Oaxaca: Truth Commission Presents its Final Report

May 23, 2016

OaxacaPhoto: @ Oaxaca Truth Commission

On May 17, the Oaxaca Truth Commission (CVO) presented its final report on the events that led to the violations of human rights against the Oaxacan people during the disturbances of 2006 and 2007. The document, titled “We already know! No more impunity in Oaxaca”, consists of 1,250 pages and is divided into four chapters dealing with complaints made by the victims, state repression, the social consequences of the violations of human rights, and getting justice and reparation of damages form the authorities, with the completion of the work started by the CVO in November 2014. The Commission reported that being an extrajudicial execution “arbitrary deprivation of life by state agents, or with the complicity, tolerance or acquiescence of these, without a judicial or legal process provided.”

Regarding the accusations against former PRI governor of Oaxaca, Ulises Ruiz (2004- 2010), Nayely Guillén, member of the CVO and human rights specialist, pointed out that the crimes of forced disappearance, torture and extrajudicial executions are crimes against humanity, so do not prescribe. “Ulises Ruiz is not saved from his crimes and is not saved from sitting in the dock. There is evidence of multiple violations of human rights committed by the former governor”, Guillen said. In this regard, Father Alejandro Solalinde, former president of the CVO, explained to Revolution 3.0, “so far the government institutions of Oaxaca have shown no sign of welcoming the report, what is more, the government of Gabino Cué has not even given signs of the existence of this document. “ The former commissioners stressed that the document is “the voice of the victims”, considering that after its presentation of the “victims should follow it up, we have already provided the tools they just need to strengthen themselves with the the report and fight for justice.”

For more information in Spanish:

Ulises Ruíz no está a salvo de sus crímenes ni de sentarse en el banquillo de los acusados: Comisión de la Verdad (Revolución 3.0, 18 de mayo de 2016)

INFORME FINAL ¡YA SABEMOS! NO MÁS IMPUNIDAD EN OAXACA (Comisión de la Verdad Oaxaca, 17 de mayo de 2016)

Denuncian ejecuciones extrajudiciales en Oaxaca, durante conflicto con APPO (Aristegui Noticias, 12 de mayo de 2016)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Oaxaca: Anuncia Comisión de la Verdad de Oaxaca pronta publicación de su informe final (3 de febrero de 2016)

Oaxaca: Más de 500 casos de tortura y 26 ejecuciones: Comisión de la Verdad (16 de junio de 2015)

Oaxaca: denuncian amenazas contra integrantes de la Comisión de la Verdad conformada para investigar el conflicto político-social del 2006 (23 de abril de 2015)

Oaxaca: A 8 años del conflicto de 2006, sigue la impunidad. Se conforma Comisión de la Verdad (27 de noviembre de 2014)


National: Indefinite Strike of Dissident Teachers against Labor Reform

May 23, 2016

Profes.pngIn Oaxaca, dissident teachers demand a negotiation table with the government. Photo @ Ejecentral

On May 15, Teachers’ Day, teachers opposing education reform and the evaluation of teachers called an indefinite strike. Thousands of teachers in 23 states of the Mexican Republic mobilized to hold marches and sit-ins.

In Mexico City, members of the National Coordination of Education Workers (CNTE) and supporters held their demonstration in front of the Ministry of the Interior (Segob). In Chiapas, thousands of teachers from sections 7 and 40 of the National Union of Education Workers (SNTE) marched in Tuxtla Gutierrez, where they took over four radio stations and three television stations to “spread the news about the problems of teaching and to call on parents, social organizations and the general public to join the struggle”, according to accounts in La Jornada. It should be remembered that the Secretariat of Finance and Public Credit withheld payment and froze the bank accounts at savings banks of thousands of teachers of Section 7 in Chiapas. In Oaxaca, the teachers staged a sit-in in the main square of the capital and took over ten state offices for ten hours as leverage for negotiation tables. In response, about 1,200 members of the Federal Police and the Gendarmerie arrived to, “according to the government version, strengthen public safety services in the state, […] however, their arrival is more a kettling of Section 22 teachers” said Process. The leader of Section 22 of the CNTE, Ruben Nunez, said that “the federal government does not have the ability to replace the thousands of teachers who have begun an indefinite strike” because in the state of Oaxaca alone they are estimated to be between 13 and 14 thousand. In Guerrero, dissident teachers also mobilized in different parts of the state. In Chilpancingo they blocked the highway del Sol and suspended work in about 240 schools.

