Oaxaca: Book Launch of “Fighting with a Woman’s Heart” in Oaxaca City

February 8, 2017

book

On Thursday, February 9 at 6:00 p.m., the International Service for Peace (SIPAZ) will launch “Fighting with a Woman’s Heart. The Situation and Participation of Women in Chiapas (1995-2015) “, a diagnosis of the main changes in the last 20 years, at the offices of Consorcio Oaxaca, Calle Pensamientos, 104, Colonia Reforma, Oaxaca City. Join us!

For more information from SIPAZ :

Artículo : SIPAZ: “Luchar con corazón de mujer – Situación y participación de las mujeres en Chiapas (1995-2015)”

Libro completo : « Luchar con corazón de mujer : Situación y participación de las mujeres 1995-2015 »


National: UNO Special Rapporteur Visits Mexico to Evaluate Human Rights Situation

February 5, 2017

UNO.pngMichael Forst, UNO Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders. Photo@MuralChiapas

The United Nations Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights defenders, Michel Forst, visited Mexico from January 16 to 24 with the aim of assessing the situation of human rights defenders and evaluating the efforts made by the Mexican authorities for their protection. After traveling the country from Mexico City to the states of Chihuahua, Guerrero, Oaxaca and the State of Mexico, and meeting more than 800 defenders from 24 states, 60% of whom were women, the UNO Rapporteur noted “high levels of insecurity and violence faced by defenders in the country” in a “complex context marked by organized crime, corruption and state repression.”

Based on his observations, Forst points out that, “the situation of human rights defenders is marked by the criminalization of their activities through the undue and deliberate use of criminal law and manipulation of punitive power by both state and non-state players, to prevent and even avoid the legitimate activities of defenders to promote and protect human rights.” He also added that “the use of arbitrary arrests and detentions as an instrument to silence dissident voices and to curb social movements is also worrying (…) in many cases, those who defend human rights by reporting violations committed by the authorities are criminalized and face indirect reprisals through attacks or criminal proceedings directed against their families or people close to them.”

The Special Rapporteur expressed concern about the fact that “98% of crimes in Mexico are not solved”: “The low rate of successful investigations and solution of crimes committed against human rights defenders has generated a generalized sense of impunity.” He continued and warned that, “The lack of investigation and sanction of the aggressors sends a dangerous message that there are no consequences for committing such crimes. This creates an environment conducive to the repetition of violations.”

“Impunity has become the cause and effect of the general insecurity of human rights defenders in Mexico,” the Special Rapporteur warned at the close of his official visit to the country and presented a preliminary report with a series of recommendations to the authorities and other players to strengthen the protection of human rights defenders and facilitate their important work. Forst concluded by reaffirming his willingness to provide assistance to all players interested in combating impunity and ensuring the protection of defenders in Mexico.

For more information in Spanish

México / Defensores de DD HH: “La mejor forma de protegerlos es luchando contra la impunidad” – Experto de la ONU (Naciones Unidas, 25 de enero de 2017)

Relator de la ONU concluye visita en México (El Financiero, 24 de enero de 2017)

DEFENSORAS Y DEFENSORES DEL TERRITORIO DENUNCIAN AGRESIONES ANTE RELATOR DE LA ONU (23 de febrero de 2017)

Repudian ONU y ONG asesinato del ambientalista Isidro Baldenegro (19 de enero de 2017)

Relator de la ONU evalúa violación de DD.HH. en México (TeleSUR, 17 de enero de 2017)

Viene a México relator especial de ONU para defensores de DH (La Jornada, 11 de enero de 2017)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Nacional: Visita no oficial del relator especial de la ONU sobre la Situación de las y los defensores de Derechos Humanos (13 de mayo de 2016)

Nacional: Gobierno rechazó visita del relator para la tortura de la ONU (13 de mayo de 2016) Nacional: Relator especial de la ONU sobre la tortura finaliza visita oficial a México (6 de mayo de 2014)


