Oaxaca/National: NGOs Document Arbitrary Detentions of Defenders – Relatives Demand their Release

December 28, 2016

Defenders.pngPedro Canche Herrera, Nestora Salgado and Enrique Guerrero Aviña (Photo@: Consorciooaxaca)

On December 14, 2016, the report Arbitrary and Illegal Detentions – Criminalization: a State Policy to Inhibit the Defense of Human Rights in Mexico, jointly prepared by 11 Mexican and international civil society organizations, was launched in Oaxaca. This report analyzes the case of five human rights defenders who were “illegally arrested without warrant and imprisoned for crimes they committed only for their legitimate activities in defense of human rights”: Damian Gallardo Martinez, Enrique Guerrero Aviña, Librado Baños Rodriguez, Pedro Canche Herrera and Nestora Salgado – the last two of whom have already been released.

The UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detentions, having studied these cases, confirmed that they were arbitrary detentions and that they were carried out “without warrant or charges against them [those involved in the said cases]“. The WG underlined the numerous irregularities presented by criminal proceedings. In its opinion, the detention of Librado Baños corresponds to “acts of retaliation and reprisal for his active defense of the rights of the indigenous and Afro-descendant population of the region.” It should be noted that the Working Group stated that it requested information from the Mexican Government regarding those cases, which was not provided in the legal period for that purpose.

The 11 organizations and relatives of the victims say that the arrests, acts of torture and other human rights violations they have been subjected to illustrate “a much broader pattern of criminalization of social protest in Mexico that seeks to inhibit the defense of human rights and social protest, turning them into illegal and criminal activities. In addition to this the fact that, far from affecting the eradication of this practice, the Mexican state continues to detain and intimidate defenders in the country.”

The authors of the report emphasize that “the responsibility for these violations of human rights is shared between the plurality of players directly or indirectly involved in the process of criminalization and arbitrary detention of defenders: the Mexican State may be involved at different levels, federal and state, as well as the police, the army, the same government authorities, the judiciary through justice operators, sharing responsibility with private players such as private companies and landowners.”

During the presentation of the report, the organizations and families demanded: “the immediate release of Damian Gallardo, Enrique Guerrero and Librado Baños as well as the cessation of criminalization and full reparation to the five human rights defenders for the numerous human rights violations to which they have been subjected.”

The report clarifies that “the five cases of arbitrary detention presented show the serious human rights crisis in Mexico. These five cases are emblematic and represent only a small part of the arbitrary detentions that occur with impunity in the country.”

 For more information in Spanish:

Inéditas, 5 detenciones arbitrarias de defensores de DDHH reconocidas por la ONU (Aristegui Noticias, 14 de diciembre de 2016)

ONGs documentan detenciones arbitrarias de defensoras y defensores, familiares exigen su libertad (Educa, 15 de diciembre 2016)

Informe : detenciones arbitraria e ilegal (Consorcio Oaxaca, diciembre 2016)

 For more information from SIPAZ:


Guerrero/Nacional: Nestora Salgado lanza campaña para exigir la libertad de los presos políticos del país (4 de abril 2016)


Oaxaca: Alejandro Murat Takes Office as Governor

December 5, 2016

Governor.jpg@Twitter Murat

In the early morning of December 1 and in an alternate location, Alejandro Murat Hinojosa (of the Institutional Revolutionary Party, PRI) took office as the new governor of Oaxaca. The event took place in an alternate venue to the Congress facilities, which was taken over by teachers from Section 22 of the National Coordinator of Education Workers (CNTE), who also organized 37 road blocks in several parts of the state in the same context.

In a statement, Section 22 described the taking of office as “spurious and without consensus.” It emphasized that “a taking of office that arrives hidden from the Oaxacans, with hunger for power and ambition for authority is doomed to failure because it is not public, consensual and open to the peoples and communities.”

In a political declaration from the social movement, some 20 social organizations denounced that, “emboldened and thirsty for power before the arrival of the PRI to government, its political operators have begun to confront the popular movement, as has been observed in different scenarios.” It warned: “The immediate objective of the PRI is to continue the path of imposing structural reforms, allowing them to exploit natural resources (minerals, oil, gas, timber, etc.), obtain cheap labor (the health service is an example of embezzlement of millions, with popular insurance and universalization being rejected as fraud); to generate greater infrastructure for the transportation of goods (the trans- isthmus corridor, the highway to the isthmus and coast) and to advance with the liquidation of indigenous, social, trade union and human rights resistances, which have been examples at national level. “

Therefore, they called on “all democratic, progressive and revolutionary forces in Oaxaca to close ranks before the return of the PRI.”