The aim of this broad mobilization was to obtain roundtable discussions with the federal government to demand the repeal of education reform and teacher evaluation, request the reinstatement of teachers dismissed for not taking this assessment and to solve the teachers’ conflict. However, according to La Jornada, the Secretary of Public Education, Aurelio Nuño Mayer, stated that, “the government is open to dialogue as long as the discussions are aiming to enrich the educational reform and never knock it down.” He further threatened that “teachers who are leaving children without classes will receive a discount the first day of strike; the second, there will be discount, and the third the same. That’s what the law states. If eventually there is a fourth day of strike they will be discharged.” He added that he has “26,000 teachers ready to replace teachers who are on strike.”

For more information in Spanish:

Descuentos y ceses a paristas, ratifica Nuño (La Jornada, 16 de mayo 2016)

CNTE inicia paro en Michoacán, Chiapas y Oaxaca; Nuño pide a maestros no caer en trampas de líderes (Animal Político, 16 de mayo de 2016)

Con plantón indefinido, maestros de la CNTE exigen a Segob mesa de diálogo (Proceso, 16 de mayo de 2016)

Maestros de Chiapas toman radiodifusoras y televisoras para dar a conocer los objetivos de su movimiento (Proceso, 16 de mayo 2016)

Inician paro miles de maestros de la CNTE en Chiapas (Proceso, 15 de mayo 2016)

Instala SNTE plantón en centro de Tuxtla (La Jornada, 15 de mayo 2016)

La CNTE instala plantón afuera de Gobernación (La Jornada, 15 de mayo 2016)

Reclama la CNTE diálogo en SG (La Jornada, 15 de mayo 2016)

Arriban a Oaxaca mil 200 elementos federales ante protestas del magisterio (Proceso, 18 de mayo de 2016)

 For more information from SIPAZ:

Chiapas/Oaxaca/Guerrero: Protestas del magisterio contra la reforma educativa en varios estados (25 de febrero 2016)

Guerrero: Maestros en Acapulco lograron sabotear la evaluación de docentes (14 de diciembre de 2015)

Chiapas: Muere un maestro en los enfrentamientos de oposición a la evaluación magisterial (10 de diciembre de 2015)

Oaxaca: Baja participación en la evaluación magisterial en Oaxaca (7 de diciembre de 2015)

Nacional: Policías federales acuden a estados que se oponen a la Evaluación de Desempeño; se anuncian actividades en rechazo a la Reforma Educativa (21 de noviembre de 2015)

Chiapas: Choques entre policía y magisterio en el bloqueo a la evaluación (21 de octubre de 2015)


National: Judge Absolves Soldiers Involved in Tlatlaya Massacre

May 22, 2016

Tlatlaya.png

About 90 social organizations disapproved in a statement of the court decision that ordered the release of the three soldiers prosecuted for the Tlatlaya massacre, in which 22 civilians were killed in this community of the State of Mexico in June 2014. After the acquittal of charges of “aggravated homicide and concealment in the form of alteration and illegal modification of the remains,” today there is no member of the Army under arrest for the massacre.

As Process noted, the signatory organizations “considered the judicial resolution grave” after “the National Human Rights Commission (CNDH) determined that between 12 and 15 of the 22 civilians killed by military were victims of arbitrary execution”. In addition, three women survivors stated that, “although there was a confrontation, most civilians were already rendered available to the Army when their lives were taken”. However, the judge who handled the case, Adalid Ambriz Landa said he could not determine whether those responsible were the prosecuted soldiers, arguing that “stronger evidence” was required. In the statement, the organizations stressed the “ineffectiveness of the judiciary to analyze the serious human rights violations”, he noted that “the PGR had deficient action” according to Process, by failing to investigate “the General Order of Operations that instructed the military unit involved in the events to take down offenders in hours of darkness” and indicated that and relatives of victims can challenge the decision, and that “the Executive Committee for victims (CEAV), represented at the trial, should advise the relatives about the possibility of bringing the appropriate resources.” They also demanded security measures for Clara Gómez González, a survivor of the massacre and whose testimony was key to giving evidence about the events at Tlatlaya.

