Chiapas: A teacher dies during protests against the educational performance evaluation

December 26, 2015

Movilización del magisterio por la muerte de un maestro.  Foto: @Quadratín Chiapas

Mobilization of teachers over the death of one of them by police.
Photo: @Quadratín Chiapas

David Gemayel Ruiz Estudillo, a teacher of 23 years of age who pertained to Section 22 of the National Union of Educational Workers (SNTE), died on 8 December after having been hit by a truck during a confrontation between dissident teachers in Chiapas and police forces. Both parties held the other responsible for the death of the teacher.

Since 7 December, the teachers in opposition to the performance evaluation that has been promoted by the educational reform have declared an indefinite strike. The evaluation was programmed for 12-13 December, though at the last moment the authorities delayed it until the eighth of December, in an attempt to inhibit mobilizations for boycott. In any case, teachers attempted to blockade access to the center for exams, to which teachers had been moved after having been assembled in military installations. At the center confrontations raged with the police, leaving one teacher dead, six arrested, and several others injured. During the second day of the test, on 9 December, the teachers protested in downtown Tuxtla Gutiérrez, where they kidnapped five police and appropriate hundreds of ammunition clips, gas bombs, body armor, shields, and helmets, among other items. After negotiating with federal authorities, the arrested teachers were exchanged for the police who had been held, as well as the stolen equipment. According to sources among the teachers, it is estimated that the State response involved between 10,000 and 15,000 police.

Following the positive evaluation made by the National Coordination of Educational Workers (CNTE) regarding the release of their arrested comrades and the boycott of the second part of the evaluation, they suspended the sit-in they had installed in the plaza and called for the reinstatement of the 50,000 teachers who had been on strike for three days. Despite this, one of the CNTE leaders, Pedro Gómez Bamaca, warned that “in Chiapas the labor reform will not pass,” and he announced his participation in the mobilization in Mexico City planned for 18 December. In this way, the CNTE communicated that it would not allow the return to work of the 2,300 teachers who did complete the exam.

The confrontations over the evaluation process in Chiapas has not been an aberration. Both the application of the exam as well as the larger educational reform have been rejected by many teachers and have involved high levels of militarization, with strong protests in Oaxaca, Guerrero, and Michoacán. It bears noting that David Gemayel Ruiz is the third teacher who has died in protests against the evaluation, following the death in February of Claudio Castillo Peña in Acapulco and the murder in March of Antonio Vivar Díaz in Tlapa de Comonfort, Guerrero.

For more information (in Spanish):

Maestros de Chiapas dan “tregua” y regresan a sus centros de trabajo (Chiapas Paralelo, 10 de diciembre de 2015)

Intercambian maestros a 5 policías por los 6 profesores detenidos (Chiapas Paralelo, 9 de diciembre de 2015)

Difunden video del enfrentamiento entre policías y maestros en Chiapas (La Jornada, 9 de diciembre de 2015)

Autoridades y maestros se acusan de provocar el fallecimiento de un docente (La Jornada, 9 de noviembre de 2015)

El asesinato de David Gemayel Ruiz (La Jornada, 8 de diciembre de 2015)

Reforma educativa cobra tercera víctima: Muere maestro durante protesta en Chiapas (Educa, 9 de diciembre de 2015)

SEP inicia evaluación bajo resguardo de la SEDENA y Policía Federal (Chiapas Paralelo, 8 de diciembre de 2015)

Maestros de Chiapas inician este lunes plantón indefinido y acciones para impedir la evaluación (Chiapas Paralelo, 7 de diciembre de 2015)

Federales arriban a Chiapas, CNTE prepara acciones de resistencia (Chiapas Paralelo, 7 de diciembre de 2015)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero: Teachers in Acapulco successfully sabotage educational evaluation (26 December 2015)

Guerrero: Teacher from Acapulco dies after violent repression of a protest by the Federal Police (10 March 2015)

National: Thousands of teachers march against the educational reform (4 October 2013)

 


Chiapas: Femicides on the rise: six victims in fewer than 10 days

October 25, 2015

Mural en Tuxtla Gutiérrez conmemorativo de las víctimas de feminicidio en Chiapas. Foto: @Chiapas Paralelo

Commemorative mural for the victims of femicide in Tuxtla Gutiérrez. Photo: @Chiapas Paralelo

The increase in the number of cases of femicide has been called “one of the gravest problems in Chiapas,” according to the sociologist María del Rosario Alarcón. In fewer than 10 days, six women were killed: three of them were sexually assaulted, one was a minor, another was pregnant, and some of the corpses that were found showed serious signs of violence. These femicides were perpetrated in Chiapa de Corzo, Pujiltic (Venustiano Carranza municipality), and in the state capital, Tuxtla Gutiérrez.

