National: Yaqui leader Mario Luna is released and declared innocent

October 8, 2015

Fernando Jiménez y Mario Luna, representantes del pueblo yaqui. Foto @ Benjamín FloresFernando Jiménez and Mario Luna, representatives of the Yaqui people. Photo @
Benjamín Flores

On 23 September, Mario Luna Delgado, leader of the Yaqui people, was released from prison no. 2 in Hermosillo, Sonora, after having been imprisoned since 11 September 2014. His release was expedited by the fact that the corresponding judge found no evidence supporting the charges against him: that is, kidnapping and robbery of a vehicle. Mario Luna had led protests and organized roadblocks in the community of Vícam against the extraction of water from the dam system on the Yaqui River, which was to be transferred to the city of Hermosillo. Luna opposes the construction of the Independence Aqueduct.

This release took place 10 days before the departure of Guillermo Padrés Elías as governor of Sonora state, who is to be replaced by a representative of the National Action Party (PAN).

It bears mentioning that Fernando Jiménez, another of the leaders of the Yaqui nation, had been released on 28 August, after a Yaqui committee together with representatives from Amnesty International submitted a petition with 15,000 signatures to the Secretary of Governance demanding the release of the detained and the application of due process in both cases.

For more information (in Spanish):

Tras un año preso, declaran inocente al líder yaqui Mario Luna (Proceso, 23 de septiembre de 2015)

Liberan al líder yaqui Mario Luna (La Jornada, 23 de septiembre de 2015)

Dejan en libertad a Mario Luna (El Imparcial, 23 de septiembre de 2015)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Chiapas/Nacional: Caravan from Yaqui Nation in defense of water arrives in San Cristóbal (17 May 2015)

Chiapas/National: CNI and EZLN express solidarity with Yaquis of Sonora against the looting of water (21 July 2013)

National/Chiapas: CNI and General Command of the EZLN demand release of Mario Luna (16 September 2014)

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National: Xochicuautla announces “counter-decree of reappropriation”

September 10, 2015

xochiOn 8 August, some 40 persons participated in a caravan in solidarity with the Otomí-ñatho community of San Francisco Xochicuautla, Lerma municipality, Mexico State.  With this action, they expressed their disagreement with the expropriatory decree that seeks to plunder the community of more than 37 hectares of its sacred forest for the construction of the Toluca-Naucalpan highway.  The community was never consulted before this decree was announced, thus violating its rights as an indigenous community.  Besides this, the act would threaten to destroy the “water lung for the Toluca and Mexico valleys.”

The spokesperson for Xochicuautla, José Luis Fernández, has denounced that personnel from the construction company and government agents have been invading their forests, this despite the precautionary measures released by the National Commission for Human Rights (CNDH).  These ended on 10 August, thus leading to the expression of concern for the well-being of the residents of the community amidst the possibility that the expropriation be carried out.  “We do not doubt that in the next few days, despite the precautionary measures, police will prepare their invasion,” he added.  The spokesperson further noted that there are rumors that the Army will invade to occupy the land, such that he called on civil society to be attentive to what might happen in the next few days.

Beyond this, it was announced that on 30 August the traditional authorities will release a “counter-decree of reappropriation” that would symbolically invalidate the expropriatory decree released by the federal government.  According to Antonio Lara, from the Zeferino Ladrillero Center for Human Rights (CDHZL), the idea is to counterpose the ancestral vision of rights before the Western concept.  “The public interest is not above any right.  Rights are violated for business.”  Other indigenous peoples are invited to the ceremony, such as the Nahua of Ostula, the Yaquis from Sonora, and San Salvador Atenco, besides intellectuals and the bishop Raúl Vera.

For more information (in Spanish):

Boletín de Prensa del día de ayer en Cencos, #Xochicuautla “NO tenemos nada que festejar” (Frente de Pueblos Indígenas en Defensa de la Madre Tierra, 11 de agosto de 2015)

Comuneros de Xochicuautla realizan caravana en defensa del territorio otomí (La Jornada, 9 de agosto de 2015)

Pueblos indígenas e intelectuales acompañarán a Xochicuautla en “reapropiación” de su territorio (Más de 131, 10 de agosto de 2015)

Pedaleando en defensa del bosque (SubVersiones, 11 de agosto de 2015)

La CNDH ya nos dejó solos: pobladores de Xochicuautla; piden frenar autopista de Higa (Sin Embargo, 10 de agosto de 2015)

Higa destroza cosechas de habitantes de Xochicuautla; “dicen que si nos seguimos oponiendo el Ejército nos va a reprimir” (Revolución tres punto cero, 11 de agosto de 2015)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Chiapas/National: March in solidarity with the community of San Francisco Xochicuautla (10 September 2015)

National: Inauguration of the First World Festival of Anti-Capitalist Resistance and Rebellion (30 December 2015)


Chiapas/National: Caravan from Yaqui Nation in defense of water arrives in San Cristóbal

May 17, 2015

(@SiPaz)

(@SiPaz)

On 12 May the National Caravan for the Defense of Water, Land, Work, and Life arrived in San Cristóbal de las Casas Chiapas, having been organized by the Yaqui people of Sonora, Mexico.  Via three different routes (northern, northwestern, and southern), Yaquis have been touring the country to raise awareness about their struggle against megaprojects.

About 50 members of the Southern Caravan marched in San Cristóbal de las Casas, together with constituent members of other social processes in favor of the right to water, neighbors from Cuxtitali, defenders of wetlands, and female members of the Movement in Defense of Land and Territory, which struggles for the participation of women and their recognition within decision-making processes, among other goals.