The statement concluded that this resolution “confirms that in Mexico justice for victims of human rights violations and abuses by the members of the military are far from being a reality, and is an indicator of the impunity that prevails in our country.”

For more information in Spanish:

Grave, resolución judicial sobre caso Tlatlaya: organizaciones de derechos humanos (Proceso, 17 de mayo de 2016)

Que “no subsista la impunidad” en caso Tlatlaya, pide la CNDH a la PGR (Aristegui Noticias, 18 de mayo de 2016)

¿Qué ocurrió en Tlatlaya minuto a minuto, según la CNDH? (Animal Político, 22 de octubre de 2014)

 For mor information from SIPAZ:

Nacional/Guerrero: Informes poco favorables sobre corrupción y derechos humanos en México (3 de febrero de 2016)

Nacional/Internacional: Ejército y fuerzas de seguridad involucradas en asesinatos extrajudiciales, tortura, desaparición forzada: EU (10 de julio de 2015)

Nacional/Internacional: Corte interamericana determina que la legislación sobre fuero militar en México sigue siendo insuficiente (21 de mayo de 2015)

Guerrero: Padres rechazan declaración de la PGR; Organizaciones expresan preocupación por descalificación de defensores Guerrerenses; HRW considera que Tlatlaya y Ayotzinapa son “crímenes de Estado” (11 de noviembre de 2014)


Guerrero/National: Judges Presume 43 Missing Students from Ayotzinapa Dead

May 22, 2016

Ayotzi.png

According to Reforma, based on a copy of the judgements issued by the Tamaulipas courts, enforced disappearance has been discarded in the case of the 43 trainee teachers from the Teacher Training School in Ayotzinapa, Guerrero (September 2014) given that the indications are that the youths were executed and not hidden by an authority: “the procedural records coincidentally point [to the fact] that the victims were not kept in concealment; on the contrary, they were detained, deprived of their liberty and transported to where they were summarily executed.”

Due to this,  overturning the arrest warrants against 56 accused, including the former mayor of Iguala, Jose Luis Abarca, his wife, members of the Iguala and Cocula municipal police, and alleged members of “Guerreros Unidos” gang, was rejected.

On another note, two of the victims have been identified, Jhosivani Guerrero de la Cruz and Alexander Mora Venancio based on analysis of the remains found in Río San Juan, in Cocula. These identifications could eventually consign those involved for the crime of homicide.

For more information in Spanish: 

Los 43 normalistas, víctimas de ejecución sumaria, concluyen jueces (Aristegui Noticias, 14 de mayo de 2016)

Sentencias de jueces descartan el delito de desaparición forzada en el caso Ayotzinapa (Animal Político, 14 de mayo de 2016)

Los 43 están muertos y no fueron ocultados por el Gobierno: Jueces (Sdp Noticias, 14 de mayo de 2016)

For more information from SIPAZ :

Guerrero/México: GIEI concluye su trabajo México entregando un segundo informe. (28 de abril de 2016)

Nacional/Internacional : PGR abre investigación contra Emilio Álvarez Icaza, Secretario Ejecutivo de la CIDH (31 de marzo de 2016)

Guerrero: Padres y madres de Ayotzinapa van a la Corte, a 16 meses de la desaparición de sus hijos (27 de enero de 2016)

Guerrero: ONG y expertos en derechos humanos respaldan labor del GIEI en caso Ayotzinapa (25 de enero de 2016)


Chiapas: Alejandro Diaz Santiz Fasts to Mark 17 Years in Prison

May 14, 2016

Alejo.pngRelatives of Alejandro Díaz Santiz and Pedro López Jiménez, Sympathizer of The Voice of Amate. Photo: @Grupo de Trabajo “No Estamos Todxs”.

On May 11, Alejandro Diaz Santiz marked 17 years deprived of his liberty. On this date the injustly imprisoned man held a day of fasting to recall that he has spent half of his life locked up. Also, relatives of the adherent to the Sixth Declaration of the Lacandon Jungle of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN), together with members of the Sympathizers of The Voice of Amate and of the Work Group “We Are Not All Here” (“No Estamos Todxs” – GTNET) held a press conference in front of San Cristobal de Las Casas Cathedral, Chiapas. The father of Diaz Santiz declared at the event that they hope to win a legal protection in course, through which his son could be freed through partial remission of his sentence. For his part, Pedro Lopez Jimenez, Symapthizer of The Voice of Amate, added that they trust that the legal protection “has a favorable result because we have lived through many injustices, they have rejected many times, and we hope that this time they work under justce and law.” For its part, the GTNET recalled that Alejandro was jailed “for being indigenous and poor”, that he was “arbitrarily arrested, tortured, tried and sentenced without adequate legal defense”, added to which at the time of his arrest he did not speak Spanish and had no translation.

