Oaxaca: Alejandro Murat Takes Office as Governor

December 5, 2016

Governor.jpg@Twitter Murat

In the early morning of December 1 and in an alternate location, Alejandro Murat Hinojosa (of the Institutional Revolutionary Party, PRI) took office as the new governor of Oaxaca. The event took place in an alternate venue to the Congress facilities, which was taken over by teachers from Section 22 of the National Coordinator of Education Workers (CNTE), who also organized 37 road blocks in several parts of the state in the same context.

In a statement, Section 22 described the taking of office as “spurious and without consensus.” It emphasized that “a taking of office that arrives hidden from the Oaxacans, with hunger for power and ambition for authority is doomed to failure because it is not public, consensual and open to the peoples and communities.”

In a political declaration from the social movement, some 20 social organizations denounced that, “emboldened and thirsty for power before the arrival of the PRI to government, its political operators have begun to confront the popular movement, as has been observed in different scenarios.” It warned: “The immediate objective of the PRI is to continue the path of imposing structural reforms, allowing them to exploit natural resources (minerals, oil, gas, timber, etc.), obtain cheap labor (the health service is an example of embezzlement of millions, with popular insurance and universalization being rejected as fraud); to generate greater infrastructure for the transportation of goods (the trans- isthmus corridor, the highway to the isthmus and coast) and to advance with the liquidation of indigenous, social, trade union and human rights resistances, which have been examples at national level. “

Therefore, they called on “all democratic, progressive and revolutionary forces in Oaxaca to close ranks before the return of the PRI.”

On the same day, Murat Hinojosa announced the composition of his cabinet in which the appointment of a marine in charge of the Secretariat of Public Security, Frigate Captain Jose Raymundo Tuñón Jauregui who is also paratrooper of the Marine Corps and served as military attaché for several years in the United States is notable.

For more information in Spanish:

De madrugada y en sede alterna, Murat toma protesta como gobernador de Oaxaca (Aristegui Noticias, 1ero de diciembre de 2016)

A escondidas y de madrugada, Murat rinde protesta como gobernador de Oaxaca (Proceso, 1ero de diciembre de 2016)

“Espuria y sin consenso”, la toma de protesta de Murat: CNTE (Proceso, 1ero de diciembre de 2016)

Cerrar filas en el movimiento social, ante el retorno del PRI en Oaxaca (Declaración política de organizaciones sociales del estado, 1ero de diciembre de 2016)

Alejandro Murat da a conocer a su Gabinete legal (Página 3.mx, 1ero de diciembre de 2016)

Nombra Murat a Capitán de la Marina como titular de la SSP en Oaxaca (NVI Oaxaca, 1ero de diciembre de 2016)

 For more information from SIPAZ:

Nacional : Resultados de las elecciones del 5 de junio (16 de junio de 2016)


Oaxaca: Condemnation of Harassment and Defamation of Human Rights Defender Rubi Jazmin Cortes Salazar

November 9, 2016

rubiProtest in Oaxaca, June 2016. Photo@Front Line Defenders

On October 26, the international organization Front Line Defenders, the Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders, the joint program of the World Organization Against Torture (OMCT in its Spanish acronym) and the FIDH – Network of Women Activist Defenders of Human Rights of Oaxaca and the Consortium for Parliamentary Dialogue and Equity, Oaxaca AC, made an urgent appeal against the escalation of harassment against Rubi Jasmine Cortes Salazar, human rights defender of the Nuu Savi nation in Mixteca,.

 Rubi is a human rights defender, a feminist of Mixtec origin and member of the Multicultural Alliance of Originary and Radical Women in Tlaxiaco (AMMOR). She was part of the first generation of the Diploma in Women, Feminisms and Decolonization Studies, organized by the Lunas del Sur Civil Association. She is also president of the Committee for the Defense of Public Education, Division 01, Tlaxiaco, and has played a key role in information and coordination with parents of Tlaxiaco in the struggle for conditions and access to education for girls and boys.