On repeated occasions, the negligence of the State has been denounced in terms of applying justice in the cases of femicide. According to Contralínea, clear examples are seen in the covering-up of the cases of femicides, toward the end of maintaining a good political image; the impunity resulting from lack of investigation in the cases such as femicides, though nearly all the states include this crime in their penal codes; or the discriminatory prejudice and lack of efforts made by the Federal Attorney General’s Office (PGR) and the judiciary toward the end of applying the highest international standards in terms of human rights, where the majority of the statistics that are published originate from data provided by the monitoring of press carried out by the Group of Women from San Cristóbal. According to this group, “femicidal violence has increased in the past three years. During this period there have been registered 249 cases.” According to the same source, in Chiapas femicide is principally perpetrated by those close to the victims, in the majority of cases relatives with whom the women had had affective relations.

As a response, the Popular Campaign against Violence against Women and Femicide in Chiapas, presented on 25 November 2013—in observance of the International Day against Violence against Women—a request for the declaration of a Gender Violence Alert (AVG). This would be a mechanism that provides the National System to Prevent, Attend to, Sanction, and Eradicate Violence against Women, to “guarantee the security of women, the cessation of violence against them, and the elimination of inequalities produced by the legislation that worsens their human rights.” The AVG has been denied by the Chiapas state government, which has not even investigated the possibility, using the argument that in this entity, “femicide does not affect the social peace.”

The AVG mechanism has been a polemical issue. Following 13 requests denied in 10 states, the Alert was declared for the first time this year in July in 11 municipalities of Mexico state. Criticism from those like Alicia Elena Pérez Duarte, former federal special prosecutor for attending to violence against women, notes that the AVG “does nothing,” since it has failed to break with the “patriarchal agreement” whereby violence continues against women. According to the specialist, there are vastly different perceptions regarding the advances from the points of view of feminists and the legal system, for State officials “do not understand what femicide is.” Beyond this, she added that the mechanism is not functioning, but rather that it is only wasting money, the energy of organizations, and time, so that “nothing at the end changes.”

For more information (in Spanish):

En Chiapas feminicidios a la alza, en 10 días seis asesinadas; una menor de edad y otra con embarazo de 2 meses (Revolución Tres Punto Cero, 19 de octubre de 2015)

Dos feminicidios en Pujiltic en menos de una semana (Chiapas Paralelo, 15 de octubre de 2015)

Impune, feminicidio en México (Contralínea, 10 de febrero de 2015)

El feminicidio es un crimen de Estado porque no se garantiza seguridad y se obstaculiza la justicia: académica (Revolución Tres Punto Cero, 23 de octubre de 2015)

AVG ha sido incapaz de acabar el “pacto patriarcal” de violencia (Cimac Noticias, 23 de octubre de 2015)

Por 1a vez, Segob declara alerta de género: lo hace para 11 municipios del Edomex (Animal Político, 29 de julio de 2015)

Para Chong y Velasco el aumento de 400% en feminicidios “no altera la paz social de Chiapas” (Revolución Tres Punto Cero, 17 de enero de 2015)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Oaxaca: march to demand investigation of new femicide (29 September 2014)

Chiapas: Impunity in the case of Tatiana Trujillo (16 September 2014)

Chiapas: State complicity in femicide is denounced (2 May 2014)

Chiapas: Commemoration of the murder of Itzel Janet Méndez-Pérez and other victims of femicide (26 April 2014)

Chiapas: Amidst increase in femicide and impunity, civil organization proclaims permanent Gender Alert (30 March 2014)


Chiapas/National: Occupation of gas stations and burning of electoral offices during CNTE protests in Tuxtla Gutiérrez

June 10, 2015

(@EjeCentral)

(@EjeCentral)

To demand the total suspension of the educational reforms and the presentation with life of the 43 detained or disappeared students from the Ayotzinapa Rural Normal School, together with the boycott of the elections on 7 June and 19 July, teachers from the National Coordination of Educational Workers (CNTE) marched on 2 June in the city of Tuxtla Gutiérrez. There they blockaded access to the local council of the National Electoral Institute (INE), removed books and voting cards, and burned them in front of the offices. Protestors also occupied 14 gas stations with the idea of liberating the gas for free to the population. The gas-station owners then shut off the flow of gas, with the exception of one site, leading to long waiting lines. Beyond this, the protestors set fire to the offices of the Institute for Elections and Citizen Participation (IEPC).

CNTE teachers announced that on 3 June, they will blockade the entrances to the capital city of Chiapas, thus inhibiting passage to freight trucks, carrying merchandise that will be distributed tot he population. There are already reports of the appropriation of Coca-Cola and Bimbo trucks. They reported as well that they would install themselves indefinitely outside the INE offices.

