National: Internal Security Law Passed amidst Protests

December 7, 2017

LawPhoto @ Regeneracion

On November 30th, the Internal Security Law was passed by the Chamber of Deputies, with 248 votes in favor, 115 against and 48 abstentions. This law that aims to regulate the actions of the armed forces in public security work has been strongly questioned by civil organizations and opposition parties that believe that it would militarize the country even more and that it would open the door to more human rights violations.

Among other aspects, the Internal Security Law establishes the procedure by which the president may order the intervention of the armed forces when “threats to internal security” are identified and when the capacities of the federal or local police forces are insufficient to face them. In the possible safeguards, article 7 establishes that “the acts carried out by the authorities for the application of this Law shall be subject, at all times and without exception, to the unrestricted preservation of human rights and their guarantees”.

The Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) justified its support for the Law by arguing that “for no reason” will social protest mobilizations will be the target of the law, and that it will seek to guarantee the protection of human rights. The previous day, President Enrique Peña Nieto had expressed that “I trust that the Congress of the Union will address with the urgency that is required this important initiative that will provide greater certainty to the Armed Forces and Mexican society.”

The National Commission of Human Rights (CNDH in its Spanish acronym) expressed its concern about the progress of this Law. The representative of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in Mexico, Jan Jarab, warned that its approval “petrifies” the situation of violence and human rights violations, “You need (…) a true evaluation of how the strategy (of militarization of public security) worked for ten years, and that those who want to continue with it or legislate to continue, explain why they are convinced that it worked.” National and international civil organizations strongly questioned its wording and approval. Amnesty International Mexico stated that the approval marks “a day of backsliding for human rights.” It expressed that “We cannot allow the participation of the armed forces in police work to be normalized, since we have documented the violations of human rights that prevail under the sustained use of the armed forces for decades; on the contrary, one has to think about a progressive retirement along with a professionalization of the police.” In a statement #SeguridadSinGuerra said: “We categorically oppose the issuance of a law or reforms that allow federal, state and municipal authorities to continue evading their constitutional responsibilities in matters of public safety.”

For more information in Spanish:

Ley de Seguridad Interior ya es una “imperiosa necesidad”, dice Peña Nieto a legisladores (Proceso, 29 de noviembre de 2017)

Diputados sellan cobertura legal a militares en tareas de seguridad pública; activistas los acusan de “golpistas” (Proceso, 30 de noviembre de 2017)

Aval a Ley de Seguridad Interior “petrifica” la situación de violencia y abuso a derechos: ONU-DH (Proceso, 30 de noviembre de 2017)

Diputados aprueban en lo general ley de seguridad interior (Animal Político, 30 de noviembre de 2017)

8 puntos clave de la Ley de Seguridad Interior aprobada por los diputados (Animal Político, 30 de noviembre de 2017)

Cronología de la militarización: cómo fue que se aprobó la Ley de Seguridad Interior (Hufftington Post, 1ero de diciembre de 2017)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Nacional/Internacional: WOLA evidencia el alto grado de impunidad ante violaciones a derechos humanos por soldados en México (8 de noviembre de 2017)

Nacional : cierre de año legislativo con agenda polémica en el Congreso (18 de diciembre de 2016)

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National/Chiapas: International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women

December 7, 2017

Violence ii.png

(@ Movement in Defense of Land, Territory and for the Participation and Recognition of Women in Decisions)

On November 25th, within the framework of International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, the United Nations (UN) issued a call to the Mexican government and society to eradicate violence, which 66% of women in Mexico suffer in different ways (physical, economic and psychological), ranging from sexual comments and whistles, groping, and violations, to the most extreme form: femicide.

In this same framework, Amnesty International Mexico stated that, “We live in a country in which male violence is standardized, accepted and even tolerated, by authorities that should prevent and act to end violence. As women, sexist violence has taken away our freedoms, they have expelled us from public space and killed us. We will not stop denouncing and demanding our rights as citizens.”

