International/National: Rise in World Inequality Crisis – 42 People Have the Same Wealth as 3.7 Billion Poor (Oxfam Report)

February 8, 2018

Oxfam.png@ Oxfam International

On January 22nd, just one day before the start of the World Economic Forum in Davos, Oxfam published its new report on the increase in extreme global inequality, in which it presents alarming data that highlight that the richest 1% of the world’s population holds 82% of the world’s wealth. In the report titled “Reward work and not wealth” it denounces that, “currently, it is difficult to find a political leader or a business leader who does not publicly express his concern about inequality. However, what counts are actions, not words, and in this almost all leaders fail. In fact, many of them actively promote policies that contribute to the increase of inequality.”

Because of that the social elite has been able to continue enjoying disproportionately high salaries and so accumulate incomparable fortunes. According to Oxfam, “last year saw was the largest increase in the number of billionaires in history, one every two days. There are currently 2,043 people with fortunes in excess of one billion dollars, of which nine out of ten are men.” The main cause of the gap between extreme poverty and extreme wealth “is built at the expense of poorly paid jobs, often occupied by women, who receive miserable salaries without respecting their fundamental rights.”

The organization demands that, “governments and international institutions must recognize the impact of the current neoliberal economic model on people living in poverty in the world. They must work to develop more human economies, whose main objective is to achieve greater equality.” Concluding its report it developed a catalog of recommendations addressed to these same players with respect to inequality, the design of a fairer economy, redistribution and the role of companies in this matter.

For more information in Spanish:

Premiar el trabajo, no la riqueza Para poner fin a la crisis de desigualdad, debemos construir una economía para los trabajadores, no para los ricos y poderosos. (Oxfam Internacional, 22 de enero de 2018)

Riqueza criminal: El 1% más rico de la población mundial acapara 82% de la riqueza (Informe) (EDUCA, 22 de enero de 2018)

Oxfam advierte aumento de la desigualdad (Proceso, 22 de enero de 2018)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Oaxaca/ Chiapas/ Nacional: Oxfam presenta informes sobre desigualdad (5 de abril de 2016)

México: crece pobreza en el país, en particular en zonas urbanas. Oaxaca, Chiapas y Guerrero con mayor índice de pobres. Campaña por la ratificación del PF PIDESC (9 de dieciembre de 2011)

 

 

 

 

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National: CNI Denounces Attack on CIG Caravan

February 8, 2018

MarichuyMarichuy in Oventik, Chiapas @ SIPAZ

On January 21st, the National Indigenous Congress (CNI in its Spanish acronym) denounced that the caravan of the independent candidate, Maria de Jesus Patricio Martinez, Marichuy, was attacked in the Tierra Caliente region while traveling to the coastal municipality of Aquila, Michoacan.

The CNI said that the caravan was attacked on a stretch between the roads of Buenavista and Tepalcatepec: “heavily armed individuals in two vans stopped, threatened and took cell phones and photographic equipment from journalists accompanying the route.”

After the attack, the CNI demanded “security guarantees for the caravan and our spokesperson. We ask that you be alert for the safety of our colleagues.”

The State Government, through the Ministry of Public Security (SSP in its Spanish acronym) reported on Twitter that, “there was no armed attack on the caravan of the independent pre-candidate to the Presidency of the Republic, Marichuy.” According to El Heraldo, the authorities “handle the report of robbery of journalists who went to cover the activities of the pre-candidate, of which there has been no formal complaint; The Investigation Folder was opened based on the public complaint until tonight.”

It should be remembered that the region where the attack took place is one of the most violent in Michoacán, where criminal gangs have had a strong presence for decades. There, the Michoacan Family, the Knights Templar, Los Viagras, H3 gained strength and therefore self-defense processes emerged five years ago. Today the territory is disputed between the Jalisco Nueva Generacion Cartel and the aforementioned gangs, according to information from Proceso.

