On January 12th, the National Human Rights Commission (CNDH) determined that the accident of a trailer that transported migrants in Chiapas in 2021, which left 56 dead and more than 100 injured, represented a violation of the rights of these people, for which reason it issued a recommendation to the National Institute of Migration (INM).
The CNDH reported that it “certified that the INM had the obligation to carry out immigration control actions at kilometer 1+300 of the highway that connects the municipalities of San Cristobal de Las Casas and Tuxtla Gutierrez and, in particular, had the duty to review the trailer in which the foreign victims of the accident were transported, in irregular conditions.” According to the office headed by Rosario Piedra Ibarra, “It was warned that the trailer was not subjected to immigration review, thereby violating the Immigration Law and the obligations that its officials derive from it.”
After analyzing the case, the CNDH determined that the human rights to legal security, to life and personal integrity, and to the principle of the best interests of the child were violated. Therefore, it directed a recommendation to the commissioner of the INM, Francisco Garduño Yáñez. In this, it demanded the registration of those affected in the national registry of victims and full reparation for the damages. The CNDH also requested that the survivors receive the necessary medical and psychological attention, which must be provided by specialized personnel and on a continuous basis, despite the fact that most of the survivors have already left the state or have been repatriated to their countries of origin.
According to the Missing Migrants Project of the International Organization for Migration (IOM), since 2014, more than 7,000 people have died during migratory trips in the Americas. In 2021 it added 1,249, while in 2022 it accounted for 1,221.
At the end of December 2022, the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) warned that up to 500,000 migrants could need humanitarian assistance in Latin America and the Caribbean in 2023.
For more information in Spanish:
Emite CNDH recomendación al INM por la muerte de 56 migrantes en un trailerazo entre Tuxtla y Chiapa (Chiapasparalelo, 12 de enero 2023)
La CNDH emite recomendación al INM por la muerte de 56 migrantes en un accidente carretero (Proceso, 13 de enero 2023)
CNDH emite recomendación por tráiler de migrantes volcado en 2021 (Aristegui, 11 de enero 2023)
For more information from SIPAZ:
Chiapas: Tres migrantes muertos y 7 heridos deja volcadura en el Libramiento de Tuxtla (27 de octubre 2023)
Chiapas: Caravana de migrantes sale desde Tapachula rumbo a Estados Unidos(7 de junio 2022)
Chiapas/Nacional/Internacional: Inician las investigaciones por el accidente donde murieron los migrantes (13 de noviembre 2021)