Guerrero: Social activists visit Nestora Salgado

September 13, 2015

@Ciudadania Express@Ciudadania Express

On 3 September, Tita Radilla, Martha Obeso, Norma Mesino, Sofía Méndoza, and Julia Alonso, being social activists from different regions of Guerrero state, visited the political prisoner Nestora Salgado, coordinator of the Communal Police in Olinalá, Guerrero. The social activists explained that “we came to visit Nestora to encourage her and tell her that we are struggling for her liberty.” The five women mobilized themselves in Mexico City to express their solidarity with Nestora Salgado, who is currently incarcerated in the Xochimilco prison. At the end of their visit, they affirmed that “she continues to be strong.” A representative from the Free Nestora Committee that is operating in Mexico City also visited, announcing that a tour in Guerrero would soon be launched. This visit forms part of the struggle against impunity that is lived in Guerrero, the activists added. Nestora Salgado undertook a hunger strike on 26 August 2015, 11 months after the forcible disappearance of the 43 student-teachers from Ayotzinapa. She has been imprisoned for two years.

For more information (in Spanish):

Luchadoras sociales de Guerrero visitan a Nestora Salgado (Desinformémonos, 3 de septiembre de 2015)

Luchadoras sociales de Guerrero visitan a Nestora Salgado (Educa Oaxaca, 4 de septiembre de 2015)

Cumple Nestora ocho días de ayuno; la visitan cinco mujeres activistas en el penal (El Sur de Acapulco, 3 de septiembre de 2015)

Denuncia el abogado de Nestora ante la presidenta del TSJ irregularidades de la jueza de Tlapa (El Sur de Acapulco, 4 de septiembre de 2015)

Niega un tribunal federal un amparo a presuntas víctimas de Nestora Salgado (El Sur de Acapulco, 25 de agosto de 2015)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero/ National: Nestora Salgado continues imprisoned and announces hunger-strike for Ayotzinapa (11 September 2015)

Guerrero: Nestora Salgado, newly accused (29 June 2015)

Guerrero/National: Nestora Salgado is transferred to a Mexico City prison (10 June 2015)

Guerrero: Still on hunger strike, Nestora Salgado continues to hope for transfer as her health declines (9 June 2015)

Guerrero: political prisoner Nestora Salgado, coordinator of the Communal Police of Olinalá, begins hunger strike (16 May 2015)

National: Several criticisms of the presentation of Peña Nieto’s Third Report of Government

September 13, 2015

Enrique Peña Nieto during the presentation of the Third Report of Governance. Photo: @cnn méxico

Under the slogans “Mexico at peace,” “inclusive Mexico,” “Mexico with quality education,” “prosperous Mexico,” and “Mexico with global responsibility,” President Enrique Peña Nieto (EPN) presented his Third Governance Report on 2 September. During the presentation made at the National Palace in Mexico City, EPN made public his evaluation of the first half of his presidency, noting that he would not change the path of the reforms he had promoted, but rather accelerate this. “We will continue to build on the base we have established during the first half,” he expressed.

EPN discussed the previous year (September 2014-August 2015) as “difficult.” “Our country was profoundly hurt by a series of lamentable cases: the events of Iguala and the escape of a criminal recall the situations of violence,” he noted. According to La Jornada, the president’s comments alluded to the forcible disappearance of the 43 students from Ayotzinapa and the escape of Joaquín Guzmán Loera, “el Chapo.” Beyond this, he recognized the indignation and social rejection of both acts due to “indications of conflicts of interest that even involved the Executive branch.”

EPN also announced that there would be no new taxes or increases on those already existing, despite the decline in income from the petroleum sector. He also reported the fall in impactful crimes and the increase in poverty rates, according to the Measurement of the National Council for the Evaluation of the Policies of Social Development (CONEVAL). Beyond this, he declared that the changes to the State Institute of Public Education in Oaxaca (IEEPO) were oriented toward the “liberation of public education in Oaxaca, the particular interests that have maintained it captive for decades,” beyond ratifying the progression of the Educational Reform: “For our children and youth in Oaxaca—and throughout Mexico—the law will be applied. There will no retreat: despite the difficulties, the Educational reform will reach the last corner and school of the country.” He also warned of the risk of “believing in demagoguery, intolerance, and populism” in these moments during which there reigns “frustration and pessimism.” At the end of the report, he presented a new decalogue called “10 measures for new challenges.”

