Oaxaca: Declaration of the Forum in Defense of Land and Territory

March 15, 2014

foro_san_francisco

Between 28 February and 1 March, there was held in the Isthmus community of San Francisco del Mar, Oaxaca, the Regional Forum in Defense of Land and Territory, We Struggle against the Caciques.

Various representatives of the people, assemblies, collectives, organizations, and municipal and communal authorities participated in the event, denouncing and raising different cases of rights-violations, such as those which have to do with the acts of transnational firms engaged in the wind-energy megaprojects that have been developed in the Isthmus region.  “We have met to exchange the words of our brothers and sisters who defend the land and their rights amidst the invasion we suffer on the daily due to the large firms from other places of the world and their accomplices from the bad governments.”

In the final manifesto final of the forum, “Declaration of San Francisco del Mar,” participants made a call to defend the land and the rights of communities: “We in this act say that we will continue together to defend the rights of our peoples.”

In this way, participants expressed their total rejection of the Energy Reform advanced by the government of Enrique Peña Nieto, which is “only a means of privatizing the resources that are the property of our nation, to benefit foreign firms; this reform signifies greater looting and violence for the indigenous peoples of Mexico and the Isthmus.”  They demand respect for the right to free, prior, and informed consent and consultation.

For more information (in Spanish):

Manifiesto del Foro Regional En Defensa de Nuestra Tierra y Territorio(Proyecto Ambulante, 4 de marzo de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: Opponents to wind-energy parks threatened with death in the Isthmus (2 March 2014)

Oaxaca: Denunciation of harassment and death-threats against human-rights defenders in the Tehuantepec Isthmus (9 December 2013)

Oaxaca: The Popular Assembly of the Juchiteco People denounces attack on wind-energy camp (26 October 2013)

Oaxaca: Death by gunfire of opponent to wind-energy projected promoted by multinational Fenosa Natural Gas (20 August 2013)

Oaxaca: “The Isthmus at the Crossroads” Seminar (20 August 2013)


Oaxaca: March against wind-energy megaproject in Juchitán

February 12, 2013

© Zapateando

On 10 February, Ikojts and Binniza peoples marched in the Juchitán municipality in response to the declarations of Gabine Cué, governor of Oaxaca, in previous days: “we are not 20 drunks; we are peoples in resistance, defending our territory.”

On this same day was celebrated a Communal Assembly in Álvaro Obregón, in which participated people from San Dionisio del Mar, San Mateo del Mar, San Francisco del Mar, Santa María Xadani, Unión Hidalgo, Santa Rosa de Lima, San Blas Atempa, and Juchitán, among other places.  The people reaffirmed in this assembly their opposition to the wind-energy megaproject and called on the governor to listen to the reasons for which the people are opposing this project.  Furthermore, they announced the creation of a communal police in Álvaro Obregón, thus demanding the departure of the state, municipal, and federal police from Col. Álvaro Obregón, as well as the military.

For more information (in Spanish):

Acuerdan autodefensa en Juchitán; van contra empresa, El Universal. 10 de febrero de 2013

Reafirman con megamarcha oposición al proyecto eólico, Zapateando, 11 de febrero de 2013

Para más información de SIPAZ:

Oaxaca: Red alert for communities in the Isthmus and for civil society (5 February 2013)

Oaxaca: judge concedes motion against wind-energy project in San Dionisio del Mar (21 December 2012)

Oaxaca: confrontations between PRI militants and opponents to wind-energy park in San Dionisio del Mar (7 December 2012)

Oaxaca: Threats from shock-groups in San Dionisio del Mar (26 October 2012)


Oaxaca: Red alert for communities in the Isthmus and for civil society

February 5, 2013

apii-dtt-jpeg

According to information from the Assembly of Indigenous Peoples of the Isthmus in Defense of Land and Territory (APIIDTT), since 30 January the secretary of governance of the state of Oaxaca (SEGEGO) has sent delegates to negotiate the situation of blockade that has been seen since 29 October in the Álvaro Obregón community so as to inhibit the entrance of Mareña Renewables into Barra Santa Teresa, given that a court order exists which prohibits its entry.  These officials from the SEGEGO have been accompanied by state police.  The response, as related by an APIIDTT communique, was that “if they wanted dialogue, that Gabino Cue or the head of SEGEGO come to negotiate, for they will not accept representatives, because everything that would be signed and discussed would merely be rubbish.”  The APIIDTT denounced that on the night of 1 to 2 February there were seen several confrontations between the more than 400 armed state police and the communards from Álvaro Obregón and other communities in the region.  The last confrontation had to do with the fact that “later the state police arrested three fishermen who were on their way to go fish.”  These fishermen were then released on 3 February.