In Chiapas, on November 23rd and 24th, the fifth assembly of the Movement in Defense of the Land, Territory and for the Participation and Recognition of Women in Decisions was held whose main objective was “to make visible, discuss and find alternatives to the failure of the State and its institutions responsible for the implementation of the Declaration of Gender Violence Alert (GVA) in Chiapas.” In a final statement they stated that “violence against women and femicide in Chiapas is not a problem that only men and women in the private sphere have to resolve, families in their relationships, communities within the villages and civil organizations in the promotion and defense of rights, it is a responsibility especially of the State since the dimension of femicidal violence has its origins and causes in structural violence such as poverty, discrimination, injustice, misogyny, class inequality, gender, ethnicity, age, sexual preference, etc. that is reproduced by the institutions and agents of the patriarchal State.”

More than one hundred women marched in San Cristobal de Las Casas on the 25th to denounce that, “the federal and state governments have not complied effectively with the implementation of the Gender Violence Alert, declared in November of last year for 23 municipalities of the state. (…) On the contrary, the rates of violence in Chiapas such as physical aggressions, disappearance and kidnapping of people, especially women, trafficking, dispossession, forced displacement, evictions, abuse, rape and femicide have increased alarmingly in the 122 municipalities”. They also affirmed that the budget for the Gender Violence Alert is a “political booty of corrupt officials who steal money from the people, as happens with the resources for those affected by the earthquake of September 7th”.

For more information in Spanish:

NACIONAL

En México, 2 de cada 3 mujeres sufren violencia, alerta la ONU(ONU Noticias, 25 de noviembre de 2017)

En el día internacional contra la violencia a la mujer, 6 asesinadas (La Jornada, 25 de noviembre de 2017)

Día Internacional de la Eliminación de la Violencia contra la Mujer (Amnistía Internacional, 25 de noviembre de 2017)

CHIAPAS

Primer día de la quinta asamblea del Movimiento en Defensa de la Tierra, el Territorio y por la Participación y el Reconocimiento de las Mujeres en las Decisiones (Red de Comunicadoras Comunitarias K’asesel K’op, 23 de noviembre de 2017)

Segundo día quinta asamblea del Movimiento en Defensa de la Tierra, el Territorio y por la Participación y el Reconocimiento de las Mujeres en las Decisiones (Red de Comunicadoras Comunitarias K’asesel K’op, 24 de noviembre de 2017)

Pronunciamiento del Movimiento en Defensa de la Tierra, el Territorio y por la Participación y el Reconocimiento de las Mujeres en las Decisiones (25 de noviembre de 2017)

Marchan en Chiapas contra violencia hacia las mujeres (La Jornada, 25 de noviembre de 2017)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Nacional/Internacional: Se lanza la campaña 16 días de activismo contra la violencia hacia las mujeres (30 de noviembre de 2017)

Chiapas: a un año de la Declaratoria de Alerta de Violencia de Género (AVG) en Chiapas (25 de noviembre de 2017)

Chiapas: Día Internacional de Lucha Contra la Violencia hacia las Mujeres (28 de noviembre de 2016)

 


Chiapas: Humanitarian Aid for Displaced Demanded

December 4, 2017

Chenalho.png(@ Chiapas Paralelo)

On November 27th, Civil Society organizations, including SIPAZ, issued an Urgent Action for the risk to life, security and integrity of communities in the Altos region due to an agrarian conflict between the municipalities of Chenalho and Chalchihuitan, which has been going on for more than 40 years without a solution.

The document reports that there are more than 5000 displaced people today. It details that the displaced communities of Chalchihuitan are: a) Ch’en Mut 700 people, 120 families, 8 pregnant women; b) Pom more than 2000 people, 436 families, 100 pregnant women; c) Tzomolton 800 people, 107 families, 6 pregnant women; d) C’analumtic 600 people, 191 families; e) Bejelton 150 people, 30 families; f) Tulantic 350 people, 50 families; g) Vololch’ojon. 150 people, 40 families; e) Cruz c’ac’al nam 200 people; f) Cruzton 73 people, 20 displaced families. Also affected by the situation of violence are the communities of Balunac’o, Cotolchij, Lobolaltic, Pacanam, Pat C’anteal, Chiquin xulum, Saclum.

