National: Murder Rate Rises in Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador’s First Semester

June 27, 2019
blog de sipaz murder rates

@npr

In June, the Executive Secretariat of the National Public Security System (SESNSP in its Spanish acronym) published data that show that in the first semester of Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador’s administration (December 1st, 2018 to May 31st, 2019) 17,500 people were killed in the country (of which 17,011 correspond to cases of intentional homicide and 489 to femicides). The murder rate during the first semesters of Vicente Fox, Calderon and Peña Nieto, were 7.12, 4.89 and 8.01 per one hundred thousand inhabitants; while during the first six months of this government, there were 11.51 cases of homicide per hundred thousand inhabitants in the country.

Although there was a slight decrease in April, in May there were 2,903 victims of intentional homicide and 76 of femicide, totaling 2,979 people murdered. It is equivalent to an average of 96 cases per day and represents the highest monthly total of victims so far in the term of office. The states with the greatest increase in crime are Nuevo Leon, which increased 72%; Tabasco, with a growth of 50.7%; Mexico City with 43.2%; Sonora and Morelos, with increases of 43.1%.

 

For more information in Spanish:

Con AMLO y Sheinbaum se vive el primer semestre de sexenio más sangriento de la historia (La Otra opinión, 24 de junio de 2019)

Mayo, el mes más violento (El Siglo de Durango, 22 de junio de 2019)

El primer semestre rojo (El Heraldo de México, 22 de junio de 2019)

Con 17,500 asesinatos, el primer semestre de AMLO es el más violento de los últimos sexenios (Animal Político, 21 de junio de 2019)

For more information from SIPAZ:

National/International: Mexico Ranked 99th of 126 in Rule of Law Index – World Justice Project (March 12, 2019)

Chiapas: Already Five Femicides in January (February 1, 2019)


National: Federal police deployed to states that reject the the performance evaluations; activities to repudiate the educational reform are announced

December 27, 2015

Foto @ Página 3

Photo @ Página 3

On 14 and 15 November, there was held the national exam on teachers’ knowledge, abilities, and competencies that forms part of the performance evaluation.  According to the Teachers’ Professional Docent, 40,303 teachers participated in 25 states of Mexican, comprising almost 97.8% of all teachers.  Following this first performance evaluation, protests raged in at least 10 states, and the Minister for Public Education (SEP), Aurelio Nuño Mayer, decided to dismiss the state delegates from Durango, Tlaxcala, Sonora, Zacatecas, and Morelos, after carrying out the first assessment of the evaluation.

In Chiapas, teachers affiliated with the National Coordination of Educational Workers (CNTE) mobilized from 13-15 November in marches wherein more than 30,000 teachers participated.  The CNTE teachers indicated that their demands are very clear: “suspension of the educational reform, rejection of punitive evaluations, and liberation for our political prisoners.”  With this last comment, they made reference to the 4 Oaxacan teachers who were arrested and transferred to the Federal Center for Social Readaptation in Altiplano, Mexico State, in October.  Amidst these protests, the evaluations were pushed back until December in Chiapas.

In Michoacán, 5,000 police arrived to the capital Morelia to guarantee that the exam take place on 21-22 November.  It was reported that the federal agents came prepared with anti-riot equipment, shields, and helmets, beyond their weapons.

In Oaxaca, Governor Gabino Cué Monteagudo sent his general secretary of governance, Alfonso Gómez Sandoval Hernández, to present the V Report of the State Government to the congress.  The absence of the governor had to with the fact that Section 22 of the National Union of Educational Workers (SNTE-CNTE) planned to mobilize at the site where the report was to be presented.  As such, it was surrounded by nearly 2,000 state and federal police.

In other news, Section 22 of the SNTE-CNTE made public the agreements it had made at the Broad National Representative Assembly (ANRA) on 18 November in Mexico City.  Representatives declared that on 26 November, in observance of a global day of action for Ayotzinapa and Mexico, the teachers participated in a march in the city, at the end of which they installed an indefinite sit-in for the relatives of the 43 student-teachers from Ayotzinapa, Guerrero, to pressure the government to implement the recommendations made by the Inter-American Court on Human Rights (IACHR).  Beyond this, on 14 and 15 November they plan to march in the national caravan to Altiplano to demand the release of the politically imprisoned teachers.  Lastly, they called on the secretary of public education, Aurelio Nuño, to hold a public debate with the CNTE.

