Chiapas: Presentation of “Infancy Counts 2014” report in San Cristóbal de Las Casas

April 23, 2015


melel
On 7 April, one of the events organized by the Network for the Freedom of Expression was held in observance of the presentation of the 2014 World Press Photo exhibition in San Cristóbal de Las Casas.  On this occasion, civil organizations that work with children and adolescents spoke about the “Infancy Counts in Mexico 2014” report.  Emphasis was placed on the new Law on the Rights of Children and Adolescents that was approved in December 2014 at the federal level and will be implemented in Chiapas before 6 June.  The objective of the event was to generate reflections that would allow for the optimization of the institution of the new law in the state, with special attention placed on the importance of the participation of civil society (organizations and those directly interested, that is to say, children and adolescents themselves).

(@Melel Xojobal)

(@Melel Xojobal)

The different talks included diagnostics regarding the situation faced by this population that continue to be critical: Chiapas still occupies one of the last places in terms of the observance of children’s rights, particularly in terms of those children and adolescents who find themselves in conditions of greatest vulnerability, such as the indigenous, migrants, and those with disabilities.  On the panel spoke Jennifer Haza (Melel Xojobal), Cinthia Velasco (a Tseltal youth worker and student), Juan Martín Pérez (from the Network for the Rights of Children in Mexico, REDIM), Katia Lozaga (UNICEF), the governmental representative Ana Valdiviezo, and Nikté Nandayapa (Save the Children).

For more information (in Spanish):

Boletín de las organizaciones participantes (7 de abril de 2015)

La importancia del Informe “La Infancia cuenta 2014”, en la construcción de la nueva Ley de Niñas, Niños y Adolescentes en el estado de Chiapas (Voces Mesoamericanas, 8 de abril de 2015)

Sociedad Civil, contrapeso para nueva Ley de Derechos de niñas, niños y adolescentes de Chiapas (Chiapas Paralelo, 10 de abril de 2015)

Proponen sumar a ONG en elaboración de ley de niños en Chiapas (Diario Contrapoder, 9 de abril de 2015)

Buscan reformar Ley del Derecho de Niñas, Niños y Adolescentes en Chiapas(sie7e de Chiapas, 8 de abril de 2015)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

National: Entry into law of bill on the rights of children and adolescents (29 December 2014)

Chiapas/National: Mobilization #x1heightlaw in favor of the human rights of children and adolescents (1 October 2014)

National/Chiapas: “little to celebrate” for Children’s Day (16 May 2014)

Chiapas: Forum on “The rights of childhood and adolescence in southeastern Mexico” (15 March 2014)


National: Entry into law of bill on the rights of children and adolescents

December 29, 2014

(@elconstituyente.com)

On 3 December, President Enrique Peña Nieto (EPN) signed into law the new bill on the rights of minors that was shortly thereafter published in the Official Diary of the Federation (DOF).  Peña Nieto affirmed that it would represent “a legal instrument for progress to create the appropriate conditions for the comprehensive development of minors.”

In a press-bulletin, the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF) in Mexico stressed “the creation at the highest level of the National System for the Comprehensive Protection of the Rights of Children and Adolescents, of the Federal Prosecutorial Office for Protection, and of the National System for Information on Infancy, as well as the obligation of assigning an adequate budget to observe the implementation of the law, among other things.”

UNICEF considered the consolidation of a legal mark that would provide greater protection to the 40 million children and adolescents who live in Mexico a great opportunity.  Nonetheless, it stressed the following challenges faced by minors in the country:

“• Slightly more than half of children and adolescents in Mexico (21 million) lived in poverty in 2012; of these, 5 million suffered extreme poverty.

• There are still 6.1 million children between 3 and 17 years of age who do not attend school, despite the fact that attendance in basic and middle-school education has increased.  Child mortality (defined as applying to those under 5 years of age, per 1,000 children born) is still high in states like Guerrero (19.4), Chiapas (19.5), Puebla (19.7), and Oaxaca (20), despite the fact that the national rate has declined considerably (from 41 in 1990 to 16 in 2012).

• Six of each 10 children and adolescents have directly experienced some form of violence in their homes or schools.

• In 2013 15,561 unaccompanied children and adolescents were deported from the United States to Mexico.  These migrants have been exposed to all types of dangers and human-rights violations.

• 2.5 million children and adolescents work, despite efforts in recent years to reduce the rate of child labor.”

UNICEF stresses that “This law will be transcendental for the future and present of children in the country, and for this reason for development in Mexico with regard to social and economic questions, as well as matters related to justice, such that the next step will consist in assuring the adequate implementation of the law and guaranteeing that new mechanisms and institutions stipulated by this law will have the means to operate in an efficient manner.”

For more information (in Spanish):

El presidente Peña promulga la nueva ley sobre derechos de los menores(CNN México, 3 de diciembre de 2014)

Promulga EPN Ley de Niñas, Niños y Adolescentes, fundamental para progreso y paz social (Radio Fórmula, 3 de diciembre de 2014)

Promulga Peña la ley de niños y adolescentes (El Universal, 4 de diciembre de 2014)

Más de 40 millones de niños podrán contar con un mejor marco legal(Boletín de prensa, UNICEF, 4 de diciembre de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Chiapas/National: Mobilization #x1heightlaw in favor of the human rights of children and adolescents (1 October 2014)

National/Chiapas: “little to celebrate” for Children’s Day (16 May 2014)

Chiapas: Forum on “The rights of childhood and adolescence in southeastern Mexico” (15 March 2014)