Oaxaca: Homicides Increase in Oaxaca

May 5, 2016

Homicide

According to a report of the Attorney General of Oaxaca, 182 “intentional homicides” were registered between January and March, with the Coastal Region having the greatest number of these crimes. The study shows that there was an increase of 11.6% compared with the same period last year, in which 162 homicides were registered in the whole state. According to the report, the Coastal Region is top of the list of intentional homicides with 47 cases. As regards the rest of the state, the Central Valleys reported 36 killings; the Southern Sierra 24; Cuenca 21; Mixteca 13; Cañada 5; the Northern Sierra 2, and 34 in the Isthmus. In the Isthmus Region, a multiple homicide of two women and three men was recently registered, as a result of which the authorities reinforced security presence in Juchitan de Zaragoza and some other municipalities of the area.

 For his part, the regional Vice Attorney of Tehuantepec Isthmus, Luis Sanchez Castellanos, reported that the judicial hypotheis for the surge in violence and aggression of organized crime in the municipality of Juchitan de Zaragoza was due more to political problems than to control of the streets. He said that so far this year they had registered 40 homicides in Juchitan “although they are not all related to organized crime.” Sanchez Castellanos said that many of the delinquents “are protected by the politicians and social organizations, which makes their capture more difficult.”

 For more information in Spanish:

Reporta Fiscalía de Oaxaca 182 homicidios dolosos de enero a marzo (Quadtratin Oaxaca, 21 de abril de 2016)

Aumentan homicidios en Oaxaca 11.6 por ciento; Costa es la región más violenta (Servicios para una Educación Alternativa, A.C., EDUCA, 21 de abril de 2016)

Van 40 ejecuciones en Juchitán; política y control de plaza desatan violencia: Vicefiscalía (NVI Noticias, 20 de abril de 2016)

Asesinan a cinco en un predio perteneciente a Telmex en Oaxaca (La Jornada, 17 de abril de 2016)


Chiapas/Oaxaca/Guerrero/National: Criminalization of Social Protest

April 26, 2016

Protest.pngDuring the teachers’ mobilizations in Chiapas. Photo: @Cuartoscuro

On Friday April 15, the teachers began a day of mobilizations across the country as part of a “new struggle against educational reform, for the defense of public education, and employment stability”, which began with the blockade of highways, ports and border crossings in the states of Oaxaca, Guerrero, Michoacan, and Chiapas.

Teachers from Section 22 of the National Coordinator of Education Workers (CNTE) on the Tehuantepec Isthmus led two highway blockades as part of their actions against educational reform, the education law in Oaxaca, and to demand the release of political prisoners. In Guerrero, contingents of the State Coordinator of Education Workers in Guerrero (CETEG) blocked the lanes of the Sol Mexico-Acapulco motorway from morning as well as demonstrating on a number of streets of the capital. In Michoacan, at least three thousand members of CNTE, accompanied by trainee teachers of Arteaga municipality and some social organizations took control of the entrances to the industrial zone and blocked the exit to the Morelia motorway.

In Chiapas, the “disproportionate use of the security forces, arbitrary arrests, torture, cruel, inhumane and degrading treatments which characterize repression and criminalization of social protest” were committed and documented by the Fray Bartolome de Las Casas Center for Human Rights (CDHFBC, also known as Frayba) in San Cristobal de Las Casas and Tuxtla Gutierrez during the actions of the teachers from CNTE and the National Union of Education Workers (SNTE). CDHFBC pointed out that elements of the Federal Police, the Gendarmerie, and the State Police took part and used “indiscriminately and unjustifiably tear gas and rubber bullets damaging the health of those who were protesting.” Also, they denounced that they physically injured the passersby or those who were at the site of the repression, including children, women, and seniors. In the two cities, elements of the police “arbitrarily detained and with inhumane and/or degrading treatment, without respect for personal guarantees nor mediating protocols that protect security and integrity, at least eight women teachers, ten male teachers and three passersby” who were removed to the maximum security prison at Tepic, Nayarit.

The Ministry of Public Education (SEP) made it known that it sanctioned “with discounts […] and with separation from service 13,700 teachers” who participated in the protests against educational reform in different states of the country. CDHFBC urged the Mexican State to “assume the obligation to protect, guarantee and respect human rights; cease repression and criminalization of social protest; guarantee life, integrity and personal security of those who exercise their legitimate right to free protest; immediately, effectively, seriously, thoroughly and impartially see to these events, sanctioning those responsible for the human rights violations described; and immediately release the people arbitrarily arrested and unjustifiably transferred accused of invented crimes as justification for the repressive actions.”  

