National: Activist Rosario Piedra Ibarra is elected new president of the CNDH

November 11, 2019
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@Cuartopoder

On November 7, the Senate elected the new head of the National Human Rights Commission (CNDH). With 76 out of 114 votes cast in her favor, Rosario Piedra Ibarra, human rights activist and daughter of the founder of the Eureka! Committee, an organization of mothers and relatives of the disappeared, was elected as the new ombudsman, while candidates Arturo Peimbert Calvo and José de Jesús Orozco Henríquez received 24 and 8 votes respectively.

After the vote, members of the National Action Party (PAN) denounced that in reality 116 instead of 114 legislators voted and that there was fraud in the process. “We demand the annulment of the vote to elect the incumbent of the @CNDH. [. . . ] We cannot allow FRAUD to be done in the Senate of the Republic”, Martha Márquez of the PAN reported on Twitter. It should be noted that the only people empowered to count votes are the secretaries of the Board of Directors of the Chamber where the PAN is represented by one secretary.

PAN senators also criticized that Rosario Piedra Ibarra was a candidate for federal congresswoman for Morena: “Today Morena did not vote in favor of the Mexicans, they voted for a president of the @CNDH who will act under the command of the President”.

I am never going to submit to a partisan idea that would be contrary to what is in my own conscience“, emphasized the new president of the CNDH before the accusations. She also stated that she wants to prevent the CNDH from becoming a instance of “simulation” with the promise of putting herself “in the shoes of the victims”.

On voting day she announced on her Twitter account: “A new period for human rights begins today. I heartily thank the people who place their trust in me and rest assured that I will work the same way I have for over 40 years. May this achievement be for all of us.”

For more information:

Rosario Piedra Ibarra en Twitter (November 7, 2019)

Rosario Piedra hace historia: Es la primera luchadora social que llega a la Presidencia de la CNDH (SinEmbargo November 7, 2019)

Oposición acusa fraude en elección de titular de CNDH; es un trámite concluido, dice Morena (Animal Político November 7, 2019)

For more information from SIPAZ:

National: CNDH Demands Clarification of Crimes against Journalists in Mexico – 90% Remain in Impunity (November 8, 2019)

National/International: UNO Presents Diagnostic of Protection Mechanism of Human Rights Defenders and Journalists (September 2, 2019)

Oaxaca: Founder and Director of Community Radio Murdered. Tenth Journalist Murdered under AMLO Government (May 10, 2019)

 


National: Senate commissions approve law to regulate state of emergency

May 16, 2014


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On 28 April, the Senate approved in commission laws to reform articles 29 and 33 of the Constitution.  Article 29 regulates the process of the declaration of a state of emergency; its third clause establishes the possibility for a suspension of rights and liberties on three grounds: in case of an invasion, an attack on public peace (defined as whatever violent social phenomenon that puts at risk the stability of the country), or a natural disaster, epidemics, lack of basic goods, and so on.  Article 33 for its part regulates the process whereby the Executive can expel foreigners from Mexico.

In light of the new laws, civil organizations that form part of the Front for Freedom of Expression and Social Protest expressed their opposition and rejection: “This should be reviewed and changed, because we are concerned that there is a tendency to legalize repression and to criminalize social protest.  We Mexicans do not want an illusory democratic State.”  They indicated that human-rights organizations were at no point consulted about the suggested changes to the Constitution.

The human-rights reform of 2011 noted that the president can in certain grave cases declare a state of emergency, but the terms for such a declaration had not been defined until now.  This reform must still pass the Senate as a whole and then the House of Deputies.

For more information (in Spanish):

Comisiones del Senado avalan coartar garantías si hay perturbación a la paz(La Jornada, 29 de abril de 2014)

Comunicado: Organizaciones civiles rechazan aprobación de la ley sobre Estado de Excepción en las comisiones del Senado(OSC, 28 de abril de 2014)

Carta pública sobre Estado de Excepción: Frente por la Libertad de Expresión y la Protesta Social (Frente por la Libertad de Expresión y Protesta Social, 29 de abril de 2014)

ONG denuncian inclinación a legalizar la represión y criminalizar la protesta (La Jornada, 29 de abril de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

National: Creation of the Front for Freedom of Expression and Social Protest (26 April 2014)


National: Rally before the Senate in observance of the Global Day against Mining Pollution

August 4, 2013

 

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On 22 July, in a rally organized before the Senate of the Republic, social movements and civil organizations from several different states which have been affected by mining activities presented a manifesto in which they express support for a new law to regulate the industry.  They demanded the halting of the transnationals which loot the country and affect local communities, and that mining operations stop being privileged within governmental circles.  The protestors reported that they would hand in a proposal for mining law to the Senate in the coming week, to establish a chapter on the rights of indigenous populations to control their own territories and natural resources, amidst mining depredation, and that it establish mechanisms of consultation and separate exploratory concessions from ones favoring exploitation and profit, among other things.

For more information (in Spanish):
22 de julio, Día Mundial contra la Megaminería Tóxica (La Jornada, 21 de julio de 2013)
Manifiesto Nacional por una nueva Ley Minera en México: “Por el respeto a los pueblos y el ambiente, una ley minera diferente” (22 de julio de 2013)
Elaboran organizaciones sociales una propuesta de ley minera (La Jornada, 23 de julio de 2013)