It should be stressed that the indigenous Yaqui people, who have for 3 centuries striven to defend their autonomy, territory, and right to water, have two of its members politically imprisoned: Mario Luna and Fernando Jiménez, both of whom are charged with kidnapping and robbery during the protests against the Independence Aqueduct, which transfers water from the Yaqui River to Hermosillo.  This outcome was based on the violation of the indigenous peoples’ right to prior consultation.

The three routes of the caravan will continue their paths toward the Mexican capital, where they plan to arrive on 22 May in a joint concluding action.

For more information (in Spanish):

En defensa de nuestros territorios: Pronunciamiento de la Caravana Yaqui en San Cristóbal (Chiapas Denuncia Pública, 12 de mayo de 2015)

http://caravanaporlavidamx.blogspot.mx/

Continúan caravanas de yaquis en defensa del agua, el territorio el trabajo y la vida (La Jornada, 13 de mayo de 2015)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Chiapas/National: CNI and EZLN express solidarity with Yaquis of Sonora against the looting of water (21 July 2013)


Chiapas: New actions by the EZLN to support Ayotzinapa

October 26, 2014

© SIPAZ

© SIPAZ

In a new communique published on 19 October, the Zapatista Army for National Liberation (EZLN) announced new actions to be taken on 22 October to support the 43 disappeared students from Ayotzinapa, Guerrero.  In observance of said actions, they will also affirm the demand for the release of the Yaquis Mario Luna Romero and Fernando Jiménez Gutiérrez.

The communique notes the following: “AS PART OF THIS GLOBAL DAY OF ACTION, THE ZAPATISTA PEOPLE WILL ILLUMINATE SOME OF THE PATHS THAT OUR STEPS TAKE WITH OUR SMALL LIGHT.

AT THE EDGE OF HIGHWAYS, DIRT ROADS, AND GAPS, WE ZAPATISTAS WILL UNITE OUR INDIGNATION WITH THAT OF OUR BROTHERS FROM AYOTZINAPA AND THE HEROIC YAQUI PEOPLE.

THOUGH SMALL, OUR LIGHT WILL BE A WAY TO EMBRACE THOSE WHO TODAY ARE MISSING, AS WELL AS THOSE WHO ARE PAINED BY THEIR ABSENCE.”

For more information (in Spanish):

El EZLN se una a la jornada del 22 en apoyo a Ayotzinapa y al pueblo Yaqui, Enlace Zapatista, 19 de octubre de 2014

EZLN se une a demanda por presentación de los normalistas, La Jornada, 20 de octubre de 2014

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero: Contradictory versions regarding findings from graves in Iguala three weeks after the forced disappearance of 43 students from Ayotzinapa – Protests are radicalized (26 October 2014)

National/International: Multiple mobilizations and marches for the “Pain” and “Rage” of Ayotzinapa (12 October 2014)

Guerrero: municipal police of Iguala fire on students of the Rural Normal School of Ayotzinapa. Six have died (11 October 2014)

Guerrero: Impunity continues in the Ayotzinapa case (17 May 2013)

Guerrero: Extrajudicial execution of students from the Rural Normal of Ayotzinapa (21 December 2011)


National/Chiapas: CNI and General Command of the EZLN demand release of Mario Luna

September 16, 2014

Foto de archivo @ SIPAZ

On 14 September, the National Indigenous Congress (CNI) and the Revolutionary Clandestine Indigenous Committee-General Command of the EZLN publicly pronounced themselves in favor of the release of Mario Luna, a spokesperson from the Yaqui people in the state of Sonora, who was arrested on 11 September, “falsely accused of crimes that were fabricated [against him]; with this, they seek to arrest the very struggle of the Yaqui tribe to defend the waters that in 1940 were recognized as theirs by Lázaro Cárdenas following a long war, and that since 2010 owners of capital have sought to take away from them by means of the Independence aqueduct.”  The two groups denounced that said aqueduct “is said to be constructed so that the poor have water and progress, as those from above call it, but [in fact] it is so that the rich take away the water that for centuries has belonged to the Yaquis.  Instead of irrigating crops, they want to take it for the large industries in Sonora.”

For the CNI and the General Command, the developmentalist megaprojects are a threat to the lives of indigenous peoples, given that “they want to kill us with wind-energy plants, highways, mines, dams, airports, and drug-trafficking; today, above all, it hurts us that they want to kill us in Sonora with aqueducts.”  For this reason, they demanded “the immediate release of Mario Luna; we call for the cancellation of all arrest-orders against him and the fabrication of charges against members of the Yaqui tribe and, together with this, we demand the release of all our prisoners and particularly that of our Nahua brothers Juan Carlos Flores Solís and Enedina Rosas Vélez, who have been imprisoned by the bad government since April, similarly accused falsely of fabricated crimes, toward the end of halting the struggle of the Front of Peoples in Defense of Water and Land in Morelos, Puebla, and Tlaxcala against the comprehensive infrastructural project for Morelos.”

Beyond this, the Network against Repression and for Solidarity identified Sonoran Governor Guillermo Padrés and President Enrique Peña Nieto as responsible for the health and safety of Mario Luna: “We hold them responsible for any repressive act that is taken against the Yaquis.  Above all, we call on our comrades from this network, the Sixth, who feel this attack as your own to express your solidarity by protesting and pronouncing yourselves according to your means and forms in favor of the liberty of our comrade Mario Luna and against this attack on the Yaqui people.”

For more information (in Spanish):

Pronunciamiento del CNI y el EZLN por la libertad de Mario Luna, vocero de la tribu yaqui (Enlace Zapatista, 14 de septiembre de 2014)

RvsR: ¡Libertad a Mario Luna! (Enlace Zapatista, 13 de septiembre de 2014)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Chiapas: EZLN and members of the CNI united against the plundering of their peoples (29 August 2014)