Chiapas: Post-election Protests in Chenalho Municipality

May 13, 2016

Chenalho.pngPeace and Transparency Commission press conference @sie7edechiapas

On May 2, members of the Peace and Transparency Commission, a group of Tsotsil from Chenalho, Chiapas, held a press conference in front of the cathedral in San Cristobal de Las Casas, calling for the resignation of the mayor Rosa Perez Perez. Representatives of the nonconofrmist group acccused the mayor of Chenalho of “not keeping her campaign promises, not holding council meetings, not involving the municipal union or council members in government decisions and of firing trusted workers.” During her campaign, she promised to carry out public works, and give monthly dispensations of 5,000 pesos to all women in the municipality for craft production. It should be noted that this group has had a series of protests against the mayor since the beginning of April.

The opponents took over the town hall, the System of Integral Family Development headquarters (DIF in its Spanish acronym) and the Indigenous Peace and Conciliation Court in Chenalho; they closed roads to the municipal capital and took over the Tuxtla Gutierrez-San Cristobal de Las Casas highway tollbooth to demand her removal. The mayor handed in her resignation on April 13 in the face of these protests. Nevertheless, the deputies of the State Congress did not approve her request, ruling that her resignation was presented against her will. Given that Rosa Perez Perez remains in office, the noncomformists took over the State Congress on April 27 and chained its doors. Tomas Perez, spokesperson for the opposition stated in the press conference that they hope “the Congress accepts the resignation of the mayor this Tuesday 3, and on the contrary, on Thursday 5 some 15,000 indigenous from more than 100 communities will leave Chenalho and come to Tuxtla to present themselves at the doors of the State Congress.”

For more information in Spanish:

Indígenas de Chenalhó advierten que escalarán protestas si no renuncia su alcaldesa (Proceso, 02 de mayo de 2016)

Comisión de Paz demanda destitución de alcaldesa en Chiapas (La Jornada, 02 de mayo de 2016)

Fijan 24 horas para renuncia de alcadesa de Chenalhó, Chiapas (El Universal, 02 de mayo de 2016)

Conflicto en Chenalhó, fuego amigo en el gabinete de Velasco Coello de cara a la gubernatura de 2018

(Revolución Tres Punto Cero, 30 de abril de 2016)

Indígenas desbloquean Chenalhó (El universal, 29 de abril 2016)

Incendian casa de gente vinculada a la alcaldesa de Chenalhó (La Jornada, 27 de abril de 2016)

Alcaldesa de Chenalhó, remplazada por síndico (La Jornada, 14 de abril de 2016)

Exigen destituir a la alcaldesa de Chenalhó (La Jornada, 12 de abril de 2016)

Habitantes de Chenalhó ocupan oficinas municipales (La Jornada, 9 de abril de 2016)


Oaxaca: Radio broadcaster murdered in Ejutla de Crespo

May 11, 2016

Radio.pngOaxaca: Radio broadcaster murdered in Ejutla de Crespo

On April 26, Apolonio Hernandez Gonzalez, broadcaster of one of Ejutla de Crespo’s radio stations, “was murdered inside his home with a bladed weapon”, the Attorney General of Oaxaca confirmed. According to the preliminary investigation of the case, the body of the 52-year-old from Radio Need showed signs of a wound on his neck from a blade and was found dumped beside an illegal work site. The authorities do not know the motive for the murder at present, while his work colleagues have sent their condolences to his relatives and demand justice through their radio transmissions and the Internet. For its part, the Benito Juarez Association of Community Radios, as well as condemning this crime, demand clarification of the murders of two other private community radio braodcasters in recent months, Filadelfo Sanchez Sarmiento in Miahuatlán and Abel Bautista in Santiago Juxtlahuaca.

The organization Article 19 learned of the case and demanded that the state authorities examine the reporting work of Apolonio Hernandez as the main line of investigation of his murder. According to Article 19, “The Special Attorney for Attention to Crimes against Freedom of Expression (READLE in its Spanish acronym) is obliged to investigate the murders of reporters.” Nevertheless, Article 19 complained that, “it has eluded its responsibility to investigate crimes that attack freedom of expression.” Reporters Without Borders (RWB) and Amnesty International (AI) recalled that 63 journalists died due to causes related to the exercise of their profession and a further 40 were murdered while the motive of their death was unknown in 2015. Both organizations have warned that there are four “hotspots” where freedom of the press is more and more restrained, Mexico being among those. In a statement, both organizations reported that, “threats, harassment and killings continued against journalists and human rights defenders in Mexico during 2015. Despite the existence of a Protection Mechanism for Human Rights Defenders and Journalists, passed in 2012, the lack of resources and coordination meant that adequate protection is not offered.”