For his part, Jonathan Davis Arzac, president of the Council of Administration of the Mareña Renewables firm, warned that the wind-energy project for San Dionisio del Mar would merely move itself to another state if guarantees were not secured for the investment.

The most recent APIIDTT communiques have denounced the situation of some human-rights defenders who oppose the wind-energy park, “such as Bettina Cruz Velázquez and Rodrigo Flores Peñaloza, who have had to leave the region given that the hired killers have been harassing their homes, but they nonetheless continue actively to resist.  Mareña and the state government attempted directly to buy off the integrity of different people in the movement, as with the fisherman Jesús Gutiérrez.”

It should be mentioned that the communards from San Dionisio del Mar have obtained a motion from the Seventh Judge of the District (headquarters in Salina Cruz) that demands the suspension of all activity undertaken by Mareña Renewables in the Barra Santa Teresa community.  It should also be noted that Mareña has complained about this decision, claiming that it had been overruled now twice by a local judge.  Similarly, the communities of Santa María Xadani, San Mateo del Mar, Colonia Álvaro Obregón, San Francisco del Mar, San Dioniso del Mar, Juchitán de Zaragoza and Unión Hidalgo have submitted a complaint before the Independent Mechanism for Consultation and Investigation (MICI) against the Mareña Renewables wind-energy project, which is financed by the Inter-American Development Bank, among other sources.

For more information (in Spanish):

COMUNICADO URGENTE: Triunfo de la Dignidad Indígena de los Pueblos del Istmo frente a la Violencia y Corrupción suscitadas por Mareña Renovables y Gabino Cué (Frontera Sur, 4 de febrero de 2013)

Disuelven con violencia asamblea de opositores a parque eólico en Oaxaca (La Jornada, 3 de febrero de 2013)

Reprimen bloqueo en Álvaro Obregón, urge solidaridad con los pueblos ikoot y binniza (Frontera Sur, 1 de febrero de 2013)

México: Álvaro Obregón y San Dionisio del Mar se encuentran rodeadas de policías (Kaos en la Red, 1 de febrero de 2013)

Mareña Renovable anuncia posible cancelación del proyecto eólico en San Dionisio del Mar (NSS Oaxaca, 31 de enero de 2013)

Boletín de la Oficina Ecuménica por la Paz y la Justicia sobre situación en el Istmo (Frontera Sur, 1 de febrero de 2013)

Video-Audio:

Testimonio de compañera de álvaro obregón (Blog de la APIIDTT, 4 de febrero de 2013)

Mareña Renovables y gobierno de oaxaca: represión policial en Alvaro Obregon 2.2.2013 (Blog de la APIIDTT, 4 de febrero de 2013)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English)

Oaxaca: judge concedes motion against wind-energy project in San Dionisio del Mar (21 December 2012)

Oaxaca: confrontations between PRI militants and opponents to wind-energy park in San Dionisio del Mar (7 December 2012)

Oaxaca: Threats from shock-groups in San Dionisio del Mar (26 October 2012)

Oaxaca: entry of Caravan of Solidarity impeded to San Dionisio del Mar (15 October 2012)

Oaxaca: Meeting for resistance in San Dionisio del Mar, and new threats (21 September 2012)

Oaxaca: Ikoots community denounces invasion by private firm and “rigged” assembly in San Dionisio del Mar; invitation to a Meeting for Resistance (19 September 2012)

Oaxaca: Detention and subsequent release of rights-defender Bettina Cruz Velázquez (7 March 2012)

Oaxaca: Communards of San Dionisio del Mar revoke contract for wind-farm (9 February 2012)


Oaxaca: Protests continue in the Tehuantepec Isthmus

November 9, 2012

Photo @ Diario Marca

On 30 October, members of different non-governmental organizations from the Tehuantepec Isthmus, state of Oaxaca, blocked the La Venta-Unión Hidalgo highway at the entrance to the “Piedra Larga” wind-park being built by the Spanish firm Demex, so as to protest “the looting and [human-rights violations]” of the people “due to the imposition” of wind-energy parks without adequate information, and lacking the obligation to carry out previous, free, and informed consultations to the indigenous possessors of the land, declared the protestors.  The blockade occurred during the visit of the Mexican president, Felipe Calderón Hinojosa, who inaugurated a wind-energy park that was built by the Bimbo transnational corporation.

