Guerrero: Valentina Rosendo renounces MORENA candidacy after attack

June 9, 2015

Valentina Rosendo Cantú (@Amnesty International)

Valentina Rosendo Cantú (@Amnesty International)

Valentina Rosendo Cantú has renounced her candidacy for the National Regeneration Movement (MORENA, led by Andrés Manuel López Obrador) for the mayorship of Acatepec, after she received death-threats and suffered a motor-vehicle accident that she qualified as an attack on her person. On 10 May, she was followed on the highway that leads to Tlapa de Comomfort, and for this reason had an accident. Pablo Amílcar Sandoval Ballesteros, the MORENA candidate for Guerrero state, reported the decision.

It should be recalled that Valentina Rosendo Cantú is an indigenous woman who was raped in 2000 by Army soldiers in the Ayutla de los Libres municipalities. In 2010, the Inter-American Court on Human Rights sentenced the Mexican State in the case, and demanded compensation for damages, and ordered an adequate investigation and punishment for those responsible, among other dictates.

For more information (in Spanish):

Atentan contra Valentina Rosendo y renuncia a candidatura de Morena en Guerrero (Proceso, 20 de mayo de 2015)

Una candidata de Morena en Guerrero deja la contienda por seguridad (CNN México, 20 de mayo de 2015)

La mujer a la que el gobierno de México pidió perdón renuncia a su candidatura en Guerrero (Animal Político, 20 de mayo de 2015)

Candidata de Morena a edil renuncia por temor (EL Universal, 20 de mayo de 2015)

From more information from SIPAZ:

Guerrero: SCJN decision in the case of Inés Fernández and Valentina Rosendo “far from the heights” of the Court’s decision on the Radilla case (2010) (17 May 2015)

Guerrero: Murders and death-threats against candidates for June elections (17 May 2015)

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Guerrero: SCJN decision in case of Inés and Valentina “far from the heights” of the SCJN’s resolution on the Rosendo Radilla case (2010)

May 17, 2015

Inés Fernández y Valentina Rosendo (@Amnistía Internacional)

Inés Fernández and Valentina Rosendo (@Amnesty International)

The Tlachinollan Center for Human Rights, which has provided legal counsel for Inés Fernández and Valentina Rosendo, indigenous women who were raped by soldiers in Guerrero in 2002, expressed in a press-release that the Supreme Court for Justice in the Nation (SCJN) has lost all possibility of contributing to the advance of the human rights of indigenous women.  Following several sessions, the Court justices rejected the call made by the Inter-American Court on Human Rights (IACHR) in its decision on the case of the two indigenous women in 2010: for the Mexican State to open a profound analysis of matters of gender, ethnicity, and sexual torture.

Tlachinollan wrote that “the project approved by the SCJN lamentably fails to indicate precisely which obligations the courts have in terms of the legal processes initiated against the suspected perpetrators of the crimes committed against Inés Fernández Ortega and Valentina Rosendo Cantú, a question that the IACHR had alluded to quite explicitly in its sentencing.”  The communique ends: “this resolution is far from the heights represented by the resolution of the case 912/2010, which has to do with Rosendo Radilla, [an activist who was] disappeared by the military in Guerrero in 1974.  It is illuminating in terms of the present status of the SCJN.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Aprueba SCJN alcances de participación del PJF en sentencias de la CIDH(La Jornada, 11 de mayo de 2011)

COMUNICADO | Concluye SCJN sin un análisis profundo en materia de género y etnicidad la revisión de las sentencias de la CoIDH en los casos de Inés y Valentina (Comunicado del Centro de Derechos Humanos de la Montaña Tlachinollan, 11 de mayo de 2015)

Rechaza la Suprema Corte analizar estándares que pidió la Coidh en el caso de Inés y Valentina (El Sur, 12 de mayo de 2015)

Desechan proyecto para juzgar violencia sexual con visión de género (CIMAC Noticias, 12 de mayo de 2015)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero/National: SCJN examines IACHR sentence in the case of Inés and Valentina, indigenous women who were raped by the military in 2002 (3 May 2015)

Guerrero: Beginning of legal processes against soldiers presumed to be responsible in the cases of Inés Fernández and Valentina Rosendo (15 January 2014)

Guerrero: NGOs call on Peña Nieto to observe the sentences on Inés Fernández y Valentina Rosendo (5 February 2013)

Guerrero: Valentina Rosendo and Inés Fernández receive recognitions of their struggle (16 November 2012)

Guerrero – briefs: Mexican State recognizes responsibility in case of Valentina Rosendo (21 December 2011)


Guerrero/National: SCJN examines IACHR sentence in the case of Inés and Valentina, indigenous women who were raped by the military in 2002

May 3, 2015

Inés y Valentina (@Tlachinollan)Inés and Valentina (@Tlachinollan)

On 21 April, the plenary of the Supreme Court for Justice in the Nation (SCJN) began a discussion regarding the sentence provided by the Inter-American Court on Human Rights (IACHR) in August 2010 which condemned the Mexican State for the violation of the human rights of Valentina Rosendo Cantú and Inés Fernández Ortega, indigenous women who were sexually assaulted by soldiers in Guerrero state in 2002.