For more information (in Spanish):

Maestros se manifestaron el fin de semana (Chiapas Paralelo, 16 de noviembre de 2015)

Cué termina como Ulises Ruiz: acorralado por el magisterio y blindado por fuerzas estatales y federales (Página 3, 16 de noviembre de 2015)

Acuerdan maestros movilizaciones y debate con la SEP (Libertad Oaxaca, 19 de noviembre de 2015)

Remueve la SEP a 5 delegados (Reforma, 18 de noviembre de 2015)

Arriban a Michoacán 5 mil policías para garantizar evaluación docente (Proceso, 19 de noviembre de 2015)

Acuden a evaluación más de 40 mil maestros de 25 entidades (Proceso, 16 de noviembre de 2015)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: Low participation in teachers’ performance evaluation (26 December 2015)

Guerrero: Teachers in Acapulco successfully sabotage educational evaluation (26 December 2015)

Guerrero: Teacher from Acapulco dies after violent repression of a protest by the Federal Police (10 March 2015)

National: Thousands of teachers march against the educational reform (4 October 2013)


Oaxaca: Creation of tool for monitoring and denunciation about territorial rights

December 26, 2015

 

obs

At the beginning of December was made public the creation of the Observatory of Territorial Rights, an initiative that has been promoted by Services for an Alternative Education (EDUCA A.C.), “focused on the monitoring, investigation, analysis, diffusion, and denunciation of violations of popular and communal rights to territories at the hands of transnational corporations, the State, and other power-groups.”

As EDUCA’s website notes, “the Observatory has as its general objective to influence State policies and public opinion so as to guarantee respect for the rights of the peoples and communities of Oaxaca by means of the monitoring of specific cases, the systematization of information, sessions of analysis with different sectors of society, and bulletins and journalistic information.” During this year, the Observatory will monitor the projects of “Paso de la Reina,” the construction of two dams in the Paso de la Reyna community; “San José,” or the construction of a subterranean mine in San José del Progreso; and “the Doctor,” for exploratory mining work in Magdalena Teitipac.

It bears mentioning that the attacks on environmental defenders has been on the rise during the past five years at least. According to the Second Annual Report on Attacks against Environmental Defenders, as compiled by the Mexican Center for Environmental Law (CEMDA), the attacks have worsened during the reign of Enrique Peña Nieto. In accordance with a proper media registry, 240 cases of attacks on environmental defenders have been observed, nearly half of which have taken place between April 2014 and May 2015, with the states of Sonora, Oaxaca, Mexico, and Guerrero being those with the highest number of incidents.

For more information (in Spanish):

Observatorio de Derechos Territoriales

Inicia Observatorio de Derechos Territoriales a partir de procesos de defensa en Oaxaca (8 de diciembre de 2015)

El Topil. Observatorio de Derechos Territoriales (Septiembre 2015)

Con EPN crecen agresiones contra defensores ambientalistas;“en el último año 109 ataques y una tendencia preocupante a la criminalización” (Revolución Tres Punto Cero, 9 de diciembre de 2015)

Oaxaca, primer lugar en agresiones a defensoras de derechos humanos (Sididh, 14 de diciembre de 2015)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: Detained and disappeared, anti-mining activists from San José del Progreso (12 December 2013)

Oaxaca: New death-threats directed against members of the CPUVO in San José del Progreso (7 June 2013)

Oaxaca: Civil Observation Mission to San José del Progreso (30 November 2012)

Oaxaca: access to the Cuzcatlán mine is blocked in San José el Progreso (16 May 2012)

Oaxaca: Actions, denunciations, and mobilizations in the case of San José del Progreso (3 April 2012)

Oaxaca: Murder of the spokesperson of the Coordination of the United Peoples of the Ocotlán Valley (25 March 2012)

 


National: Yaqui leader Mario Luna is released and declared innocent

October 8, 2015

Fernando Jiménez y Mario Luna, representantes del pueblo yaqui. Foto @ Benjamín FloresFernando Jiménez and Mario Luna, representatives of the Yaqui people. Photo @
Benjamín Flores

On 23 September, Mario Luna Delgado, leader of the Yaqui people, was released from prison no. 2 in Hermosillo, Sonora, after having been imprisoned since 11 September 2014. His release was expedited by the fact that the corresponding judge found no evidence supporting the charges against him: that is, kidnapping and robbery of a vehicle. Mario Luna had led protests and organized roadblocks in the community of Vícam against the extraction of water from the dam system on the Yaqui River, which was to be transferred to the city of Hermosillo. Luna opposes the construction of the Independence Aqueduct.