Members of the Assembly of Peoples of the Isthmus in Defense of Land and Territory (APIIDTT) in San Dionisio and San Mateo del Mar, as well as from the Union of Indigenous Communities of the Northern Zone of the Isthmus (Ucizoni), protested at the site where state police, together with units from the presidential guard, impeded their passage to the public act.  The more than 100 protestors, hailing from places like San Dionisio, San Mateo, and San Francisco del Mar, Huamúchil, Santa María Xadani, Juchitán, Salina Cruz and Unión Hidalgo, held their positions for five hours.

Karina Martínez, member of Ucizoni, affirmed that the wind-energy park in San Dionisio del Mar would signify ethnocide, because it would affect “more than 5,000 families of Zapotec and Ikoots fisherpeople.”

Beyond this, the Mexican Alliance for the Self-Determination of Peoples reported that on 31 October it would hold interviews in Holland with directors of the Dutch pension fund PPGM, so as to inform them of the protests of the Ikjoots indigenous peoples of San Dionisio del Mar in light of the construction of a wind-energy park in Santa Teresa, as is being built by the Spanish firm PRENEAL Mareña Renewables, which is being financed in part by this fund.  And Ucizoni reports that it has sent a request to the Mexican representative of the Inter-American Development Bank (BID) for a work-meeting on 7 November regarding the wind-energy park of San Dionisio del Mar, which the BID is approving on credit.

In other news, the APIIDTT denounced that on 1 November members of the state police of Oaxaca displaced the sit-in in which had been participating 60 communards and ejidatarios from the municipal agency of Álvaro Obregón, Juchitán municipality, which for 15 days had sought to impede that Mareña Renewables construct the wind-park in Santa Teresa.

Similarly, Rodrígo Flores Peñaloza from APIIDTT reported that on said day a commission of communards, ejidatarios, and fisherfolk from the aforementioned indigenous community, accompanied by members of international and state human-rights organizations, including Sara Méndez de Código de Derechos Humanos (CodigoDH) y members of Peace Brigades International (PBI), carried out a protest in Alvaro Obregón in the place where Mareña Renewables would like to begin its investment.  There they encountered eight workers who were planning to plan the work of engineering and clearing of the area.

For more information (in Spanish):

La Asamblea de Pueblos del Itsmo denuncia la incursión de la policía estatal para abrir paso a las empresas eólicas (Enlace Zapatista, 4 de noviembre de 2012)

Acusan comuneros del Istmo desalojo de plantón contra parque eólico (La Jornada, 1 de noviembre de 2012)

Protestan por el despojo de tierras (La Jornada, 31 de octubre de 2012)

Protestan indígenas en el Istmo de Tehuantepec contra parques eólicos (La Jornada, 30 de octubre de 2012)

Protestan por parques eólicos en Istmo (Nss Oaxaca, 30 de octubre de 2012)

Bloquean ONG´s parque eólico Piedra Larga en Unión Hidalgo (Diario Marca, 30 de octubre de 2012)

Anuncian protestas en el DF y Holanda contra patrocinadores de parque eólico (La Jornada, 12 de octubre de 2012)

Audio-Video:

Mujeres Ikotjs contra Megaproyecto Eólico (Youtube, 30 de octubre de 2012)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: Threats from shock-groups in San Dionisio del Mar; alternative plan for wind-energy in the Tehuantepec Isthmus (26 October 2012)

Oaxaca: entry of Caravan of Solidarity impeded to San Dionisio del Mar (15 October 2012)

Oaxaca: Meeting for resistance in San Dionisio del Mar, and new threats (21 September 2012)

Oaxaca: Ikoots community denounces invasion by private firm and “rigged” assembly in San Dionisio del Mar; invitation to a Meeting for Resistance (19 September 2012)

Oaxaca: Detention and subsequent release of rights-defender Bettina Cruz Velázquez (7 March 2012)

Oaxaca: Communards of San Dionisio del Mar revoke contract for wind-farm (9 February 2012)