 The urgent call reports that Rubi has suffered several attacks in recent months. The last occurred on October 19, when a photomontage was published on social networks in which three bodies, two women and one man, appear in underwear sitting on a bed. On the women’s bodies, pictures of the defender Rubi Cortes and her mother were cut and pasted; on the body of the man, a photo of the mayor of Tlaxiaco, Alejandro Aparicio was used. This photomontage has circulated on Facebook from a “troll” user account. Many of the people who follow this page are from the town of Tlaxiaco, precisely where the defender Rubi lives and conducts her work. The urgent appeal emphasizes that this defamation has a sexist, macho and misogynistic tone generating a strong impact on the safety of Rubi.

 Due to this, the organizations that denounced the events called:

 – For the State Government to publicly acknowledge the importance of the work of human rights defenders in Oaxaca, and in particular the work of human rights defender Rubi Jasmine Cortes Salazar.

– To immediately investigate and punish those found responsible for various attacks against the defender, as well as those responsible for the defamation campaign that seeks to delegitimize her career.

– The immediate implementation of protective measures to guarantee the physical and psychological integrity of Rubi Jasmine Cortes Salazar and her family.

For more information n Spanish:

LLAMADO URGENTE: Denuncia de hostigamiento y difamación contra defensora Ñuu Savi Rubí Jazmín Cortés Salazar (Consorcio, a 26 de octubre 2016)

ONG exigen protección para defensora oaxaqueña (CIMAC Noticias, 26 de octubre de 2016)

Denuncian difamación contra defensora Rubí Cortés Salazar (Despertar de Oaxaca, 27 de octubre de 2016)


Oaxaca/International: Fifth Person Arrested in Bety Cariño and Jyri Jaakkola Murder Case

October 19, 2016

jyri-bety

On October 6, John Macario Bautista Ramirez was arrested in Brownsville, Texas, United States, and was deported by immigration authorities, identified as one of those responsible for the death of activists Bety Cariño and Jyri Jaakkola, who were participating in a humanitarian convoy bound for San Juan Copala and who were ambushed in the Triqui region of Oaxaca, on April 27, 2010. This arrest makes five the number of people detained for the events.

According to Virginia Lopez, a relative of Bety Cariño, the event has not been forgotten. She noted that although this represents progress, they will continue to demand that justice be done and that all the killers are imprisoned with their corresponding punishment.

Omar Esparza, leader of the Indigenous Zapatista Agrarian Movement (MAIZ) and widower of Bety Cariño, acknowledged that this is a step but “there are still eight arrest warrants to be executed. During these six years as a family and organization we presented evidence, much of which was turned down, lines of investigation involving organized crime were closed and that tells us a lot, furthermore all federal investigation was put on hold due to lack of evidence without notifying us.” He insisted that “justice will not be done until everyone involved is arrested and duly tried and that it is not only a show trial”.

Meanwhile Michell Karla Salas, who is legally accompanying the case, claimed that “the whole process has been extremely slow, none of those arrested has been tried. The first [trial] will take place in early November and the Investigating Judge in Oaxaca dismissed two of the main testimonies that came from two women who were witnesses and managed to see the faces of those who attacked the convoy. “ According to information from Desinformemonos, “the current political context in Oaxaca is worrying for the lawyer, the return of the PRI to state government and also the recent appointment of Rene Juarez Cisneros, PRI politician and former governor of Guerrero, named yesterday as the new Government Undersecretary of the Interior Ministry which could influence the outcome of the trials of the five people arrested so far and whether or not the eight arrests pending are made.”

