National: Oaxaca, Guerrero and Chiapas – Three Most Dangerous States in Mexico for Defense of Human Rights


From December 2018 to November 2022, 141 human rights defenders have been assassinated in Mexico. Most of these crimes are in total impunity so far.

Of the confirmed cases nationwide; 34 have occurred in Oaxaca, making it the most dangerous state for the defense of human rights, followed by Guerrero with 25, Chiapas with 14 and Chihuahua with 10. These four states account for more than half of the murders, executions and disappearances of defenders.

According to EDUCA Alternative Education Services, “The same four states are on the list of the 17 disappeared defenders: in 2021, in Chihuahua, ten defenders were disappeared, seven Yaqui indigenous people and three farm workers. In Guerrero, Vicente Suastegui has been missing for more than a year. And in Oaxaca, Claudia Uruchurtu from Nochixtlan is still missing, as are four defenders of the San Esteban Atatlahuca forest, including environmentalist Irma Galindo.”

Among the main issues for which defenders in the south of the country are killed is defense of the land and territory against investment and development projects. In Oaxaca, one of every three murdered was a defender of the territory. 91% of them belonged to an indigenous people. Civil society organizations and communities call on the national government to implement effective protection policies, they also demand that cases of murders and disappearances do not go unpunished.

For more infor,ation in Spanish:

Oaxaca el estado más peligroso para la defensa de derechos humanos: EDUCA(Educa, 05 de diciembre de 2022)

Oaxaca, el estado más peligroso para la defensa de derechos humanos (Proceso, 05 de diciembre de 2022)

For more information from SIPAZ:

National : Presentation of Report on Environmental Defenders in Mexico, 2021 (March 31, 2022)
Guerrero/National: Social and Human Rights Defenders under Threat from Army (October 21, 2022)
National/International: European Parliament Asks Mexican Authorities To Guarantee Protection of Journalists and Human Rights Activists. Mexican Government Responds (March 14, 2022)

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