disappeared, and Victims of Human-Rights Violations in Mexico (AFADEM) denounced that the federal government has failed to observe its obligation of providing the whereabouts of the disappeared and that it continues not to investigate those responsible for the disappearance: “the investigation has not been conducted with due diligence, such that it has not succeeded in identifying the responsible of the disappearance, much less process them.  It is also true that the Federal Attorney General’s Office (PGR) has similarly failed with its duty to provide the relatives of Mr. Radilla with a copy of the investigation in a form that would respect the rights of victims, as the IACHR has ordered.  Due to both omissions, the rights of Rosendo Radilla’s relatives have been repeatedly violated, as have those of society to know the truth of the acts, context, and circumstances in which the crime was committed.”

Last April, CMDPDH and AFADEM presented observations for the eleventh report of the federal government regarding the observance of the sentence in the case, noting that the federal congress “similarly has failed to modify the Federal Penal Code to adequately classify this type of crime of forced disappearance of persons.”

Rosendo Radilla Pacheco, a social activist from the municipality of Atoyac de Álvarez, Guerrero, was disappeared by Army units in 1974.  In 2009, the IACHR released a sentence in the case condemning the Mexican State for grave human-rights violations.

For more information (in Spanish):

Impunidad y negación: respuestas del Estado mexicano sobre Caso Radilla (CMDPDH, 23 de abril de 2014)

Exige Afadem pesquisa seria sobre los desaparecidos de la guerra sucia(La Jornada de Guerrero, 14 de mayo de 2014)

Caso Rosendo Radilla Pacheco (Comisión Mexicana de Defensa y Promoción de los Derechos Humanos)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero: Homage to Rosendo Radilla Pacheco, disappeared by the Army (15 March 2014)

Guerrero: Soldiers harass Tita Radilla in Atoyac (7 December 2013)

Guerrero/National: SCJN affirms observance of IACHR sentences in Radilla and Cantú cases (28 September 2012)

Guerrero briefs: The PGR should report on the Radilla case (13 December 2011)

Guerrero – briefs: government announces installation of Commission of Truth and Tita Radilla receives recognition (28 November 2011)

Guerrero – briefs: State accepts responsibility in Radilla case in absence of relatives (27 November 2011)


Guerrero: Soldiers harass Tita Radilla in Atoyac

December 7, 2013

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AFADEM, photo @SIPAZ

Tita Radilla Martínez, vice president of the Association of Relatives of the Detained, Disappeared, and Victims of Human-Rights Violations in Mexico (AFADEM), has denounced acts of intimidation exercised by the Army on 8 November, when soldiers presented themselves to her home, revising and frightening children and one of her grandchildren.  She noted that this day, for no apparent reason and without providing any explanation, the soldiers inspected youth who were present in the area, while she was with her grand-daughter and a neighbor during a time she referred to as being “high-tension.”  She added that the inspection was arbitrary and that the soldiers were present in front of her house for at least 10 minutes, thus qualifying as an act of harassment.

On 14 November, Tita Radilla said that she did not present a denunciation before the Public Ministry because she has no faith in the State Attorney General (PGJE), given her past experiences which indicate to her that “that would lead nowhere.”  Interviewed after offering a press-conference together with relatives and victims of forced disappearances, Tita Radilla noted that the situation is “highly grave,” especially for social activists and human-rights activists.  “The truth is that it is very grave and there is much fear among the social groups and organizations for this reason, because we do not really know where all this is coming from; we believe that the State has the responsibility of protecting human-rights defenders, but they have instead been killed,” she asserted.  Radilla criticized that no crimes against activists have been clarified.

Tita Radilla is the daughter of Rosendo Radilla Pacheco, a campesino disappeared by the Army in Atoyac in 1974, a case in which the Mexican State has been found guilty of crimes against humanity, in the opinion of the Inter-American Court on Human Rights (IACHR).  The sentence was published on 23 November 2009, and it obliges the federal government to abolish military courts and find the remains of Radilla Pacheco, among other stipulations.

For more information (in Spanish):

Hostigan militares a Tita Radilla en Atoyac; se mantiene el terrorismo de Estado, denuncia (El Sur de Acapulco, 13 de noviembre de 2013)

Militares allanaron mi casa: Radilla (La Jornada de Guerrero, 12 de noviembre de 2013)

Tita y la guerra sucia (Proceso, 14 de diciembre de 2011)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero/National: SCJN affirms observance of IACHR sentences in Radilla and Cantú cases (28 September 2012)

Guerrero briefs: The PGR should report on the Radilla case (13 December 2011)

Guerrero – briefs: government announces installation of Commission of Truth and Tita Radilla receives recognition (28 November 2011)

Guerrero – briefs: State accepts responsibility in Radilla case in absence of relatives (27 November 2011)


Guerrero/National: SCJN affirms observance of IACHR sentences in the Radilla and Cantú cases; campaign against military impunity

September 28, 2012

Via the Secretary of Governance, the Judicial Power of the Federation sent a report to the Inter-American Court on Human Rights (IACHR) in which it informs that the Supreme Court for Justice in the Nation (SCJN) has punctually observed the IACHR’s sentences in the cases of Rosendo Radilla Pacheco (forced disappearance) and Valentina Rosendo Cantú (rape by soldiers). The SCJN stressed in its report the recent resolutions adopted by the Court with regards to the restriction of military courts, as well as the implementation of programs and courses having to do with jurisprudence of the Inter-American System for Protection of Human Rights, regarding the due investigation and judgment of the forced disappearance of persons and the diligent investigation of cases of rape against women, which includes considerations of gender and ethnicity.