For more information in Spanish:

Denuncian asalto a caravana de Marichuy en Michoacán (El Financiero, 21 de enero de 2018)

Grupo armado ataca a caravana de “Marichuy” en Michoacán (Proceso, 21 de enero de 2018)

Gobierno del estado de Michoacán desmiente ataque a caravana de Marichuy (El Heraldo de Chihuahua, 22 de enero de 2018)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Chiapas: Choles del Ejido Tila celebraron el segundo aniversario de su autonomía y auto gobierno con María de Jesús (20 de diciembre de 2017)

Nacional: Marichuy critica trampas del INE a su candidatura (26 de octubre de 2018)

Nacional: Marychuy se registra como candidata independiente a la Presidencia de la República (18 de octubre de 2017)

Nacional / Chiapas: El CNI conforma su Concejo Indígena de Gobierno y elige a su vocera. (31 de mayo de 2017)


Guerrero/National/International: MEPs Highlight the Grave Situation of Human Rights Defenders in Mexico

February 8, 2018

MEPs

On January 9th, 35 European parliamentarians issued a letter to Enrique Peña Nieto, President of Mexico, Luis Videgaray Case, Secretary of Foreign Affairs and Hector Astudillo Flores, Constitutional Governor of the State of Guerrero, to express their deep concern over the situation of human rights defenders in Mexico.

The parliamentarians refer to the report of the DTT Network “Hope Does Not End”, according to which “during the presidential term of President Enrique Peña Nieto, 106 murders or extrajudicial executions of human rights defenders and 81 disappearances took place, to highlight only the most serious crimes within a broader list of attacks.”

They call on the Mexican state and especially the state of Guerrero to address this situation: “We are particularly concerned about the grave situation in the State of Guerrero of the relatives of disappeared persons, the communities that have been forcibly displaced, as well as the people and human rights organizations that accompany them.”

For more information in Spanish:

Carta de los parlamentarios europeos (Parlamento Europeo, 9 de enero de 2018)

Informe: La esperanza no se agota (Red TdT, 7 de septiembre de 2017)

Apremian parlamentarios europeos a resolver la “grave situación” en Guerrero (La Jornada Guerrero, 18 de enero de 2018)

Parlamentarios de Europa alertan ante la falta de garantías para defensores de derechos humanos en Guerrero (El Sur Periódico de Guerrero, 18 de enero de 2018)

Urgen parlamentarios europeos a defender a activistas en México (SIDIDH, 18 de enero)

Parlamentarios europeos dan la voz de alarma sobre situación de personas defensoras de derechos humanos en Guerrero (Centro de derechos Humanos de la Montaña Tlachinollan, 17 de enero de 2018)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Guerrero: Acción urgente: Ejecuciones extrajudiciales y detenciones de policías comunitarios y de miembros del CECOP (10 de enero de 2018)

Guerrero : ONGs piden « garantizar derechos de víctimas, comunidades y personas y organizaciones defensoras de derechos humanos en el Estado » (29 de septiembre de 2017)

Guerrero : se declara “alerta” para proteger a defensores y defensoras de derechos humanos (19 de septiembre de 2017)


International/National: Human Rights Watch Publishes Report on Human Rights Situation in Mexico and the World

February 4, 2018

Human Rights Watch

In its most recent report on the situation of human rights in the world, Human Rights Watch, an organization based in Washington, USA, highlighted the abuses of members of the armed forces, impunity in emblematic cases (as Tlatlaya and Ayotzinapa), the habitual use of torture, the Law of Internal Security and violence against defenders and journalists in the case of Mexico among other issues.

The document states that, “during the government of President Enrique Peña Nieto, which began in 2012, members of the security forces have been implicated in serious and repeated human rights violations -including extrajudicial executions, enforced disappearances, and torture- in the framework of actions against organized crime.” In addition, “the government has made little progress in the prosecution of those responsible for recent abuses, and even less in the large number of abuses committed by soldiers and police since former President Felipe Calderon began the “war on drug trafficking” in Mexico in 2006.”