The Third Report received many criticisms by national and international organizations that believe Mexico is passing through a severe human-rights crisis that they feel was ignored in the presidential report.

For more information (in Spanish):

3r Informe de Gobierno 2014-2015 (Presidencia de la República)

El Tercer Informe de Peña Nieto en 10 frases (Animal Político, 2 de septiembre de 2015)

Iguala perturbó a México, reconoce Peña Nieto (La Jornada, 2 de septiembre de 2015)

Al dar un balance de su mandato, EPN reconoce hechos que causaron desconfianza e incertidumbre (Animal Político, 2 de septiembre de 2015)

A casi 1 año de Ayotzinapa, EPN no ha cumplido decálogo en seguridad (SinEmbargo, 7 de septiembre de 2015)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Nacional: Lack of confidence and strong criticisms of the Second Governmental Report presented by EPN (15 September 2014)

National: Submission of First Governmental Report amidst protests and mass-disturbances (13 September 2013)

National: Polemical ascension of EPN (7 December 2012)

National: 20 NGOs criticize process to create General Law on Torture

September 13, 2015

(@ Amnistía Internacional)(@ Amnesty International)

On 31 August, twenty civil non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and institutions called on the federal government to incorporate international standards and the suggestions of experts in elaborating the General Law on Torture, which will be developed over the next six months. They criticized the consultative process to elaborate the General Law on Torture and demanded mechanisms to promote dialogue and the participation of interested groups, victims, and persons. In a letter directed to President Enrique Peña Nieto, the persons in question note that “in difficult times such as these in Mexico, the creation of a law that aspires to effective participation, eradication, and sanctioning of torture should be effected through a democratic process that involves the diverse voices that have demanded the creation of this normative mark in recent years.” The NGOs call on the government to take into account international standards and the recommendations made by experts on the question so that this reform promotes authentic transformation and not be limited to cosmetic changes that end up being insufficient for uprooting this practice, as through the fabrication of charges, the lack of serious investigations, and the damages imposed on victims and their families.

In whatever case, torture is a question of a practice that in Mexico has been consistently denounced by the NGOs, both domestic and international, and that has been used with impunity by public servants as a means of investigating crimes to obtain confessions or “punishing” those who have been arrested. Intervening on the question, Juan E. Méndez, the UN Special Rapporteur on torture and other cruel and unusual punishments, expressed that torture in Mexico is generalized and takes place within a context of impunity. Méndez has recommended that Mexico “publicly recognize the dimension of impunity with regard to torture and abuses and send clear public messages to all security and justice officials, state and federal, that all tortures and abuses will be seriously investigated and punished, in accordance with international law, as well as constitutional and criminal statutes.” Another point that the NGOs made and that will be forwarded to the Congress of Deputies is that the General Law must take into account the perspectives of victims, limit military jurisdiction, break with the obstacles before the denunciations, and not allow the law to be limited merely to abstractions, but rather it must become a real tool.

For more information (in Spanish):

ONGs piden al Congreso las incluya en Ley contra Tortura y acate estándares internacionales (Sin Embargo, 03 de septiembre de 2015)

Critican 20 ONG el proceso para crear la ley general contra la tortura (La Jornada, 01 de septiembre de 2015)

La iniciativa de Ley General contra la Tortura deberá ser acorde con el Derecho Internacional de los Derechos Humanos (Desinformemonos, 19 de agosto de 2015)

Indispensable retomar aportes de OSC y personas expertas en la elaboración de la Ley General contra la Tortura (Amnistía Internacional, 12 de agosto de 2015)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

National/International: Army and security forces involved in extrajudicial executions, torture, and forcible disappearances: US State Department (21 July 2015)

Oaxaca: More than 500 cases of torture and 26 executions: Truth Commission (29 June 2015)

National: New Amnesty International report, “Out of Control: Torture and Other Abuses in Mexico” (15 September 2014)

Chiapas: Presentation of the Special Report: “Torture, mechanism of terror” (3 July 2014)