It should be remembered that on 1 October 2012 two years will have passed since the Inter-American Court on Human Rights (IACHR) released its sentences in the cases of Inés Fernández Ortega and Valentina Rosendo Cantú, both against the Mexican State.  For this reason, the Tlachinollan Mountain Center for Human Rights has launched a new campaign, requesting signatures for a letter to be sent to President Felipe Calderón.  Tlachinollan notes that “To date, grave risks prevail with regard to the observance of the measures of compensation of damages incurred on the part of the federal government, due to the human-rights violations committed.  It is particularly alarming that despite the fact that the investigations have been transferred to civil courts since a year ago, to date there are no indications that those responsible will be judged and punished in the near term.  This is a result of the fact that the Secretary of National Defense has decided not to cooperate now for more than ten years.  The failures of military impunity persist.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Reporta SCJN cumplimiento a resoluciones de CIDH en casos Radilla y Cantú (La Jornada, 23 de septiembre de 2012)

Asegura la SCJN haber cumplido sentencias de la CIDH en los casos Radilla y Cantú (La Jornada, 24 de septiembre de 2012)

Campaña del Centro de Derechos Humanos de la Montaña Tlachinollan “Contra la impunidad militar: Verdad, justicia y reparación para Inés Fernández y Valentina Rosendo” (septiembre de 2012)


Guerrero: Failure of State to observe sentence in the Radilla case

July 2, 2012

Tita Radilla. Photo @SIPAZ

During the audience called for on 22 June by the Inter-American Court on Human Rights (IACHR) to present the report regarding the Mexican government’s observance of the sentence in the case Rosendo Radilla Pacheco v. Estados Unidos Mexicanos (23 November 2009), Tita Radilla Martínez,  Rosendo’s daughter, expressed her denunciations, because this resolution has not been observed, and her father has not been found or even searched for.

In a communiqué, the Mexican Commission for the Defense and Promotion of Human Rights reported that according to Tita Radilla, though Mexican authorities have undertaken several actions supposedly having to do with observing the sentence, “this process has not been one of healing.”  Furthermore, she stressed that “the authorities have not taken into account our expectations, and in this sense they have carried out different actions that end up revictimizing us, as it is with the act of recognition of responsibility that does not include our presence, or the failure to put the victims in charge of excavation and investigation.”

The Inter-American Commission on Human Rights supported the position of the victims and their representatives, urging the Mexican State to accelerate its observation of the sentence and to attend to the needs of the victims in this process.  Rosendo Radilla Pacheco was arrested at a military checkpoint in 1974, and he has continued to be disappeared since that moment.

For more information (in Spanish):

El Estado actúa contra víctimas en el caso Rosendo Radilla, acusa su hija Tita (La Jornada, 26 de junio)

Se realiza audiencia de seguimiento de cumplimiento de la sentencia del caso Radilla ante la CoIDH (Comisión Mexicana de Defensa y Promoción de Derechos Humanos, 25 de junio)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero briefs: The PGR should report on the Radilla case (13 December 2011)

Guerrero – briefs: government announces installation of Commission of Truth and Tita Radilla receives recognition (28 November 2011)

Guerrero – briefs: NGO informs US authorities regarding Mexico’s obligations under Mérida Initiative (26 November 2011)

Guerrero – briefs: State accepts responsibility in Radilla case in absence of relatives (27 November 2011)


Guerrero – briefs: The PGR should report on the Radilla case; request for investigation period for Truth Commission to be expanded

December 13, 2011

Rosendo Radilla. @Cencos

The Supreme Court for Justice in the Nation (SCJN) has ordered that the Federal Attorney General’s Office (PGR) permit the access and handing-over of copies of investigations into the forced disappearance of Rosendo Radilla Pacheco to the Mexican Commission for the Defense and Promotion of Human Rights and to Tita Radilla, daughter of the murdered social activist.  This is the first time that the maximum tribunal has determined that the Public Ministry should make available copìes of investigations in cases related to victims of grave human-rights violations.

In other news, on 30 November at a forum of analysis, social activists and religious believers proposed that the investigation period to be considered by the Truth Commission be extended, given that the coordinators of this latter organism plan only to look into the years 1969 to 1979, a historical period that corresponds to the Dirty War in Guerrero.  The general visitor of the Commission for the Defense of Human Rights in Guerrero (CODDEHUM), Hipólito Lugo Cortés, noted that the National Commission for Human Rights (CNDH) has documented 532 disappearances in Guerrero, all of them included in the recommendation 326 that was sent in 2001 to then-president Vicente Fox.  Furthermore, from 2005 to date there have been registered 62 forced disappearances, in which ministerial and municipal police have been involved, as well as the Mexican Army in 14 cases.  The representative of the Campesino Organization of the Southern Sierra, Roció Mesino, noted that the idea is to exclude from investigation the Aguas Blancas (1995) and El Charco (1998) massacres.

For more information (in Spanish):

Debe PGR informar del caso Radilla (La Jornada, 1 December)

Piden ampliar pesquisas sobre la guerra sucia (La Jornada, 1 December)

La SCJN ordena a la PGR entregar expediente del caso del Sr. Radilla Pacheco (Cencos, 1 December)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero – briefs: government announces installation of Commission of Truth and Tita Radilla receives recognition (28 November)

Guerrero – briefs: NGO informs US authorities regarding Mexico’s obligations under Mérida Initiative (26 November)

Guerrero – briefs: State accepts responsibility in Radilla case in absence of relatives (27 November)