From Chenalho, 300 people from Majompepentik and Fraccion Polho moved, in addition to Las Limas and other communities that sleep outside their homes such as Yabteclum, Campo Los Toros, Tsabalho, among others.

In the communique, the organizations urge the Mexican State to respond promptly and expeditiously to this situation of violence that may lead to greater violations of human rights. They request:

“First – The necessary and pertinent precautionary measures are urgently implemented in order to respect, guarantee and protect the life and integrity of the families of Chalchihuitan and Chenalho.

 Second – The Guiding Principles on Internal Displacement of the United Nations Organization will be applied to protect the hundreds of families who have fled from the generalized violence and who are in total vulnerability, as well as the affected families who are living in a situation of terror due to the armed actions in the region that are also at risk of increasing the number of forced displacements.

 Third – Free transit and social peace in the communities of Chalchihuitan and Chenalho municipalities are guaranteed, prioritizing the dialogue between the parties under the essential respect of human rights.

Fourth – The murder of Samuel Perez Luna is investigated, those responsible are punished, and armed groups that act with impunity under the permissiveness of the government of Chiapas are disarmed.

 Fifth – In the face of the humanitarian crisis, international and national solidarity is necessary, due to the inefficiency and inability to address this emergency situation on the part of the federal and state governments. Humanitarian aid is urgent for the displaced communities: Food, medicines, blankets, cold clothes, doctors. Contact Caritas de La Diocese of San Cristobal de Las Casas at the telephone number: 9671203722.”

For its part, the diocese of San Cristobal de Las Casas issued a statement on November 28 where it expressed its surprise “at the impunity with which the armed groups act to the extent that neither the police nor the Army have been able to be present to prevent the violence, nor to disarm those who impose their control oon the territory and the population through fear.” It also requested actions from the State and called for solidarity to address the humanitarian crisis in which the displaced are.

For more infoemation in Spanish:

Alto al Fuego: Organizaciones urgen ayuda humanitaria para personas desplazadas (CDHFBC, 27 de noviembre de 2017)

Acción Urgente: Violencia generalizada en los municipios de Chalchihuitán y Chenalhó (CDHFBC, 21 de noviembre de 2017)

Acusan a Velasco de encubrir a alcaldesa de Chenalhó y proteger a grupo armado que provocó desplazamiento (Proceso, 28 de noviembre de 2017)

Escalan violencia y desplazados por conflicto agrario en Chiapas (Proceso, 27 de noviembre de 2017)

Entran comuneros de Chenalhó a terreno en disputa con vecinos de Chalchihuitán (La Jornada, 15 de mayo de 2014)

Pronunciamiento de la diócesis de San Cristóbal de Las Casas (28 de noviembre de 2017)

Para más información de SIPAZ:

Chiapas: Otra vez resurgió el conflicto agrario entre los municipios de Chenalhó y Chalchihuitán (14 de noviembre de 2017)

Chiapas: Resurgimiento del conflicto agrario entre los vecinos municipios de Chalchihuitán y Chenalhó (29 de mayo de 2014)


Oaxaca: Fifth Encounter of Community Defenders

December 4, 2017

Defenders.png(@EDUCA)

On November 17th, the Fifth Encounter of Community Defenders was held in Santa Rosa de Lima, Tututepec with the aim of “exchanging community security strategies and expressions of resistance from the cultural practices that have been used by the movements and communities of Mexico and Colombia.” This meeting also marked the closing of the Oaxacan Campaign of Community Defenders “Exercising our Rights, we Weave Dignity”, started last July to raise awareness of the work of defenders, as well as the risks they face in carrying out their work.

In the subjects reflected we find “the predatory capitalist model that continues to drive development and infrastructure projects into towns and communities and how the imposition of these projects contributes to the violation of the collective rights of peoples and communities and the rights of women and men. Human rights defenders.” “It also reflected on the criminalization of the work of defenders and threats and disqualifications to their work,” according to the final statement.

From this analysis, they made “a call to resistance, to the organization and twinning of struggles for the defense of territories, natural commons and the rights of community defenders.”