On the same day, Murat Hinojosa announced the composition of his cabinet in which the appointment of a marine in charge of the Secretariat of Public Security, Frigate Captain Jose Raymundo Tuñón Jauregui who is also paratrooper of the Marine Corps and served as military attaché for several years in the United States is notable.

For more information in Spanish:

De madrugada y en sede alterna, Murat toma protesta como gobernador de Oaxaca (Aristegui Noticias, 1ero de diciembre de 2016)

A escondidas y de madrugada, Murat rinde protesta como gobernador de Oaxaca (Proceso, 1ero de diciembre de 2016)

“Espuria y sin consenso”, la toma de protesta de Murat: CNTE (Proceso, 1ero de diciembre de 2016)

Cerrar filas en el movimiento social, ante el retorno del PRI en Oaxaca (Declaración política de organizaciones sociales del estado, 1ero de diciembre de 2016)

Alejandro Murat da a conocer a su Gabinete legal (Página 3.mx, 1ero de diciembre de 2016)

Nombra Murat a Capitán de la Marina como titular de la SSP en Oaxaca (NVI Oaxaca, 1ero de diciembre de 2016)

 For more information from SIPAZ:

Nacional : Resultados de las elecciones del 5 de junio (16 de junio de 2016)


Oaxaca: Condemnation of Harassment and Defamation of Human Rights Defender Rubi Jazmin Cortes Salazar

November 9, 2016

rubiProtest in Oaxaca, June 2016. Photo@Front Line Defenders

On October 26, the international organization Front Line Defenders, the Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders, the joint program of the World Organization Against Torture (OMCT in its Spanish acronym) and the FIDH – Network of Women Activist Defenders of Human Rights of Oaxaca and the Consortium for Parliamentary Dialogue and Equity, Oaxaca AC, made an urgent appeal against the escalation of harassment against Rubi Jasmine Cortes Salazar, human rights defender of the Nuu Savi nation in Mixteca,.

 Rubi is a human rights defender, a feminist of Mixtec origin and member of the Multicultural Alliance of Originary and Radical Women in Tlaxiaco (AMMOR). She was part of the first generation of the Diploma in Women, Feminisms and Decolonization Studies, organized by the Lunas del Sur Civil Association. She is also president of the Committee for the Defense of Public Education, Division 01, Tlaxiaco, and has played a key role in information and coordination with parents of Tlaxiaco in the struggle for conditions and access to education for girls and boys.

 The urgent call reports that Rubi has suffered several attacks in recent months. The last occurred on October 19, when a photomontage was published on social networks in which three bodies, two women and one man, appear in underwear sitting on a bed. On the women’s bodies, pictures of the defender Rubi Cortes and her mother were cut and pasted; on the body of the man, a photo of the mayor of Tlaxiaco, Alejandro Aparicio was used. This photomontage has circulated on Facebook from a “troll” user account. Many of the people who follow this page are from the town of Tlaxiaco, precisely where the defender Rubi lives and conducts her work. The urgent appeal emphasizes that this defamation has a sexist, macho and misogynistic tone generating a strong impact on the safety of Rubi.

 Due to this, the organizations that denounced the events called:

 – For the State Government to publicly acknowledge the importance of the work of human rights defenders in Oaxaca, and in particular the work of human rights defender Rubi Jasmine Cortes Salazar.

– To immediately investigate and punish those found responsible for various attacks against the defender, as well as those responsible for the defamation campaign that seeks to delegitimize her career.

– The immediate implementation of protective measures to guarantee the physical and psychological integrity of Rubi Jasmine Cortes Salazar and her family.

For more information n Spanish:

LLAMADO URGENTE: Denuncia de hostigamiento y difamación contra defensora Ñuu Savi Rubí Jazmín Cortés Salazar (Consorcio, a 26 de octubre 2016)

ONG exigen protección para defensora oaxaqueña (CIMAC Noticias, 26 de octubre de 2016)

Denuncian difamación contra defensora Rubí Cortés Salazar (Despertar de Oaxaca, 27 de octubre de 2016)


Oaxaca/International: Fifth Person Arrested in Bety Cariño and Jyri Jaakkola Murder Case

October 19, 2016

jyri-bety

On October 6, John Macario Bautista Ramirez was arrested in Brownsville, Texas, United States, and was deported by immigration authorities, identified as one of those responsible for the death of activists Bety Cariño and Jyri Jaakkola, who were participating in a humanitarian convoy bound for San Juan Copala and who were ambushed in the Triqui region of Oaxaca, on April 27, 2010. This arrest makes five the number of people detained for the events.