This release took place 10 days before the departure of Guillermo Padrés Elías as governor of Sonora state, who is to be replaced by a representative of the National Action Party (PAN).

It bears mentioning that Fernando Jiménez, another of the leaders of the Yaqui nation, had been released on 28 August, after a Yaqui committee together with representatives from Amnesty International submitted a petition with 15,000 signatures to the Secretary of Governance demanding the release of the detained and the application of due process in both cases.

For more information (in Spanish):

Tras un año preso, declaran inocente al líder yaqui Mario Luna (Proceso, 23 de septiembre de 2015)

Liberan al líder yaqui Mario Luna (La Jornada, 23 de septiembre de 2015)

Dejan en libertad a Mario Luna (El Imparcial, 23 de septiembre de 2015)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Chiapas/Nacional: Caravan from Yaqui Nation in defense of water arrives in San Cristóbal (17 May 2015)

Chiapas/National: CNI and EZLN express solidarity with Yaquis of Sonora against the looting of water (21 July 2013)

National/Chiapas: CNI and General Command of the EZLN demand release of Mario Luna (16 September 2014)


Oaxaca: Second Day for the People, Water, Life, and Land

April 23, 2015

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In observance of the Second Day for the People, Water, Life, and Land on 10 April, there was held a Meeting of Experiences for Consultation amidst Infrastructural and Developmentalist Projects in the city of Oaxaca de Juárez.  Representatives from indigenous and campesino peoples and members and organizations of civil society hailing from the states of Oaxaca, Puebla, Chiapas, Tabasco, Jalisco, Nayarit, Colima, Veracruz, and Distrito Federal met “to discuss and analyze the exercise of our right to decide about legislative and administrative measures as well as ‘developmental’ projects which affect our lands and territories, putting at risk our ways of life.”

At this meeting, the organizations and social processes defending land and territory shared their experiences, including the use of “closed season” for the use of water in the Central Valleys of Oaxaca; the El Zapotillo dam in Jalisco; the wind-energy projects in the Tehuantepec Isthmus; the Las Cruces (Nayarit) and Paso de la Reyna (Oaxaca) dam projects and the “Independence Aqueduct” in Sonora; the hydroelectric dams in Puebla and Veracruz; and the Plan for Territorial Exploitation on the Usumacinta River in Chiapas and Tabasco. As a central question, the great difficulty of implementing consultative processes vis-a-vis megaprojects was debated, given that “the Mexican State is promoting a series of consultations that do not respect international standards, but rather lead to a climate of harassment against communal defenders who oppose these projects,” as participants expressed in a final document.  They added that the “information we receive is only partial and distorted; it does not allow us to have a clear understanding of what the impacts are of said projects.  Furthermore, the process that continues is rigged, as there is no guarantee of impartiality.  The result is a number of simulated consultations.  In this way, we denounce the interference of power-groups and armed bands that are allied to the firms within this consultative process.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Pronunciamiento del Encuentro de Experiencias de Consulta ante Proyectos de Infraestructura y Desarrollo (Educa, 10 de abril de 2015)


Chiapas/National: CNI and EZLN express solidarity with Yaquis of Sonora against the looting of water

July 21, 2013

Vicam, Sonora (archivo, @zapateando.wordpress.com)

In a communique released on 7 July, the Clandestine Indigenous Revolutionary Committee-General Command of the EZLN (CCRI-CG) and the National Indigenous Congress (CNI) saluted the “historical mobilization” of the Yaqui people in Sonora “to defend their existence and territory.”  More concretely, the organizations pronounced themselves against the “robbery of water that the bad government seeks to advance through the Independence Aqueduct.”The two demanded “the immediate cancellation of arrest-orders and the fabrication of crimes against members of the Yaqui tribe,” condemning “the criminalization of their struggle” when “the Yaqui river has historically been the transporter of the ancestral continuity of the culture and territory of the Yaqui people.”They warned finally that “those who comprise the CNI reiterate that if they touch one of us, they touch all of us, and for this reason we will respond to any attempt to repress this dignified struggle, or any other.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Se solidariza EZLN con yaquis de Sonora contra robo de agua (La Jornada, 8 de julio de 2013)

Comunicado del CCRI-CG del EZLN y el Congreso Nacional Indígena en solidaridad con la Tribu Yaqui (7 de julio de 2013)

“Los yaquis llevamos 500 años luchando. El cansancio no está cerca”(Desinformémonos, 8 de julio de 2013)