Valentina and Inés have requested that the SCJN treat their case as it did the Radilla case (a forcible disappearance, also from Guerrero state) to determine the obligations of the judiciary amidst the sentences emitted by the IACHR.  They believe that the discussion within the Supreme Court is critically important, as this could lead to penal processes against soldiers with a focus on sexual torture and the administration of justice with a sensitivity to matters of gender and ethnicity, among other questions.

The Tlachinollan Mountain Center for Human Rights, which has provided counsel for the two indigenous women, has declared that the process of debate “opens the possibility that the SCJN would recognize the symbolic struggle for justice that both women have undertaken, and to hand down criteria that would help indigenous women experience better conditions in their search for justice.  Above all, it would contribute to the cause of having sexual torture by investigated and adequately judged in Mexico.”

However, during one of the initial sessions, the SCJN decided to exclude from consideration the constitutionality of part II of the new article 57 of the Military Justice Code, which has to do with military tribunals.  Civil-society organizations present at the session expressed their concern due to this evident lack of concern for a deep analysis of the question.

For more information (in Spanish):

COMUNICADO “Inicia la SCJN discusión sobre las obligaciones del Poder Judicial de la Federación frente a las sentencias dictadas por la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos en los casos de Inés Fernández y Valentina Rosendo” (Centro de Derechos Humanos de la Montaña Tlachinollan, 21 de abril de 2015)

Discute SCJN sentencia de CIDH por violación a indígenas en 2002 (La Jornada, 21 de abril de 2015)

Resoluciones de COIDH son obligatorias (El Universal, 21 de abril de 2015)

SCJN no revisará ley militar en caso de Valentina Rosendo e Inés Fernández (La Jornada, 23 de abril de 2015)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero: Beginning of legal processes against soldiers presumed to be responsible in the cases of Inés Fernández and Valentina Rosendo (15 January 2014)

Guerrero: NGOs call on Peña Nieto to observe the sentences on Inés Fernández y Valentina Rosendo (5 February 2013)

Guerrero: Valentina Rosendo and Inés Fernández receive recognitions of their struggle (16 November 2012)

Guerrero – briefs: Mexican State recognizes responsibility in case of Valentina Rosendo (21 December 2011)


Guerrero: Beginning of legal processes against soldiers presumed as responsible in the cases of Inés Fernández and Valentina Rosendo

January 15, 2014

(@justiciaporinesyvalentina.wordpress.com)

(@justiciaporinesyvalentina.wordpress.com)

During the final third of 2013, the Federal Attorney General’s Office (PGR) arrested four soldiers from the Mexican Army who in February and March 2002 presumably raped the Guerrerense indigenous women Valentina Rosendo Cantú and Inés Fernández Ortega.  In both cases, the Mexican State was judged and found guilty by the Inter-American Court on Human Rights in August 2010.  Three of the four subjects remained as soldiers at the time of their arrests.

In a 9 January 2014 press release, the Tlachinollan Mountain Center for Human Rights announced the beginning of the legal processes on the charges of rape, torture, and abuse of authority, among others.  The bulletin emphasized that “this decisive step toward justice for Inés Fernández Ortega and Valentina Rosendo Cantú, nearly twelve years since the occurrence of the acts, would have been impossible without the resolve of the two Me’phaa women.  In this sense, it is an emblematic triumph for all women who, despite the obstacles and adversities, raise their voices and denounce violence.”  Tlachinollan demanded that “the security and integrity of both women, their families, and their representatives be guaranteed.  Toward this end, it will be indispensable that national and international public opinion continue following the course of the trials which have just begun.

For more information (in Spanish):

COMUNICADO | Comienzan procesos penales contra probables responsables de las violaciones graves de Derechos Humanos cometidas contra Inés Fernández y Valentina Rosendo (Tlachinollan, 9 de enero de 2014)

Capturan a militares por violar a indígenas hace 12 años (Animal político, 6 de enero de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero: NGOs call on Peña Nieto to observe the sentences on Inés Fernández y Valentina Rosendo (5 February 2013)

Guerrero: Valentina Rosendo and Inés Fernández receive recognitions of their struggle (16 November 2012)

Guerrero – briefs: Mexican State recognizes responsibility in case of Valentina Rosendo (21 December 2011)


Guerrero: Governance pretends to have observed IACHR sentence, claim NGOs

July 20, 2013

DSCF1236

Inés Fernández Ortega, photo @SIPAZ

Civil organizations denounced that the Secretary of Governance claimed to have observed measures that in fact had not been observed in the sentence released against the Mexican State by the Inter-American Court on Human Rights (IACHR) in the cases of Inés Fernández Ortega and Valentina Rosendo Cantú, indigenous women of Guerrero who were sexually abused by soldiers in 2002.  The Center for Justice and International Law (CEJIL) and the Tlachinollan Mountain Center for Human Rights, as well as the Organization of the Me’phaa Indigenous People (OPIM), sent a letter to the Secretary of Governance, Miguel Ángel Osorio Chong, in which they express their concern and confusion in these terms.  “In the response, Governance claimed to have observed measures that in fact have not been observed and makes claims that have very little to do with reality,” they mention.  Furthermore, the organizations reported that in these cases “there exists lack of observation in terms of compensation, health, and education, whose mechanisms of observation have not been realized.  The fault in these terms lies directly with Governance.”