According to Virginia Lopez, a relative of Bety Cariño, the event has not been forgotten. She noted that although this represents progress, they will continue to demand that justice be done and that all the killers are imprisoned with their corresponding punishment.

Omar Esparza, leader of the Indigenous Zapatista Agrarian Movement (MAIZ) and widower of Bety Cariño, acknowledged that this is a step but “there are still eight arrest warrants to be executed. During these six years as a family and organization we presented evidence, much of which was turned down, lines of investigation involving organized crime were closed and that tells us a lot, furthermore all federal investigation was put on hold due to lack of evidence without notifying us.” He insisted that “justice will not be done until everyone involved is arrested and duly tried and that it is not only a show trial”.

Meanwhile Michell Karla Salas, who is legally accompanying the case, claimed that “the whole process has been extremely slow, none of those arrested has been tried. The first [trial] will take place in early November and the Investigating Judge in Oaxaca dismissed two of the main testimonies that came from two women who were witnesses and managed to see the faces of those who attacked the convoy. “ According to information from Desinformemonos, “the current political context in Oaxaca is worrying for the lawyer, the return of the PRI to state government and also the recent appointment of Rene Juarez Cisneros, PRI politician and former governor of Guerrero, named yesterday as the new Government Undersecretary of the Interior Ministry which could influence the outcome of the trials of the five people arrested so far and whether or not the eight arrests pending are made.”

For more information in Spanish:

“Estamos muy decepcionados de la justicia mexicana, el asesinato de Bety Cariño y Jyri Jaakkola permanece impune”: Omar Esparza (Desinformémonos, 7 de octubre de 2016)

Cae otro de los asesinos de Bety Cariño y Jyri Jaakkola (NVI Noticias, 6 de octubre de 2016)

Detienen en Estados Unidos a triqui implicado en los asesinatos de Bety Cariño y Jyri Jaakkola (Pagina3, 7 de octubre de 2016)

 For more information from SIPAZ :

Oaxaca: PGR archiva el caso del asesinato de Bety Cariño y Jyri Jaakkola (28 de abril de 2016)

Oaxaca: Gobierno del estado no recibe a eurodiputadas por “falta de voluntad” hacia el caso de Bety y Jyri (2 de octubre de 2015)

Oaxaca: Omar Esparza denuncia grupo contratado para asesinarlo; amenazas para abogados del caso Bety y Jyri (3 de junio de 2015)

Oaxaca: Amenazan a dos mujeres testigos en el caso del asesinato de los activistas Bety Cariño y Jyri Jaakkola (13 de febrero de 2015


Oaxaca: Front Formed against Mining and Wind Farms on the Tehuantepec Isthmus

October 18, 2016

Tehuantepec.jpgMining in the Isthmus (@Diana Manzo)

At the end of a meeting held in San Pedro Tapanatepec, more than 500 people from seven municipalities of the Tehuantepec Isthmus (Chahuites, Tapanatepec, Ixhuatán, Reforma, Niltepec, San Francisco del Mar and Zanatepec) declared themselves against open pit mining that Canadian companies intend to install in 30,000 hectares of the eastern part of the Isthmus, including 19 thousand hectares of forest in Chimalpas. Given the predicted effects, they unanimously agreed to form a Regional Defense Committee Against Mining. They denounced that the government sold the permits without asking, violating rights.

It should be recalled that between 2005 and 2013 the federal government awarded five grants for a period of 50 years to three Canadian mining companies, including Minaurum Gold Inc., in the municipalities of Zanatepec, Chahuites, San Pedro Tapanatepec and San Miguel Chimalpas .

“It is not only the mines, we should not forget that wind farm company officials have reached the ejidos, from Arriaga to Salina Cruz, who want to convince [people]; there are already companies trying to install their wind farms on our land, but there is also a regional movement of compañeros in resistance,” said one participant.

