National/International: UNHCHR Asks Congress for Civil Controlled National Guard and that it Last Five Years Maximum

JanJan Jarab, UNHCHR (@Ibero.mx)

On December 11th, in a meeting with members of the Constitutional Points Commission of the Chamber of Deputies, the Representative of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (UNHCHR) in Mexico, Jan Jarab, requested the Congress of the Union to adhere to the international commitments that Mexico has in the area of ​​Human Rights when carrying out the legislative reforms that create to the National Guard, “proposed by the new Mexican President, Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador, to address the security, violence and crime problems in the country.”

Jan Jarab reiterated his concern about the continuity of the militarized public security model, stating that, “today we have no doubt about the disastrous effect of the militarization of public security in Mexico in terms of human rights.” He stressed that, “there is a very high rate of lethality derived from supposed ‘confrontations’ between the armed forces and criminals, an index close to ‘perfect lethality’ (which never appears even in contexts of real armed conflicts), which can only be explained by the use of extrajudicial executions.” He also warned of the fact that “a decision to replace the federal civil body with a new body of a military nature, and in addition through a constitutional change, could be practically irreversible.”

Jan Jarab acknowledged that, “the security paradigm change promised by the current President of the Republic in his election campaign was a source of hope. We want to preserve that meaning” and stressed that they coincide with Lopez Obrador in “the desire to materialize peace, overcome the logic of ‘war’, fight corruption, prioritize prevention through social programs for young people, reduce economic inequality and move to a less repressive approach of regulation as regards drug policy.”

Among the considerations that UNHCHR requested to be taken into account are, among others: “ensuring that the immediate line of authority is of civil order”; “That the constitutional transformation that is intended to be carried out is temporary and therefore be reflected in transitory articles that lose their validity in a period no longer than five years”; and “that the constitutional design contemplates the main lines of a program for the strengthening of civil bodies and that a series of safeguards be introduced, such as the subjection of the use of force to a legal framework, the national registry of detention, the impossibility of depriving a person of freedom in military installations, the unconditional recognition of the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court and the design of plans and strategies in matters of security.”

For more information in Spanish:

ONU pide a Congreso mexicano tener en cuenta los Derechos Humanos en creación de Guardia Nacional (ONU-DH, 11 de diciembre de 2018)

Palabras de Jan Jarab, Representante en México de la ONU-DH, durante la Audiencia sobre Estrategia de Seguridad (ONU DH, 11 de diciembre de 2018)

ONU-DH pide que Guardia Nacional sea temporal y con mando civil (El Universal, 11 de diciembre de 2018)

La Guardia Nacional “podría ser la repetición del mismo error” cometido por Calderón y Peña: ONU (Proceso, 11 de diciembre de 2018)

Comisionado de la ONU reprocha en San Lázaro plan de crear la Guardia Nacional (La Jornada, 12 de diciembre de 2018)

For more information from SIPAZ:

National: Faced with Rejection of National Guard, AMLO Proposes New Consultation (December 12th, 2018)

National: Supreme Court Invalidates Security Law; AMLO Announces National Peace and Security Plan 2018-2024  (November 27th, 2018)

National: CNDH Asks SCJN to Declare Interior Security Law Unconstitutional (November 7th, 2018)

National: Reactions to Minister for Supreme Court’s Proposal on Interior Security Law (November 7th, 2018)

 

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