The Tsotsil indigenous is the last member of the Sympathizers of The Voice of Amate – an organization that denounces outrages, abuse of power and corruption in penitentiary centers – who is still in jail. Although the crime attributed to Diaz Santiz is not of federal jurisdiction, in September 2015, he was transferred to Villa Comaltitlan maximum security prison in Tapachula, Chiapas, as “political vengeance”, the GTNET stated. It should be remembered that the government promised to free Alejandro on a number of occasions, the last being on the signing of an agreement with the members of the Sympathizers of The Voice of Amate in February of this year. Nevertheless, his liberation has not taken place, so that last March more than 80 organizations demanded his immediate release.

For more information in Spanish:

Alejandro Diaz Santiz: 17 años de injusta privación de su libertad (Grupo de Trabajo No Estamos Todxs, 11 de mayo de 2016)

Indígena tsotsil cumple 17 años injustamente preso en Chiapas. Su caso no es aislado. (Pozol Colectivo, 11 de mayo de 2016)

A 17 años de injusto encarcelarmiento ¡Alejandro Santiz libetad! (Agencia SubVersiones, 11 de mayo de 2016)

Desde #Francia exigen ¡Libertad a #AlejandroDíazSántiz! (Koman Ilel, 28 de abril de 2016)

 For more information from SIPAZ:

Chiapas: Jornada por la liberación de Alejandro Díaz Santiz y las y los presos políticos (19 de abril de 2016)

Chiapas: Exigen la liberación de Alejandro Díaz Santiz (11 de marzo de 2016)

Chiapas: Toman acuerdo Solidarios de la Voz del Amate para liberación de presos y reparación del daño (9 de febrero de 2016)

Chiapas: Trasladan a Alejandro Díaz Sántiz, junto a 386 presos, a penal de alta seguridad (15 de septiembre de 2015)


National: Unofficial Visit of UNO Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights Defenders

May 13, 2016

Frost.pngMichel Forst during the presentation of the CMDPDH book “40 Faces of Dignity”. Photo: @La opinión

The UNO Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights Defenders, Michael Frost, came to Mexico on an unofficial visit, stopping in Puebla, Chihuahua and Mexico City. During his stay he held meetings with a number of social organizations about threats and aggressions against defenders, the regulatory framework that encourages criminalization, the challenges of protection, the discrediting of the government by international mechanisms and recommendations, the defense of land and territory, and the situation of reporters.

Frost did not go into detail about the situation of defenders as he was on an unofficial visit, although he did acknowledge the vulnerability that defenders face in the country. Due to this, he said he aspires to “organize an official visit for 2017”, given that in 2016 his visit was cancelled by the Mexican Government without reason according to La Jornada. After listening to testimonies of human rights violations of defenders, the rapporteur stated that, “in the whole world there still exist different and varied problems against those who dedicate themselves to making the rights of different groups in society respected. Many factors and new actors combine to affect them and to make their defense work even more difficult, because now the transnational companies are added to fundamentalisms.” Frost concluded saying that, “the companies buy mountains, hills, lakes, lagoons and rivers and in the face of this there is an aim to carry out very concrete activities and meetings with those in charge of the transnationals to remind them of their responsibilities.”

For more information in Spanish:

 40 Rostros de la Dignidad: voces en defensa de los derechos humanos en México (CMDPDH, 4 de mayo 2016)

Trasnacionales, riesgo para activistas, dice Michel Forst (La Jornada, 4 de mayo 2016)

Ante el Relator Especial de ONU, denuncian que período peñista tiene como práctica desaparecer pruebas, personas y verdades (Revolución Tres Punto Cero, 4 de mayo 2016)

Relator especial de la ONU, Michel Forst, realiza visita a Puebla (Puebla Online , 4 de mayo de 2016)

Michel Forst relator especial ONU sobre situación de defensores de DDHH podría visitar México en 2017 (Canal Judicial WordPress, 3 de mayo 2016)

