Oaxaca: Fifth Encounter of Community Defenders

December 4, 2017

Defenders.png(@EDUCA)

On November 17th, the Fifth Encounter of Community Defenders was held in Santa Rosa de Lima, Tututepec with the aim of “exchanging community security strategies and expressions of resistance from the cultural practices that have been used by the movements and communities of Mexico and Colombia.” This meeting also marked the closing of the Oaxacan Campaign of Community Defenders “Exercising our Rights, we Weave Dignity”, started last July to raise awareness of the work of defenders, as well as the risks they face in carrying out their work.

In the subjects reflected we find “the predatory capitalist model that continues to drive development and infrastructure projects into towns and communities and how the imposition of these projects contributes to the violation of the collective rights of peoples and communities and the rights of women and men. Human rights defenders.” “It also reflected on the criminalization of the work of defenders and threats and disqualifications to their work,” according to the final statement.

From this analysis, they made “a call to resistance, to the organization and twinning of struggles for the defense of territories, natural commons and the rights of community defenders.”

For more information in Spanish:

Pronunciamiento del V Encuentro de Defensoras y Defensores Comunitarios de Oaxaca (17 de noviembre de 2017)

Cuarto festival cultural por la defensa del río verde en el marco de la celebración de un década de resistencia contra el Proyecto Hidroeléctrico Paso de la Reina (18 de noviembre de 2017)

Campaña Oaxaqueña de Defensores y Defensoras Comunitarias: Ejerciendo nuestros derechos, tejemos dignidad (julio de 2017)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Oaxaca: Celebra COPUDEVER su octavo aniversario. (17 de julio de 2015)

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Oaxaca: First Government Report of Alejandro Murat Hinojosa

December 4, 2017

Hinojosa.png(@Congreso de Oaxaca)

On November 15th, the Governor of Oaxaca, Alejandro Murat Hinojosa of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) delivered his First Government Report. He argued that, “Only through arguments and ideas can changes can be achieved in Oaxaca” and said that progress has been made in this regard. While acknowledging that much remains to be done, he stated that, “the bases for the development of the state have been established.” The political parties of the opposition pointed out the lack of attention to the needs of the Oaxacans in his speech.

The magazine Sin Embargo highlighted that the delivery of this report was “in a climate of complaints, insecurity and distrust.” While the governor said that “nothing happens in Oaxaca, we can leave our homes quietly, use public transport. There is no such extreme violence as [persists] in other states,” Sin Embargo said “the statistics say the opposite: robberies with violence in Oaxaca total (from January to September) 2,722, according to the Executive Secretariat of the System National Public Security (SESNSP). In the same period, 703 malicious homicides were reported, a considerable number of these are femicides.”

Apart from this, the act took place in the midst of a mobilization of Section 22 of the National Union of Education Workers (SNTE in its Spanish acronym). The teacher position was that after a year of Murat’s government “the account is pending, in the absence of answers in the educational, legal, social, humanitarian and political spheres for the people of Oaxaca because it has only received palliatives and the administration of demands.” “After 365 days, Murat continues to implement a policy of simulation and delay to address the legitimate demands of teachers like the previous administration,” they complained. There were also marches of student teachers and blockades of university students held by the Autonomous University “Benito Juárez” of Oaxaca (UABJO in its Spanish acronym).

For more information in Spanish:

¿En Oaxaca no pasa nada? Queman vivos a 3 presuntos asaltantes de dos ancianos; uno murió anoche (Sin Embargo, 15 de noviembre de 2017)

Listo el primer informe de Alejandro Murat, va al Congreso (Página 3, 15 de noviembre de 2017)

Ejecuciones, marchas y bloqueos empañan primer informe de Alejandro Murat (Proceso, 15 de noviembre de 2017)

Entrega el gobernador Alejandro Murat su Primer Informe de Gobierno al Congreso de Oaxaca (NVI Noticias, 15 de noviembre de 2017)