For more information in Spanish:

Movilización de la CNTE contra la reforma educativa en 28 estados (La Jornada, 15 de abril de 2016)

SEP sancionará a más de 13 mil docentes por protestas (La Jornada, 15 de abril de 2016)

Policías repliegan a maestros en Chiapas (La Jornada, 15 de abril de 2016)

Boletín: La represión del Estado mexicano criminaliza la protesta social en Chiapas (CDHFBC, 16 de abril de 2016)

Tortura y represión en operativos contra SNTE en Chiapas: Frayba (La Jornada, 17 de abril de 2016)

Criminaliza el Estado a los maestros en Chiapas: Frayba (Desinformémonos, 17 de abril de 2016)

Acusan golpes y torturas contra maestros detenidos en Chiapas (Proceso, 18 de abril de 2016)

Con marchas y protestas, exigen la liberación de maestros detenidos en Chiapas (Proceso, 18 de abril de 2016)

NotiFrayba:Criminalización de la protesta social en Chiapas (CDHFBC, 18 de abril de 2016)

For more information form SIPAZ:

Chiapas/Oaxaca/Guerrero: Protestas del magisterio contra la reforma educativa en varios estados (25 de febrero de 2016)

Guerrero: Maestros en Acapulco lograron sabotear la evaluación de docentes (14 de diciembre de 2015)

Chiapas: Choques entre policía y magisterio en el bloqueo a la evaluación (21 de octubre de 2015)


National: Senate Passes Federal Law for Special Economic Zones (SEZ)

April 17, 2016

SEZ.pngThe Special Economic Zones @Presidencia de la República

On Thursday, April 14, the Senate passed the Federal Law for Special Economic Zones (SEZ) with 88 votes in favor and eight against. The purpose of this law is to reduce poverty, allow for the provision of basic services and broaden the opportunities for a healthy and productive life in the regions which have the greatest deficiencies in social and economic development, according to the judgment. It will do so through the promotion of investment, productivity, competitiveness, employment, and a greater distribution of income among the population. The law establishes preferential conditions for national and foreign private companies. It will give concessions for 40 years, renewable for 40 more, and will enjoy tax and customs exemptions for eight years, for example.

While the Institutional Revolutionary party (PRI), the National Action Party (PAN), Ecologist Green Party (PVEM) and the Democratic Revolution Party (PRD) endorsed the law, the PRD senator, Dolores Padierna, rejected it. She pointed out that the law does not provide for any social benefit but benefits “for the economic elite of this country and foreign companies.” Similarly, senator Layda Sansores San Ramon, Citizens Movement (MC), considers that “it auctions Mexico.” Sharing this idea, the coordinator of the Work Party (PT), Manuel Bartlett warned that the developers of the SEZ will become administrators of the states of the republic in which they operate and seek “to deepen the appropriation of national territory for big international finance companies.” In effect, the law plans the expropriation of all territories required to establish investment projects, which will be administered by businessmen, who will be able to operate their own surveillance and security companies. Bartlett concluded assuring that “this is not a Peña Nieto project, because Peña Nieto has no projects. This is a North American plan studied in its universities. It is a big lie that with growth there can be a distribution of wealth.”

For more information in Spanish:

Aprueba el Senado ley sobre zonas económicas especiales (Educa, 15 de abril 2016)

Con ZEE, Peña Nieto pretende terminar de rematar a México: Layda (Pagin@bierta, 15 de abril 2016)
Avanza ley de Zonas Económicas Especiales en el Senado (La Jornada, 14 de abril 2016)
Senado votará el jueves por ley de Zonas Económicas Especiales (La jornada, 13 de abril 2016)

For more information from SIPAZ:

México / Nacional: Diputados aprueban Ley Federal de Zonas Económicas Especiales (18 de diciembre 2015)


