National: 245 NGO publicly present the “Joint Report for the Third Universal Periodic Review of Mexico”

September 20, 2018
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#COlectivoEPUmx

On September 12, at a press conference, members of 245 civil society organizations, integrated in #ColectivoEPUmx, presented the “Joint Report for the Third Universal Periodic Review of Mexico”, a mechanism that the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) established to monitor progress and challenges that the countries that make it up may have.

In this context, the defenders urged López Obrador to instruct his next chancellor, Marcelo Ebrard Casaubón, to attend the audience in which the member states of the Human Rights Council will analyze the human rights situation in Mexico on November 7, in Geneva, Switzerland.

Zué Valenzuela, legal coordinator of the Network of Civil Organizations of Human Rights All Rights for All (TDT Network) expressed that there is a “preoccupation” that “the observations of the [International] organisms might be considered as issues that correspond to the administration of Enrique Peña Nieto and not issues to be assumed as a State responsibility, since “until now, there is no clear pronouncement by Ebrard Casaubón about international obligations nor is there a rapprochement with civil society organizations to talk about it”. He stressed that the recommendations resulting from the UPR “will be made known in the first days of December, when the next government has assumed its mandate.”

Fernando Ríos Martínez, executive secretary of the TDT Network, warned that given the “budgetary restriction that the government of López Obrador intends to impose, there might not be enough budget for” human rights policies that have worked fairly well”, such as the Protection Mechanism for Human Rights Defenders and Journalists, upon which at the moment the security of 702 people depends.

The defenders also underlined that in the two previous reports of the UPR (2009 and 2013), the States that have participated have made 267 recommendations to Mexico. The majority of them have not been complied with, which is why they consider that the Mexican State has unfulfilled its obligations.

They stressed that the situation of violence and violation of human rights in the country remains “critical” and suggested some recommendations that could help reverse it: “an integral system of citizen security, an adequate model of attention to victims, an autonomous prosecutor’s office, effective attention to the victims, the abrogation of the internal security law and a follow-up mechanism to international recommendations as a minimum to demonstrate real commitment to solve the serious structural human rights violations “.

For more information (in Spanish):

Informe completo « Tercer Examen Periódico Universal de México por organizaciones de la sociedad civil mexicanas » (OSC, agosto de 2018)

ONG emplazan a López Obrador a aceptar las recomendaciones en derechos humanos (Proceso, 12 de septiembre de 2018)

Piden apertura a Ebrard en tema de DDHH (El Sur, 12 de septiembre de 2018)

México vive una triple crisis de violencia, corrupción e impunidad, al incumplir con recomendaciones emitidas en administraciones de Calderón y Peña Nieto: Informe (Revolución 3,0, 12 de septiembre de 2018)

México reprobó examen de la ONU en derechos humanos: ONG (La Jornada, 13 de septiembre de 2018)

Piden ONG’s a AMLO que acepte las recomendaciones en tema de derechos humanos (MX.Politico, 13 de septiembre de 2018)

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National: 176 recommendations for Mexico during the second cycle of the Universal Periodic Review (UPR)

November 13, 2013

índiceDuring the second Universal Periodic Review (UPR) carried out by the UN Human Rights Council (HCR) with reference to Mexico in Geneva, Switzerland, on 23 October, member-states released 176 recommendations for the Mexican government–four years ago, the government received 91.  These recommendations reflect serious criticisms made of the Mexican government, making reference to 29 subjects addressed by representatives from 89 countries.

The points which were most stressed included the lack of protection for human-rights defenders and journalists, the persistence of laws allowing for community control and military tribunals in the case of human-rights violations committed by soldiers, in addition to the situation of women and other vulnerable social groups, such as migrants and indigenous peoples.

Mexican ambassador Juan José Gómez Camacho accepted before the UN that “if we congratulate ourselves for our progress in terms of human rights, there still exist important challenges to be overcome.  In terms of human rights, all efforts can surely be improved and should be intensified.”

Different civil organizations emphasized for their part that although the Mexican government has presented different legal initiatives in terms of human rights, it has not done enough to carry them into practice, nor has it ratified international accords which would demonstrate its commitment in this sense.

