Chiapas: investigation of resignations of women candidates elected as mayors or deputies whose positions would be occupied by men

September 20, 2018
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@binoticias


In the first days of September, at least 30 women who had been elected as mayors or deputies in the elections of last July 1 submitted their resignation to the Institute of Elections and Citizen Participation (IEPC) of Chiapas. It is feared that they were forced to do so, so as to open the possibility for their positions to be occupied by men.

Although they argued that they did so voluntarily, the IEPC has expressed its concern, fearing that these are cases of political violence against women, so the Provisional Commission for Gender Equality and Non-Discrimination will analyze the situation and the reasons for the mass resignations.

So far, those who have resigned are women from the Green Ecologist Party of Mexico (PVEM) of the Tuxtla Chico and Mapastepec municipalities; of Nueva Alianza in Frontera Comalapa; and from the local party Podemos Mover a Chiapas in Suchiapa. In the municipality of Frontera Hidalgo, the elected municipal president, Leticia Galindo Gamboa, from the PVEM, resigned as well. Ten women from the Green Party who should be made deputies in the local Congress through proportional representationalso resigned.

The IEPC explained that the electoral law has not been violated since, at the time, all the political parties “complied with the parity when registering their forms both for the local mayorships and the local deputies.” However, he clarified that “registering a woman and then compeling her to resign and replace her with a man ─ what are known as simulated candidacies ─, besides being political violence, could be a possible fraud to the law, and if it so, in no way will it be permited“.

For his part, the presiding counselor of the National Electoral Institute (INE), Lorenzo Cordova, condemned the acts of political violence and stated that they would represent a regression in gender parity. He announced that on September 10, a commission of councilors of the INE will go to Chiapas to verify the situation and establish actions in the defense of women’s political rights.

The governor of Chiapas, Manuel Velasco, instructed the Justice Prosecutor’s Office to investigate the situation: “I strongly condemn that the women elected in the July 1 elections could be renouncing their positions due to pressure or to be victims of political violence in order to resign”, he said.

For more information (in Spanish):

Chiapas investiga si renuncia de candidatas fue por presión (Político.mx, 8 de septiembre de 2018)

¿Violencia política contra mujeres en Chiapas? Fiscalía investiga renuncia de 30 regidoras y diputadas (Animal Política, 8 de septiembre de 2018)

Ganaron pero las sustituiría un hombre: 30 regidoras y diputadas renuncian a sus cargos en Chiapas (Animal Político, 7 de septiembre de 2018)

40 mujeres electas renuncian, varones serán diputados o regidores (Regeneración, 7 de septiembre de 2018)

Condena INE que obliguen a candidatas a renunciar para que varones ocupen sus cargos (Aristegui Noticias, 7 de septiembre de 2018)

En Chiapas, al menos 40 “Juanitas” ceden sus cargos de elección popular (Proceso, 6 de septiembre de 2018)

For more information from SIPAZ:

National: Historic Elections in Mexico – Historic Record of Political Violence July 17, 2018

National: 94 Candidates Murdered; Over 1,000 Leave Election Campaign June 25, 2018

Oaxaca: 17 Men Pose as Transgender to Register as Candidates May 14, 2018

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Chiapas: Climate of violence between PRI and Green Ecologist Party in days before elections

July 22, 2015

comitan-grupos-de-choque

Photo @Juan Orel

The final days in the run-up to local elections in Chiapas were marked by violence. In terms of the alliance for local deputies, the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) and the Green Ecologist Party of Mexico (PVEM) are in coalition for 16 of the 24 electoral districts. However, in at least 12 Chiapas municipalities there have been documented incidents and attacks between members of the two parties: in Playas de Catazaja, Oxchuc, Tzimol, Tumbala, Chilón, Cacahoatán, Tila, Frontera Comalapa, Ocotepec, Tuxtla Chico, Huixtla, and Mapastepec.

During the night of 16 July, a group of masked men armed with sticks, stones, and rockets (presumably allied to the PVEM) robbed photographic equipment and cash, and beat the journalist Juan Orel, during his coverage of an incident in the Boulevard of the Federations in the Comitán municipality. The incident in question occurred when the reporter was covering an attack by the masked men against a group of PRI militants. Another case of aggression took place in Tila. The Committee on Human Rights Digna Ochoa made public that residents of the Tila municipality denounced that “there prevails in the Tila municipality a climate of generalized terror among the population, provoked by the presence of armed groups that serve the PRI and PVEM.” Beyond this, the communique from the Digna Ochoa Committee mentions that “among the residents there exists a fear that the electoral process will end with a massacre, given that, to date, the Chiapas state government led by Manuel Velasco Coello has been totally absent in terms of guaranteeing the right to life, integrity, and personal security of the people of the Tila municipality.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Grupo de choque ligado al PVEM agrede y roba equipo de reportero (Chiapas Paralelo, 17 de julio de 2015)

Se confrontan PRI y Verde en Comitán (Chiapas Paralelo, 17 de julio de 2015)

Conflictos entre PRI y PVEM marcan elecciones en Chiapas (Red Política, 8 de julio de 2015)

Comunicado Comité de Derechos Humanos de Base de Chiapas Digna Ochoa (15 de julio de 2015)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Chiapas: Ejidatarios from Tila denounce confrontation between PVEM and PRI, with 4 injured (21 July 2015)

Chiapas: Ejidatarios from Tila denounce attempt at usurpation (21 January 2015)

Chiapas: Ejidatarios from Tila receive threats following march to commemorate 80th anniversary of the ejido (26 October 2014)

Chiapas: Ejidatarios from Tila denounce new attempt to loot land (22 January 2014)