National: UN Special Rapporteur on torture ends official visit to Mexico (16 May 2014)

Guerrero: Group of Experts on Ayotzinapa case presents its report 6 months on

September 13, 2015

DSCF5588March for Ayotzinapa, Mexico City, 26 September. Photo @SIPAZ

The disappeared students from Ayotzinapa were not incinerated in the Cocula dump, as the Federal Attorney General’s Office had indicated at the beginning of this year, in accordance with the findings of the Interdisciplinary Group of Independent Experts (GIEI) of the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR), as asserted during the presentation of its report 6 months on (6 September 2015). What took place against the students of Ayotzinapa nearly a year ago in Iguala, Guerrero, was “a massive attack” that involved 180 direct victims, including 6 extrajudicial executions and 43 “forcible disappearances,” as the IACHR experts discuss. The expert Carlos Beristain affirmed that “there was the presence of different State agents (municipal, ministerial, and federal police) and we did not find any evidence of attempts to rescue. What happened was an attack that went beyond the mere neutralization of persons.” Beyond this, “there was a delay in attention to the victims. The ambulance crews were afraid to go out.” The experts further stressed that the ovens and crematories that may have been used to burn the students’ bodies must be investigated. For their part, the parents of the disappeared request the indefinite presence of the specialists until truth and justice are revealed.

The expert José Torero visited the Cocula dump on 12 July, accompanied by the GIEI, and he established the necessary conditions to incinerate a human body. “He showed us the evidence and the state-of-the-art science indicating that the optimal means of incinerating a body is a crematory oven. These conditions require between 90 and 120 minutes to burn a sole corpse,” noted the expert Francisco Cox during the press-confernece. He also specified that to incinerate a body 650 kilograms of wood are needed. Besides this, the flames that would be needed would have overwhelmed the dump altogether, destroying everything else present—something that did not happen. “The incineration of the 43 could not have transpired in the Cocula dump,” stressed Carlos Beristain. In light of this, the experts called for an investigation of the crematory ovens that could have been used to burn the bodies of the students.

Another affair that the experts clarified is that there were five, not four, buses that had been taken by the students on 26 September. The existence of the fifth bus was first denied in the initial investigations. In light of video evidence indicating its presence, federal authorities presented a truck for the experts to examine, and the latter concluded that it did not seem to be the same one that appeared in the video taken the day of the disappearances. To date, this bus has not been found, and the GIEI suspects that it could have been a vehicle used for the transport of drugs that had been casually taken by the youth, thus provoking the massive and indiscriminate attack prosecuted by unknown actors who have been protected by total impunity.

Both the parents and mothers of the disappeared as well as the organizations that accompany them, the Tlachinollan Mountain Center for Human Rights, and the Prodh Center stressed that all the authorities who have impeded the investigation should themselves be investigated. They also specified that the investigation should incorporate the entire context of criminality, as it is not believable that collusion between organized crime and the authorities is limited merely to the municipal level.

For more information (in Spanish):

“Los muchachos no fueron incinerados en basurero de Cocula”: #InformeGIEI (Aristegui Noticias, 6 de septiembre de 2015)

Investiguen los hornos crematorios, piden expertos del caso Ayotzinapa al gobierno (Aristegui Noticias, 7 de septiembre de 2015)

Trasiego de drogas en autobuses, línea por indagar en caso Iguala (La Jornada, 6 de septiembre de 2015)

Informe completo Ayotzinapa (GIEI, 6 de septiembre de 2015)

video: Informe Ayotzinapa

video: Posición oficial de la PGR

video: Pronunciamiento de familiares

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero: Tlachinollan dedicates its XXI activity report to parents of the disappeared of Ayotzinapa (11 September 2015)

National/Guerrero: Nine months after the Ayotzinapa atrocity, relatives express taht they will not be silenced (3 July 2015)

Chiapas/Guerrero: Delegation of relatives and comrades of Ayotzinapa students tour CNI communities (29 June 2015)

Guerrero/National: 8 months after the forcible disappearance of the 43 students from the Rural Normal School of Ayotzinapa, there is no progress (9 June 2015)

Guerrero: Ayotzinapa – seven months of impunity and struggling for justice (3 May 2015)

Guerrero: IACHR experts confirm that the Ayotzinapa case is a forcible disappearance and a crime against humanity (10 April 2015)

Chiapas: Monthly commemoration of Las Abejas of Acteal

September 11, 2015

Las Abejas de Acteal @KomanIlel

Las Abejas de Acteal @KomanIlel

As during every other month, the Las Abejas Civil Society of Acteal commemorated the Acteal massacre using words compiled in a communique on 22 August. Las Abejas denounced that “in Mexico there exists a pestilent and chronic disease called impunity. To put an end to this condition we must do something; that is to say, we must work and struggle.”

