Oaxaca: Another 2 October with 52 “arbitrary” arrests

October 10, 2015

Foto @ Proyecto AmbulantePhoto @ Proyecto Ambulante

Following the march on 2 October in Oaxaca de Juárez to commemorate the massacre of students in Tlatelolco in 1968, 52 individuals were arrested, including 10 women and minors.

The Network of Female Activists and Human-Rights Defenders from Oaxaca demanded the release of the human-rights defenders Rocío Celeste Martínez Gregorio and Fidel Desiderio Martínez, who were detained “illegally and arbitrarily” as they were en route to a work meeting that was to take place at the offices of the Defense Institute for Human Rights of the Oaxacan People (DDHPO). Of the arrested persons, the Network of Female Activists declared, in their communique, that “only four persons are awaiting the resolution of their juridical situation: the defender Rocío Celeste Martínez Gregorio, his comrade Fidel Desiderio Martínez, Irving Pérez Monjaraz, and Julio Eder Luria Vásquez; [they have clearly been victims] of efforts to criminalize the social movement, accused as they are of causing damage when there is no evidence of this.” According to local media, subsequently it became known that these four had been transferred to different jails before the legal processes had been completed, and even in spite of all lack of evidence against them.

It bears mentioning that Rocío Celeste and Fidel graduated recently from the Institute for Sociological Investigations at the Autonomous Autónoma Benito Juárez University of Oaxaca (UABJO), and both “have played important roles in the student movement in Oaxaca and have carried out actions in solidarity with victims of human-rights violations and political prisoners,” as the Network of Female Activists noted. In addition, they have worked to advance communal defense and have worked together with the New Women’s Collective, which promotes the rights of the women and communal participation.

For more information (in Spanish):

Petición de Change.org: Libertad a Defensores de Derechos Humanos detenidos el 02 de Octubre en Oaxaca

México: Trasladan a penales centrales a 4 de las personas detenidas en Oaxaca el pasado 2 de octubre (Kaos en la Red, )

Oaxaca: 40 desaparecidos, detenidos en la marcha del 2 de octubre (Centro de Medios Libres, 3 de octubre de 2015)

Exige red de mujeres activistas libertad a defensores de derechos humanos detenidos en Oaxaca (Revolución TRESPUNTOCERO, 5 de octubre de 2015)

Defensoras de DH exigen inmediata liberación de defensora de DH Rocío Celeste Martínez Gregorio y Fidel Desiderio Martínez (Consorcio Oaxaca, 4 de octubre de 2015)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: 75 arrests following march on 2 October (11 October 2014)

National: More confrontations and repression against social movement, 2 October (25 October 2013)


National/International: Conclusions of the Fifth High-Level Dialogue on Human Rights between the European Union and Mexico

April 24, 2015


Upon the conclusion of the Fifth High-Level Dialogue on Human Rights between the European Union (EU) and Mexico, a meeting which took place in Tlatelolco, between the Mexican State and an EU representative, the bilateral agreements that had been arranged were announced.  During this fifth edition of the Dialogue, the recommendations from the Third Seminar of Civil Society were contemplated in terms of the question of the strengthening of the State of Right; the situation of the rights of migrants, refugees, and the displaced; the situation of children and adolescents; and respect for firms and human rights.

The civil society concluded that the present crisis of severe human-rights violations has been made possible due to the levels of corruption and impunity and the lack of effective mechanisms to prevent, investigate, punish, and compensate for human-rights violations.  In this sense, they call on the EU and Mexican governments to observe these same standards for respect for human rights that they demand from other countries.  In addition, they called on the authorities to carry out effective investigations that will guarantee the appropriate penal and administrative sanctions for those responsible and guarantee the adequate classification of human-rights violations.  Specifically with regard to the Ayotzinapa case, the civil society calls on the Mexican State to “implement the recommendations released by the Interdisciplinary Group of Independent Experts empowered by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights to put an end to forcible disappearances.”  Similarly, the civil-society organizations have demanded the creation of a transnational mechanism for the immediate search and rescue of disappeared peoples, in consultation with their families.

As an agreement within the Dialogue, Mexico and the EU commit themselves to strengthening three of the areas of their bilateral relations: to prevent and combat the employment of torture, to register all those forcibly disappeared, as well as to advance the mission of the Mechanism of Protection for Journalists and Human-Rights Defenders.

For more information (in Spanish):

Tlatlaya y Ayotzinapa, temas en el diálogo entre México y Unión Europea (La Jornada, 17 de abril de 2015)
Conclusiones del Tercer Seminario de la Sociedad Civil en el marco del Quinto Diálogo de Alto Nivel sobre Derechos Humanos entre México y la Unión Europea (CDHFBC, 16 de abril de 2015)

Exigen ONG mexicanas y europeas a Peña acatar recomendaciones sobre tortura (Proceso, 16 de abril de 2015)

México debe acatar recomendaciones de CIDH: ONGs (El Universal, ‎16 de abril de 2015‎)

Pactan México y UE promoción de derechos humanos y democracia (El Universal, 15 de abril de 2015)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

National/International: Mexico confronts a “humanitarian crisis” amidst context of violence and impunity, denounces civil society in Brussels (30 March 2014)

Guerrero: municipal police of Iguala fire on students of the Rural Normal School of Ayotzinapa. Six have died

October 11, 2014

Foto de archivo @ SIPAZ

Archive photo @ SIPAZ

On 26 and 27 September, municipal police from Iguala, Guerrero, together with an armed commando group that has yet to be identified, opened fire at several coordinated events against students, athletes, and other civilians, leaving six dead, 25 injured, and more than 50 students disappeared.

