National: Cerezo Committee Demands Amnesty, Truth Commissions and Protection of Defenders and Journalists from AMLO

August 2, 2018

AMLO.pngPhoto  @ Mexico Cerezo Committee

On July 11th, the Mexico Cerezo Committee and Urgent Action for Human Rights Defenders published an open letter to the president-elect Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador (AMLO), in which they demand compliance with three key points from the new government:

1 The enactment of a National Amnesty Law;

2 the creation of Truth Commissions;

3 the implementation of effective mechanisms to comply with the General Law for the Protection of Defenders and Journalists.

In this letter they reiterate that the focus of their demands is “to initiate in Mexico a real and effective process that guarantees the human rights of victims of human rights violations, taking justice, truth, memory and integral reparation into account.”

As regards the National Amnesty Law, which has been one of the central proposals of AMLO, they point out “that it helps to contribute to the democratic transition in our damaged Mexico, freeing all political and conscientious prisoners, stopping the judicial political persecution against hundreds of Mexicans and erasing the criminal record of hundreds of social activists whose crime has been fighting for democracy and a dignified life in our country. (…) It is necessary to mention that the Amnesty Law for all prisoners and political and prisoners of conscience in the country cannot benefit those who have committed crimes against humanity or war crimes.”

The Cerezo Committee points out that “the amnesty has no legal obstacles, it is an essentially human problem, and will ultimately measure the political will and the degree of humanism of those who aspire to govern our country.” It also includes in the open letter a proposal for this law, prepared by the organization.

The issue of the Truth Commissions arises from the need to address serious cases of human rights violations, such as the forced disappearance of the 43 student teachers from Ayotzinapa. These commissions “would be made up of civil society, priests, as well as international experts to clarify the events that have taken place in the country.”

Lately it is highlighted that “the existence of the Law and the mechanism of protection for defenders and journalists, lacks a comprehensive policy at national level that allows compliance with the obligations of the Mexican State in the area of ​​human rights and protection of human rights defenders.” For this reason, they demand that AMLO “enact a General Law for the Protection of Human Rights Defenders and Journalists that harmonizes all existing policies on prevention, protection and security for defenders and journalists: general laws, federal and state, mandates and judicial resolutions, administrative and civil measures, and those that are known; with the purpose of laying the foundations of a comprehensive protection policy.”

For more information in Spanish:

Comité Cerezo | Carta abierta al Presidente electo Andrés Manuel López Obrador (Red TdT, 11 de julio de 2018)

Carta abierta al Presidente electo Andrés Manuel López Obrador (Chiapas Paralelo, 12 de julio de 2018)

ANEXO 01: Propuesta de Ley de Amnistía Federal 2018 (Comité Cerezo, 9 de julio)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Nacional: Andrés Manuel López Obrador nuevo Presidente electo de México. (3 de julio de 2018)

Guerrero/Nacional: Tribunal Federal ordena la creación de una Comisión de la Verdad para reponer la investigación en el caso Ayotzinapa (6 de junio de 2018)

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Guerrero: Classmates of Ayotzinapa 43 Graduate

August 2, 2018

Ayotzi 1.pngPhoto @ FB Escuela Normal Rural de Ayotzinapa

On July 13th, 73 youths, who are the classmates of the 43 missing students of the night in Iguala, graduated with the Bachelor of Primary and Intercultural Bilingual Education from the Normal Rural School of Ayotzinapa,

The generation was baptized as ‘September 26th, three seeds, 43 hopes’, which would have included those disappeared during the violent events in Iguala.

Ayotzi 2

The students built a turtle in honor of their missing companions and those killed in Iguala on September 26th, 2014. The sculpture of a turtle pointing towards the entrance of the institution was placed in the center of the classrooms, with an open book in which the names of the disappeared were written.

In Nahuatl, Ayotzinapa means ‘place of turtles’.

According to information in Jornada de Guerrero one of the students mentioned that turtle not only has to do with the translation of the name Ayotzinapa, but also represents part of the normal school anthem, which in its lyrics says “So many birds that fly, some arrive and others leave.”