In a comment provided for Chiapas Paralelo, Pedro Gómez Bámaca, the Chiapas CNTE state leader, affirmed the union’s total rejection of the electoral process and its candidates “because the political parties are not interested in us teachers or resolving social needs. Instead, they are interested in perpetuating the power of their representatives and groups.” Beyond this, they communicated their agreement to disallow the installation of electoral booths in the schools where CNTE members work.

It bears stressing that the CNTE has announced that, despite the declaration of the Secretary for Public Security (SEP) to indefinitely suspend the testing of teachers, the electoral boycott will be maintained in 11 states, with protest-actions held in another 16. Indefinite strikes continue in Chiapas, Oaxaca, Guerrero, and Michoacán, with various episodes of burning of electoral cards and occupations of electoral offices.

For more information (in Spanish):

Ayer repartieron gasolina, hoy mercancía, maestros incrementan acciones de protesta(Chiapas Paralelo, 3 de junio de 2015)

Maestros de la CNTE toman 14 gasolineras y oficinas del INE en Chiapas (Aristegui Noticias, 3 de junio de 2015)

Acuerdan maestros toma de oficinas del INE y toma y “liberación” de combustible en 14 gasolineras en Tuxtla (Chiapas Paralelo, 1 de junio de 2015)

Maestros de Oaxaca sustraen papelería electoral y exigen a Peña retiro del Ejército(Proceso, 1 de junio de 2015)

Radicaliza magisterio disidente protestas contra elecciones (El Universal, 3 de junio de 2015)

Inalterable, el boicot electoral en al menos 11 estados, indica la CNTE (La Jornada, 31 de mayo de 2015)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero: Murders and death-threats against candidates for June elections (17 May 2015)


Chiapas: Pilgrimage of the Believing People ends in Tuxtla Gutiérrez after a four-day journey

April 23, 2015

Peregrinación del Pueblo Creyente, en el camino (@SIPAZ)

Pilgrimage of the Believing People (@SIPAZ)

On 26 March, the pilgrimage held by the Believing People ended, having begun in Simojovel four days prior.  Its close came after 120 kilometers were covered by foot and the pilgrimage arrived in Tuxtla Gutiérrez.  This peaceful action was born through a series of demands that include the closure of bars, an end to murders, and the abolition of prostitution, drug-trafficking, and narco-politicians.  For two years, these demands have led to a series of pilgrimages and actions carried out in Simojovel to denounce the situation of insecurity in which the municipality finds itself.  The federal and Chiapas state governments have been absent while the death-threats have worsened against the priest of Simojovel, Marcelo Peréz Peréz, and the rest of the clerical staff.

Before the march arrived in Tuxtla, the Secretary of Governance Eduardo Ramírez Aguilar publicly expressed that the Chiapas state government was disposed to set up a negotiation table with the Believing People, to “specify and evaluate a just response to their demands.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Nuestra lucha es pacífica: Pueblo Creyente de Chiapas (Chiapas Paralelo, 27 de marzo de 2015)

Miles de indígenas marchan en Chiapas para exigir alto a la corrupción y la narcopolítica (Sin Embargo, 27 de marzo de 2015)

4 días de peregrinación para exigir justicia y seguridad en los Altos de Chiapas (Animal Político, 27 de marzo de 2015)

Gobierno del estado invita al pueblo creyente de Simojovel al diálogo (El Heraldo de Chiapas, 26 de marzo de 2015)

Peregrinación arriba hoy a capital de Chiapas para exigir acciones contra la delincuencia organizada (Chiapas Paralelo, 26 de marzo de 2015)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Chipas: Beginning of grand pilgrimage of the Believing People from Simojovel (24 de marzo de 2015)

Chiapas: Believing People from Simojovel announce pilgrimage to Tuxtla to demand peace and justice (22 March 2015)

Chiapas: New threats against members of the Believing People in Simojovel after their fifth pilgrimage demanding security and peace (12 November 2014)

Chiapas: New threats against members of the Believing People in Simojovel after their fifth pilgrimage demanding security and peace (12 November de 2014)


Chiapas: Pacifist Council of the Sowers of Peace carries out action at checkpoint between Tuxtla Gutiérrez and San Cristóbal de Las Casas

April 21, 2015

(@http://www.lasabejasacteal.blogspot.mx/)

@http://www.lasabejasacteal.blogspot.mx/

On 19 March, the Pacifist Council of the Sowers of Peace, comprised of survivors of the 1997 Acteal massacre, carried out an action at the checkpoint on the highway between Tuxtla Gutiérrez and San Cristóbal de Las Casas, an action “designed to raise funds to succeed in attending to the most immediate needs of the survivors, and to express our support for the public protests in Mexico and throughout the world against the crimes against humanity committed by the Mexican government against the students, workers, and public in general.”  In a communique, the Sowers of Peace detailed that after the massacre, the Mexican government committed itself to attending to those injured during the attack.  Subsequently, the government placed conditions on this medical attention, such that “we have decided to attend to our injured using our own means, and with the help of those in solidarity who share our struggle.”  They explained that they had taken the action so that their injured could continue with the required medical attention to date.