Marcha Sección 22 vs Primer Informe de Gobierno en Oaxaca (NVI Noticias, 15 de noviembre de 2017)

Entrega Alejandro Murat su primer Informe de Gobierno (NSS Oaxaca, 15 de noviembre de 2017)

For more information from SIPAZ :

Oaxaca : Toma posesión Alejandro Murat Hinojosa como gobernador (4 de diciembre de 2016)

Nacional : Resultados de las elecciones del 5 de junio (16 de junio de 2016)


Oaxaca/National: CNDH Issues Recommendation for Seroius Human Rights Violations during Events in Nochixtlan on June 16th, 2016

October 28, 2017

CNDH

On October 18th, the National Commission for Human Rights (CNDH in its Spanish acronym) issued a recommendation to the government of Oaxaca, the state’s attorney general’s office, the National Commission for Security (CNS in its Spanish acronym) and the Attorney General’s Office (PGR), for serious violations of human rights in the violent events that occurred in Nochixtlan, Oaxaca, on June 16th, 2016. The said facts resulted in a toll of seven people killed, 453 civilians with physical injuries (45 of them by firearm) and 106 in uniform wounded (four of them shot).

The CNDH accredited the excessive use of public force and that federal and state police committed serious violations of human rights, affecting even third parties who were not actively participating in demonstrations against educational reform. This in consequence “of an operation improperly designed, prepared, coordinated and executed, in which the protocols of action were not fully observed, particularly as regards the legitimate use of force and the need to prioritize the use of mechanisms and non-violent techniques, before using force against the population.”

The national ombudsman, Luis Raul González Perez, said to the media that for an approximate period of 12 hours an operation was carried out “that could well be considered as an example of what should not be police actions of this nature”, in the populations of Nochixtlan, Huitzo and Hacienda Blanca and Viguera. He commented on the other hand that it was confirmed that some of the demonstrators carried firearms and that guns were used against those in uniform.

Gonzalez Perez also informed that the investigation of almost 16 months that led to these conclusions was marked by lack of real and effective cooperation on the part of the authorities involved and those in charge of the criminal investigation of the events, show “the lack of will so that the truth is known and responsibilities are feigned.”

For more information in Spanish:

Efectivos federales y estatales cometieron graves violaciones en Nochixtlán: CNDH (La Jornada, 19 de octubre de 2017)

Policía federal no fue responsable de muertes en Nochixtlán; policías fueron víctimas (Animal Política, 19 de octubre de 2017)

Recomendación No.7VG/2017 (CNDH, octubre de 2017)

Comunicado de prensa (CNDH, 18 de octubre de 2017)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Oaxaca/Guerrero: Balean autobús de víctimas de Nochixtlán (28 de julio de 2017)

Oaxaca: Persisten agresiones y hostigamientos hacia víctimas de Nochixtlán (24 de abril de 2017)

Oaxaca: Comité de Víctimas de Nochixtlán denuncia “intento de homicidio” contra dos de sus integrantes

Oaxaca: Organizaciones de Derechos Humanos presentan informe sobre represión en Nochixtlán (11 de julio de 2016)


National: Mexico Shaken by Two Huge Earthquakes Faces the Shock with a Wave of Solidarity

September 30, 2017

Sismo 1Photo @ Informador

A week after the 7.1 magnitude earthquake hit the center of the country, specifically the states of Morelos, Puebla, the State of Mexico and Mexico City, the nation remains in a state of shock and uncertainty. It is the second earthquake in a short time that affects Mexico, after the September 7th earthquake that originated in the Gulf of Tehuantepec, which caused great damage in the states of Chiapas, Oaxaca and Guerrero. With a magnitude of 8.2 on the Richter scale it was also strongly perceived in the center of the country and is counted as the strongest earthquake years in the country in 100.