It should be noted that World Freedom of the Press Day, established by the United Nations Organization (UNO) was celebrated on May 3. According to Sol de Mexico, Mexican reporters have little to celebrate for this commemoration, as freedom of expression is more and more limited.

 

For more information:

México encabeza la lista de los países más peligrosos para ejercer el periodismo (El Sol de México, 4 de mayo de 2016)

Asesinan a Apolonio Hernández, locutor de radio por internet en Oaxaca (SDP Noticias, 27 de abril de 2016)

Radios comunitarias condenan asesinato de locutor de Radio Need Ejutla (27 de abril de 2016, EDUCA Oaxaca)

Asesinan a locutor de radio en Oaxaca (Zócalo Salillo, 27 de abril de 2016)

Asesinan a locutor de radio en Oaxaca (Proceso, 26 de abril de 2016)

En Oaxaca los periodistas están siendo asesinados, amenazados, hostigados y perseguidos (Revolución Tres Punto Cero, 1 de abril de 2016)

Veracruz, Guerrero y la CDMX, donde más agreden periodistas: Art. 19; es la impunidad, dice (Vanguardia, 3 de mayo de 2016)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Oaxaca: Asesinan a locutor de radio en Miahuatlán (3 de julio de 2015)

Oaxaca: Nuevas agresiones a periodistas (29 de agosto de 2014)

Oaxaca: Estado del país con mayor número de agresiones a mujeres defensoras de los derechos humanos y periodistas (29 de mayo de 2014)

Oaxaca: Denuncian ola de ataques contra periodistas y activistas (20 de julio de 2013)

Oaxaca: Article 19 condena ataque a periodistas (9 de marzo de 2012)


Guerrero/Mexico: IGIE Ends its Work in Mexico Presenting a Second Report

May 7, 2016

IGIE.png

On April 24, the Interdisciplinary Group of Independent Experts (IGIE), appointed by the Inter-American Commission for Human Rights (IACHR) to investigate the enforced disappearance of 43 students from the Teacher Training School at Ayotzinapa, Guerrero, in September 2014, ended its work of more than one year with the presentation of a second report. The final stage of the work the IGIE carried out occurred in the middle of a media campaign to discredit its members and work. Some weeks ago, a complaint was made against the executive secretary of the IACHR, Emilio Alvarez Icaza, for alleged fraud in detriment of the Federation for almost two million dollars given by the Federal Government for the investigation of the Ayotzinapa case.

The mothers and fathers of the disappeared believe that the group of experts “has been thrown out of the country” by the Federal Government as their work has not been concluded and the 43 have not been found. The Government for its part argues that the presence of the IGIG was agreed with a time limit, which was even extended by a second six-month period. Since its first report, the IGIE concluded that there is not sufficient scientific evidence to support the official version of the Attorney General of the Republic (PGR in its Spanish acronym) which claims that the missing student teachers were incinerated at a dump in the municipality of Cocula, Guerrero. This presumably happened at the hands of municipal police in collusion with members of organized crime.

In the second report (of over 600 pages) various inconsistencies and omissions in the file of the Attorney General of the Republic on the Ayotzinapa case were revealed. It pointed out that, “The investigation had difficulties that cannot be exclusively attributed to the complexity of the case. The slowness in responses to requests of the IGIE, the delay in the practice of evidence, the formal and not substantial responses to many concerns, the [fact that] other lines of investigation were not followed, cannot be seen as simple improvised or partial obstacles. They demonstrate structural barriers.” Among the lines of investigation which were not exhausted are the cell phones of the some of the student teachers, which continued to work hours and even days after the events, the participation of police from other localities, and the fifth bus that the students had taken and that was not being investigated. All of these lines could give more clues as to what happened.

The document also produced evidence that proved the participation of the Federal Police in the events and the responsibility at least through negligence of the 27 Battallion of the army in Iguala. It poses that at least 17 of the 61 arrested by the State and Federal authorities were tortured. Another fact that posed questions was the presence of the director of the Criminal Investigation Agency of the PGR on Sunday, October 28, 2014, at the San Juan riverbed, the day before the “official version” of the discovery of the supposed remains of some of the students in the same river and the Cocula dump was made public. The IGIE commented that, “We did not find any report about these facts, any dispatch of the 28. All the official information begins after the 29 of October.”