For more information in Spanish:

No permitiremos minería en nuestro territorio: istmeños (EDUCA, 10 de octubre de 2016)

Integran frente contra mineras y eólicas en el istmo de Tehuantepec (NSS Oaxaca, 12 de octubre de 2016)

Crean movimiento de resistencia contra mineras y eólicas en el istmo de Tehuantepec (Regeneración, 12 de octubre de 2016)

Conforman alianza contra minera canadiense (NVI Noticias, 13 de octubre de 2016)

For more information from SIPAZ :

Oaxaca: Se llevó a cabo Foro Regional “La minería en Oaxaca. Impactos sociales y ambientales” (29 de abril de 2016)

Oaxaca: Encuentro estatal de comunidades y organizaciones en resistencia a proyectos mineros (4 de febrero de 2016)

Oaxaca: Ejidos y comunidades de Valles Centrales declaran sus territorios libres de minería (4 de diciembre de 2015)

Oaxaca: Presenta ONU publicación sobre derecho a la consulta y megaproyectos (29 de junio de 2011)

 


National: Increase in Murders of Transgender People Denounced

October 12, 2016

itzelItzel Castellanos @FacebookItzel

On October 9, Itzel Castellanos, a nineteen-year-old transgender person, was killed with a knife outside her home in Comitan, Chiapas. On September 30, Paola, a 25-year-old transgender sex worker was shot dead in Mexico City.

In the case of the Isthmus of Juchitan in Oaxaca, being muxe (homosexual or transgender) is considered a gift because parents believe that the son or daughter muxe is loyal to the family and will not be married and will look after them. However, several organizations have reported an increase in murders of transgender people in this area also, “According to the Sexual Diversity organization, from 2010 to May 2016 over 120 killings of non-heterosexual people were committed in Oaxaca. Meanwhile, the National Catholic Youth Network for the Right to Decide reported that in the last 14 months 17 hate crimes were committed; 15 in 2015 and two in 2016, in the regions of the coast, the Isthmus and the Central Valleys.”

In a broader sense, according to La Jornada newspaper, the Observatory of Murdered Trans People and the Citizens Commission Against Hate Crimes Homophobia argues that Mexico ranks second in the world with 229 such killings (ahead Brazil, with 802, and followed by the US with 132)

For more information in Spanish:

 El asesinato atroz e impune de Paola, una transexual, deja muy mal parada a la “tolerante” CdMx (Sin Embargo, 6 de octubre de 2016)

Asesinato de joven transexual indigna a la comunidad gay de Chiapas (Revista Proceso, 8 de octubre de 2016)

Itzel, transexual de 19 años, es asesinada a puñaladas, en su casa de Chiapas; van 20 en 2016 (Sin Embargo, 9 de octubre de 2016)

Crímenes por homofobia en Juchitán derrumban el mito de paraíso muxe (La Jornada, 10 de octubre de 2016)

Itzel Durán, una joven transexual de 19 años, fue asesinada en Chiapas (Animal Político, 10 de octubre de 2016)

 For more information from SIPAZ:

Chiapas: Denuncian violencia policial en la detención de transexuales en Palenque (17 de diciembre de 2015)

 


National: The CNDH Presents its Report on Recommendations on Human Rights Violations

September 29, 2016

SE CNDHLuis Raul Gonzalez Perez, CNDH president, Photo@Luis Barrón, SinEmbargo

On June 8, National Human Rights Commission (CNDH) presented its report on recommendations for human rights violations in Mexico City.

According to the CNDH, the states that have received the most recommendations from 1990 to the present are Guerrero, Oaxaca, Chiapas, Mexico City and Veracruz.

The commission’s report states, “that in the last 26 years 2,537 recommendations were issued to 1,102 authorities, of which 361 are still pending compliance with some of the recommended points.”

Raul Gonzalez Perez, president of the CNDH, stated “that the federal authorities with the most recommendations are the Attorney General’s Office (PGR), the Mexican Social Security Institute (IMSS), the Secretariat of National Defense (Sedena) and the executive powers of Chiapas and Oaxaca, with 105 and 104 cases respectively.”

The report notes that, “[in] the breakdown by state, the Guerrero authorities top the list with 136, followed by Oaxaca with 134, Chiapas with 127, Mexico City with 100 and Veracruz with 93.” The 320 outstanding recommendations are related to 530 issued between 2011 and 2016, of which 60 percent have not been met in full.

The National Security Commission (CNS), IMSS, PGR, the Department of Defense and the Governor of Guerrero are the authorities that must fulfill most of the recommendations. “Some 28 of these outstanding recommendations are more than six years old, 57 between four and six, 132 three to four, 128 between one and two, and 16 less than a year.”

According to Sin Embargo, the most important points of non-compliance with these recommendations are “related to guarantees of non-repetition, attention to victims and processes to determine administrative and criminal responsibilities of public servants.”

For more information in Spanish:

Guerrero, Oaxaca, Chiapas y la CdMx, los estados que más violan los derechos humanos: CNDH (Sin Embargo, a 08 de julio 2016)