Oaxaca: Death Threat against Radio Reporter Tlaxiaco

January 16, 2017

radio.jpgPress protest. Photo@Article 19

On January 10, just as she was about to go on the air with her program Despierta Tlaxiaco, broadcast through community radio La Perla de la Mixteca, journalist Soraya Abigail Arias Cruz, received a death threat by phone. She received the call “After questioning the action of the 2014-2016 administration of the city of Tlaxiaco, headed by the PRD Alejandro Aparicio, now local deputy.” It is not the first time that she has received a call threatening death, as on other occasions she has received text messages, where she was told not to continue to comment on what is happening in Tlaxiaco or the municipal administrations. “I will go to human rights [groups] and then to the Public Ministry of Tlaxiaco, to investigate the phone number they spoke from. I am a single mother, I dedicate myself to this, I like it, I won’t accept being intimidated,” she said.

An an Urgent Action, the organization Article 19 recalled that “Oaxaca ranks as one of the most violent [states] to do journalism” and called on the state and municipal authorities and the Attorney General of the State of Oaxaca to begin “A diligent and exhaustive investigation” regarding the threats received by Arias Cruz, in order to identify those responsible and lead them before the judicial authorities.

For more information in Spanish:

Amenazan de muerte a locutora de radio en Tlaxiaco; Artículo 19 exige investgación (EDUCA, 12 de enero de 2017)

Amenazan de muerte a locutora en Oaxaca (Article 19, 11 de enero de 2017)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Oaxaca: Nuevas agresiones a periodistas (29 de agosto de 2014)

Oaxaca: nuevo asesinato de periodista (14 de agosto de 2014)

Oaxaca: Estado del país con mayor número de agresiones a mujeres defensoras de los derechos humanos y periodistas (29 de mayo de 2014)

Oaxaca: Uno de los estados más violentos y peligrosos del país para el ejercicio del periodismo (09 de mayo de 2014)

 

 


Oaxaca: Political Violence in the Mixes Leads to the Forced Displacement of a Thousand People

January 16, 2017

mixesAnnouncement at San Pedro Ocotepec. Photo@Codigo DH Facebook

Violence due to a post-electoral and agrarian conflict in the municipal agency of Guadalupe Victoria, part of the municipality of San Juan Juquila, Mixes, “forced the forced displacement of about one thousand people; at least 800 of them took refuge in the municipality of San Pedro Ocotepec”, the municipal authority of the town reported. Meanwhile,”about 200 people arrived at the municipal seat of San Juan Juquila.”

On January 7, a confrontation in the town of Guadalupe Victoria “left a balance of a minor of 15 years dead and more than five with gunshot wounds, due to disagreement over the results of the municipal elections.” It is worth mentioning that San Pedro Ocotepec “has an agrarian conflict with Guadalupe Victoria”. Ten people were held in the municipal jail of San Juan Juquila Mixes and “the municipal authority has refused to hand them over to the prosecutor,” so officials from the General Secretariat of Government went to the community. On January 9, the funeral of the child killed during the confrontation took place during which, using banners, the inhabitants asked for a solution to the agrarian-political conflict.

For more information in Spanish:

Violencia política en los Mixes arroja mil desplazados (EDUCA, 10 de enero de 2017)

Mantienen retenidos a 10 pobladores tras enfrentamiento en los Mixes (NVI Noticias, 10 de enero de 2017)

Conflicto agrario provoca exodo de mil personas en Oaxaca (El Universal, 9 de enero de 2017)

Pronunciamiento de San Pedro Ocotepec. (Facebook de Codigo DH, 9 de enero de 2017)


Oaxaca/National: NGOs Document Arbitrary Detentions of Defenders – Relatives Demand their Release

December 28, 2016

Defenders.pngPedro Canche Herrera, Nestora Salgado and Enrique Guerrero Aviña (Photo@: Consorciooaxaca)

On December 14, 2016, the report Arbitrary and Illegal Detentions – Criminalization: a State Policy to Inhibit the Defense of Human Rights in Mexico, jointly prepared by 11 Mexican and international civil society organizations, was launched in Oaxaca. This report analyzes the case of five human rights defenders who were “illegally arrested without warrant and imprisoned for crimes they committed only for their legitimate activities in defense of human rights”: Damian Gallardo Martinez, Enrique Guerrero Aviña, Librado Baños Rodriguez, Pedro Canche Herrera and Nestora Salgado – the last two of whom have already been released.

The UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detentions, having studied these cases, confirmed that they were arbitrary detentions and that they were carried out “without warrant or charges against them [those involved in the said cases]“. The WG underlined the numerous irregularities presented by criminal proceedings. In its opinion, the detention of Librado Baños corresponds to “acts of retaliation and reprisal for his active defense of the rights of the indigenous and Afro-descendant population of the region.” It should be noted that the Working Group stated that it requested information from the Mexican Government regarding those cases, which was not provided in the legal period for that purpose.

The 11 organizations and relatives of the victims say that the arrests, acts of torture and other human rights violations they have been subjected to illustrate “a much broader pattern of criminalization of social protest in Mexico that seeks to inhibit the defense of human rights and social protest, turning them into illegal and criminal activities. In addition to this the fact that, far from affecting the eradication of this practice, the Mexican state continues to detain and intimidate defenders in the country.”

The authors of the report emphasize that “the responsibility for these violations of human rights is shared between the plurality of players directly or indirectly involved in the process of criminalization and arbitrary detention of defenders: the Mexican State may be involved at different levels, federal and state, as well as the police, the army, the same government authorities, the judiciary through justice operators, sharing responsibility with private players such as private companies and landowners.”

During the presentation of the report, the organizations and families demanded: “the immediate release of Damian Gallardo, Enrique Guerrero and Librado Baños as well as the cessation of criminalization and full reparation to the five human rights defenders for the numerous human rights violations to which they have been subjected.”

The report clarifies that “the five cases of arbitrary detention presented show the serious human rights crisis in Mexico. These five cases are emblematic and represent only a small part of the arbitrary detentions that occur with impunity in the country.”

 For more information in Spanish:

Inéditas, 5 detenciones arbitrarias de defensores de DDHH reconocidas por la ONU (Aristegui Noticias, 14 de diciembre de 2016)

ONGs documentan detenciones arbitrarias de defensoras y defensores, familiares exigen su libertad (Educa, 15 de diciembre 2016)

Informe : detenciones arbitraria e ilegal (Consorcio Oaxaca, diciembre 2016)

 For more information from SIPAZ:


Guerrero/Nacional: Nestora Salgado lanza campaña para exigir la libertad de los presos políticos del país (4 de abril 2016)


Oaxaca: Alejandro Murat Takes Office as Governor

December 5, 2016

Governor.jpg@Twitter Murat

In the early morning of December 1 and in an alternate location, Alejandro Murat Hinojosa (of the Institutional Revolutionary Party, PRI) took office as the new governor of Oaxaca. The event took place in an alternate venue to the Congress facilities, which was taken over by teachers from Section 22 of the National Coordinator of Education Workers (CNTE), who also organized 37 road blocks in several parts of the state in the same context.

In a statement, Section 22 described the taking of office as “spurious and without consensus.” It emphasized that “a taking of office that arrives hidden from the Oaxacans, with hunger for power and ambition for authority is doomed to failure because it is not public, consensual and open to the peoples and communities.”

In a political declaration from the social movement, some 20 social organizations denounced that, “emboldened and thirsty for power before the arrival of the PRI to government, its political operators have begun to confront the popular movement, as has been observed in different scenarios.” It warned: “The immediate objective of the PRI is to continue the path of imposing structural reforms, allowing them to exploit natural resources (minerals, oil, gas, timber, etc.), obtain cheap labor (the health service is an example of embezzlement of millions, with popular insurance and universalization being rejected as fraud); to generate greater infrastructure for the transportation of goods (the trans- isthmus corridor, the highway to the isthmus and coast) and to advance with the liquidation of indigenous, social, trade union and human rights resistances, which have been examples at national level. “

Therefore, they called on “all democratic, progressive and revolutionary forces in Oaxaca to close ranks before the return of the PRI.”