Chiapas: Caravan for Peace, Life and Justice Reaches San Cristobal de Las Casas

April 10, 2016

Caravan.png

The event in Plaza de la Paz, San Cristobal de las Casas, Photo @ SIPAZ

On April 7, the Caravan for Peace, Life and Justice reached Plaza de La Paz in San Cristobal de Las Casas, where it held a discussion with representatives of various civil organizations which expressed their accompaniment and solidarity. The Caravan is a broad initiative of families of victims of human rights violations, civil society organizations and social movements from different nations, which call for a “halt to the war on drugs.” On their journey, the Caravan has joined a group of some 35 people from seven countries. It left Honduras on March 28 and will arrive to New York on April 18. According to Otros Mundos, “the route reflects the commitment to raise the voice of the victims and of the heroes of the war on drugs, and it turns out they are the same. From their pain, the victims are becoming in an organized way the people who struggle for peace and justice, for an exit from the war.” On their way through Mexico, the Caravan entered through the border of Guatemala – Mexico at La Mesilla – Ciudad Cuauhtemoc on April 6. There they held an event in which they listened to the words and struggles in the region of the southern border of Mexico, “invaded by a growing militarization which worsens the human rights situation of the peoples in defense and care of the earth as well as migrants from Central America and Chiapas year after year.” The participants in the Caravan proposed a compilation of testimonies of violations of human rights committed combatting drugs with the aim of presenting it at the special session on narcotics at the General Assembly of the United Nations, to be held from April 19 – 21.

During the event in San Cristobal de Las Casas, some civil organizations, among them Otros Mundos, The Civil Society of Las Abejas of Acteal, and Mesoamerican Voices shared their words. They demanded “that justice be done for the killing of the coordinator of the Council of Popular and Indigenous Organizations (COPINH), Berta Caceres, murdered on March 3 last in Honduras.” The Colombian Alex Serra, who coordinated the passage of the Caravan through Honduras, El Salvador and Guatemala reiterated that, “one of our principal demands is that justice be done because she was part of the Caravan and with her murder, we are in mourning.” In commemoration of the Honduran leader, there was a minute of applause during the event. Las Abejas de Acteal underlined that if “there is insecurity for the life of the population of Honduras, migration and pillage of our mother earth, it is not only in Honduras, there is also a wave of violence and injustice here in Chiapas and in Mexico, the youth of Ayotzinapa being a clear example.” Marco Castillo of the Popular Assembly of Migrant Families and coordinator of the Caravan in Mexico, sustained that, “it would appear that the great gain of the war is not security but the control of territory, terrorism in the population, such that it is undeniable that the security policy has failed.”

The Caravan left at noon on the same day to Oaxaca, from where it will travel to Morelos to have a meeting with Javier Sicilia, leader of the Movement for Peace with Justice and Dignity. From there it will continue its way to the seat of the United Nations Organization (UNO) in New York to demand justice and dignity.

For more information in Spanish:

Página Web de la Caravana por la Paz, la Vida y la Justicia

La Caravana por la Paz, la Vida y la Justicia, en la ruta de la violencia y la resistencia (Otros Mundos, 8 de abril de 2016)

Arriba Caravana por la Paz y la Justicia (Cuarto Poder, 8 de abril de 2016)

La caravana por la paz llegó ayer a San Cristóbal (La Jornada, 7 de abril de 2016)

Acogida a la Caravana por La Paz, la Vida y la Justicia en su entrada al país y en su paso por Chiapas (Voces Mesoamericanas, 7 de abril de 2016)

Comunicado de la Sociedad Civil Las Abejas de Acteal: “La sangre de la compañera Bertha podría expandir en todas partes del mundo. “ (Sociedad Civil Las Abejas de Acteal, 7 de abril de 2016)

For more information from SIPAZ

Justicia para Berta Cáceres y Nelson Noé García. Protección para Gustavo Castro Soto (29 de marzo de 2016)

Chiapas/Internacional: Asesinan a defensora hondureña (Berta Cáceres) en presencia de defensor mexicano (Gustavo Castro) (7 de marzo de 2016)

Nacional/internacional: La CIDH expresa su preocupación ante el endurecimiento de las autoridades mexicanas hacia los migrantes y sus defensores en la frontera Sur© SIPAZ Mural de migrantes, Chiapas (17 junio de 2015)


Oaxaca: Morena Regional Leader Murdered

April 9, 2016

QuirozThe leader of Morena in the Coast Region, Enrique Quiroz Quiroz @ Oaxacamira

On the night of Friday, April 1, Enrique Quiroz Quiroz was murdered. He was the coordinator of the Movement for National Regeneration (Morena) party in the Coast Region of Oaxaca State and was an active militant. The killing took place after 7 pm at the entrance to San Andres de Huaxtaltepec municipality according to information from the State Public Prosecutor. Quiroz received at least four shots from unidentified [gunmen].