Las Abejas recalled that on 12 August, while they were holding a press-conference to denounce the release of the paramilitaries who committed the Acteal massacre, “Mr. Víctor Manuel Zepeda López, the supposed judge of the circuit including Comitán de Domínguez, Chiapas, released Messrs. Carmelino Rodríguez Jiménez and Javier López Rodríguez, who are responsible for the attack on our brother and comrade Galeano […]. And as they know they have the support of the bad government, the murderous paramilitaries return here to do what they wish.”

Las Abejas finalized their communique affirming that “the deaf ears of the murderous bad government must come to know and understand our eyes and our consciences, which see the attacks and aggressions committed by the paramilitaries and party-members against our Zapatista brothers and sisters and other peoples in struggle” and the struggle “for Truth, Memory, Justice, and Non-Forgetting.”

For more information (in Spanish):

En México existe una enfermedad pestilente que se llama: impunidad. (Las Abejas de Acteal, 22 de agosto de 2015)

En #México existe una enfermedad pestilente que se llama: #impunidad. (Koman Ilel, 22 de agosto de 2015)

“En México existe una enfermedad pestilente que se llama: impunidad”, Abejas de Acteal. (Radio Pozol, 22 de agosto de 2015)

En México existe una enfermedad pestilente que se llama: impunidad. (Chiapas Denuncia Pública, 24 de agosto de 2015)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Chiapas: Las Abejas of Acteal denounce 6 years of release of paramilitaries (10 September 2015)

Chiapas: A member of the Las Abejas Civil Society is murdered (2 July 2015)

Chiapas: Las Abejas announce that they will not vote in the mid-term elections (9 June 2015)

Chiapas: Civil Society Las Abejas denounce human rights violations in the country and show solidarity with various processes (24 April 2015)

National/Guerrero: Nearly a year after the forcible disappearance of “the 43,” mobilizations continue

September 11, 2015

March for Ayotzinapa in Mexico City, 26 August 2015. Photo @SIPAZ

As on every 26th of the month, several people came together in a collective action to demand the appearance with life of the 43 students from the “Isidro Burgos” Rural Normal School of Ayotzinapa. This time the action took place on Paseo de la Reforma in Mexico City, where a march was held to the Zócalo of the capital.

On this eleventh month since the forcible disappearance of the 43, though the relatives recognize the exhaustion and despair accumulated by the pain and suffering caused by the absence of the youth, they affirmed that they will continue to demand justice until their sons appear. At a rally at the end of the march, parents of the disappeared condemned the supposed “historical truth” announced by former Federal Attorney General (PGR) Jesús Murillo Karam, according to which the students were arrested and subsequently handed over to the “United Warriors” drug cartel, who supposedly incinerated the students and threw their remains into a local river. The Interdisciplinary Group of Independent Experts (GIEI) also refuted this version of events, beyond releasing numerous recommendations to clarify the case. According to Cimac News, the federal government has not carried out even half of these recommendations, such as for example interviewing the members of the 27th Infantry Batallion of Iguala, who were present during the disappearance of the students.

At the rally was expressed solidarity with other struggles, such as the clarification of the acts that took place in the Narvarte neighborhood of Mexico City, where 5 people were killed recently, including the activist Nadia Vera and the photojournalist Rubén Espinosa. Beyond this, the families announced that they are preparing actions to pressure the government for the one-year anniversary of the forcible disappearance on 26 September. They announced that they would hold a hunger strike for three days and organize a mega-march in Mexico City, beyond preparing a “counter-report” to respond to the Third Governmental Report.