“The time has come for us to leave Ayotzinapa, but always aware that the demand for justice does not end, we will be able to finish our student teacher stage, but the struggle to demand the live presentation of our compañeros and justice for Ayotzinapa in general will continue, even if we are no longer students” he said.

For more infromation in Spanish:

Construyen normalistas de Ayotzinapa una tortuga para honrar a los 43  (La Jornada de Guerrero, 13 de julio de 2018)

Se gradúa la generación de los 43 de Ayotzinapa (El Financiero, 13 de julio de 2018)

Así fue la graduación de los compañeros de los 43 estudiantes de Ayotzinapa (El Debate, 14 de julio de 2018)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Guerrero/Nacional : CNDH informa que se tiene a un preso inocente por el caso Ayotzinapa (22 de junio de 2018)

Guerrero/Nacional/Internacional : Llamados a redigirir investigación en el caso Ayotzinapa (14 de junio de 2018)

Guerrero/Nacional: Tribunal Federal ordena la creación de una Comisión de la Verdad para reponer la investigación en el caso Ayotzinapa(6 de junio de 2018)

Guerrero/Internacional: nueva audiencia del caso Ayotzinapa ante la CIDH ; riesgo de carpetazo denuncian familiares y sus representantes legales (10 de mayo de 2018)

Internacional/Guerrero: Exigen que la PGR agote todas las líneas de investigación que surgen de nueva información en caso Ayotzinapa (18 de abril de 2018)

Guerrero/Nacional/Internacional : Nuevos informes sobre caso Ayotzinapa (15 de marzo de 2018)


National: Historic Elections in Mexico – Historic Record of Political Violence

July 17, 2018

ElectionsPhoto @ Publimetro

On July 1st, the largest elections in the history of the country were held in Mexico. 3,400 positions were elected, among them, the President of the Mexican Republic. The election day was historic for the Mexican people, with a participation of 89 million voters, the largest in its recent history.

The Observatory of Democracies: Southern Mexico and Central America (ODEMCA in its Spanish acronym) underlines in its “2018 Preelectoral Balance of Mexico” that “the federal electoral process 2017-2018 is recorded as the most expensive in the history of Mexico.” The budget authorized by the National Electoral Institute (INE in its Spanish acronym) was 28 billion pesos.

Violence also reached a record in the pre-election process. The consultancy Etellekt, specializing in risk analysis and public policies, presented its “Sixth Report on Political Violence in Mexico 2018”, in which it reports that 133 politicians have been murdered since September 8th, 2017 until the end of campaigns on the 27th of June. According to Telesur, “48 of the murdered were candidates or pre-candidates for some political office. In addition to this figure, 50 relatives of politicians lost their lives in attacks.”

In Oaxaca and Guerrero Etellekt recorded 26 deaths in each state during their observation period, which makes them leaders at a national level. Puebla continues in second place with 13 registered victims. In total, 548 global aggressions were counted, including attempts of homicide and threats throughout Mexico.

The states of Guerrero, Oaxaca and Chiapas went through conflicts of different kinds that made the elections take place in a context of high conflict. The pollster director Ruben Salazar mentions that, “at the local level some very impressive things happen, especially in an election where so many positions are disputed in such problematic states as Guerrero, Oaxaca, Puebla.”

The electoral process has generated a wave of violence in several states, which, based from a media monitoring by SIPAZ, ranging from the end of the campaign, the election day and post-election days of the most emblematic cases, is shown below for the States of Chiapas, Oaxaca and Guerrero.

Chiapas

The most serious case occurred on July 1st with the murder of Prisciliano Hernandez, a member of the Movimiento de Regeneracion Nacional (MORENA in its Spanish acronym) party, who was shot dead during a fight with a presumed militant of the Green Ecological Party of Mexico (PVEM in its Spanish acronym) in the municipal seat of Venustiano Carranza. Excelsior reported that “unofficial sources point out that the row started after the deceased tried to prevent vote buying by the PVEM.”