This murder follows that of the reporter Marcos Hernandez Bautista on January 21 last in the same municipality and potential Morena candidate for mayor. The general secretary of the Morena state committee, Sesul Bolaños, demanded from “the state and federal authorities the investigation of these events that muddy the electoral process of June 5.” Sesul Bolaños declared, “We don’t dare to say that it is a campaign against Morena, but we have to highlight that it the second crime in the same region and in the same municipality.” He considered it “alarming that there is a climate of insecurity and uncertainty on the eve of elections.”

For more information in Spanish:

Asesinan en Oaxaca a líder regional de Morena (La Jornada, 02 de abril de 2016)

Ejecutan a seis hombres en Oaxaca, uno era militante de Morena y otro del PRD (Proceso, 02 de abril de 2016)

Morena condena asesinato de Enrique Quiroz Quiroz (Vanguardia, 02 de abril de 2016)

Un policía, presunto asesino del periodista Marcos Hernández (Proceso, 25 de febrero de 2016)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Chiapas: Allanan domicilio de regidor de Morena en San Cristóbal de Las Casas (31 de marzo de 2016)

Oaxaca: “Levantan” y ejecutan a líder triqui representante de Morena (13 de enero de 2015)


Oaxaca/Chiapas/National: Oxfam Presents Inequality Report

April 9, 2016

Oxfam.pngPhoto @ Oxfam

According to the international NGO Oxfam, the growing inequality crisis has become a recurring theme on international agendas due to the effects that this has on the world population. Mexico, Oaxaca and Chiapas are examples of this. On March 31, a group of researchers from the Autonomous University of Chiapas (UNACH in its Spanish acronym), from the Isitame Collective and from Oxfam Mexico presented the report “Inequality and Social Exclusion in Chiapas, a Long Term View.” Specifically, the document seeks to “find a reason for the inequalities in Mexico that different regions of the country experience, from territorial to local constructions as well as the solutions that can be locally outlined.” The report points out that Chiapas is considered to be “the state with the highest concentration of population in conditions of poverty and extreme poverty. As a result of a historical process of high rates of population growth, recurring crises and economic stagnation, a vicious circle of poverty and inequality has been generated, which reports the highest levels in all areas of poverty and inequality in the entity.” Jorge Alberto Lopez Arevalo, one of the researchers, commented that between 1995 and 2014 almost 40 million dollars have been invested in Social Development in Chiapas, a shocking figure, but poverty has not diminished. On the contrary, it is on the increase. ” We can say that this is the failure of social policy”, he said.

Extreme Inequality and Development Tendencies. The Case of the Oaxaca State” was also presented in the report, produced in collaboration between Services for an Alternative Education (Servicios para una Educación Alternativa A.C. – EDUCA) and Oxfam Mexico in Oaxaca State on March 29. According to the report, Oaxaca not only suffers from income poverty but also lack of social rights, which prevents equal access to development opportunities for the population. According to the study carried out, “this poverty and inequality favored the growth of drug addiction and alcoholism among the inhabitants.” Although the report does not specifically address inequality among women, it reveals that some elements of social policy, such as those aimed at empowering women, in fact increase work duties for them while other programs also increase their responsibilities. It also evaluates mega-projects and points out that the refinery at Salina Cruz, for example, has not had an impact on the welfare of the population and that wind farm projects have resulted in the dispossession of lands in the region of Tehuantepec Isthmus.

Ricardo Fuentes of Oxfam Mexico said that there is a growing tendency of inequality and that it is a world phenomenon that Oxfam has been warning about since 2014, when they revealed that 85 people possess more wealth than half of the population of the world. As a result of their analysis they published the document “Extreme Inequality. Concentration of Economic and Political Power” in June 2015, in which they warned about the gap between those who have everything and those who have nothing.