For more information in Spanish:

Los 10 puntos explosivos del informe #GIEIAyotzinapa (Proceso, 26 de abril de 2016)

Mostró el GIEI un sistema judicial corrupto y brutal: NYT (La Jornada, 26 de abril de 2016)

Padres reciben con tristeza informe GIEI, nos sentimos desamparados: voc. Con Ricardo Rocha (Radio Formula, 26 de abril de 2016)

Evita Osorio Chong reunirse con integrantes del GIEI; los remite con Campa Cifrián (Proceso, 26 de abril de 2016)

9 ‘huecos’ del expediente Ayotzinapa detectados en el informe final del GIEI (Expansión CNN, 25 de abril de 2016)

Remata el GIEI: evidencias manipuladas, omisiones y torturas en caso Ayotzinapa (Proceso, 24 de abril de 2016)

Confrontado con el gobierno, concluye el GIEI trabajo en México (La Jornada, 24 de abril de 2016)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Guerrero/ Nacional: EAAF y GIEI reaccionan ante conclusiones sobre fuego en el basurero de Cocula (11 de abril de 2016)

Guerrero: ONG y expertos en derechos humanos respaldan labor del GIEI en caso Ayotzinapa (25 de enero de 2016)

Nacional/Internacional : PGR abre investigación contra Emilio Álvarez Icaza, Secretario Ejecutivo de la CIDH (31 de marzo de 2016)


Oaxaca: Homicides Increase in Oaxaca

May 5, 2016

Homicide

According to a report of the Attorney General of Oaxaca, 182 “intentional homicides” were registered between January and March, with the Coastal Region having the greatest number of these crimes. The study shows that there was an increase of 11.6% compared with the same period last year, in which 162 homicides were registered in the whole state. According to the report, the Coastal Region is top of the list of intentional homicides with 47 cases. As regards the rest of the state, the Central Valleys reported 36 killings; the Southern Sierra 24; Cuenca 21; Mixteca 13; Cañada 5; the Northern Sierra 2, and 34 in the Isthmus. In the Isthmus Region, a multiple homicide of two women and three men was recently registered, as a result of which the authorities reinforced security presence in Juchitan de Zaragoza and some other municipalities of the area.

 For his part, the regional Vice Attorney of Tehuantepec Isthmus, Luis Sanchez Castellanos, reported that the judicial hypotheis for the surge in violence and aggression of organized crime in the municipality of Juchitan de Zaragoza was due more to political problems than to control of the streets. He said that so far this year they had registered 40 homicides in Juchitan “although they are not all related to organized crime.” Sanchez Castellanos said that many of the delinquents “are protected by the politicians and social organizations, which makes their capture more difficult.”

 For more information in Spanish:

Reporta Fiscalía de Oaxaca 182 homicidios dolosos de enero a marzo (Quadtratin Oaxaca, 21 de abril de 2016)

Aumentan homicidios en Oaxaca 11.6 por ciento; Costa es la región más violenta (Servicios para una Educación Alternativa, A.C., EDUCA, 21 de abril de 2016)

Van 40 ejecuciones en Juchitán; política y control de plaza desatan violencia: Vicefiscalía (NVI Noticias, 20 de abril de 2016)

Asesinan a cinco en un predio perteneciente a Telmex en Oaxaca (La Jornada, 17 de abril de 2016)


Chiapas/Oaxaca/Guerrero/National: Criminalization of Social Protest

April 26, 2016

Protest.pngDuring the teachers’ mobilizations in Chiapas. Photo: @Cuartoscuro

On Friday April 15, the teachers began a day of mobilizations across the country as part of a “new struggle against educational reform, for the defense of public education, and employment stability”, which began with the blockade of highways, ports and border crossings in the states of Oaxaca, Guerrero, Michoacan, and Chiapas.

Teachers from Section 22 of the National Coordinator of Education Workers (CNTE) on the Tehuantepec Isthmus led two highway blockades as part of their actions against educational reform, the education law in Oaxaca, and to demand the release of political prisoners. In Guerrero, contingents of the State Coordinator of Education Workers in Guerrero (CETEG) blocked the lanes of the Sol Mexico-Acapulco motorway from morning as well as demonstrating on a number of streets of the capital. In Michoacan, at least three thousand members of CNTE, accompanied by trainee teachers of Arteaga municipality and some social organizations took control of the entrances to the industrial zone and blocked the exit to the Morelia motorway.