For its part, Chiapas Paralelo reported a clash in Santiago el Pinar in the highlands of Chiapas, where “militants of the local party Mover a Chiapas arrived at the kiosk where the polls were installed, destroyed the screens that allow the secrecy of the vote, and forced the population to vote openly, in favor of Sebastian Gomez Gomez, candidate for the municipal presidency of that party.” After complaints from the population, the aggressors reacted violently using projectiles such as sticks and stones. The note indicates that “this fact caused the suspension of the vote and left a toll of around 20 people injured, two of them with wounds that required hospitalization. (…) The militants of Mover a Chiapas were left with the ballot box, and according to the complaint, they filled out the remaining ballots. For this reason, they asked for the annulment of the election in the municipality.”

In the state, cases of intimidation, destruction of voting booths and ballot boxes stolen by armed groups in Tuxtla Gutierrez, San Cristobal de Las Casas, Huixtan and Mapastepec were reported. According to Chiapas Paralelo, “the electoral Prosecutor’s Office reported that it has initiated 38 investigations into violent incidents that occurred during the election day.”

Chiapas Paralelo reported two serious incidents on July 2nd; one in Ocozocuatla, where they killed two people with firearms in a post-electoral conflict. In Tapilula, “a group that carried high-caliber weapons whom the population identifies as members of the Chiapas Unido party, set fire to cars and fired at their political opponents.” During these events one victim lost his life.

Oaxaca

Animal Politico reported that on June 28th, in the community of Santiago Pinotepa Nacional on the Coast of Oaxaca, “Joaquin Andres Bernal Rojas, an official of the National Electoral Institute (INE in its Spanish acronym), was murdered outside his home.”

The note continues with the resignation of two officials of the State Electoral Institute and Civic Participation of Oaxaca (IEEPCO in its Spanish acronym) of the 25th District Council, based in San Pedro Pochutla, “after receiving death threats that ordered them to resign in a maximum period of 24 hours from their posts in the electoral body.”

In Oaxaca, several ballot thefts were recorded; only, with the monitoring of three sources, SIPAZ counted eight affected communities. One of the affected is San Pedro Ozumacin, belonging to the municipality of Ayotzintepec of the district of Tuxtepec, in the Papaloapan Basin, where Diario Oaxaca reported “the theft and burning of 1,800 papers of two ballot boxes.”

Guerrero

Sara Castro Chamun was abducted by an armed group in the community of San Cristobal on July 1st. Castro is the representative of the MORENA party before the Electoral and Citizen Participation Institute (IEPC in its Spanish acronym), which several days earlier had received several threats by followers of the PRI candidate for mayor of Ajuchitlan del Progreso, El Universal reports.

El Sur reported the presence of several armed groups in the Tierra Caliente region and the Northern Zone of the State that prevented the installation of ballot boxes.

In the State of Guerrero, SIPAZ observed from the media that there were isolated cases of political violence during the election day, where the fear of civil society affected the participation of citizens in the elections of some municipalities with a high level of violence as reported by El Universal: “In voting centers in the municipalities of, Chilapa, Pedro Ascencio de Alquisiras and Zitala, there was little attendance of voters for fear of suffering some aggression, since the area is considered a region of dispute between organized crime gangs.”

For more information from SIPAZ:

Nacional: Andrés Manuel López Obrador nuevo Presidente electo de México. (3 de Julio de 2018)

Chiapas/Oaxaca/Guerrero: Resultados preliminares. Elecciones 2018 (3 de Julio de 2018)

For more information in Spanish:

Suman 4 personas asesinadas por conflictos electorales en Chiapas (Chiapas Paralelo, 3 de julio de 2018)

Violencia en 2 municipios, saldo de jornada electoral (Adiario Oaxaca, 2 de julio de 2018)

La democracia en Oaxaca está bajo fuego con asesinatos, amenazas a candidatos, robo de casillas, compra del voto: Flavio Sosa (Página3, 1 de julio de 2018)

No se ha instalado una casilla en Ixcapuzalco por el secuestro de una persona (El Sur, 1 de julio de 2018)

Guerrero registra incidentes aislados durante jornada electoral (El Universal, 1 de julio de 2018)

Asesinan a balazos a militante de Morena en Chiapas (Excelsior, 1 de julio de 2018)

Se presenta robo de material electoral en diferentes municipios (Chiapas Paralelo, 1 de julio de 2018)

Hechos violentos marcan la jornada electoral en Chiapas (Chiapas Paralelo, 1 de julio de 2018)