For more information in Spanish:

Más de 20 años de millonaria de derrama económica y Chiapas sigue igual de pobre (Chiapas Paralelo, 1 de abril de 2016)

Presentaron diagnóstico de desigualdad social (Cuarto Poder, 1 de abril de 2016)

Millones de dólares y la pobreza sigue en Chiapas: OXFAM (Areópago, 1 de abril de 2016)

Megaproyectos, desigualdad en Oaxaca: OXFAM (IstmoPress, 31 de marzo de 2016)

Oaxaca un estado de desigualdad extrema (SEM México, 30 de marzo de 2016)

Informe Desigualdad Extrema y Tendencias de Desarrollo. El Caso del Estado de Oaxaca, México (EDUCA, 29 de marzo de 2016)

For more information from SIPAZ

Nacional: Múltiples críticas a la presentación del Tercer Informe de Gobierno de Peña Nieto (8 de septiembre de 2015)

Chiapas: Foro “Defendiendo la esperanza y la autonomía desde el Sureste mexicano” (28 de junio de 2013)

México: crece pobreza en el país, en particular en zonas urbanas. Oaxaca, Chiapas y Guerrero con mayor índice de pobres. Campaña por la ratificación del PF PIDESC (9 de diciembre de 2011)


Guerrero: 3,000 Members of the Council of Affected Communities of Guerrero Mountain March against Hunger and Oblivion

April 6, 2016

Oaxaca block.png

Image of the blockade of one of the entrances to Tlapa. Photo:@Tlachinollan

On March 30 last, more than 3,000 indigenous from the High Mountain zone of Guerrero marched to demand reparations for damages caused by hurricanes Ingrid and Manuel in September 2013. More than two and a half years after the damages caused by the storms, 185 communities organized under the Council of Affected Communities of Guerrero Mountain denounced the lack of attention to the commitment that the State Government gave in support of their demands for the reconstruction of their homes and of their productive base. Until today, “dozens of families are still living in the hills under tin roofs as the government still hasn’t rebuilt their homes”, Sintesis de Guerrero said. Taking the main entrances of the city of Tlapa de Comonfort they demanded “immediate attention from the State and Federal Governments and to demand that they meet their unfulfilled [agreements]according to the Montaña Tlachinollan Human Rights Centre.

According to the same source, “given of the grave crisis of production that the indigenous families are facing, the people whose economy is based on seasonal agriculture and the sale of coffee, they are on the brink of a serious situation.” In spite of that, “the State and Federal Governments have insisted on postponing basic solutions to a structural problem”, such that the Council of Affected Communities proposed the “Raining Maize in the Mountain” program. This proposes the compensation of the deficit of production of basic grains, which has forced dozens of families to migrate to work mostly as casual agricultural workers, and also that homes are built. It is worth remembering that the Guerrero Mountain region is one of the poorest in the country and that around 4,250 homes were damaged by the hurricanes. According to declarations of a member of the Council, “more than two years have passed and the primary still hasn’t been built, we are still missing 13 houses for families that had to leave the community because the town was buried.”  

As Tlachinollan indicated, the process of the Council of Affected Communities is carrying out a “struggle against discrimination, the abuse of the authorities and the selective and corrupt practices that are used in this forgotten region […] and to make the authorities promise to fulfill their commitments.” The Council asked to begin dialogue again with the State and Federal Governments to complete the building phase of homes in the “Raining Maize in the Mountain Program.

For more information in Spanish:

BOLETÍN | Mas de 3 mil Indígenas de la Montaña se movilizan contra el hambre y la discriminación (Centro de Derechos Humanos de la Montaña Tlachinollan, 31 de marzo de 2016)

Exige el Consejo de Damnificados de La Montaña que se amplíen los apoyos de granos básicos (El Sur Acapulco, 31 de marzo de 2016)

Exigen familias indígenas de La Montaña al gobierno cumpla con la entrega de granos (La Jornada de Guerrero, 31 de marzo de 2016)

Cierran carreteras en Tlapa damnificados de la montaña (Síntesis de Guerrero, 31 de marzo de 2016)

For more information form SIPAZ:

Guerrero: Marcha de familias damnificadas a un año de la tormenta Manuel y el huracán Ingrid (15 de septiembre de 2014)

Guerrero: Se logra acuerdo para implementación de un programa de abastecimiento de granos básicos para los damnificados de la Montaña (22 de febrero de 2014)

Guerrero: Damnificados de la Montaña realizan “Peregrinación del Hambre” por falta de apoyo gubernamental (5 de febrero de 2014)

Guerrero: Damnificados de las tormentas migran para poder subsistir (22 de octubre de 2013)

 


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