Since the morning of Friday 26 September, close to 150 students from the Rural Normal School of Ayotzinapa had arrived to Iguala to carry out a fundraising activity: they had planned to raise money to finance a march on 2 October, which was the forty-sixth anniversary of the Tlatelolco massacre.  Police intercepted the caravan comprised of three buses and two SUVs, demanding that the vehicles stop, but the youth resisted arrested.  On Saturday 27 September, the students from Ayotzinapa organized a press-conference at the location of the first police attack.  There, they secured the zone using stones to prevent the loss of evidence, particularly the bullet casings left behind by police.  The students were speaking with journalists from different media groups when an unknown group suddenly appeared, opening fire with weapons of different calibers.

The State Attorney General’s Office of Guerrero has arrested 22 members of the State Preventive Police of Iguala who have been indicated as prime suspects in the crime.  On 1 October, though the statistics varied according to the source in question, there were more than 30 persons who continued to be disappeared.  At the same time, it was reported that the PRD mayor of Iguala, José Luis Abarca Velázquez, had also disappeared after having received authorization to investigate the crimes.

For more information (in Spanish):

Enfrentamientos entre policías y normalistas dejan 6 muertos (Milenio, 27 de septiembre de 2014)

ACCIÓN URGENTE | Permanecen desaparecidos 55 normalistas agredidos en Iguala (Centro de Derechos Humanos de la Montaña Tlachinollan, 28 de septiembre de 2014)

Violaciones de DH cometidas en contra de estudiantes de la normal rural Raúl Isidro burgos, en Iguala, Guerrero (Red Nacional de Organismos Civiles de Derechos Humanos “Todos los Derechos para Todas y Todos”, 29 de septiembre de 2014)

Solicita licencia el alcalde de Iguala por el caso de los asesinados el fin de semana (la Jornada de Guerrero, 1ero de octubre de 2014)

Iguala evidencia que policía municipal está infiltrada por la delincuencia, acusa gobernador (Animal Político, 1ero de octubre de 2014)

Localizan a 19 normalistas (El SUr de Acapulco, 1ero de octubre de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero: Impunity continues in the Ayotzinapa case (17 May 2013)

Guerrero: Release of police charged for the murder of students from the Rural Normal of Ayotzinapa (29 April 2013)

Guerrero: CNDH confirms serious rights-violations against students of Ayotzinapa (16 January 2012)

Guerrero: Extrajudicial execution of students from the Rural Normal of Ayotzinapa (21 December 2011)

Chiapas: San Cristóbal commemorates the 2 October massacre

October 7, 2010

On Saturday 2 October there were held protests in the streets of San Cristóbal de Las Casas to commemorate the anniversary of the 2 October 1968 massacre, a day on which Mexican soldiers violently repressed a rally organized by the student-led National Strike Commission (CNH) in the Plaza de las Tres Culturas in the Tlatelolco district of Mexico City.  The exact number of victims left by the massacre is still unknown, although social organizations estimate that around 300 people were killed.

One of the marches commemorating the massacre began at the Autonomy University of Chiapas (UNACH); it was comprised of several students and members of different collectives: the Feminist Collective, the Rosa Luxemburg Collective, and the Tsoblej Collective, among others.  The number of participants is estimated to have been 100 at the beginning, although the total increased significantly as the march advanced through San Cristóbal.  The route of the march went west from UNACH toward the market, and from there passed through the El Cerrillo neighborhood before turning south.  The city’s south reached, the protest advanced north on the street Insurgentes, ending in a rally in the Cathedral Plaza.

The march from UNACH stopped at several locations in the city with the end of protesting significant sites: OXXO shops, the headquarters of the National Action Party (PAN), and different mass-supermarkets, among others.  Beyond demanding that the 2 October massacre not continue enjoying impunity, protestors called for the liberation of political prisoners and for resistance to plans to privatize university education.  Although the advance of the march inhibited vehicular traffic, members of the Student Nucleus in Resistance and Rebellion distributed communiqués explaining the day’s actions to drivers and their passengers, also sharing these texts with those who came into the streets to observe the passing of the protest.  The communiqué asserts: “42 years after the Tlatelolco massacre, the behavior of the Mexican State has been the constant repression against those who raise their voice for justice and access to a dignified life.  The policies of the government are the exploitation and robbery of natural resources to benefit capitalist interests, leaving thousands of peoples and communities impoverished.”

The same day in Mexico City, there was held a march from the Plaza de las Tres Culturas to the city’s Zócalo in which participated some 15,000 protestors, according to the Secretary for Public Security (SSP).  Comprised of members of worker, campesino, indigenous, social, and student organizations, the protest, watched over by 6,500 police, ended without any injuries due to conflict.  Participants demanded that those responsible for the 2 October massacre–as well as the 10 June 1971 massacre and the guerra sucia in general–be punished, in addition to calling for education and work for all, a stop to the war against narco-traffickers, justice for San Juan Copalá (Oaxaca), demilitarization of the country, and an end to violence against undocumented migrants.

For more information (in Spanish):

With more grounds for prortest, the 2 October march advances (La Jornada, 2 October 2010)

The 2 October march will demand the demilitarization of the country and justice for Copala (La Jornada, 30 September 2010)

Student Nucleus in Resistance and Rebellion communiqué in full (.odt)

Student Nucleus in Resistance and Rebellion communiqué in full (.doc)