It should be stressed that media such as Aristegui News reported attacks on the press after the march.

For more information (in Spanish):

Padres protestan por los 11 meses del caso Ayotzinapa y alistan acciones (CNN México, 26 de agosto de 2015)

“Verdad histórica” se diluyó bajo los pies de las mamás de los 43 (Cimac Noticias, 27 de agosto de 2015)

Policías del DF agreden a prensa tras marcha por Ayotzinapa (video) (Aristegui Noticias, 28 de agosto de 2015)

A casi un año de la desaparición, padres de Ayotzinapa viajarán a EU para pedir ayuda del Papa (Animal Político, 26 de agosto de 2015)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero: Relatives of disappeared students from Ayotzinapa meet with PGR for first time in 4 months (22 July 2015)

National/Guerrero: Nine months after the Ayotzinapa atrocity, relatives express that they will not be silenced (3 July 2015)

Chiapas/Guerrero: Delegation of relatives and comrades of Ayotzinapa students tour CNI communities (29 June 2015)

Guerrero/National: 8 months after the forcible disappearance of the 43 students from the Rural Normal School of Ayotzinapa, there is no progress (9 June 2015)

Guerrero/National: 41 years after the forcible disappearance of Rosendo Radilla, demand for justice continues

September 11, 2015

Tita Radilla (@SIPAZ)

41 years after the forcible disappearance of Rosendo Radilla Pacheco, his family continues steadfastly to seek out his whereabouts. The last time Rosendo was seen alive was in the military barracks of Atoyac de Álvarez, Guerrero, within the context of the “Dirty War.” The fate of Radilla, who was a social activist, composer, and mayor of Atoyac, continue to be unknown, all this years later.

On 26 August an event was held in front of the Federal Attorney General’s Office (PGR) in Mexico City to emphasize the demand for justice in the case. At this event were present relatives of the 43 students who were forcibly disappeared 11 months ago in Iguala, a member of the UN Commission against Forcible Disappearances, as well as members of social organizations and collectives that struggle for the appearance with life of the disappeared. There were songs regarding the disappearances and at the end, white balloons were launched with the names of the disappeared.

“Since the arbitrary arrest of Mr. Radilla, his whereabouts have been unknown. The arrest and subsequent disappearance of Mr. Radilla was denounced by his family before the government. Due to the lack of response and due diligence on the part of the Mexican State, the Inter-American Court on Human Rights (IACHR) released in 2009 its first sentence against the Mexican State due to grave human-rights violations, ordering a series of measures of compensation,” as the communique released by members of the Mexican Commission for the Defense and Promotion of Human Rights asserts.

It bears stressing that the Radilla case has been a paradigmatic one, as it is the first sentence in which the IACHR has condemned the Mexican State. Furthermore, it has provoked structural changes such as the reform of the code of military justice. At the present time, the petitioners continue to await the observance of this sentence.

For more information (in Spanish):

Verdad, justicia, y reparación para Rosendo Radilla y todas las víctimas de desaparición forzada en México (Comisión Mexicana de Defensa y Promoción de los Derechos Humanos, 26 de agosto de 2015)

La desaparición es aún una práctica de Estado, lamentan a 41 años del caso Rosendo Radilla (El Sur, 26 de agosto de 2015)

Caso Rosendo Radilla Pacheco (Comisión Mexicana de Defensa y Promoción de los Derechos Humanos)

A 41 años de la desaparición forzada de Rosendo Radilla Pacheco: Ni verdad ni justicia (Síntesis de Guerrero, 20 de agosto de 2015)

Ven retroceso en desapariciones (La Razón, 26 de agosto de 2015)

For more information from SIPAZ (in English):

Guerrero: 40 years since the forcible disappearance of Rosendo Radilla Pacheco (2 September 2014)

Guerrero: Mexican State is denounced for failing to observe its obligations in the Rosendo Radilla Pacheco case (2 June 2014)

Guerrero: Homage to Rosendo Radilla Pacheco, disappeared by the Army (15 March 2014)

Guerrero: Soldiers harass Tita Radilla in Atoyac (7 December 2013)

Guerrero/National: SCJN affirms observance of IACHR sentences in Radilla and Cantú cases (28 September 2012)


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