For more information in Spanish:

“Estamos muy decepcionados de la justicia mexicana, el asesinato de Bety Cariño y Jyri Jaakkola permanece impune”: Omar Esparza (Desinformémonos, 7 de octubre de 2016)

Cae otro de los asesinos de Bety Cariño y Jyri Jaakkola (NVI Noticias, 6 de octubre de 2016)

Detienen en Estados Unidos a triqui implicado en los asesinatos de Bety Cariño y Jyri Jaakkola (Pagina3, 7 de octubre de 2016)

 For more information from SIPAZ :

Oaxaca: PGR archiva el caso del asesinato de Bety Cariño y Jyri Jaakkola (28 de abril de 2016)

Oaxaca: Gobierno del estado no recibe a eurodiputadas por “falta de voluntad” hacia el caso de Bety y Jyri (2 de octubre de 2015)

Oaxaca: Omar Esparza denuncia grupo contratado para asesinarlo; amenazas para abogados del caso Bety y Jyri (3 de junio de 2015)

Oaxaca: Amenazan a dos mujeres testigos en el caso del asesinato de los activistas Bety Cariño y Jyri Jaakkola (13 de febrero de 2015


Oaxaca: Front Formed against Mining and Wind Farms on the Tehuantepec Isthmus

October 18, 2016

Tehuantepec.jpgMining in the Isthmus (@Diana Manzo)

At the end of a meeting held in San Pedro Tapanatepec, more than 500 people from seven municipalities of the Tehuantepec Isthmus (Chahuites, Tapanatepec, Ixhuatán, Reforma, Niltepec, San Francisco del Mar and Zanatepec) declared themselves against open pit mining that Canadian companies intend to install in 30,000 hectares of the eastern part of the Isthmus, including 19 thousand hectares of forest in Chimalpas. Given the predicted effects, they unanimously agreed to form a Regional Defense Committee Against Mining. They denounced that the government sold the permits without asking, violating rights.

It should be recalled that between 2005 and 2013 the federal government awarded five grants for a period of 50 years to three Canadian mining companies, including Minaurum Gold Inc., in the municipalities of Zanatepec, Chahuites, San Pedro Tapanatepec and San Miguel Chimalpas .

“It is not only the mines, we should not forget that wind farm company officials have reached the ejidos, from Arriaga to Salina Cruz, who want to convince [people]; there are already companies trying to install their wind farms on our land, but there is also a regional movement of compañeros in resistance,” said one participant.

For more information in Spanish:

No permitiremos minería en nuestro territorio: istmeños (EDUCA, 10 de octubre de 2016)

Integran frente contra mineras y eólicas en el istmo de Tehuantepec (NSS Oaxaca, 12 de octubre de 2016)

Crean movimiento de resistencia contra mineras y eólicas en el istmo de Tehuantepec (Regeneración, 12 de octubre de 2016)

Conforman alianza contra minera canadiense (NVI Noticias, 13 de octubre de 2016)

For more information from SIPAZ :

Oaxaca: Se llevó a cabo Foro Regional “La minería en Oaxaca. Impactos sociales y ambientales” (29 de abril de 2016)

Oaxaca: Encuentro estatal de comunidades y organizaciones en resistencia a proyectos mineros (4 de febrero de 2016)

Oaxaca: Ejidos y comunidades de Valles Centrales declaran sus territorios libres de minería (4 de diciembre de 2015)

Oaxaca: Presenta ONU publicación sobre derecho a la consulta y megaproyectos (29 de junio de 2011)

 


National: Increase in Murders of Transgender People Denounced

October 12, 2016

itzelItzel Castellanos @FacebookItzel

On October 9, Itzel Castellanos, a nineteen-year-old transgender person, was killed with a knife outside her home in Comitan, Chiapas. On September 30, Paola, a 25-year-old transgender sex worker was shot dead in Mexico City.