It is important to stress that the questions addressed by the UPR this time had also been raised during the previous UPR of 2009.  Now, four years later, these continue to be pressing issues.  Mexico should analyze these recommendations, and in March 2014 report to the UNHCR its plan of action to observe these.

For more information (in Spanish):

Abolir arraigo y discriminación, exigencia a México en la ONU (La Jornada, 26 de octubre de 2013)

México no aplica las reformas en derechos humanos, acusan (La Jornada, 25 de octubre de 2013)

México acepta rezagos en derechos humanos ante ONU, responderá hasta marzo (CNN México, 25 de octubre de 2013)

Derechos Humanos en México: impunidad persistente (La Jornada, 24 de octubre de 2013)

Mexico recibe 180 recomendaciones por violación a DH (El Universal, 23 de octubre de 2013)

Sesión completa del EPU México en Ginebra (3h 24 min.)

For more information from SIPAZ (in Spanish):

Mexico: Mexico undergoes the Universal Periodic Review (13 February 2009)

Mexico: The Mexican republic rejects recommendations made by the UPR (16 July 2009)


Mexico: Mexico undergoes the Universal Periodic Review

February 13, 2009

On February 10, for the first time, Mexico underwent the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) before the Human Rights Council of the United Nations (UN) in Geneva. The UPR is a mechanism of the UN whose objective is to examine the achievement of human rights agreements and obligations in each member State. The critics of the presentation given by the Mexican government have been many and vocal. Jose Luis Soberanes, the Mexican ombudsman, stated that “the issues have been badly presented” and the results “have been manipulated”. He also expressed that in Mexico “the problem that we have is that what is resolved in the international bodies, such as the Human Rights Council, later is not implemented. There is a gap between what happens in the international bodies and what happens internally”.

The government stated in its report the proposal to withdraw the military from the fight against organized crime in the long term and support the establishment of a National Program of Human Rights. This plan has been questioned by organizations for being proposed solely for the UPR and without the intention of actually implementing it.

In addition two other reports were presented: the first compiled by agencies of the UN and the other by NGOs. While the Mexican state presented its report, the Mexican and international NGOs were allowed to be present but were not allowed to talk.

The report of the organizations from civil society, which was presented in September of 2008, showed a different reality with regard to human rights in Mexico. It criticized that the militarization and the fight against organized crime has focused entirely on questions of security and has sacrificed respect for human rights. It stressed that criminalization of social protest continues along with aggression and hostility towards human rights defenders, violations of fundamental guarantees by the military, feminicide, torture, and arbitrary detentions.

International organizations like Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch strongly emphasized problems of impunity in Mexico. They pointed to “the hundreds of homicides and the 700 forced disappearances which took place between the 1960s and 1980s” and that it still continues by not giving sentences according to the facts in San Salvador Atenco and in Oaxaca in the last few years. “The agents of the federal, state, and municipal police of Mexico are implicated in grave human rights violations; such as torture, violations, and homicide, especially the actions committed during the civil disturbances in San Salvador Atenco and the City of Oaxaca in 2006, which have still not been brought to justice”.

Friday, February 13, the countries carrying out the review on February 10, South Africa, Pakistan, and Nicaragua, will present their report to the public. The government of Mexico will show in the document if it accepts, rejects, or waits to decide on the criticisms and proposals which the Council formulated in the session on Tuesday.

More Information:

Highlights of the Univeral Periodic Review of Mexico – UNHCHR (10/02/09)

Reports by the Government, Civil Society, and the UN- UNHCHR

Press Release by the Human Rights Center PRODH on the UPR (10/02/09)

More Information in Spanish:

ONG mexicanas ante el Examen Periódico Universal de México, Red Nacional de Organismos Civiles de Derechos Humanos (10/02/2009)

Article 19 coincide con el Consejo de Derechos Humanos sobre las agresiones a periodistas en México (10/02/2009)

Acusan ONG ante la ONU impunidad en la violación a DH en México, La Jornada (07/02/2009)