In Chiapas, the “disproportionate use of the security forces, arbitrary arrests, torture, cruel, inhumane and degrading treatments which characterize repression and criminalization of social protest” were committed and documented by the Fray Bartolome de Las Casas Center for Human Rights (CDHFBC, also known as Frayba) in San Cristobal de Las Casas and Tuxtla Gutierrez during the actions of the teachers from CNTE and the National Union of Education Workers (SNTE). CDHFBC pointed out that elements of the Federal Police, the Gendarmerie, and the State Police took part and used “indiscriminately and unjustifiably tear gas and rubber bullets damaging the health of those who were protesting.” Also, they denounced that they physically injured the passersby or those who were at the site of the repression, including children, women, and seniors. In the two cities, elements of the police “arbitrarily detained and with inhumane and/or degrading treatment, without respect for personal guarantees nor mediating protocols that protect security and integrity, at least eight women teachers, ten male teachers and three passersby” who were removed to the maximum security prison at Tepic, Nayarit.

The Ministry of Public Education (SEP) made it known that it sanctioned “with discounts […] and with separation from service 13,700 teachers” who participated in the protests against educational reform in different states of the country. CDHFBC urged the Mexican State to “assume the obligation to protect, guarantee and respect human rights; cease repression and criminalization of social protest; guarantee life, integrity and personal security of those who exercise their legitimate right to free protest; immediately, effectively, seriously, thoroughly and impartially see to these events, sanctioning those responsible for the human rights violations described; and immediately release the people arbitrarily arrested and unjustifiably transferred accused of invented crimes as justification for the repressive actions.”  

For more information in Spanish:

Movilización de la CNTE contra la reforma educativa en 28 estados (La Jornada, 15 de abril de 2016)

SEP sancionará a más de 13 mil docentes por protestas (La Jornada, 15 de abril de 2016)

Policías repliegan a maestros en Chiapas (La Jornada, 15 de abril de 2016)

Boletín: La represión del Estado mexicano criminaliza la protesta social en Chiapas (CDHFBC, 16 de abril de 2016)

Tortura y represión en operativos contra SNTE en Chiapas: Frayba (La Jornada, 17 de abril de 2016)

Criminaliza el Estado a los maestros en Chiapas: Frayba (Desinformémonos, 17 de abril de 2016)

Acusan golpes y torturas contra maestros detenidos en Chiapas (Proceso, 18 de abril de 2016)

Con marchas y protestas, exigen la liberación de maestros detenidos en Chiapas (Proceso, 18 de abril de 2016)

NotiFrayba:Criminalización de la protesta social en Chiapas (CDHFBC, 18 de abril de 2016)

For more information form SIPAZ:

Chiapas/Oaxaca/Guerrero: Protestas del magisterio contra la reforma educativa en varios estados (25 de febrero de 2016)

Guerrero: Maestros en Acapulco lograron sabotear la evaluación de docentes (14 de diciembre de 2015)

Chiapas: Choques entre policía y magisterio en el bloqueo a la evaluación (21 de octubre de 2015)


Chiapas: Day of Action for the Liberation of Alejandro Diaz Santiz and Political Prisoners

April 23, 2016

Presos.pngDuring the cultural event in Plaza de la Resistencia y la Paz in San Cristobal de Las Casas, Chiapas. Photo: @Work Group “No estamos todxs”

In the framework of International Political Prisoners Solidarity Day, relatives of Alejandro Diaz Santiz organized a cultural event, a sit in and press conference for the freedom of the unjustly imprisoned [man] together with collectives and sympathizers. Diaz Santiz, who has been deprived of his freedom for 17 years, is an adherent of the Sixth Declaration of the Lacandon Jungle of the Zapatista Army of National Liberation (EZLN) and from prison has been organizing to denounce violations of his rights and those of other prisoners. Last September he was moved to the Federal prison at Villa Comaltitlan in Tapachula in spite of the fact that he had been sentenced for a local and not federal jurisdiction crime as well as not being a highly dangerous prisoner. According to his attorney, Leonel Rivero Rodriguez, he was transferred “in a totally arbitrary manner” and the move “had no type of basis.”

Antonio Diaz Velasco, Alejandro’s father, stated in the press conference that, in spite of the fact that his son’s visual health is deteriorating, he is not receiving medical attention in prison. “I saw that he is ill, his eyes are discolored, I asked him what was wrong, he said that they don’t give him medication, little food, beans and five tortillas.” He confirmed that the transfer is making family visits difficult because the distance from his community to the prison is long and they do not have the economic resources to pay for transport. Pedro Lopez Jimenez, member of the Supporters of the Voice Amate organization, added that they hope that “the authorities fulfill their promises and free Alejandro” as the State Government signed an agreement in February for the liberation of Diaz Santiz. For his part, Rivero pointed that Alejandro was subjected to an irregular trial, having “a bad or no defense” following his arrest. It should be recalled that Diaz Santiz is a Tsotsil indigenous who “at the time of his arrest did not speak Spanish, was tortured, never had access to an interpreter, and did not have enough money for an adequate legal defense”, the Work Group “No Estamos Todxs” (GTNET) statement said.