In the case of the Isthmus of Juchitan in Oaxaca, being muxe (homosexual or transgender) is considered a gift because parents believe that the son or daughter muxe is loyal to the family and will not be married and will look after them. However, several organizations have reported an increase in murders of transgender people in this area also, “According to the Sexual Diversity organization, from 2010 to May 2016 over 120 killings of non-heterosexual people were committed in Oaxaca. Meanwhile, the National Catholic Youth Network for the Right to Decide reported that in the last 14 months 17 hate crimes were committed; 15 in 2015 and two in 2016, in the regions of the coast, the Isthmus and the Central Valleys.”

In a broader sense, according to La Jornada newspaper, the Observatory of Murdered Trans People and the Citizens Commission Against Hate Crimes Homophobia argues that Mexico ranks second in the world with 229 such killings (ahead Brazil, with 802, and followed by the US with 132)

For more information in Spanish:

 El asesinato atroz e impune de Paola, una transexual, deja muy mal parada a la “tolerante” CdMx (Sin Embargo, 6 de octubre de 2016)

Asesinato de joven transexual indigna a la comunidad gay de Chiapas (Revista Proceso, 8 de octubre de 2016)

Itzel, transexual de 19 años, es asesinada a puñaladas, en su casa de Chiapas; van 20 en 2016 (Sin Embargo, 9 de octubre de 2016)

Crímenes por homofobia en Juchitán derrumban el mito de paraíso muxe (La Jornada, 10 de octubre de 2016)

Itzel Durán, una joven transexual de 19 años, fue asesinada en Chiapas (Animal Político, 10 de octubre de 2016)

 For more information from SIPAZ:

Chiapas: Denuncian violencia policial en la detención de transexuales en Palenque (17 de diciembre de 2015)

 


National: The CNDH Presents its Report on Recommendations on Human Rights Violations

September 29, 2016

SE CNDHLuis Raul Gonzalez Perez, CNDH president, Photo@Luis Barrón, SinEmbargo

On June 8, National Human Rights Commission (CNDH) presented its report on recommendations for human rights violations in Mexico City.

According to the CNDH, the states that have received the most recommendations from 1990 to the present are Guerrero, Oaxaca, Chiapas, Mexico City and Veracruz.

The commission’s report states, “that in the last 26 years 2,537 recommendations were issued to 1,102 authorities, of which 361 are still pending compliance with some of the recommended points.”

Raul Gonzalez Perez, president of the CNDH, stated “that the federal authorities with the most recommendations are the Attorney General’s Office (PGR), the Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS), the Secretariat of National Defense (Sedena) and the executive powers of Chiapas and Oaxaca, with 105 and 104 cases respectively.”

The report notes that, “[in] the breakdown by state, the Guerrero authorities top the list with 136, followed by Oaxaca with 134, Chiapas with 127, Mexico City with 100 and Veracruz with 93.” The 320 outstanding recommendations are related to 530 issued between 2011 and 2016, of which 60 percent have not been met in full.

The National Security Commission (CNS), IMSS, PGR, the Department of Defense and the Governor of Guerrero are the authorities that must fulfill most of the recommendations. “Some 28 of these outstanding recommendations are more than six years old, 57 between four and six, 132 three to four, 128 between one and two, and 16 less than a year.”

According to Sin Embargo, the most important points of non-compliance with these recommendations are “related to guarantees of non-repetition, attention to victims and processes to determine administrative and criminal responsibilities of public servants.”

For more information in Spanish:

Guerrero, Oaxaca, Chiapas y la CdMx, los estados que más violan los derechos humanos: CNDH (Sin Embargo, a 08 de julio 2016)

 


National: March for Resignation of Enrique Peña Nieto

September 28, 2016

epnCall for march for resignation of Peña Nieto

On September 15, the symbolic commemoration day of “El Grito” – the cry for the Independence of Mexico – thousands of people responded to the call launched on social networks for a march to demand the resignation of Enrique Peña Nieto.