For more information in Spanish:

Pronunciamiento del V Encuentro de Defensoras y Defensores Comunitarios de Oaxaca (17 de noviembre de 2017)

Cuarto festival cultural por la defensa del río verde en el marco de la celebración de un década de resistencia contra el Proyecto Hidroeléctrico Paso de la Reina (18 de noviembre de 2017)

Campaña Oaxaqueña de Defensores y Defensoras Comunitarias: Ejerciendo nuestros derechos, tejemos dignidad (julio de 2017)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Oaxaca: Celebra COPUDEVER su octavo aniversario. (17 de julio de 2015)


Oaxaca: First Government Report of Alejandro Murat Hinojosa

December 4, 2017

Hinojosa.png(@Congreso de Oaxaca)

On November 15th, the Governor of Oaxaca, Alejandro Murat Hinojosa of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) delivered his First Government Report. He argued that, “Only through arguments and ideas can changes can be achieved in Oaxaca” and said that progress has been made in this regard. While acknowledging that much remains to be done, he stated that, “the bases for the development of the state have been established.” The political parties of the opposition pointed out the lack of attention to the needs of the Oaxacans in his speech.

The magazine Sin Embargo highlighted that the delivery of this report was “in a climate of complaints, insecurity and distrust.” While the governor said that “nothing happens in Oaxaca, we can leave our homes quietly, use public transport. There is no such extreme violence as [persists] in other states,” Sin Embargo said “the statistics say the opposite: robberies with violence in Oaxaca total (from January to September) 2,722, according to the Executive Secretariat of the System National Public Security (SESNSP). In the same period, 703 malicious homicides were reported, a considerable number of these are femicides.”

Apart from this, the act took place in the midst of a mobilization of Section 22 of the National Union of Education Workers (SNTE in its Spanish acronym). The teacher position was that after a year of Murat’s government “the account is pending, in the absence of answers in the educational, legal, social, humanitarian and political spheres for the people of Oaxaca because it has only received palliatives and the administration of demands.” “After 365 days, Murat continues to implement a policy of simulation and delay to address the legitimate demands of teachers like the previous administration,” they complained. There were also marches of student teachers and blockades of university students held by the Autonomous University “Benito Juárez” of Oaxaca (UABJO in its Spanish acronym).

For more information in Spanish:

¿En Oaxaca no pasa nada? Queman vivos a 3 presuntos asaltantes de dos ancianos; uno murió anoche (Sin Embargo, 15 de noviembre de 2017)

Listo el primer informe de Alejandro Murat, va al Congreso (Página 3, 15 de noviembre de 2017)

Ejecuciones, marchas y bloqueos empañan primer informe de Alejandro Murat (Proceso, 15 de noviembre de 2017)

Entrega el gobernador Alejandro Murat su Primer Informe de Gobierno al Congreso de Oaxaca (NVI Noticias, 15 de noviembre de 2017)

Marcha Sección 22 vs Primer Informe de Gobierno en Oaxaca (NVI Noticias, 15 de noviembre de 2017)

Entrega Alejandro Murat su primer Informe de Gobierno (NSS Oaxaca, 15 de noviembre de 2017)

For more information from SIPAZ :

Oaxaca : Toma posesión Alejandro Murat Hinojosa como gobernador (4 de diciembre de 2016)

Nacional : Resultados de las elecciones del 5 de junio (16 de junio de 2016)


Guerrero: Intimidation of El Sur Reporter Zacarias Cervantes Reported

November 30, 2017

Reporter.png

El Sur reporter, Zacarias Cervantes, reported that before 8 pm on November 15th he was stopped by about seven men, including at least one armed man, who bent his arm and forced him to duck his head for about 20 minutes while they were checking his car in downtown Chilpancingo. He said that they took his cell phone without threatening him or giving him any warning. He also said that the attackers left a copy of El Surs previous day’s edition on the passenger seat open on the page where a reporter’s note was published in which he pointed out the lack of progress in the investigations one month after the murder of the founder of the Indigenous Vicente Guerrero Peasant Organization, Ranferi Hernandez Acevedo. While he was held, he could hear that one of the attackers was making a phone call and asking “Do we take him?”.