Until 7:00 am on September 26th, the National Seismological Service of Mexico (SSN in its Spanish acronym) had reported 5,400 replicas of the first earthquake, the two largest of 6.1 magnitude, and 39 aftershocks of the earthquake of September 19th, the largest of 4.0 magnitude. According to La Jornada, researcher Allen Leroy Husker of the Institute of Geophysics of the National Autonomous University of Mexico and attached to the SSN, “it pointed out that these figures are totally normal and correspond to the patterns that regularly occur during the days following events that had an earthquake of considerable magnitude.”

The population of the regions most affected by earthquakes, such as the Isthmus, is still afraid and worried about their safety and that of their families, as the replica chains continue to provoke collapse of homes. The numbers of victims of the earthquakes continue to increase from day to day, according to official reports on September 26th, with 333 deaths from the earthquake of 7.1 and according to another statement dated September 12th, 98 deaths from the earthquake of 8.2, although a replica on September 23rd caused two deaths in the state of Oaxaca, so obtaining definitive data is difficult. In addition thousands of homes and public buildings such as schools and hospitals were partially damaged or effectively useless due to the earthquakes. A census in the state of Chiapas reported that more than 58,000 buildings have been affected, according to the state Civil Protection Secretariat.

Lack of information and mistrust in government bodies culminates in great frustration on the part of civil society. According to a report by Desinformémonos, on the current situation in Mexico City: “The numbers are not accurate because another victim of this not so natural disaster has been reliable information. People in the streets demand to know what happened to their relatives and the government cannot or will not answer. (…) Uncertainty generates rumors that quickly fill the void in official information. The networks feed both the knowledge of the facts and the unfounded rumor.” There have also been reports of complaints by the population in Morelos, who accuse the government of alleged hoarding and political use of aid for the victims. Animal Politico reports that in videos and publications on social networks many claim that “food, sent by civil society, would be taken to the cellars and then tagged as DIF aid for the affected areas,” which has caused a lot of tension between authorities and citizens.

Faced with this great tragedy, a great source of hope has been the great support and solidarity on the part of civil society. “Surprise for foreign solidarity workers in Mexico after the earthquake,” is the title of a report by Aristegui News. In this video, Ecuador’s rescue captain stationed in Mexico City points out that “there was logistics that was not programmed by the state, but the community was organized in such an incredible way that you never lacked anything. Not even energy.” Spain’s rescue captain adds that, “everyone gives up what little they have for those affected and for those who are working … and the mobilization they have had is incredible. “

There is also the possibility of donating money to different non-governmental organizations in several emergency accounts:

Mexican Red Cross

Sismo 2.pngImage @ Cruz Roja Mexicana

Caritas México

Sismo 3.pngImage @ Caritas México

To donate:

Desastre en Chiapas y Oaxaca (Cruz Roja Mexicana)

Sismo 19 de septiembre del 2017 (Cruz Roja Mexicana)

Jornada de Oración y Colecta Humanitaria 2017 (Caritas México)

For more information in Spanish:

Sorprende a brigadistas extranjeros solidaridad en México tras sismo (Video) (Aristegui Noticias, 26 de septiembre del 2017)

La semana que cambió la Ciudad de México (Desinformémonos, 25 de septiembre del 2017)

Acusan al DIF Morelos de acaparar ayuda; el gobierno de Graco dice que solo organiza la entrega (Animal Político, 22 de septiembre del 2017)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Oaxaca : ONGs denuncian “respuesta inadecuada e insuficiente de los tres niveles de gobierno” ante desastre por el sismo (19 de septiembre del 2017)

Nacional: sismo de 8,2 grados Richter. Fuertes afectaciones en Chiapas y Oaxaca (14 de septiembre del 2017)


Oaxaca: NGOs denounce “inadequate and insufficient response from the three levels of government” to earthquake disaster

September 21, 2017

Earthquake

From September 11th to 14th, seven civil organizations carried out a Humanitarian Aid Observation Mission (MOAH in its Spanish acronym) that toured communities in the Isthmus area of ​​Tehuantepec, which were affected by the earthquake of 8.2 on the Richter scale on September 7th, leaving victims in 283 municipalities of Oaxaca, almost half of the total.