#RenunciaYa, is the hashtag with which this non-partisan demonstration was called for on social networks since September 2, just after the publication of the Government’s fourth report. Led by parents of the 43 student teachers from Ayotzinapa, followed by farmers from Atenco, machete in hand, about 4,000 citizens, mostly young, began the #RenunciaYa protest, according to Animal Politico. The protesters left the Angel of Independence monument with the aim of reaching the Zocalo to face the president. However, at the Palace of Fine Arts, thousands of riot police, deployed by the Ministry of Public Security of Mexico City, blocked their passage. However, in the Zocalo, a small group of protesters who had managed get through started whistling and shouting slogans against the president just as President Enrique Peña Nieto appeared. According to La Jornada, “a young man showed a poster criticizing the federal administration and was immediately surrounded by elements of the Federal and Presidential Police. Some people demanded that the police allow the youth to express himself, to which they responded “we are only following orders.” Federal Police kept the young man surrounded until the fireworks ended, he was photographed and they made video of the youth and finally two policemen said they would accompany him to the exit.”

In Chiapas, the governor, Manuel Velasco Coello, did “El Grito” from an alternative site to the square of Tuxtla Gutierrez, as it was occupied by teachers opposed to the education reform bill.

For their part, the Las Abejas of Acteal Civil Society Organization, in their last statement, give several examples of why, according to them, “there is no longer independence.” They claim that, “this heroic and historic struggle for the independence of Mexico […] has been betrayed by the PRI governments and other political parties in Mexico who have been in power.” Because “The idea of the struggle, independence in 1810, meant that Mexico was independent, sovereign, democratic. […] However, the edge of that independence began to end with the government of Carlos Salinas de Gortari with agreements and commercial, political and military treaties with neoliberal and capitalist countries, one of them is: the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) between Mexico, the United States and Canada.”

In addition, the Xinich’ Coordinator of Social Organizations remembered September 15 with a statement in which it demands the removal of Enrique Peña Nieto as an “incompetent” in addition to “delivering our nation into the hands of foreigners.” It also expressed support for the struggle of the teachers against the so-called educational reform and demanded “the repeal of structural reforms, justice for the people massacred at Viejo Velasco, Acteal, for the 43 disappeared student teachers of Ayotzinapa, for Nochixtlan, Oaxaca, compliance with the San Andrés agreements signed between the federal government and the EZLN…”

 In Oaxaca, in the state capital, the governor, Cué Monteagudo, did his sixth and last “Grito” from the balcony of the government palace amid shouts of “murderer” and “traitor”. According to Educa, “elements of the State Police prevented the entry of teachers from Section 22 into the square to give their alternative ‘Grito’ with teargas, sparking a confrontation”. At least 20 people sustained minor injuries.

For more information in Spanish:

En méxico ya no existe independencia, es por las mal llamadas reformas constitucionales (Las abejas de Acteal, 22 de septembre de 2016)

#Chiapas Xinich’ recordó el “15 de Septiembre” exigiendo la renuncia de EPN, la abrogación de las reformas estructurales y el cumplimientos de los “Acuerdos de San Andrés” (Koman Iles, 20 de septiembre)

Marchan para exigir la renuncia de Peña Nieto (La Jornada, a 16 de septiembre 2016)

15 de septiembre: Policías repliegan marchas en Oaxaca y Chiapas (Educa, a 15 de septiembre 2016)

Miles de personas dan el Grito en el Zócalo (La Jornada, a 15 de septiembre 2016)

Renuncia ya y los acarreados: dos marchas rumbo al Zócalo (Animal político, a 16 de septiembre 2016)

Hay apertura para la crítica, dice presidencia sobre posible rechifla a Peña durante el Grito (Animal político, a 14 de septiembre 2016)

15 razones para marchar y gritar #RenunciaYA (Animal político, a 6 de septiembre 2016)

Ciudadanos convocan a marchar hoy 15 de septiembre para exigir renuncia de Peña (Animal político, a 2 de septiembre 2016)

 For more information from Sipaz:

Nacional : cuarto informe del gobierno de Peña Nieto (12 de septiembre 2016)