For more information (in Spanish):

ONG: Gobernación finge haber cumplido sentencia de la CIDH (La Jornada, 2 de julio de 2013)

Carta de las ONGs a SEGOB (1 de julio de 2013)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero: NGOs call on Peña Nieto to observe the sentences on Inés Fernández and Valentina Rosendo (5 February 2013)

Guerrero – briefs: Mexican State recognizes responsibility in case of Valentina Rosendo (21 December 2011)

Guerrero – briefs: NGO informs US authorities regarding Mexico’s obligations under Mérida Initiative (26 November 2011)

Guerrero – briefs: NGO demands that Calderón observe sentence in case of Valentina Rosendo and Inés Fernández (28 November 2011)

Guerrero – briefs: Judge acquits attacker of Radio Ñomndaa Committee member; Interior Ministry evades compliance with sentencing in the case of Inés and Valentina (4 February 2011)

 


Guerrero: Valentina Rosendo and Inés Fernández receive recognitions of their struggle

November 16, 2012

Photo @Tlachinollan

In observance of the inauguration of the OAS IX Meeting of Committee of Experts of the Mechanism for Continuation of the Implementation of the Inter-American Convention to Prevent, Sanction, and Eradicate Violence against Women “Belém Do Pará” (MESECVI), Valentina Rosendo Cantú, a Me’phaa indigenous woman from the state of Guerrero, received a recognition from the hands of Patricia Olamendi, Coordinator of the Committee of Experts of the MESECVI, for her invaluable support for the defense and promotion of the human rights of women on the American continent.  This recognition was also extended to Inés Fernández Ortega, who could not attend the meeting.  Referring to the implementation of the sentence handed down by the Inter-American Court on Human Rights (October 2010), Valentina Rosendo said, “Today, we have advanced, but though the government says that it has done things to help women and make justice, investigations are missing.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Boletín de prensa de 14 de noviembre de 2012

Valentina Rosendo Cantú recibe reconocimiento del Comité de Expertas del MESECVI de la Convención de Belém do Pará (Cencos, 14 de noviembre 2012)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero  briefs: Mexican State recognizes responsibility in case of Valentina Rosendo (21 December 2011)

Guerrero – briefs: NGO informs US authorities regarding Mexico’s obligations under Mérida Initiative (26 November 2011)

Guerrero – briefs: NGO demands that Calderón observe sentence in case of Valentina Rosendo and Inés Fernández (28 November 2011)

Guerrero – briefs: Judge acquits attacker of Radio Ñomndaa Committee member; Interior Ministry evades compliance with sentencing in the case of Inés and Valentina (4 February 2011)


Guerrero/National: SCJN affirms observance of IACHR sentences in the Radilla and Cantú cases; campaign against military impunity

September 28, 2012

Via the Secretary of Governance, the Judicial Power of the Federation sent a report to the Inter-American Court on Human Rights (IACHR) in which it informs that the Supreme Court for Justice in the Nation (SCJN) has punctually observed the IACHR’s sentences in the cases of Rosendo Radilla Pacheco (forced disappearance) and Valentina Rosendo Cantú (rape by soldiers). The SCJN stressed in its report the recent resolutions adopted by the Court with regards to the restriction of military courts, as well as the implementation of programs and courses having to do with jurisprudence of the Inter-American System for Protection of Human Rights, regarding the due investigation and judgment of the forced disappearance of persons and the diligent investigation of cases of rape against women, which includes considerations of gender and ethnicity.

It should be remembered that on 1 October 2012 two years will have passed since the Inter-American Court on Human Rights (IACHR) released its sentences in the cases of Inés Fernández Ortega and Valentina Rosendo Cantú, both against the Mexican State.  For this reason, the Tlachinollan Mountain Center for Human Rights has launched a new campaign, requesting signatures for a letter to be sent to President Felipe Calderón.  Tlachinollan notes that “To date, grave risks prevail with regard to the observance of the measures of compensation of damages incurred on the part of the federal government, due to the human-rights violations committed.  It is particularly alarming that despite the fact that the investigations have been transferred to civil courts since a year ago, to date there are no indications that those responsible will be judged and punished in the near term.  This is a result of the fact that the Secretary of National Defense has decided not to cooperate now for more than ten years.  The failures of military impunity persist.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Reporta SCJN cumplimiento a resoluciones de CIDH en casos Radilla y Cantú (La Jornada, 23 de septiembre de 2012)

Asegura la SCJN haber cumplido sentencias de la CIDH en los casos Radilla y Cantú (La Jornada, 24 de septiembre de 2012)

Campaña del Centro de Derechos Humanos de la Montaña Tlachinollan “Contra la impunidad militar: Verdad, justicia y reparación para Inés Fernández y Valentina Rosendo” (septiembre de 2012)