Libro ’40 Rostros de la dignidad’, homenaje a personas defensoras de DDHH en México: relator de ONU (Noticias MVS, 3 de mayo 2016)

Exhorta la CNDH al gobierno a concretar visita de relator de ONU (La Jornada, 24 de marzo de 2016)

Deplora relator de ONU-DH cancelación de su visita a México (Proceso, 25 de febrero 2016)

For more information from SIPAZ:


Oaxaca: OPDDH solicitó intervención urgente ante intento de asesinato de defensora (21 de julio de 2015)

Nacional/internacional: La CIDH expresa su preocupación ante el endurecimiento de las autoridades mexicanas hacia los migrantes y sus defensores en la frontera Sur (15 de junio de 2015)


Oaxaca: Radio broadcaster murdered in Ejutla de Crespo

May 11, 2016

Radio.pngOaxaca: Radio broadcaster murdered in Ejutla de Crespo

On April 26, Apolonio Hernandez Gonzalez, broadcaster of one of Ejutla de Crespo’s radio stations, “was murdered inside his home with a bladed weapon”, the Attorney General of Oaxaca confirmed. According to the preliminary investigation of the case, the body of the 52-year-old from Radio Need showed signs of a wound on his neck from a blade and was found dumped beside an illegal work site. The authorities do not know the motive for the murder at present, while his work colleagues have sent their condolences to his relatives and demand justice through their radio transmissions and the Internet. For its part, the Benito Juarez Association of Community Radios, as well as condemning this crime, demand clarification of the murders of two other private community radio braodcasters in recent months, Filadelfo Sanchez Sarmiento in Miahuatlán and Abel Bautista in Santiago Juxtlahuaca.

The organization Article 19 learned of the case and demanded that the state authorities examine the reporting work of Apolonio Hernandez as the main line of investigation of his murder. According to Article 19, “The Special Attorney for Attention to Crimes against Freedom of Expression (READLE in its Spanish acronym) is obliged to investigate the murders of reporters.” Nevertheless, Article 19 complained that, “it has eluded its responsibility to investigate crimes that attack freedom of expression.” Reporters Without Borders (RWB) and Amnesty International (AI) recalled that 63 journalists died due to causes related to the exercise of their profession and a further 40 were murdered while the motive of their death was unknown in 2015. Both organizations have warned that there are four “hotspots” where freedom of the press is more and more restrained, Mexico being among those. In a statement, both organizations reported that, “threats, harassment and killings continued against journalists and human rights defenders in Mexico during 2015. Despite the existence of a Protection Mechanism for Human Rights Defenders and Journalists, passed in 2012, the lack of resources and coordination meant that adequate protection is not offered.”

It should be noted that World Freedom of the Press Day, established by the United Nations Organization (UNO) was celebrated on May 3. According to Sol de Mexico, Mexican reporters have little to celebrate for this commemoration, as freedom of expression is more and more limited.

 

For more information:

México encabeza la lista de los países más peligrosos para ejercer el periodismo (El Sol de México, 4 de mayo de 2016)

Asesinan a Apolonio Hernández, locutor de radio por internet en Oaxaca (SDP Noticias, 27 de abril de 2016)

Radios comunitarias condenan asesinato de locutor de Radio Need Ejutla (27 de abril de 2016, EDUCA Oaxaca)

Asesinan a locutor de radio en Oaxaca (Zócalo Salillo, 27 de abril de 2016)

Asesinan a locutor de radio en Oaxaca (Proceso, 26 de abril de 2016)

En Oaxaca los periodistas están siendo asesinados, amenazados, hostigados y perseguidos (Revolución Tres Punto Cero, 1 de abril de 2016)

Veracruz, Guerrero y la CDMX, donde más agreden periodistas: Art. 19; es la impunidad, dice (Vanguardia, 3 de mayo de 2016)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Oaxaca: Asesinan a locutor de radio en Miahuatlán (3 de julio de 2015)

Oaxaca: Nuevas agresiones a periodistas (29 de agosto de 2014)

Oaxaca: Estado del país con mayor número de agresiones a mujeres defensoras de los derechos humanos y periodistas (29 de mayo de 2014)

Oaxaca: Denuncian ola de ataques contra periodistas y activistas (20 de julio de 2013)

Oaxaca: Article 19 condena ataque a periodistas (9 de marzo de 2012)


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