Regarding forced disappearance, it indicated that “it is common for agents of the Public Prosecutor’s Office and police officers not to take basic investigative measures to identify those responsible for forced disappearances, and they often indicate to relatives of missing persons that they should investigate on their own. In general, the authorities have not identified remains or parts of human bodies found in different parts of the country, including clandestine graves”, despite the fact that “the federal government has promoted potentially promising initiatives to find people whose whereabouts are unknown.”

Regarding access to justice, the report emphasizes that “it is common for Mexico to torture detainees to obtain information and confessions. Torture is most frequently applied in the period between which the victims are detained, often arbitrarily, and until they are placed at the disposal of agents of the Public Ministry. During this time, victims are often held incommunicado in military bases or other illegal detention centers.” It also adds that “it is common for the criminal justice system not to provide justice to victims of violent crimes and human rights violations. This is due to reasons that include corruption, lack of training and sufficient resources, and the complicity of agents of the Public Prosecutor’s Office and public defenders with delinquents and abusive officials.”

For more information in Spanish:

Informe Mundial 2018 (Human Rights Watch, enero de 2018)

Human Rights Watch condena impunidad en abusos de fuerzas de seguridad en México (Proceso, 18 de enero de 2018)

Con Peña, “graves y reiteradas violaciones de derechos humanos”: HRW (Aristegui Noticias, 18 de enero de 2018)

Señalan impunidad en México (NVI Noticias, 19 de enero de 2018).

For more information from SIPAZ:

Nacional/Guerrero: Informes poco favorables sobre corrupción y derechos humanos en México (3 de febrero de 2016)


Guerrero: Ayotzinapa Case: Handover of Courthouse Videos Demanded

February 4, 2018

Ayotzi.png

Almost 40 months after the disappearance of the 43 student teachers, the execution of six and two seriously wounded, the mothers, fathers, students of Ayotzinapa, organizations and collectives started a new Day of Struggle for Truth and Justice from January 17th to 27th, over the events which took place on September 26th and 27th, 2014 in Iguala. Part of this demands the Superior Court of Justice of the State (TSJ) to deliver the videos of Iguala Courthouse to know what happened on September 26th, 2014 at the Chipote bridge.

According to the Tlachinollan Mountain Human Rights Center “at least six closed-circuit cameras with a wide range of vision could have captured what happened. However, when the videos of those hours were requested by the GIEI and the PGR, Tribunal staff informed them that they did not have the recordings as they were handed over to and lost by the then President of the Superior Court of Justice Lambertina Galeana Marin.”

Fathers and mothers of the students demanded a thorough investigation and jail for Lambertina Galeana Marin. For its part, the current Chief Justice of the Superior Court of Justice, Alberto Lopez Celis, promised to trace the chain that followed the videos made at the Courthouse in Iguala and will initiate an internal procedure of responsibility for the loss of the videos if it were the case. In the same way, he promised that in 10 days he will meet the fathers and mothers of the 43 to give answers to the proposals made in the meeting.

For more information in Spanish:

NOTA INFORMATIVA | Madres y padres de los 43 inician nueva Jornada de lucha por la presentación con vida de los normalistas (Centro de derechos Humanos de la montaña Tlachinollan, 18 de enero de 2018)

Familiares de Ayotzinapa inician nueva joranda de lucha por los 43 (Bajo Palabra, 18 de enero de 2018)

Movimiento Ayotzinapa protesta en Palacio de Justicia de Iguala (Bajo Palabra, 17 de enero de 2018)

Ayotzinapa: Los videos destruidos de las cámaras del Palacio de Justicia de Iguala (Proceso, 7 de septiembre de 2017)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Guerrero/Nacional : A tres años de Ayotzinapa (2 de octubre de 2017)

Guerrero: tercera visita del mecanismo de seguimiento de la CIDH sobre le caso Ayotzinapa a casi tres años de los hechos (7 de septiembre)

Guerrero: Sesión de seguimiento de la CIDH del caso Ayotzinapa : avances nulos (10 de julio de 2017)


National: UN Declaration on Forced Disappearance Law

February 4, 2018

Disappearances(@Regeneración, archive)

On January 16th, the UN Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances issued a statement from Geneva welcoming the entry into force of the General Law on Forced Disappearance and Disappearance by Individuals in Mexico. The Working Group recognized the Mexican State for attending to the recommendation that was made to it after its work visit in 2011. It also celebrated “the opening of the authorities to guarantee the participation of the families of disappeared persons, as well as other organizations of civil society”, an experience that, it considered, should be imitated by other countries.