On the same day, Murat Hinojosa announced the composition of his cabinet in which the appointment of a marine in charge of the Secretariat of Public Security, Frigate Captain Jose Raymundo Tuñón Jauregui who is also paratrooper of the Marine Corps and served as military attaché for several years in the United States is notable.

For more information in Spanish:

De madrugada y en sede alterna, Murat toma protesta como gobernador de Oaxaca (Aristegui Noticias, 1ero de diciembre de 2016)

A escondidas y de madrugada, Murat rinde protesta como gobernador de Oaxaca (Proceso, 1ero de diciembre de 2016)

“Espuria y sin consenso”, la toma de protesta de Murat: CNTE (Proceso, 1ero de diciembre de 2016)

Cerrar filas en el movimiento social, ante el retorno del PRI en Oaxaca (Declaración política de organizaciones sociales del estado, 1ero de diciembre de 2016)

Alejandro Murat da a conocer a su Gabinete legal (Página 3.mx, 1ero de diciembre de 2016)

Nombra Murat a Capitán de la Marina como titular de la SSP en Oaxaca (NVI Oaxaca, 1ero de diciembre de 2016)

 For more information from SIPAZ:

Nacional : Resultados de las elecciones del 5 de junio (16 de junio de 2016)


Oaxaca: Condemnation of Harassment and Defamation of Human Rights Defender Rubi Jazmin Cortes Salazar

November 9, 2016

rubiProtest in Oaxaca, June 2016. Photo@Front Line Defenders

On October 26, the international organization Front Line Defenders, the Observatory for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders, the joint program of the World Organization Against Torture (OMCT in its Spanish acronym) and the FIDH – Network of Women Activist Defenders of Human Rights of Oaxaca and the Consortium for Parliamentary Dialogue and Equity, Oaxaca AC, made an urgent appeal against the escalation of harassment against Rubi Jasmine Cortes Salazar, human rights defender of the Nuu Savi nation in Mixteca,.

 Rubi is a human rights defender, a feminist of Mixtec origin and member of the Multicultural Alliance of Originary and Radical Women in Tlaxiaco (AMMOR). She was part of the first generation of the Diploma in Women, Feminisms and Decolonization Studies, organized by the Lunas del Sur Civil Association. She is also president of the Committee for the Defense of Public Education, Division 01, Tlaxiaco, and has played a key role in information and coordination with parents of Tlaxiaco in the struggle for conditions and access to education for girls and boys.

 The urgent call reports that Rubi has suffered several attacks in recent months. The last occurred on October 19, when a photomontage was published on social networks in which three bodies, two women and one man, appear in underwear sitting on a bed. On the women’s bodies, pictures of the defender Rubi Cortes and her mother were cut and pasted; on the body of the man, a photo of the mayor of Tlaxiaco, Alejandro Aparicio was used. This photomontage has circulated on Facebook from a “troll” user account. Many of the people who follow this page are from the town of Tlaxiaco, precisely where the defender Rubi lives and conducts her work. The urgent appeal emphasizes that this defamation has a sexist, macho and misogynistic tone generating a strong impact on the safety of Rubi.

 Due to this, the organizations that denounced the events called:

 – For the State Government to publicly acknowledge the importance of the work of human rights defenders in Oaxaca, and in particular the work of human rights defender Rubi Jasmine Cortes Salazar.

– To immediately investigate and punish those found responsible for various attacks against the defender, as well as those responsible for the defamation campaign that seeks to delegitimize her career.

– The immediate implementation of protective measures to guarantee the physical and psychological integrity of Rubi Jasmine Cortes Salazar and her family.

For more information n Spanish:

LLAMADO URGENTE: Denuncia de hostigamiento y difamación contra defensora Ñuu Savi Rubí Jazmín Cortés Salazar (Consorcio, a 26 de octubre 2016)

ONG exigen protección para defensora oaxaqueña (CIMAC Noticias, 26 de octubre de 2016)

Denuncian difamación contra defensora Rubí Cortés Salazar (Despertar de Oaxaca, 27 de octubre de 2016)