The route covered Ixhuatan, Juchitan de Zaragoza, Matias Romero, Pachiñe River, San Dionisio del Mar, Pueblo Nuevo (Municipal Agency of San Francisco del Mar), San Mateo del Mar, Santa Maria Xadani and Unin Hidalgo.

In their main conclusions, the organizations noted that “the basic needs of the people affected by the earthquake have not been covered”; and that there is “a lack of government coordination in the distribution of humanitarian aid and the discretionary use of scarce resources that have reached the area.”

They also denounced that “candidates and public officials have fallen into opportunism by conditioning humanitarian aid by handing it over to people close to the government and political parties, some even re-labeling and rechanneling food arriving in the area.”

They also stressed that “this crisis situation adds to the preexisting conditions of exclusion, inequality and poverty in which many people and communities in the region visited were found. Therefore, the MOAH emphasizes that in the face of the serious disaster situation caused by the earthquake, affected people are holders of rights, NOT objects of help, and therefore their voice must be heard first during this stage of response and the future stage reconstruction and recovery.”

For more information in Spanish:

Respuesta inadecuada e insuficiente de los tres niveles de gobierno ante desastre por sismo en Oaxaca: ONGs (ONGs, 18 de septiembre de 2017)

Desastre natural exhibe la miseria humana de los políticos y sus partidos que lucran en medio de la desgracia (Página 3, 18 de septiembre de 2017)

DECLARATORIA de Desastre Natural por la ocurrencia de sismo con magnitud 8.2 el 7 de septiembre de 2017, en 283 municipios del Estado de Oaxaca (Diario Oficial, 14 de septiembre de 2017)

Organizaciones denuncian oportunismo político, tras sismo en Oaxaca (Contralínea, 18 de septiembre de 2017)

Misión Humanitaria condena el oportunismo político ante la tragedia en Oaxaca (Proceso, 18 de septiembre de 2017)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Nacional: sismo de 8,2 grados Richter. Fuertes afectaciones en Chiapas y Oaxaca (14 de septiembre de 2017)


National: Human Rights Organizations’ Reports Contradict Progress Noted in Government’s Fifth Report

September 13, 2017

HRV

What Peña’s report doesn’t say “speaks volumes” Proceso

On September 1st, the Fifth Report of the Government was presented, boasting progress on poverty, employment, education and respect for human rights.

In contrast, a few days earlier, the sixth report on human rights violations against human rights defenders was published covering the period from June 2016 to May 2017 and documenting that within that time “four human rights violations occurred every day against persons defending human rights in Mexico.” This report reports that “a year and a half after the end of the period of Enrique Peña Nieto, 2426 arbitrary arrests are documented” since the beginning of his term of office. As for extrajudicial execution, it indicates that while during the period of former president Felipe Calderon 67 were documented, “in the period we have with EPN this repressive modality has increased to almost double, totalling 123 executions.” With regard to enforced disappearance, it indicates 11 cases in the period covered by the report. “In general, the report tells us that the use of extrajudicial execution is the most repressive mode used by the State in the period covered by this report compared to previous years, (…) This clearly shows that the State increases the intensity of repression for political reasons when faced with the will of the defenders to keep up their work.”

It also denounced that “the improvement of repressive techniques includes actions such as maintaining impunity for human rights violations committed, implying that the State covers the gaps in the investigations of the most serious cases of HRV to prevent them from reaching international bodies, that is to say, it does not investigate, but only in appearance complies with what the law dictates, without this being reflected in an advance in investigations. At the same time, it accepts the visits of the international bodies of HR, but disqualifies the reports made by these international representatives. It further discredits the defense of human rights in two ways: by allowing a campaign that equates human rights defenders as defenders of criminals and, secondly, weakening the international human rights system by strengthening international humanitarian law, which judges people and not state structures, claiming that HRVs are individual acts, of subjects infiltrated or stressed, but that there has never been an order of state structures to violate human rights.”