La víspera de la elección se intensifican actos de violencia, compra y coacción del voto (Chiapas Paralelo, 30 de junio de 2018)

Asesinan a funcionario del INE en Oaxaca afuera de su domicilio (Animal Político, 29 de junio de 2018)

Más de 130 políticos asesinados en campaña electoral de México (Telesur, 28 de junio de 2018)

Acaban campañas con récord en el nivel de violencia (El Universal, 28 de junio de 2018)


National: Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador New President Elect in Mexico

July 17, 2018

AMLOPhoto: wikipedia.org

Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, candidate for the Presidency of the Mexican Republic for the coalition “Together We Will Make History” formed by PT-MORENA and th Partido Encuentro Social (Social Encounter Party), became the virtual winner of the 2018 elections on Sunday July 1st. The elections were historic for the number of positions contested, as well as the percentage of votes achieved, around 53%. Until now, no president of Mexico had achieved that majority, but they are also considered the most violent with more than 200 deaths and 500 assaults according to Etellek Consultancy.

In his first speech, Andres Manuel called for “national reconciliation” as reflected in the newspaper La Jornada and “reiterated his commitment to respect all freedoms and sent a message of confidence to the markets, saying that he will respect the autonomy of the Bank of Mexico will maintain financial and fiscal discipline, and will not act arbitrarily nor will there be confiscation of property.”

He called for an orderly transition so that there are no shocks and said they will act in a respectful manner.

On contracts and agreements in the energy sector made with individuals, he announced that they “will be reviewed to prevent acts of corruption or illegality.” He warned: “If we find anomalies that affect the national interest, we will go to the Congress of the Union and to national and international courts. That is to say, we will always behave legally. We will not act arbitrarily.”

He indicated that the main mission of his government will be to eradicate corruption and that “under no circumstances will the next president allow acts of corruption, and like a good judge he begins with his own house, he will prevent corrupt companions, officials, friends and relatives from incurring in corruption.”

He announced that his government will attend to the most “humble and forgotten; especially to the indigenous peoples of Mexico.”

He ended stating that his ambition will be to go down in history as a “good president of Mexico.”

In addition to announcing his transition team, he also said that during the next two and a half months he will lay out a plan of action and begin a tour between September and October throughout the country as president-elect.

For more information in Spanish:

Convoca AMLO a la reconciliación; promete respetar todas las libertades. (La Jornada, 2 de julio 2018)

López Obrador tendrá Congreso mayoritario, según conteo del 90% del PREP. (Proceso, 2 de julio 2018)

López Obrador llama a la reconciliación tras su abrumadora victoria. (El País, 2 de julio 2018)

For more information form SIPAZ:

Chiapas/Oaxaca/Guerrero: Resultados preliminares. Elecciones 2018. (SIPAZ, 3 julio 2018)

Oaxaca/Chiapas: pobladores de San Miguel Chimalapa anuncian que impedirán elecciones municipales en Belisario Domínguez. (SIPAZ, 7 junio 2018)

Chiapas : Ejido Tila denuncia formación de paramilitares para imponer elecciones. (SIPAZ, 7 junio 2018)

Chiapas : Elecciones, “circo político a costa de la sangre del pueblo de México”, afirma la Sociedad Civil Las Abejas. (SIPAZ, 4 junio 2018)

Chiapas : Tribunal electoral federal exige a IEPC revisar petición de pobladores de Chilón y Sitalá que buscan Elecciones por usos y costumbres. (SIPAZ, 9 mayo 2018)


Guerrero: Femicides Rocket Despite Gender Violence Alert

July 12, 2018

GVA(@Revolucion 3.0)