The Association of Journalists of the State of Guerrero (APEG in its Spanish acronym) described the event as “an act of premeditated intimidation, planned from the [positions of] power to silence him”, and demanded a halt to the aggressions against the union and respect for freedom of expression. They asked the state government to investigate the assault, although they are aware “of what little it will do to resolve it, as has happened with other cases, such as the murders of comrades Francisco Beltran and Cecilio Pineda, which occurred during these two years of the administration.”

The organization defending freedom of expression Article 19 issued an alert after what happened and requested “in accordance with the gravity of the attempted disappearance the implementation of measures aimed at protecting their life, liberty, integrity and security.”

For its part, the Directorate of Social Communication of the State Government said it has a firm commitment to freedom of expression and respect for human rights and invited to formally denounce the event before the corresponding instances.

For more information in Spanish:

Denuncia intimidación el reportero Zacarías Cervantes (El Sur, 16 de noviembre de 2017)

Agreden a reportero del diario ‘El Sur’ en Guerrero (La Jornada, 16 de noviembre de 2017)

Sujetos armados agreden físicamente e intimidan a periodista de El Sur en Guerrero (Artículo 19, 16 de noviembre de 2017)

Intimidan hombres armados y retienen por 20 minutos al reportero de El Sur Zacarías Cervantes (El Sur, 17 de noviembre de 2017)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Guerrero: agresiones contra el corresponsal de Proceso (14 de junio de 2017)

Guerrero : Atacan a balazos a comunicadora originaria de Xochistlahuaca en Ometepec (5 de junio de 2017)

Nacional/Guerrero: Siguen ataques y homicidios de periodistas y defensores de Derechos Humanos (19 de mayo de 2017)

Guerrero : asesinan al periodista Cecilio Pineda (6 de marzo de 2017


National: Hearing of Cases of Sexual Torture in San Salvador Atenco at IACHR Court

November 29, 2017

Torture(@Ciudadanía Expres)

On November 16th and 17th, in the framework of a public hearing before the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACtHR Court), the eleven women survivors of sexual torture in the events of San Salvador Atenco, State of Mexico, in May 2006, shared their testimonies about what happened and the impunity that has prevailed.

It should be recalled that on May 3rd and 4th, 2006, police forces carried out an operation in San Salvador Atenco supposedly to “re-establish order.” More than 200 people were arrested during the raids. 50 of them were women, 31 of whom later reported sexual assaults by the police.

Human rights defenders requested that the I/A Court HR order the State to carry out a serious investigation to end impunity, as well as “adopt transparent policies and mechanisms to regulate the use of police force and eradicate sexual torture as an extended practice.”

Civil organizations that have accompanied the case stressed that “the eleven women of Atenco represent thousands of victims and account for the major structural problems of the State: the excessive use of police force, violence against women, torture as a mechanism of control and the impunity that allows its chronic repetition.”

The representation of the Mexican State asked the Inter-American Court of Human Rights to declare before the Court that the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) the IACHR committed a “serious error” in its report by not taking into account the reparation measures proposed by the State to the women who were victims of sexual violence in that operation, nor the advances that the State has implemented in terms of gender equity after the facts. However, it said that the State admits its responsibility for human rights violations committed, including sexual torture. However, although some people are still under trial, there is no public servant with a conviction for the case.

For more information in Spanish:

Mujeres de Atenco (Síntesis de medios del Centro ProDH, noviembre de 2017)

Las mujeres de Atenco, ante la CIDH: “Nos han hecho sentir, repetidamente, pequeñas” (El País, 17 de noviembre de 2017)

“Error grave” de CIDH sobre Atenco, alega el Estado mexicano, pero acepta tortura (Aristegui Noticias, 18 de noviembre de 2017)

Luchadoras de Atenco rompen el silencio (Animal Político, 24 de noviembre de 2017)

For more information from SIPAZ:

México: La CIDH exige una investigación sobre el caso de varias mujeres víctimas de abuso sexual en San Salvador Atenco en el 2006 (30 de septiembre de 2016)