On another note, covering the beginning of the term of Enrique Peña Nieto on July 31, 2017, the National Network of Civil Organisms for Human Rights All Rights for All (Red TDT in its Spanish acronym), made up of 84 groups from 23 states in the country, reaches similar conclusions in the report Hope is not Over. Situation of Human Rights Defenders during the Presidency of Enrique Peña Nieto, published in early September. It says that state governments are the ones that most violate human rights with 39% of cases, followed by the federal administration with 32%; municipal and community agents with 20%, and judicial officials with 18%. It also notes that 69% of the cases occurred in seven of the 30 states analyzed: Chiapas, Oaxaca, Mexico City, Guerrero, Veracruz, Puebla and the state of Mexico.

For more information in Spanish:

Desaparecieron 81 activistas y mataron a 106 este sexenio: ONG (6 de septiembre de 2017)

Informe completo « La esperanza no se agota. Situación de las personas defensoras de derechos humanos durante la presidencia de Enrique Peña Nieto » (Red Tdt, septiembre de 2017)

Boletín de prensa e informe completo – Sexto informe de violaciones de derechos humanos contra personas defensoras de los derechos humanos. “Defender los derechos humanos en México: La ejecución extrajudicial como respuesta del Estado. Junio de 2016 a mayo de 2017” (29 de agosto de 2017)

Lo que no dice el Informe de Peña “cuenta, y cuenta mucho (Proceso, 1ero de septiembre de 2017)

¿Qué dice el V Informe de Peña? Estos son los 5 ejes del texto (documento completo) (Animal Político, 1ero de septiembre de 2017)

Peña Nieto en su 5to Informe de Gobierno, ¿mentiras o verdades? (Animal Político, 4 de septiembre de 2017)

Los cinco ejes del informe de Gobierno de EPN (Sdp Noticias, 4 de septiembre de 2017)

For more information from SIPAZ :

Nacional : cuarto informe del gobierno de Peña Nieto(12 de septiembre de 2016)

Nacional: Múltiples críticas a la presentación del Tercer Informe de Gobierno de Peña Nieto (8 de septiembre de 2015)

 


Oaxaca/National: Another Suspect Implicated in the Murder of Defenders Bety Cariño and Jyri Jaakola Arrested

September 6, 2017

BJ.jpg@Amnistía Internacional

On August 25th, Antonio Solano Vazquez, one of the alleged perpetrators of the ambush where human rights defenders Bety Cariño Trujillo, director of the Community Working Together Support Center at (CACTUS in its Spanish acronym) and Jyri Antero Jaakkola , a human rights observer of Finnish origin, were killed in April 2010 while participating in a humanitarian caravan in San Juan Copala, Oaxaca, was arrested in Sinaloa.

For seven years, relatives, social and human rights organizations as well as Euro-parliamentarians have questioned the Mexican government and Oaxaca’s lack of progress in the delivery of justice. With this arrest, six people have been arrested and seven arrest warrants are still pending.

 For more information in Spanish:

Cae otro de los presuntos asesinos de activistas asesinados en Oaxaca hace siete años (Proceso, 25 de agosto de 2017)

Detienen en Sinaloa a otro implicado en el asesinato de Bety Cariño y Jyri Jaakkola (Página3.mx, 25 de agosto de 2017)

Detienen en Sinaloa a asesino de activistas, Bety Cariño y Jiry Antero Jaakola; emboscados en Oaxaca (NVI Noticias, 25 de agosto de 2017)

Detienen a presunto homicida de Bety Cariño y el finlandés Jyri Jaakkola

(Contralínea, 26 de agosto de 2016)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Oaxaca : 7 años de impunidad en el caso de Bety Cariño y Jyri Jaakkola (28 de abril de 2017)

Oaxaca: Parlamentarias europeas vuelven a denunciar impunidad en el caso del asesinato de Bety Cariño y Jyri Jaakkola (2 de marzo de 2017)

Oaxaca/Internacional : Suman 5 detenidos en el caso del asesinato de Bety Cariño y Jyri Jaakkola (2010) (15 de octubre de 2016)