At the beginning of June, Marina Reyna Aguilar, member of the Guerrero Association against Violence against Women and member of the Monitoring Commission on Gender Alert, warned that from January to May 30th of this year, 108 women have been murdered with the presumption of femicide in Guerrero, despite the fact that more than 11 months have passed since the declaration of the gender violence alert (GVA) in nine of the most violent municipalities in Guerrero. She stated that the problem of femicides is not being given enough importance and that a declaration of humanitarian disaster should be considered, as collectives of the disappeared have raised it before the federal government. She reported that despite the conditions of violence in the state, only two sessions of the GVA follow-up mechanism have been held in one year: one in December last year and the last two weeks ago. She denounced that “From the beginning, the government tried to prevent the declaration of the gender alert and once the civil organizations managed to get it implemented, the follow-up that has been given does not meet the needs of the state.” She argued that to date the authorities “have not been fulfilling their responsibilities, in the areas of prevention, care, punishment and eradication of violence against women, the state data bank is not working and neither are the search mechanisms”. Shee said that once the year of the GVA is completed, a balance will be made and the deficiencies will be indicated: “What we want is that what they report is a reality that is effective, we do not agree to the simulation and we are going to it point out, yes it is a problem and we believe that the state has other priorities and the life of women is not important for them.”

According to the report Incidence of State Crime, from the Executive Secretariat of the National System of Public Security (SESNSP in its Spanish acronym) of the Ministry of the Interior published in May, Nuevo Leon, Guerrero and Chihuahua are the states in which fecmicides have increased most compared to 2017 .

For more information in Spanish:

Se disparan feminicidios en Nuevo León, Guerrero y Chihuahua (Excelsior, 6 de junio de 2018)

Feminicidios aumentan en N.León, Guerreo y Chihuahua (Regeneración, 4 de junio de 2018)

Guerrero ya rebasa los 100 feminicidios en 5 meses (SDP Noticias, 4 de junio de 2018)

Incrementan muertes dolosas de mujeres (El Sol de Acapulco, 4 de junio de 2018)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Guerrero : asesinan a María Luisa Ortiz Arenas, integrante de la Red Estatal de Activistas Feministas (9 de marzo de 2018)

Guerrero: feminicidios a la alza en 2017 (11 de enero de 2018)

Guerrero : emiten Alerta de Género en 8 municipios del estado (24 de junio de 2017)


Guerrero/National: Federal Court Orders Creation Truth Commission to Reopen Investigation of Ayotzinapa Case

July 12, 2018

Ayotzi.png(@Centro PRODH)

On June 4th, a federal court, based in Tamaulipas, ordered the Attorney General’s Office (PGR in its Spanish acronym) to reinstate the procedure in the Ayotzinapa case and create a Truth Commission to re-investigate the enforced disappearance of 43 students from the Rural Normal School of Ayotzinapa in Iguala, Guerrero, in September 2014. This occerrefd in the context of ruling that the investigation “was not prompt, effective, independent or impartial.” This ruling discredits the so-called “historical truth” that refers to the official versions presented by the federal government to date that the youths were murdered and incinerated in the dump of Cocula, Guerrero, and the ashes thrown into the river San Juan.

The court held that there is “sufficient evidence to presume that the confessions and accusations against co-defendants were obtained under torture” and “in the face of serious human rights violations, such as torture, forced disappearance of persons and extrajudicial executions, and that it was ordered to investigate the participation of authorities of the three levels of government, in addition to the fact that in Mexico there is no independent prosecutor’s office, it was determined to create a commission of investigation for truth and justice.” The court ruled that the commission “will be consist of the representatives of the victims, the National Commission of Human Rights and the Public Ministry of the Federation“, although it will be the relatives of the victims and the CNDH that will decide which lines of investigation will be followed and the tests to be used. They can also validate the incorporation of more national and international human rights organizations. The Court based its decision on the need to enforce “the fundamental right of access to justice for the victims, provided for in Article 17 of the Constitution, whose purpose is to arrive at the truth and to ensure that this type of crime serious violations of human rights is not repeated.”

In a statement on the same day of the publication of the sentence, the PGR said it does not share the criteria of the Court, considering that the resolution issued “ignores the division of powers and the powers of prosecution, investigation and the exercise of penal action that, according to Article 21 of the Political Constitution of the United Mexican States, corresponds to the Public Ministry of the Federation.” Before the accusations of torture, it indicated that, “through the Specialized Unit, it has opened several Investigation Cases in which the opinions are recorded of certified experts and with technical autonomy according to the Istanbul Protocol.” It finally stated that “different lines are being worked on, including those suggested by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR), through the Follow-up Mechanism, and taking into account the observations of the National Human Rights Commission.”