On the other hand, it urged the Mexican State to channel “all the efforts and resources” to “ensure an effective and immediate search for the thousands of missing persons, the main demand of families who want to know the fate or whereabouts of their loved ones.”

It stressed that for the legislation “to have an impact on the reality, especially on the needs of the victims”, a “process of selection of the officials in charge of implementing the Law” must be set up, which must “guarantee the suitability of the profiles, be transparent, and include the participation of victims’ groups and civil society specialists.” It encouraged the new law to “lead to the development of effective and non-fragmented research strategies to bring those responsible to justice and end the prevailing impunity in relation to the disappearance of people in Mexico.” It warned: “It is essential that prosecutors carry out exhaustive and diligent investigations and that they have the resources and political support to do so. Otherwise, if progress is not made in the fight against impunity, it will be impossible to stop this scourge.”

Finally, the members of the Working Group expressed their interest in following up on the implementation of the new law and reiterated their offer to “continue collaborating with the Mexican State towards the prevention and eradication of the forced disappearance of people.”

For more information in Spanish:

Ley sobre desaparición forzada sólo será efectiva si se combate la impunidad: ONU (Proceso, 16 de enero de 2018)

Pide ONU garantizar participación de familias en búsquedas, para lograr implementación de Ley sobre Desapariciones (Aristegui Noticias, 16 de enero de 2018)

For more information from SIPAZ:

Nacional: Promulgan Ley contra la Desaparición forzada (25 de noviembre de 2017)

Nacional: aprueban Ley de Desaparición forzada (17 de octubre de 2017)

México : Pronunciamientos y acciones en el marco del Día Internacional de las Víctimas de Desapariciones Forzadas (5 de septiembre de 2017)


Chiapas: Another Femicide at the Start of the Year

February 4, 2018

FemicideImage @: feminicidio.net

On January 16th, the body of Gloria Castellanos Balcazar, 24 years old, was found at the bottom of a well of a vacant lot in Tuxtla Gutierrez. Her family had reported her missing since Friday the 12th.

The next day, about a thousand people marched in the state capital to demand that justice be done for this femicide. During the march, Itzel Molina Trejo of the Voces Feministas collective said that “the murder of Castellanos Balcazar is added to that of five more murdered women this year in different municipalities of the state, as well as the disappearance of a girl, a teenager and a woman, in recent hours. […] gender alerts, preventive and procurement systems do not work in Chiapas, because public policies in this regard are reduced to announcements and declarations.”

Another participant at the meeting recalled that, “the gender violence alert for 23 municipalities of Chiapas, including Tuxtla Gutierrez, was declared in November 2016, but since then to this date there have been 258 violent deaths of women, according to data from the Feminist Observatory against Violence against Women in the state.”

The State Prosecutor General’s Office (FGE in its Spanish acronym), for its part, reported it had arrested the likely cuplrits.

For more information in Spansih:

Detienen a presuntos responsables de feminicidio en Chiapas (La Jornada, 18 de enero de 2018)

Multitudinaria marcha en Chiapas; exigen justicia por feminicidio (La Jornada, 17 de enero de 2018)

El cuerpo de Gloria fue hallado en un terreno baldío en Chiapas; indagan feminicidio (Animal Político, 17 de enero de 2018)

En menos de un mes, Chiapas registra 4 casos de feminicidio (Cimacnoticias, de enero de 2018)

For more information from SIAPZ:

Chiapas: El Centro de Derechos de la Mujer denuncia faltas al debido proceso y al acceso a la justicia en casos de violencia contra las mujeres y feminicidios (27 de junio de 2017)