For more information (in Spanish):

Presentación publica del Consejo Pacifista “Sembradores de la Paz (19 de marzo)

Comunicado del Consejo Pacifista “Sembradores de la Paz” en el marco de la acción en caseta de cobro (19 de marzo de 2015)

Bloquean caseta familiares de víctimas de Acteal (El Universal, 19 de marzo de 2015)

Crean un autogobierno, Las Abejas de Acteal en Chenalhó (23 de marzo de 2015)


Chiapas: Beginning of grand pilgrimage of the Believing People from Simojovel

April 10, 2015

Peregrinación del Pueblo Creyente, Simojovel, marzo de 2015 (@SIPAZ)

Pilgrimage of the Believing People, Simojovel, March 2015 (@SIPAZ)

On Monday 23 March, more than 5,000 members of the Believing People from Simojovel–an organizational process associated with the San Cristóbal de Las Casas diocese–undertook a grand pilgrimage (Easter Via Crucis), leaving from this city to arrive in the Chiapas state capital, Tuxtla Gutiérrez, on 26 March.  Through this peaceful mobilization, they seek to obtain greater security in the region, the closure of cantinas and brothels, an effective campaign against alcoholism and drug abuse, and an end to corruption.  Equally, they have pronounced themselves in defense of their priest, Marcelo Pérez Pérez, and the members of the parish council who have received threats due to their support of these demands.  In this sense, the Fray Bartolomé de Las Casas Center for Human Rights requested precautionary measures from the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) to guarantee their protection.

This first day, the pilgrims covered approximately 45 kilometers, stopping to sleep in Bochil before continuing on in the direction of Ixtapa, the destination for the second day of the pilgrimage.  In total, they plan to walk over 120 kilometers.

For more information (in Spanish):

Peregrinan 10 mil en Chiapas contra corrupción en zona norte (OEM, 24 de marzo de 2015)

“En Simojovel no hay agua potable, pero sí litros y litros de alcohol”(Chiapas Paralelo, 24 de marzo de 2015)

Marchan católicos contra alcohol y drogas (La Jornada, 24 de marzo de 2015)

Simojovel Chiapas: Importante, significativa y oportuna la Peregrinación del Pueblo Creyente (Radio Pozol, 23 de marzo de 2015)

Solicita CIDH medidas cautelares para sacerdote de Simojovel (Proceso, 18 de marzo de 2015)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Chiapas: Believing People from Simojovel announce pilgrimage to Tuxtla to demand peace and justice (22 March 2015)

Chiapas: New threats against members of the Believing People in Simojovel after their fifth pilgrimage demanding security and peace (12 November 2014)

Chiapas: New threats against members of the Believing People in Simojovel after their fifth pilgrimage demanding security and peace (12 November de 2014)


Chiapas: Believing People of Simojovel announce pilgrimage to Tuxtla to demand peace and justice

March 22, 2015

DSCF4309

Press-conference, 17 March. Photo @SIPAZ

The Believing People of Simojovel, during a press-conference held on 17 March at the Fray Bartolomé de las Casas Center for Human Rights, (CDHFBC), called for a pilgrimage or way of the cross from 23 to 26 March as a means of peacefully denouncing the violence they experience in their region.  They compare this situation of violence at the state and national levels: “Simojovel is a small reflection of what is happening throughout the country: the institutionalized corruption governs at all levels, and for that reason the people must rise up and organize themselves to defend life.  What is at risk is human life, the future of our children, and of our daughters.”  The pilgrimage will be held from 23-26 March, leaving the first day from Simojovel and passing through the communities of Bochil, Ixtapa and Chiapa de Corzo, arriving on Thursday 26 March in the Chiapas capital of Tuxtla Gutiérrez.

For more information (in Spanish):

Comunicado y fotos (Chiapas Denuncia, 17 de marzo de 2015)

Conferencia de prensa (Ustream, 17 de marzo de 2015)

Comunicado Simojovel (17 de marzo de 2015)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Chiapas: New threats against members of the Believing People in Simojovel after their fifth pilgrimage demanding security and peace (12 November 2014)

Chiapas: New threats against members of the Believing People in Simojovel after their fifth pilgrimage demanding security and peace (12 November de 2014)

Chiapas: Believing People organize fourth pilgrimage in Simojovel (20 July 2014)

Chiapas: Urgent Action concerning threats to Marcelo Pérez, priest of Simojovel (28 June 2014)

Chiapas: Pilgrimage in Simojovel for the closure of “cantinas” and the end of violence; parish priest receives threats (13 June 2014)


Follow

Get every new post delivered to your Inbox.

Join 1,168 other followers