For its part, the ProDH Center, representative of the families of the 43 student teachers, indicated that the families “will initiate a process of analysis to review their extremes and position themselves publicly in the coming days.” It welcomed the Court’s ruling and considered that “it confirms that the truth in the Ayotzinapa case is not stated, that the whereabouts of the victims are not clear and that the current federal government committed multiple irregularities during the investigation. By virtue of the judgment, this assessment no longer comes only from international instances, but has been established by a national court.” It demanded “a public commitment that in the rest of the six-year term of office the ruling will be fulfilled and the case will not be manipulated to prevent its clarification.”

For more information in Spanish:

Comunicado de prensa “Histórica sentencia del poder judicial dela Federación en el caso Ayotzinapa: estabblece las graves irregularidades en que incurrió PGR y ordena crear un mecanismo extraordinario de justicia y verdad”  (Centro PRODH, 4 de junio de 2018)

Tribunal ordena crear Comisión para la Verdad en caso Ayotzinapa; no compartimos criterio de magistrados: PGR (Animal Político, 4 de junio de 2018)

Magistrados ordenan crear Comisión de la Verdad y piden a PGR reponer procedimiento en caso Ayotzinapa (Proceso, 4 de junio de 2018)

La PGR dice no compartir criterio de magistrados sobre Comisión de la Verdad para Ayotzinapa (Proceso, 4 de junio de 2018)

La investigación del caso Iguala no fue independiente ni imparcial (La Jornada, 5 de junio de 2018)

CNDH analiza la sentencia que ordena reponer el proceso del caso Ayotzinapa y crear la Comisión de la Verdad (Sin Embargo, 5 de junio de 2018)

For more informaton from SIPAZ:

Guerrero/Internacional: nueva audiencia del caso Ayotzinapa ante la CIDH ; riesgo de carpetazo denuncian familiares y sus representantes legales (10 de mayo de 2018)

Internacional/Guerrero: Exigen que la PGR agote todas las líneas de investigación que surgen de nueva información en caso Ayotzinapa (18 de abril de 2018)

Guerrero/Nacional/Internacional : Nuevos informes sobre caso Ayotzinapa (15 de marzo de 2018)

Guerrero: PGR buscará cerrar caso Ayotzinapa antes de diciembre (6 de marzo de 2018)


National: 37,435 Disappeared in Mexico According to Ministry of Interior

July 12, 2018

MissingDisappeared (@ZetaTijuana)

According to figures from the Ministry of the Interior, 37,435 people are missing in Mexico, which represents an increase of about 40% compared to what was reported in 2014. Most cases are being investigated by regular jurisdiction through State instances. A little more than half of these cases are concentrated in five states: Tamaulipas, the State of Mexico, Jalisco, Sinaloa, and Nuevo Leon.

Breaking down the data, it appears that six out of ten missing are between 15 and 39 years old and most are men. Almost all are Mexicans, but there are 384 foreigners and two 2,056 whose origin is not specified.

All these data were compiled by the National Public Security System of the Ministry of the Interior, based on the information provided by the state prosecutors and the Attorney General’s Office.

At the federal level, with cases whose investigation is the responsibility of the Attorney General’s Office (PGR in its Spanish acronym), there is also an increase with 1,170 cases currently open. Three states concentrate almost 60% of the cases: Guerrero, Veracruz and Tamaulipas.

According to La Jornada, since January of this year, “just over 2,000 files have been added, despite the entry into force of the first General Law on Missing Persons, promulgated last November and in put into force 60 days later.”

For more information in Spanish:

Hay 37 mil 435 desaparecidos, informa la SG (La Jornada, 2 de junio de 2018)

En 4 años aumentó en México 40 por ciento el número de personas desaparecidas (7seg.mx, 2 de junio de 2018)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Nacional : madres de desparecidos marchan en el Día de la Madre (11 de mayo de 2018)

Nacional : familiares de personas desaparecidas se oponen a cambios a la Ley General de Desaparición forzada (3 de abril de 2018)

Nacional : ONU se pronuncia ante entrada en vigor de Ley sobre Desaparición forzada (19 de enero de 2018)

Nacional: Promulgan Ley contra la Desaparición forzada (25 de noviembre de 2017)