According to the attorney, Alejandro would currently have the right to parole for partial remission of the sentence – a reduction of his sentence for good behavior and participation in social reinsertion activities – for which a legal protection was lodged and is awaiting verdict. Lopez Jimenez announced that they expect the legal protection move to be successful and if it is not, they will continue with actions to demand the immediate release of their compañero. The release of Roberto Paciencia Cruz was also called for, unjustly imprisoned in the State Center for Social Reinsertion of Prisoners (CERSS) No. 5 at San Cristobal de Las Casas, and the San Bachajon prisoners at Amate CERSS, municipality of Cintalapa.

For more information in Spanish:

Conferencia de Prensa 18 de Abril ¡ Libertad Inmediata para Alejandro Diaz Santiz¡ (Grupo de Trabajo No estamos todxs, 18 de abril de 2016)

17 de abril: Día Internacional de los Presxs Políticxs (Grupo de Trabajo No estamos todxs, 18 de abril de 2016)

Exigen libertad de preso polìtico (Mural Chiapas, 19 de abril de 2016)

No pueden cerrar la voz: libertad para Alejandro Díaz Santis (Agencia SubVersiones, 10 de abril de 2016)

17 de Abril dia internacional de solidaridad con lxs presxs politicos (Europa Zapatista, 17 de abril de 2016)

Recibió CNDH mil 151 quejas en 2015 por falta de atención médica en penales (Proceso, 29 de marzo de 2016)

La crisis en las cárceles de México: 10 problemas urgentes sin atención (Animal Político, 13 de abril de 2016)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Chiapas: Exigen la liberación de Alejandro Díaz Santiz (11 de marzo de 2016)

Chiapas: Toman acuerdo Solidarios de la Voz del Amate para liberación de presos y reparación del daño (9 de febrero de 2016)

Chiapas: Jornada por la liberación de Alejandro Díaz Sántiz y Mumia Abu-Jamal (9 de noviembre de 2015)

Chiapas: Trasladan a Alejandro Díaz Sántiz, junto a 386 presos, a penal de alta seguridad (15 de septiembre de 2015)


Chiapas: Primero de Agosto Displaced Families Report Enclosure of their Lands

April 21, 2016

Primero.pngDisplacement camp at Primero de Agosto, Photo @ Radio Zapatista

On April 14, the displaced of Primero de Agosto in the municipality of Las Margaritas made a public statement denouncing the barbed wiring of part of the land of Primero de Agosto where they lived and from where they were displaced on February 23, 2015. According to their statement, they were provoked by ejidatarios from Miguel Hidalgo, members of the Independent Center of Agricultural Workers and Campesinos-Historical (CIOAC-H) on April 7 and 8 “carrying firearms, machetes, and all uniformed with PRD yellow caps (sic).”

They also reported that intimidation around their camp continues. After the events of April 7 and 8, on the morning of April 9, the authorities of the region passed by performing violent acts on cows and a bull “eight meters from where we are displaced.” The displaced of Primero de Agosto blamed the three levels of government, noting that the members of CIOAC-H from Miguel Hidalgo are “protected and backed by the governments that don’t do anything, that don’t say anything.” It should be mentioned that on February 25 last year, the State Government of Chiapas committed itself to dividing the lands in equal parts. Nevertheless, the lands have not been divided one year later and the inhabitants remain displaced. They reported that to this date the state government “hasn’t fulfilled anything, on the contrary, it has allowed the situation to get worse. The Mexican State has ignored the case.”

For more information in Spanish:

CIOAC-Histórica cerca tierras de familias desplazadas de Primero de Agosto (Chiapas Denuncia Publica, 14 de abril de 2016)

For more information from SIPAZ

Chiapas: Desplazados del Poblado Primero de Agosto denunciaron escalamiento de hostigamiento, amenazas de muerte y desalojo (7 de enero de 2016)

Chiapas: 8 meses de “amenazas y hostigamiento” a tojolabales en desplazamiento forzado del poblado Primero de Agosto (5 de noviembre de 2016)

Chiapas: Red por la Paz denuncia actitud omisa del gobierno de Chiapas ante caso de Primero de Agosto (16 de julio de 2015)


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